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clear, that the emoluments of the lord and tenant-the existence of judges ought neither to be precarious middle-men--the employment of canor derived from uncertain fees, and pital—the immense local taxation the public interest required that such arising from grand jury presentments an addition should be made to the the church establishment the prosalaries of the judges, as would in- ceedings of Orange and Catholic lodges duce men in the prime of life and of -and the disabilities under which full mental vigour to accept the situa- the Roman Catholic population lation. Mr. Hobhouse added that, if boured. The Noble Lord expatiated puchą proposition was made, he at great length on all these different would immediately submit another, subjects; and after a pointed appeal wamely, that there should be no pro- to Mr. Canning for his co-operation, motion on the bench ; and unless the concluded by moving for the appointrecommendation for an increase of ment of a select committee to inquire salary were coupled with this provie into the state of Ireland, and report sion, he would, however painful to the same to the house. This propohis feelings, individualise the in- sition was met by Ministers, not so stances which had suggested this much by any direct negative to the course to him.

motion, as by a limitation of its oba The second reading of a bill to jects. These objects they considered provide for the repairs of the Derry as too complex and extensive; and cathedral having been moved by Sir the Secretary for Ireland moved as George Hill, it met the marked op- an amendment the appointment of a position of many members on each select committee, to inquire into the side of the house ; it was the pecu. nature and extent of the disturbances har duty of the Irish church to re- which prevailed in the districts now pair their own edifices, and they were subject to the insurrection act. This greatly injured in public opinion by amendment called forth a lengthened such attempts to shift the expense debate, in which various members on others. “Mr. Dawson, Under Se- stated their views and remedies with cretary of State, said he hoped this respect to the grievous and savage debate would bring the Dean and situation in which the people of IreClergy of Derry to a proper sense of land are plunged, a fact which seemtheir duty. Upon this, Sir G. Hill ed to be agreed upon by all parties. withdrew the bill

. (We cannot here On a division there appeared, for avoid remarking, that the diocese of the amendment 184, against it 136 ; Derry has been always considered majority 18.-Mr. F. Buxton has the richest in Ireland ; its income obtained leave to bring in a bill has been estimated at between 16 which has caused great commotion and 20,0001 a year!)

at Lloyd's. The bill goes “ to reLord Althorp, in much the most peal so much of the act of the 6th of crowded house of the session, brought Geo. I. c. 8, as restricts partnerships forward his motion for a committee and societies from insuring ships and to inquire into the state of Ireland. goods, and from lending money upThe difficulties with which this sub- on bottomry.” The measure was ject was beset were the more formi- opposed chiefly upon the ground, dable, inasmuch as they were the that it invaded the monopoly of two growth of centuries, and could not chartered companies who had paid be removed by any sudden, violent, for their charters, and of Lloyd's. It or undigested process: and the dif- was, however, on the other hand, ficulty of the case was enhanced by contended, that these companies the fact, that the greater part of the might continue their course as usual, evils were such as could not be pro- and that the public would be benevided for by any legislative enact-, fited by the advantages to be derived ments. He was persuaded, however, from competition. that a general report of that house, Mr. Calcraft made an ineffectual setting forth the true interests of the motion for the total repeal of the country, might be productive of much leather tax-in support of the mogood. The principal points to which tion, it was stated, that out of the Noble Lord wished the attention 900,0001. collected from the people of the committee to be directed were by means of this tax, only 300,0001. -the state of the law between land- went into the treasury. On a divis

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sion however, there appeared for the culties under which they now labour motion 55, against it 71.

with respect to the marriage cereA petition, detailing charges against mony. It was, however, lost on the the Duke of Manchester, governor of motion for its committal by a majoJamaica, for conduct alleged to be rity of 105 to 66. The Bishops apof a most arbitrary and oppressive peared divided on the subject. character, was presented to the House The same Noble Lord has brought of Commons from two free-men of in a bill to place the Roman Cacolour, natives of Kingston in that tholics of Great Britain on the same island. It stated that, in September footing as the Roman Catholics of they were thrown into prison as ali- Ireland. (We hope it will not infuse ens and dangerous persons, but were the same folly into them.) afterwards released by an order of The Alien bill, after some discusthe Supreme Court, on full proof sion, has passed this house. Lord adduced of their being British born Gage moved an ineffectual amendsubjects. That previously to their ment, “ to allow expelled aliens to discharge, bail had been offered for remove to whatever country they them by six freeholders, and a me- chose at their own expense.”. morial in their behalf signed by the A motion for an inquiry into the principal merchants and chief public state of Ireland met the same fate functionaries in the island. That as that in the House of Commons, subsequently, on the 29th of Novem- namely, a limitation to the situation ber, they were, while peaceably en- of the disturbed districts. gaged at home, torn from their fa- Our readers cannot fail to have remilies, on the same charge, by order marked the great portion of the at. of the Duke, hurried on board a tention of the Legislature which that guard-ship, kept in solitary confine- unfortunate country has occupied ment, and transported next day to during the last month. We are sorry St. Domingo, where they were turn- to observe, that every day's experied on shore, destitute, and only ence seems more and more to justify saved from the horrors of a Haytian the call for interference. The fact prison by the humanity of some Bri- is, and it is useless to deny it, the tish merchants who relieved them !! whole island seems sunk into the Mr. Wilmot Horton declared a total most savage and deplorable barbarwant of information on the subject, ism! What will our readers think and promised that the necessary in- of the fact of TWO AND TWENTY quiries should be forthwith insti. MURDERS having been committed in tuted; he said that a committee of one district of Kilkenny within two the local legislature had declared years, without one single murderer these persons to be engaged in a having been brought to justice !!! treasonable conspiracy with the re- This is stated on the authority of bellious slaves, but admitted that, in Mr. Serjeant Goold, sitting on the reference to this treatment, every Bench of Justice. A commentary thing depended upon whether they on this would be an insult. were aliens or not.

With respect to the Roman CaA petition from Mr. Soane the ar- tholics, their blessed " Association chitect complained that the report have just transmitted a petition to of a committee of the house had un- their advocates, which has done more justly reflected on his merits as an to justify the clamours of those ope architect, and interfered with the posed to them, than any argument accommodation of the courts of law, of their enemies for half a century. newly erected at Westminster. It This petition, affecting to supplicate was admitted by the Chancellor of for relief, has the audacity to demand the Exchequer, that the Lords of a remodelling of the Jury system the Treasury were responsible for - disfranchisement of corporations, Mr. Soane's design.

and an interference with the temporaIn the House of Lords there have lities of the Protestant Establishment !! been but few debates, and those not Really this is showing the cloven foot of very peculiar interest. The Mar- a little too soon. Pretty Legislaquis of Lansdowne had introduced tors indeed the framers of such a bill tending to the relief of Unita- document would make ! We will rians from some conscientious diffi. venture to say, a proposition so abe

AGRICULTURE.

surd, so impudent, and so suicidal, The corn market has undergone very their bitterest enemies could not little alteration during the last four weeks. frame for them. No wonder that At one period the prices in some measure Lord Grey and Mr. Brougham, to declined from the effect of Mr. Huskisson's whom they had committed the pre- proposition for grinding foreign corn. This cious document, wrote word back, year will in all probability solve the grand that they could by no means go the problem which has so often been discussed

whether or not this country grows suf. length of it.—But the worthies in full ficient for its own consumption. If the conclave voted, that it should remain kingdom is proved to produce sufficient to as it is, and be thus presented even feed its people in a year, admitted on all by the men who have declared their hands to be deficient, the price of corn personal disapprobation of it. Really must come down to a level with that of the such men should, like the pugilists, continent. Because if a deficient crop will go into a state of training, before supply the wants of the kingdom, there they aspire to the privileges which must be an overplus in an average crop, are the professed object of their most the price of which overplus having only the insane exertions.

same markets as the continent for its sale, must be regulated by the price of the foreign market. If, on the other hand, the growth

is not sufficient, the ports must open, and The early part of the month was very the market will be glutted to the ruin of cold, and the north and east winds which the English farmer for several years to prevailed greatly retarded vegetation. come. The rain which has since fallen has, how. It is to be hoped that the government ever, much improved the appearance of will not disturb the natural operation of wheat on good lands, while that on cold things by any partial enactments; because, soils looks very sickly. Barley sowing has as it is the consumers in general who are at length terminated, after more trouble so deeply injured by the fluctuations which than was almost ever remembered. This arise from the uncertainty attendant upon crop also looks thin and sickly upon cold the present corn laws, this question, which wet lands in consequence of the rain, which involves so much that is important to the has changed the appearance of the crops ge- kingdom, ought to be fairly decided. The nerally, and where the seed has been sown country will then know whether it can rely in a damp state. The grub and wireworn on its own growth for food, or whether it have committed depredations both upon the must look to its continental neighbours for spring corn, oats, and barley. Beans have a portion of its support. come up much better than was expected, but The ports are now shut for wheat until the hoeing has been a good deal retarded by the 15th of next August, and, if any conthe same universally operating cause the clusions can be drawn from present appear. duration of the heavy rains. Peas look ances, they will not even then be opened. well. The breadth of the potatoe crop This opinion is formed from the following will not be so large this year as last, owing facts. The supply of wheat to Mark-lane, to the small profit made by the growers last from February 1st to May 1st in this winter. Grasses look very luxuriant, and year, was less than during the same period the meadows are fast coming to feed. The last year, by about 10,000 quarters, while fallows for turnips work badly, and the the supply of flour had decreased about farmers are in general very backward. In 40,000 sacks. The sales, however, acthe south there have been a vast many tually made from December to May in ewes lost by the sellon, a disease in the 1823 and 1824, leave only a difference of bowels, producing finally mortification ; 459 quarters in favour of the present year. and tegs have been found to die very ra- It appears, therefore, that the millers have pidly from being taken from turnips to done the same quantity of business, and pasture. There is still a great demand for that the relative supply must be nearly the good horses, both for saddle and draught, same. The only difference between the and these fetch high prices. Wool still supply of the two years is this, that the continues in demand, but the prices are millers, foreseeing a rise, bought largely very fluctuating. The hop trade is dull. both before and after the harvest of 1822, The vines looked flourishing, but the late and having sent into the market 40,000 cold winds, it is feared, will check their sacks of flour more in 1823, than at the same growth.

period in 1824, in the expectation of the The supply of Smithfield market has rise, it is fair to suppose that the stocks of been limited, and consequently both beef wheat are larger than they were at this and mutton have risen in value. The time last year. The provincial millers also former is now selling at from 38. 8d. to bought largely about the same period, and 45. 8d. and mutton fetches from 4s, 4d. to thus diminished the quantities of wheat 5s. 22. per stone. The country markets that would otherwise have been sent into are still higher for both. Lamb is lower. Mark-lane in the first part of the season, while in the latter part of the year their home use, export, and on speculation ; and shipments of four were much larger. It Bengals have in some instances been sold ought also to be borne in recollection, that at $d. reduction. At Liverpool likewise the in seasons so highly favourable (the rise market has been favourable. The sales having been continual) millers always ma. have amounted in four weeks, ending May nufacture as much flour as possible, be- 15, to 48,150 bags, the arrivals to about cause, whether their make is small or large, 43,400 bags. their standing expenses are still the same. Sugar.- Towards the close of last month From the short time that must elapse be the stocks of Sugar in the warehouses were fore harvest, the probability from these reduced to 12,000 casks, and it was reportfacts, as well as from the general appear. ed that considerable business was done, ance of Mark-lane, it is fair to suppose, is taking this low state of the stock into calcu. that the bakers in the metropolis are sup- lation. In the week ending the 4th instant, plied with, or have contracted for, flour for the market was rather heavy, and though the greater part of the next six weeks, good parcels, being scarce, maintained their when there is the largest consumption. prices, the inferior descriptions were dull, There is, therefore, no appearance of and the holders being very anxious to sell, scarcity, but on the contrary there is every rather lower prices were submitted to: reason to believe, from these circumstances, notwithstanding the smallness of the stock, and from the known quantity of wheat still the expectation of numerous arrivals kept in the country, that the supply will fully the market heavy. There having been no meet the demand. The impossibility, not. fluctuations worth noticing, we subjoin the withstanding the late small arrivals, to keep account of the market during the last week. up the price of four in Mark-lane also fully There were very few good Sugars on justifies this opinion. There will be then sale last week; one or two parcels of fine no alternative, if the crop proves any thing quality realised rather higher prices, 66s. like an average crop, but that corn must to 66s. 6d. ; the quantity of good offering come down to a level with the price of the was however so limited, that few sales were continent, including the expense of trans- effected; the low brown qualities, on the port.

contrary, were so pressed upon the market, The average arrivals, during the last and the holders so anxious to effect sales, four weeks, have amounted to about that a reduction of fully ls. per cwt. was wheat 6232 quarters; barley 2479 quarters ; submitted to, brown Jamaica selling at oats 11271 quarters; English flour 6084 548. sacks ; foreign flour 379 bolls; peas 429 Several parcels of newly landed Sugars quarters; while the average prices in the are on sale this morning; the market, twenty-four maritime districts were, May however, continues languid, and only the 19—wheat 64s. 94d.; barley 20s. 2 d.; good descriptions are inquired after : there oats 258. 7.d.

is no alteration whatever in the prices since May 22.

Friday.

In the Refined market there was little alteration to notice; there were considerable inquiries, but the sales effected were not

extensive; the prices were unvaried..Mo. May 18, 1824.

lasses were 26s. 6d. Cotton. The market has been very The only demand for Refined for export steady for the last four weeks, and the de- is small parcels for the Mediterranean; mand good. The sales have on an ave- the chief purchases are still made by the rage exceeded 3000 bales per week at good wholesale grocers; there are no alterations prices without any remarkable fluctuations. in the currency this morning.–Molasses The East India has been chiefly taken on steady at 26s, 6d. speculation and the Boweds for exportation. In Foreign Sugars no purchases by pri. This latter description has been in increas. vate contract were reported. ing demand, and an advance of Ad. to 4d. By public sale on Wednesday, 500 chests per lb. took place in the middle of this of Havannah Sugars; all the white sold, month. Last week the sales amounted to good strong 38s. to 38s. 6d; brown and about 2800 bales, all in bond, viz.--1200 yellow taken in 258. to 25s. 6d. Bengals, 5fd. ordinary to 6fd. good fair ; The Havannah Sugar went off to-day at 300 Surats, 6d. middling to 6 d. good very full prices; the Brazil Is. to 28. fair ; 10 Bourbons, 109d. ; 550 Pernams, lower ; 229 chests Havannah, white good, 10zd. to 11d. fair; 30 Ceara, 11d. ; 120 35s. to 36s. ordinary 30s. to 32s. ; midParas, 9td. to 9 d. good fair ; 300 dling white Brazil, 30s. to 328. Boweds, 8 d. to 8 d. middling and fair ; An important bill now before Parlia8fd. to 9d. good ; 60 Orleans, very good ment allows the importation of Sugars löfd. 90 Carthagenas, 6 d. to 7d. ; 10 from the Mauritius at the same duty as Berbice, 114d; the Americans were taken from the West Indies. entirely for export; the East India for Coffee.-The market, which continued

COMMERCE.

heavy for some time after the date of our latter end of April, great alarm was caused
last report, though, without reduction in in the spirit "market by four extensive
the prices, seems to have received a consie failures, which caused a complete stagna-
derable impulse at the beginning of this tion for a time; in the following week, to
month by the arrival of favourable accounts the surprise of every body, a government
from Holland, Antwerp, &c.; some effect contract for 100,000 gallons was announc-
has been produced by the establishment of ed, which, though it did not raise the
a great trading company at Amsterdam, prices, rendered the holders rather firmer;
and of a West Indian joint stock company it was taken on the 11th instant at very low
here. On the 4th, there were no less than rates, viz. 75,000 gallons at ls. 3}d.; and
four public sales, which completely esta. 25,000 at 18. 3d. Brandy has been and
blished a market currency, at an advance remains very heavy; free on board to ar-
of 28. to 3s. on St. Domingo, and of 38. to rive 2s. 70. to 2s. 82. ; Pale Geneva, ls.
5s. on Brazil, Demerara, and Berbice. Td. and 1s. 8d.
This improvement caused very extensive Hemp, Flax, and Talow.The demand
sales to be brought forward on the following for Tallow continues limited, there is not
week, which, though the biddings con- the slightest variation in the prices ; new
tinued every day till a late hour, had very yellow candle Tallow, 34s. 3d. to 34s. 6.d.;
little effect on the prices; the advance be. old, 328. 6d. to 338. 6d.—Hemp steady ;
ing nearly maintained. Very great sales St. Petersbugh, clean, for parcels herc, 35l.
were made also in the course of last week, 108. to 35l. 158.-In Flax there is little
but this immense quantity being forced alteration to notice. Tallow for June and
upon the market has not caused the prices July delivery, 358.; for July and August
to decline; nay, middling, or fine, with shipments, 36s. 3d. ; free on board, 29s.
colour, sold rather higher ; only the very 108.—Hemp for July and August ship,
ordinary British plantation was uncommon- ments, 35. 10s.
ly heavy at a reduction of 28. per cwt. Spices-Went off very heavily at the
There were again five public sales brought Company's sale on the 10th inst. excepting
forward this forenoon, and they continued Nutmegs, which being taxed so low as 28.
selling up till a very late hour (half-past 6d. attracted many speculative buyers.
3 o'clock); the market is exceedingly firm, A considerable parcel of Pimento ordinary
and the greater proportion of the extensive to good, sold to-day in public sale, 7fd. ta
sales are disposed of ; good to fine ordi. 74.
nary St. Domingo 638. to 64s. 6d. ; co- Indigo-Has continued in good demand,
loury fine Coffee still rates high ; fine mid- ar advancing prices, and though the rates
dling Jamaica sold 100s. to 10ls. 6d.; the at the late sale were from Is. 6d. to 38.
very ordinary qualities and Demerara are above those of the preceding; a premium
the only Coffees which sell low.

of 4d. to 6d. is now to be obtained. Rum, Brandy, and Hollands. At the

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HAVING had occasion in our usual able the Chancellor of the Exchequer to monthly reports to notice with satisfaction, propose in his budget a very considerazle the evident determination of the Govern. reduction in the public burdens, and to ment steadily to persevere in the gradual afford additional facilities to commerce by introduction of a system of commercial le- an abolition of duties. Speculation was, gislation, conformable to the enlarged and of course, at work in conjecturing what enlightened notions of modern times, it might be the taxes that would be removed, will not be necessary for us precisely to and every class of contributors was ready travel again over the same ground, though to produce arguments to prove that the we cannot deny ourselves and our readers burden' ought to be taken off its own the pleasure of pointing out, as far as we shoulders. In truth, had the Chancellor are able, the beneficial effects which have of the Exchequer listened to all the advice already resulted from this liberal policy. given him, and to all the petitions pre, Previously to the opening of the present sented, he might have cut the matter short session, it was well understood that the by repealing all the taxes at once. There prosperous state of the revenue would en. was, however, it must be owned, a very

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