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became so exorbitant in their de- their glory-but, alas, it only gleammands, that it was necessary to re- ed and vanished, and in the words of cruit others into the corps of corrup- its creator, he who“ sat by the tion. Lord Townshend bought over cradle of that independence, followed as many patriots as were necessary, its hearse.” The reflections excited and the names of Loftus, Beresford, at this period in the bosom of Cap&c. showed the old stipendiaries, the tain Rock are thus feelingly and Leinsters, Ponsonbys, and Shan- beautifully described. “And herenons, that business might be done as a free confession of weaknesses without them. The pension list was constitutes the chief charm and use accordingly swollen 65000l. a year of biography-I will candidly own beyond the sum vested in the discre- that the dawn of prosperity and contion of the crown. It would be te- cord, which I now saw breaking over dious, if not endless, to enumerate the fortunes of my country, so dazall the artifices by which talent was zled and deceived my youthful eyes, corrupted, and corruption strength- and so unsettled every hereditary noened, but some slight idea of it may tion of what I owed to my name and be formed from the fact, that " under family, that-shall I confess it? I the administration of Lord Harcourt, even hailed with pleasure the prosfor the purpose of recruiting the pects of peace and freedom that treasury bench against the meeting seemed opening around me; nay, of parliament, five earls, seven vis- was ready, in the boyish enthusiasm counts, and eighteen baronets, were of the moment, to sacrifice my own all made in one day !” Let the annals personal interest in all future riots of parliamentary management match and rebellions, to the one bright, sethat if they can. We cannot wonder ducing object of my country's liberty that “ the venality, peculation, and and repose. This I own was weakextravagance exhibited in the higher ness; but it was a weakness ' plus departments of the state soon spread fort que moi.' I ought to have learned through the lower. A concordat of better from the example of my remutual connivance was established vered father, who, too proud and throughout-and clerks, with a salary shrewd to cheat himself with hope, of 1001. a year, entertained their had resolved to make the best of his principals with fine dinners and only inheritance-despair. I might claret, out of the perquisites. In the have learned, better too, even from the ordnance department, it was found in example of our rulers-who not only Lord Buckingham's time, that the have never indulged in any castlearms, ammunition, and military ac- building for Ireland themselves, but coutrements, condemned as useless, have done their best to dispel as soon were stolen out at one gate, brought in as formed the bright dreams into at the other, aud charged anew to the the future' of others. But I was public account ! ! !” The time, how- young and enthusiastic, and this ever, was at last come when Ireland must be my excuse. When I con-' was to exhibit something of the port templated such a man as the veneraand show of freedom while the ble Charlemont, whose nobility was American struggle was in progress, to the people like a fort over a valley England, who had been strong in -elevated above them solely for oppressing Ireland, found out that their defence; who introduced the she was too weak to defend her--the polish of the courtier into the camp fleets of France and Spain rode in the of the freeman, and served his counchannel, and the British cabinet were try with all that pure, platonic devoobliged to concede to the Irish vo- tion, which a true knight in the times, lunteers the task of defending their of chivalry proffered to his mistress; country from invasion. The danger when I listened to the eloquence of was averted-hut a warning voice Grattan, the very music of freedom arose amongst the people, and, under her first fresh matin song, after a long the guidance of Grattan, the volun- night of slavery, degradation, and teers held their arms in their hands sorrow - when I saw the bright till they extorted for their country a offerings which he brought to the free trade, and an independent legis- shrine of his country, wisdom, gelature. The Irish people naturally nius, courage, and patience, invihailed this æra as the birth-day of gorated and embellished by all those
social domestic virtues, without of the Rocks may confidently calcu. which, the loftiest talents stand iso- late, for the long continuance, if not lated in the moral waste around them, perpetuation, of their reign.” Soon like the pillars of Palmyra, towering after this speech, which proved his in a wilderness; when I reflected on last, old Rock departed this life, all this, it not only disheartened me having been wounded in a skirmish from the mission of discord which I with some parish officers, who had had undertaken, but made me se- seized the cow of a poor woman for cretly hope that it might be rendered church rates, and were driving it off unnecessary; and that a country in triumph to the pound, amid the lawhich could produce such men, and mentations of her little ones. The achieve such a revolution, might yet, description of old Rock must, by no in spite of the joint efforts of the means, be omitted. It is a painting government and my family, take her for which every individual peasant rank in the scale of nations, and be of the old Milesian race may have happy!” These visions, however, sat, and is given with infinite truth were soon dispelled by old Rock, the and humour. My father's characfather, who thus in prophetic lan- ter was an assemblage of all those guage drew aside the curtain which various ingredients that meet and hung between him and futurity, and ferment in the heads and hearts of showed the actual features of the Irishmen. Though brave as a lion, country in its hour of national jubilee his courage was always observed to and triumph. The sketch is indeed be in the inverse proportion of the given with the hand of a master. numbers he had to assist him; and “A parliament emancipated, it is true, though ready to attempt even the from Poyning's law, but rotten to impossible when alone, an adequate the heart with long habits of corrup- force was sure to diminish his confition, and ready to fall at the first dence, and superiority in numbers touch of the tempter-a conspiracy over the enemy was downright fatal against the very existence of this to him. The pride which he took in parliament, meditated even now in his ancestry was the more grand and the birth-hour of her independence, lofty, from being founded altogether and only reserved, like Meleager's on fancy-a well authenticated pedibillet, till the fit moment of her ex- gree, however noble, would have detinction arrives—an aristocracy left stroyed the illusion. I was indeed free by this measure, without the indebted for my first glimmering restraints of an appellate jurisdic- knowledge of the history and antition, to give the fullest swing to their quities of Ireland, to those evening tyranny and caprice-five-sixths of conversaziones round our small turf the population still shut out from fire, where, after a frugal repast that boasted constitution, whose bles- upon that imaginative dish potasings, like the sealed fountain' of toes and point;' my father used to Solomon kept exclusively for his own talk of the traditions of other times private drinking, are still reserved for of the first coming of the Saxon a small privileged caste alone-a spi- strangers among us--of the wars rit of intolerance even among those that have been ever since waged beself-styled patriots, who think it tween them, and the real Irish, who, freedom when themselves are free,' by a blessed miracle, though exterand who, though standing in the minated under every succeeding Lord fullest sunshine of the constitution, Lieutenant, are still as good as new, would not believe in the substance of and ready to be exterminated again their liberty if they did not see it cast of the great deeds done by the a shadow of slavery over others-an Rocks in former days, and the proestablished church rising rapidly into phecy which foretells to them a long power and wealth, and wringing her race of glory to comemall which the wealth from the very vitals of those grandams of the family would wind whom her power is employed in op- up with such stories of the massacres pressing and persecuting such are committed by Black Tom (Lord the principal ingredients of which Strafford), and Old Oliver, as have this happy country is composed at often sent me to bed with the dark present, and such the materials of faces of these terrible persons flitting future discord on which the dynasty before my eyes. His hospitality was ever ready at the call of the stranger; volume is devoted to a detail of the and it was usual with us at meal privations which the Irish Catholics time (a custom still preserved among endure, and into this discussion we the cottiers of the south) for each do not mean to follow it. The Romember of the family to put by a man Catholics themselves seem inpotatoe and a drop of milk, as a con- clined, as far as they can, to rivet tribution for the first hungry wan- their fetters still closer. The port derer that should present himself at which they have of late assumed the door. Strangers, however, to be seems to savour far more of defiance thus well received, must come to pass than supplication; they really force through our neighbourhood, not to even their friends to inquire, if, prossettle in it; for, in the latter case, trate as they pretend to be, they can the fear of their dispossessing any of get up a mock parliament of their the actual occupants by offering more own, institute inquiries into the courts to the agent or middle man, for the of justice, levy taxes in the shape of few acres each held of him at will, Catholic rent, vote most insulting and made them objects, far more of jea- almost libellous addresses, and frame lousy than of hospitality—and sum- memorials vituperating the heir apmary means were always taken to parent to the throne-what would quicken their transit from among us. they not do in their hour of
prosperiWhen oppression is up to the brim, ty and triumph? The truth is, such every little accident that may cause conduct goes far to justify the asserit to overflow is watched with ap- tion made some nights since in para prehension ; but where this feeling liament, that their emancipation did not interfere, hospitality had its would drive Protestantism totally out full course, and a face never seen be- of Ireland. If a man insults you fore, and never to be seen again, was when on his knees, it is not very difalways sure of the most cordial wel- ficult to guess what he will do if you come. Of my father's happy talent suffer him to get upon his legs. Adfor wit and humour, I could fill my vocates as we are for the concession page with imumerable specimens of any boon consistent with the safe. all seasoned with that indescribable ty of the constitution, we would not sort of vernacular relish which Cicero yield it to those, who, like the begattributes to the old Roman plea- gar in Gil Blas, second their petition santry. But half the effect would with a blunderbuss at our breast. be lost unless I could - print his There is not any difference between face with the joke ;' besides, the the sullen bigot of adversity, and the charm of that Irish tone would be sanguinary tyrant of prosperity, exwanting, which gives such rich effect cept that of situation. In saying to the enunciation of Irish humour, thus much, however, upon this imand which almost inclines us to portant subject, we cannot avoid think, while we listen to it, that a adding, that the details here given of brogue is almost the only music to the tithe system, the conduct of the which wit should be set. That sort church itself, and of some of its aposof confused eddy, too, which the tles in particular, are but little likely back-water of wit's current often to uphold the credit of the Protestant makes, and which in common par- establishment. Prominent amongst lance is called a bull, very frequently, these, are the insults which the Proof course, occurred in my father's testant clergy are too frequent in conversation. It is well known, how- flinging upon their Roman Catholic ever, that this sort of blunder among brethren." Alluding, upon this subthe Irish is as different from the ject, to an unfortunate member of an blunders of duller nations, as the bull antithesis used in his first charge by Serapis was from all other animals of the present archbishop of Dublin, the same name; and that, like him, Captain Rock indignantly exclaims, if they do not quite owe their origin “ But what will those haughty ecto celestial fire, they have, at least, a clesiastics, who pronounce Catbolarge infusion of lunar rays in them.” licisın to be a church without a re
We are sorry we cannot give the ligion'- what will they say, when, entire of this description, but the by the operation of causes which length to which our analysis has gone seem as progressive as time itself, renders it impossible. Much of this this people of Catholics whom they insult so wantonly--whose number and after giving a detail of its atrois at this moment as great as that of cities enough to make one's hair, like the Protestants of England in 1688, Sir Thomas Lethbridge's wig, stand and who are, in-spite of misery and on end with horror, he breaks forth Malthus, every hour increasing— into the following joyous apostrophe, shall, like the disloyal waves dashing “ All hail, most ancient and veneraround the feet of Canute, encroach ble tithes, by whatever name ye destill further on their sacred precincts light to be called, prædial, mixed, or —when this church without a re- personal! Long may ye flourish with ligion,' shall have left them a church your attendant blessings of valuators, without a laity, and when one who tithe-farmers, and bishops' courts, tó inquires 'where is the Protestant the honour and glory of parsons Morpeople of Ireland,' may receive near- ritt, Morgan, &c. and to the mainly the same answer as that inspect- tenance for ever of the church miliing Colonel, who, on asking where tant, as by law and constables) is the Donegal light troop,' was an- established in Ireland !" swered by a solitary voice · Here I Having now given our readers am, your honour!'
some general idea of this volume, our Some very curious instances are limits warn us to conclude. It is full given of the determination of the of instruction and amusement-an Irish clergy not to divulge by any of- entertaining and melancholy volume, ficial document the enormous wealth which Englishmen ought to be of their church, and, among these, not ashamed and Irishmen afraid to read, the least amusing, is the pleasant but which the enemies of both wilí “ second thought” of Doctor Beaufort. dwell on with pleasure, and (it may This gentleman, it seems, had in- be, if things change not) with profit tended in his Ecclesiastical Map of also. Dii avertite !--Although the the Church to mark the church lands work is published anonymously its with a particular colour, but finding author is understood to be Mr. Moore the space through which this sacred the poet-he may now add to his line meandered, so vast," he thought name the title of historian, and cerit wiser, like Dogberry, to give God tainly deserves the credit of having thanks and make no boast,' and pub- preserved “ in amber” not merely lished the map without its betraying the worms, but the more noxious accompaniment !" On the tithe sys- political reptiles of his country. tem the Captain most eloquent,
THE PIRATE'S SONG.
An Epigram should be an arrow,
You will not print your book, but miné abuse :
Send you my works? Nay, hang me if I do-
Was it my book you read? You had the skill
TO A GREY-HAIRED BELLE.