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way sanguine as to the quantum of respects the worldliness and dignity good that will result from this epis- which it presents in society. Here is copal movement. As it regards the a grand evil, and one of the most inincrease of Bishops in our colonies, defensible remnants of popery; the the more largely delegating of almost charge of which, on the part of the irresponsible power, is very question- enemies of our Church, we are conable. At home, there is a salutary strained to hear in silence and in control : public opinion and a vigilant

The pride of life and magParliament will prevent any arbitrary nificent splendour of many of our and tyrannical exercise of authority. Bishops are notorious. Vying, as But it is not so abroad: a Bishop is they do, with the first nobility of the absolute; and if he be influenced by land in the splendour of their enterthe semipopery of the day, or any tainments, the retinue of powdered other heterodoxy, the mischief is in- lacqueye, &c. ; they only excite their calculable. Our colonies, at this jealousy and cutting sarcasms, and moment, are suffering a fearful blight, thus alienate from the church, as so not only from the unevangelizing in- unbecomingly represented, those who fluences of Bishops who are them- have the wish to be its supporters. selves Tractarian, but where this is And if a Bishop is well known to be not the case, from the influence upon more interested in his hunters than them and others, of chaplains and his clergy, or to have been in haste officials who are decidedly so. to add to his already abundant accu

We do not mean to say, that we mulations by railway speculations; if have no confidence in the present every thing that is sacred and justly ministry for making safe and cautious clerical is thus allowed to merge in the appointments, to the utmost of their entire man of the world, the orthodoxy power : on the contrary, if there be or the energy of triennial charges will one point on which Lord John Rus- do little indeed. sell seems to have gained our confi- It may be said, that it is impossible dence it is this. The two last eleva- to guard against individual instances tions to the bench do him infinite of unworthy character, and we readily credit : better men could not have concede it; but we maintain that the possibly been selected for the epis- system is faulty; and that the Bishops copate; and, indeed, of late years, are in error in supposing that such a the Whigs have been far more satis- degree of worldly dignity and confactory in their appointments than formity is essential. We do not for the Conservatives, for which a moment say that this is the case Church owes them a tribute of gra- with all. Happily there have ever titude. We hope the day is gone by been honourable exceptions, but they when worn-out schoolmasters, or the are only the exceptions—few, and junior branches of nobility, eligible rare. T'he system is faulty. It is a only on political considerations, will mistaken notion that such a system be the feeders of the episcopate. is indispensable in order to maintain

We hope, too, the same with regard a due position in society. This is not to heads of colleges, and professors. the way to gain the respect of the Of all men in the church, they are world. Let a Bishop try another least acquainted, practically, with

Let him seek to gain an inwhat can efficiently form the episco- fluence by weight of character ; let pal character; and, from their habits him look, not only for his credentials in a long college residence, must ne- but his spirit, his model, his pattern, cessarily be wanting in that energy to the records of Scriptural episcoand decision which are so essential pacy ; let him aim at the mind which for such an office.

was in Christ Jesus, the chief ShepBut in contemplating the increase herd; and, like him, be willing to be of Bishops, we confess that we have the servant of all, instead of lording another difficulty. We have long it over God's heritage; and then the been convinced that the English epis- episcopate will put forth its proper copate, to be thoroughly effective, light, a burning as well as a shining must undergo an entire reform, as it light, not only directing but encou



raging the clergy to cultivate the and to pause, before, in their inspirit of genuine Christianity; and veterate hate, they cry out, “down, thus diffusing through the laity a down with it, even to the ground.” healthful and blessed influence.

Public opinion, through all the Another happy consequence of this grades of society, from the highest to abstractedness from the world, and the lowest, will uphold and protect becoming simplicity, would be that of a working, heavenly-minded, holy, making the Bishops more accessible condescending, almsgiving Bishop. to the poorest of their clergy. A We are aware that it is almost imBishop should, of all men, be the possible for the position of our most easy of access, and specially so to Bishops in the House of Lords not those who most require his succour to engender the spirit and the system and sympathy. But, alas ! how often we are deprecating ; but if the two is he engrossed by the hangers on, are inseparable, if the Bishops feel that and flatterers, and dignitaries, in the they cannot be kept from vying with neighbourhood, who willingly sacri- their compeers in the pomp and fice every thing to their servility, and pride of life, then we hesitate not to are rewarded by securing to them- say that, rather than such a beauty selves the Bishop's patronage. of episcopal simplicity should not

How often, if the Bishop is kind break forth upon our Church, to form and condescending to the clergy, are her highest ornament, and to imthey repulsed and deprived of bene- part the most important influence ficial intercourse with him, by the amongst laity as well as clergy, and hauteur and cold reserve, if not the to make her indeed a praise throughabsolute rudeness, of the members of out the earth; rather than forego what his family! A simpler and more we feel to be a most essential benefit, Scriptural system would put an end we could consent to see the Bishops to all this fictitious and unseemly without seats in the House of Lords, consequence, which too often seems to beyond three or four as the represay to a poor curate, “stand by, for sentatives of the Church. I am holier than thou.” And thus, We meet on all sides with a rapidly an important barrier would be re- extending opinion that on all acmoved out of the way of a free and counts it would be more for the inteproper intercourse between the clergy rests of religion, throughout the and their diocesan. Again and again dioceses, if the Bishops had not the have we heard clergymen declare, present necessity for leaving them that they had met with that recep- for so long a period in the year; and tion at the Palace which had made if any other argument were needed them resolve never to set foot in it to bring us to the same opinion, again.

beyond that which we have already We may rest assured that the stated, it would be the conviction that times are coming, when the Church the Bishops have rarely been of that of England will need all that she can service in Parliament which they muster in the way of defensibility. might have been. Their votes have She is strong in her Scriptural Ar- frequently, of late, been very unsatisticles, her constitution, her worship; factory. There has often been a sad but if she is to stand her ground, she want of moral courage in the support must be strong in the character of her of vital and essential points, while administrators. When tongues are the Bishops have had largely to do let loose, and men's mouths are open with some of the most obnoxious and ready to devour, it is not the pomp oppressive laws of the realm. and pageantry and pride of life which May the Great Head of the Church can form the shield and strength of give wisdom in these difficult days; her leaders; it must be the sanctity and may our beloved Church, in the of the hierarchy, which will lead the eventide of her existence, glow with enemies of our establishment to falter increasing light !




APRIL, 1847.


CHARLES FOX FAVELL, ESQ., M.D., OF SHEFFIELD. Our readers, we are persuaded, will be much interested with the following extracts taken from the Sermons of the Rev. W. Bruce, and the Rev. James Knight, preached last September, on occasion of the lamented death of this Christian physician.

To the faculty, such a beautiful exhibition of Christian character does indeed speak volumes.

He was one of the most constant lips are not cunningly devised fables, and not least devout worshippers of but the words of life, which, from the God within these walls. And one of first, the Ministers of Christ were the latest acts of his life was, with a commanded to speak in the ears of delicacy and modesty peculiarly his the people. own, to make your honoured pastor Under such circumstances, I feel acquainted with the fact that it was to that we are called upon with more than him, under God, he was indebted for usual solemnity and, perhaps, with that knowledge of the truth as it is in more than usual minuteness to recal Jesus, which had so long been his to our minds the example of our stay and peace in health, and was brother who is gone before us, not then his solace and joy in sickness that I am about to eulogize or to and affliction. After he had com- flatter, nor yet to gratify an undue municated this gratifying intelligence curiosity; but simply and soberly to to your pastor, he remarked that “he stir up our minds by way of rememhoped he had not done wrong," brance, that we may in our several adding that “ be knew clergymen had vocations glorifyour Godand Saviour, enough to try them, and he thought and be followers of him, even as our it right not to withhold what might

beloved brother was. encourage them.” And he judged From a child he was of a thoughtwisely. I cannot doubt but that it ful and devotional turn of mind-yet will prove a great encouragement to having no lovely view of God as a your pastor and to you-to him, inas- Father reconciled in Christ. In his much as it affords him direct proof youth, he was accustomed to attend that the Lord is among you, bearing divine service at the parish church in fresh testimony to the word of His this town; and in after years, he used grace-to you, inasmuch as it affords to speak with regret of his ill beyou direct and palpable proof that haviour there.

He was like many the words you hear from your pastor's youths-light and trifling when he APRIL-1847.


ought to have given heed to the things body and my spirit, but I find it a belonging to his peace.

He was

difficult matter. If we were rewarded naturally of quick parts of an ami- according to our deserts, and we had able temper-of a cheerful and play- no better righteousness than our own ful disposition-perhaps too much to depend on, we should surely none inclined to be satirical. He was a of us see life.” lover of truth, to which he rigidly At another time, “What a privilege adhered. His own mother could it is to have an interest in the sympa. always depend on him, and his affec- thies and prayers of a Christian friend! tion for her was unvarying. It is But how much higher is the privilege not, however, my intention to trace of having an interest in the atonement the earlier part of his career, but rather of Him who is emphatically the sinto point out to you

ner's friend. O may I feel this more The PRINCIPLES by which he was and more!" influenced, and

So far our dear friend appears to The PRACTICES by which he was me to have been enabled, like one of distinguished in later life, after he be- old, to say, “My sin is ever before came a Christian indeed.

me;" for he beheld it as committed Those PRINCIPLES appear to me against his God, and as involving, if to have been two

unrepented of and unforgiven, his 1. He had a profound knowledge own destruction. But this was not of the nature and evil of sin. He did

all; he could also say, with the not gloss it over or cover it up, but Psalmist, “ I have set the Lord always dragged it to light-his own sin first before me;" for he beheld Jesus, the and most. He felt it as an offence taker away of his sin, he saw in his against God, and he lamented that offering a full, perfect, sufficient satishe did not feel it more deeply. He faction and oblation for the sins of longed to loathe every sin, and he did the whole world, and this gave him loathe himself on account of his own

peace-a peace the world could not sin before God. It is true to say of give him, and blessed be God, a peace him that he did not judge of himself which none could take away. by comparing himself with other men, But I proceed to call your attention but he compared himself with the requirements of God's holy law. By WAS DISTINGUISHED. measuring himself by this perfect Mark, ist. His constancy in the standard—be saw and felt, truly and use of all private and public means of really, his short comings and mis

grace. doings. Grace was given him so to At one time I find he was in the look in the glass of God's law as to habit of praying to God four times see its unsullied purity, and his inex- a-day; but latterly, as his practice cusable sin. This led him to a true increased, and his engagements mulknowledge of himself, and this again tiplied, five times a-day he was cloled him not to rest till he attained a seted with his God. This was the true knowledge of the Saviour. secret of his strength-of his consis

The 2nd principle was this :- tency. Here he filled his quiver with He had a lively faith in the atone- arrows, and nerved his arm with

ment of Christ Jesus our Lord. strength, to fight against the world, Perhaps few men ever felt more the flesh, and the devil. deeply the necessity of an atonement His plan was to read the Scriptures to take away sin. He constantly spoke through in order, and to read them of this as a work beyond the power of the first thing every day, in his own man, or of all men to achieve. No study. Thus did he come within man could, by any means, redeem his the range of that precious promise, brother, or give to God a ransom for • Them that honour me, I will hohis soul. None but Christ, God and nour.' man-one Christ,-could take away His attendance in this Church was sin. In a few memoranda which it most constant. It was a real grief to has been my privilege to look over,

I him when duty called him away. He find him at one time saying, "I sin- did not suffer trifles to hinder him, cerely desire to glorify God in my and often expressed his sorrow when


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that prayer.

“a fall of snow” or “heavy rain” And again, “ I think the duties of kept others away, lamenting that such the Sabbath cannot be neglected with trifles were sufficient to keep many impunity. The Sabbath is not a back from the privilege, to use his weariness, but a delight to me.” own words, of “hearing a Gospel Allow me, my brethren, to ask of minister repeatedly again and again you to forbear all application to your unfolding the blessings and won- medical men on Sundays, except in ders of the better covenant;'

urgent necessity, and to decline their oh,” he adds, “what a fearful respon- visits on that day. sibility is connected with that privi- 2. His careful discharge of the relege."

lative duties of life. Many of you, too, will remember Our brother was no out-door him at the Supper of the Lord. From Christian, but an in-door Christian. the time of his establishment in the He shone brightest at home. He faith of Christ, he always looked yearned over his own family and imupon that Supper as a privilege to be mediate relatives with a truly parental highly valued. He considered it solicitude. “Oh,” he says, important means of grace which no exceedingly I should rejoice to see Christian can slight or wilfully and them all brought to the knowledge of habitually neglect ;” and after one the truth as it is in Jesus.” such privilege, he records the prayer, 3. His diligence in his own profes“Oh that I may be finally admitted to sional pursuits. drink new wine in the everlasting “My desire is sedulously to cultikingdom of my Redeemer.” We may vate my profession.” “It is my not doubt, brethren, but that at this anxious desire to be qualified in moment he receives the answer to every sense for the discharge of

my duties," are his words. He read I must not here omit to notice, that much—he thought more. In the last he acted upon a fixed determination to year he was elected President of the honour the Sabbath.

Medical Association, and I believe he And in his profession, this was a was the youngest man who had ever difficulty. The thoughtlessness of had that honour conferred upon him. patients and their friends, is often He was aware how fashionable it strikingly exemplified in their conduct is become to suppose that a medical to medical men as to Sunday. Many, man can have no time to be religious intentionally, postpone their applica- -but he detected this falsehood, and tion to them till that morning. Many loved to quote to himself and others, more refuse to let the day pass with- the examples of such men as Dr. out a visit from them, although there Hope, Dr. Abercrombie, and Mr. may be no real or imagined urgency Hey of Leeds, in proof of the fact in their case. Such conduct is ex- that there is no incompatibility beceedingly sinful. We have no right tween the attainment of the very highto rob a medical man of his day of est degree of medical science, and the rest. If there is danger, a reasonably

exercise of Christian faith and pracapprehended danger, then we may tice. ask their help, but not else. My be

But 4. Remark, loved friend has more than once said His personal interest in his patients.

“ You know I shall not come This appears to me one of the most on Sunday, even though I might go remarkable features in his daily life, to church with you. I am no wan- and I shall venture to enlarge a little derer, and especially I do not wander on Sundays.'

This interest was shewn by his On one occasion he was applied to exceeding watchfulness-again and on Sunday, to state what fees were again, pondering their case and redue for professional services, but he viewing his steps—and this in his own refused-and thus records—“I took study alone before God. the liberty to remind him that this In one instance he writes thus :was not the proper day for making “ On a careful review of the case from such enquiries.”

the period I was called in, I cannot

to me,

upon it.

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