The Eighteenth Century in India
Oxford University Press, 2002 - History - 261 pages
The eighteenth century in India was an important period of transition and remains the subject of continuing debate among scholars of late medieval and modern Indian history. The two main debates on the eighteenth century are (1) the nature of transition from a centralized Mughal polity to the emergence of regional confederations, and (2) the nature of the transformation brought about by the increasing role of the English East India Company in the economic, commercial, and financial life of the subcontinent. The themes addressed are: the nature of Mughal polity; the decline of the Mughal empire; 'economic prosperity versus the Dark Ages' thesis; and 'the continuity versus change' thesis. This volume presents extracts and selections from the key interventions in the historiographical debates, along with an introduction and a bibliography, which provide a concise and useful survey of the field for the benefit of students.
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The Eighteenth Century in
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administration Agrarian System agricultural Allahabad amils areas artisans Asian Awadh Banaras Banaras region Bengal Bhumihar Bihar Brahmin British Burton Stein Calcutta capital caste centre Chaudhury commercial Company's crisis culture Deccan decline Delhi district Dutch East India Company Economic and Social eighteenth century elites English Company English East India expansion exports fiscal groups Gupta historians History of India imperial important increase Indian Economic Indian History Indian merchants indigenous indigo intermediaries investment IOLR Irfan Habib Jaunpur Khan labour late eighteenth century Maratha mercantile military Modern Asian Studies monopoly Moradabad Mughal empire Mughal India Muslim Muzaffar Alam Nawab nineteenth century north India Office opium pargana peasants period Persian political economy political power portfolio capitalists position Prakash pre-colonial production province Punjab Rajasthan Rajput regional political revenue collection rise Rulers Sanjay Subrahmanyam sarkar seventeenth Singh South Asia structure Surat Tipu Sultan Townsmen and Bazaars urban Washbrook Wazir weavers zamindars