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remaining in the capital ; upwards of two dent on the score of political or popular hundred families had applied for passports freedom.) During the last ten years only for France. The beloved Monarch himself 17 persons had been sentout of this country was rusticațing at one of his country seats, and not one at the request of any foreign meditating an act of amnesty, which is to power ; a free ingress was allowed to be promulgated in the Greek Kalends. foreigners, and the number resident He seems, however, rigidly to adhere to his had increased from 24,000 in 1821, professed determination of not acknow- to 26,500 in 1824. It was also conledging the Constitutional loans, and as it tended that the principle of giving the is likely to ruin a great many people, there government a controul over aliens more is every probability that he will maintain rigorous than over native subjects, was not it. There is in the Royal Treasury such only just and necessary, but recognized by à want of money, that every day brings all states, ancient and modern, from the forth some fresh report of a new Royalist highest despotism down to the most excesLoan, but we should imagine few will be sive democracy. Without an Alien bill, found to give a state new credit in the face it would be impossible for England to of its avowed intention of not paying its maintain her neutrality; she would, in fact, old debts. This is certainly little encou- place herself at the head of all the disconragement to a lender.
tented in Europe, or, still worse, would beThe Greeks are going on as favourably come the arena for every party, liberal and as the friends of freedom could wish. The despotic. If this bill and the foreign enfortress of Coron has fallen into their hands, listment bill were once got rid of, there was and those dissensions which had operated but little doubt that, on Ferdinand's showagainst their cause are fast subsiding. An ing a little strength, we should soon see agent from this country has just departed him aided by the Capitalists of this coun. to them with a supply of 40,0001.' The try, fitting out in our own ports an expediPorte, it is said, is highly indignant at our tion to crush the rising liberties of South declaration of war at this moment against America. The home minister added, that Algiers, supposing that it will impede the from the inquiries which his official situaTurkish operations against Greece. Theretion enabled him to make, he was conis also a rumour, that the negotiations bem vinced, if this measure was withdrawn, tween that power and Russia have lately that within three months parliament would met with unexpected obstacles, and that not only regret it, but feel compelled to rethe Porte is endeavouring to evade fulfilling sort to another equally summary, and perits agreement with respect to Moldavia haps more severe. In proof of the extreme and Wallachia ; we hope sincerely this mildness with which ministers exercised may be the case, as it will prove highly their power, Mr. Canning stated, that advantageous to the Greeks; the statement within the last fortnight he had discovered rests, however, merely on rumour, and is a plot carrying on by some aliens here, of such obvious impolicy on the part of with means no way contemptible, likely to Turkey, that it is very improbable. It is prove very injurious to their native counalso said, that the Holy Allies, seeing try. Ministe s sent for the principal every reason now to suppose that the mover, acquainted him with the discovery, Greeks will be successful, and fearing the and he admitted its truth. They merely erection of a Republic in their neighbour warned him to be more careful in future, hood, are inclined to found a liberal Mo-. and sent an account of the plot to the gonarchy in that country! The Emperor verninent, carefully concealing the names Alexander is supposed to wish for the re- of the parties. This occurrence took place storation of the exiled family to the throne when they were deliberating on the subof Sweden, and the transfer of Charles ject of the continuance of the bill, and it John to that of Greece. Some such ar- determined them. It was, however, the rangement is not improbable.
intention of government to let it expire at Even of the proceedings in Parliament, the end of two years, and then to propose the Easter recess, one of unusually long a more permanent measure, and one more duration, has left us a deficiency. The favourable to foreigners. Even at present principal debates in the House of Com, it was intended in some degree to relieve mons have been upon the Alien bill, which, them, by exempting all foreigners who had after much spirited discussion, has passed resided in this country for the last seven through that assembly. The arguments years, from the operation of the bill; this upon which ministers founded their pro- it was calculated would include at least posal of this certainly unpopular measure, 10,000 persons. were detailed in the speeches of Mr. Can- These arguments were met by the oppo. ning and Mr. Peel. It was contended by vents of the measure with a declaration tiem, that it never had been the policy of that if ministers took any credit to them. this country to offer an indiscriminate resi. selves for permitting the ingress of foreigndence to foreigners, and a reference was ers into England, they must be contented made to certain measures of Henry VIII and to share it with the Emperor of Morocco, Elizabeth. (Not times certainly which we who liad offered an asylum to those Spa. should ever wish to scc drawn into a prece niards who werc ordered to quit Gibraltar within four days. If the arguments for the Mr. Peel pledged himself that the govern. continuance of the bill were valid, the very ment would, in the selection of its memsame would hold good for its permanency, hers, seek no other object than that of givat least, until the demon of revolution was ing the greatest efficacy to the comtoission, laid in the Red Sea. Arguments of the and satisfying the desires of the house for same kind had been used in 1802, 1814, the improvement of the people of Ireland. 1816, 1818, and 1820, by Lord London- Various opinions were expressed in the derry, who said the elements of revolution course of the debate, as to the necessity of were still at work on the Continent, and extending the benefits of education in that such arguments would never be wanting so country in such a way as would least interlong as ministers chose to use them. The fere with the religious opinions of the peo. fact was, the members of the Holy Alliance ple. Mr. J. Smith very truly, and very looked upon this bill as part and parcel of forcibly declared that “ England could not their own bad system, and its enactment go on long without a more intimate union rendered England the ally of that band of with Ireland, and government must first conspirators against the liberties of the give its inhabitants the means of education, world. When it was asked whether aliens then the means of employment, and lastly; were to be permitted to plot here against a participation in the privileges of the their own government, the answer was, Yes Constitution.” There cannot certainly be certainly, and much more danger was there the least doubt, that the first step must be from the plous forming by powerful tyrants to unbrutify the people; at present they against their people, than by poor defence- are as totally unfit for freedom, as a human less refugees against those tyrants. If, eye would be for the full glare of the sun, however, ministers really intended the pre- immediately after the removal of a catavention of such plots, they would have ract; their minds must be gradually premade them the subject of a penal enact- pared for it. ment, and not have required an arbitrary In consequence of some highly disgracepower, so that, in fact, such an argument ful acts in Ireland, to which it is not neceswas merely a pretence. The conduct of sary here to do more than allude, Mr. ministers in the recently discovered conspi. Plunket has brought in a bill for the regu. racy required and met no aid from the alien lation of Irish Roman Catholic burials. act, and might have been the same even As the law now stood, the protestant clerthough that act never had existence. Mr. gyman was bound to perform the act of Denman, whose opposition to this measure burial himself. The present act was inhas been uniform and ardent, proposed tended to repeal that law, and to secure to ineffectually various clauses to mitigate its dissenters of all denominations the right of severity or restrict the time of its operation interment according to their own forms and He alluded indignantly to the treatment ceremonies. His proposed act was, in which some of the faithful followers of Na- fact, a charter of toleration. By its propoleon had met from the government of visions, the protestant clergyman was to be this country, and said, that such a bill went applied to; if he thought proper to refuse only to multiply such acts of abuse and permission, he was bound to state in writoppression. The learned gentleman paid ing to the applicant the cause of his refua high compliment, however, to the Foreign sal, and forthwith to certify the same to his Secretary, for the liberal opinions which he Ordinary or the Bishop of his diocese, who had expressed in that house on the subject forwarded it again without delay to the of Sir Robert Wilson, observing that of Lord Lieutenant or government of the all the liberal opinions and enlightened country. Thus, there could be no reason to views which he had as yet avowed, there apprehend refusal on the existing groundwere none which had made him (Mr. Can that of difference of religion ; and still less ning) so entirely popular as the language any danger of a frivolous objection, because which he had thus uttered-so honourable it would be known that that objection was to the object to which he applied it, so at once to go before authority. This bill much more honourable to himself"-in has since passed through the House of this sentiment the house appeared fully to Commons ; hut it appears very little likely concur, and indeed, they but echo on this to give satisfaction to the Roman Cathooccasion the general voice of the country.) lics of Ireland, if we may judge from some The bill was then read a third time, and proceedings on the subject in that country, passed by large majorities on every divi- and from a petition signed by two respectsion.
able Catholic gentlemen now in London, On the motion of Sir John Newport, an and presented to the house by Mr. Hutchinaddress was voted to the King, praying son. The petition declares that “ though that he would be pleased to appoint com- the principle of toleration is distinctly remissioners to inquire into the nature and cognized in the terms of the bill, nevertheextent of the instruction afforded by the less, its provisions not only render such institutions for education in Ireland. This principle inoperative, but introduce new motion was not opposed by government, so enactments more intolerable and obnoxious that there is little doubt a commission will than those which they affect to remedy; now be issued on this important subject. that the operation of the bill would be to excite the clergy of the established church deceased is to be buried or not." Mr. to the exercise of an odious jurisdiction--to Plunket is said not only to be a wit hintaunt the great body of the people of Ire, self, but highly to relish wit in others ; we land, both lay and ecclesiastical, upon doubt much, however, whether he will see the degradation to which the law proscribes the pleasantry of the above. Indeed, it is them, on account of their professing the to be feared that his “ charter of toleraRoman Catholic faith-to produce constant tion” will turn out any thing but " ani and immediate collision between the clergy easement” to the living, whatever it may of the different communions and to in. do to the dead. crease that spirit of disunion and discon- The Slave Trade Piracy Bill has passed tent already so perniciously prevalent in into a law, Mr. Canning declaring on the Ireland.” Upon this petition, it is none third reading that he had the authority of of our duty to offer a single remark, but Mr. Wilberforce, who was absent from incertainly such public Catholic bodies as disposition, for announcing his acquiescence exist in Ireland seem very strongly imbued in the measure, and his opinion that it was with its spirit-the “ Charter of tolera. the most effectual one which could be tion" has actually proved worse than an taken for the suppression of the traffic in apple of discord. Mr. Plunket, who went slaves. Sir James Mackintosh, after exover before the third reading, must have pressing his satisfaction on the occasion, been rather surprised at the reception his eulogized the conduct of the United States “ easement of burial” bill, as he quaintly for having led the way in declaring the termed it, met with. We observed, in one slave trade, piracy. of the Dublin papers, the Morning Post, a It has appeared by a question put on the jeu d'esprit on the subject, which is charac- subject in the House of Commons, that a teristic enough of a people, disposed to very interesting literary discovery has lately turn the most serious occurrences into a been made among the state papers, a ma. subject of merriment.
nuscript of Milton's. Mr. Peel stated
" that it was a theological work, entitled “ Form of a requisition under a late act.
• De Dei cultu,' treating of the truths of “ To the very pious A. B.: incumbent the Christian religion, and, no doubt, as of the parish of C. D. : &c. &c.
far as evidence could go, authentic. How
the manuscript had come into the situation " I write to say, good Mr. Rector,
where it was discovered, nobody could My uncle is as dead as Hector ;
guess; it had, however, been submitted to He died the first, and left us word He'd like his funeral on the third ;
the King, who had commanded its pub
lication, which was now in progress." So, if at home, pray send us leave
Wood, in his Athena Oxonienses, men, To pay for making of a grave;
tions the existence of this work, as does And when you're paid, we beg to know
also Birch, in his Life of Milton, but no When you'll allow the corpse to go.”
one could hitherto afford any clue to its Note. The above form is for an uncle, discovery. Wood had said, that it was last but may easily be altered to answer any seen in the possession of Mr. Cyriac Skin. other deceased person. It is to be remark- ner,* a friend of the poet's ; and, on the ed, " that if the clergyman should refuse to envelope, which surrounded it, there was grant you the permission required, he is an address on it" to Mr. Skinner, mer. bound to return your money, so that you chant.” It would not have been a bad can have both money and corpse to your. joke to have printed this, in the first in. self; or if you prefer it, you can write to stance, anonymously, and entrapped the the Lord Lieutenant, to know whether the Giffords and Jefferys into a review of it.
The following interesting and noble sonnet addressed by Milton to this gentleman may not be unacceptable at this moment to many of our readers.
Cyriack, this three years day, these eyes, though clear
Several petitions have been presented to important motion made by Mr.-G. Lamb, the House of Commons against the pro. for the allowance of counsel to persons in. posed expenditure of half a million of dicted for felony. The motion was lost money in the erection of new churches. after an able speech in support of it from Sir Isaac Coffin gave as a reason for his Sir James Mackintosh and another from support of the vote, that he was quite Mr. Denman, persons whose situations, as alarmed at the late increase of “ those judges, must have rendered them the very, devil-killers, called Methodists.". They best authorities on the subject. The rewere such “ rooting men,” he said, that if fusal of this privilege has always struck us they once burrowed into any man's house, as a gross anomaly in our law, and indeed they soon made their way into every part we need pretend to no great liberality on of it. Mr. Butterworth soon after pre- the subject when we find Judge Jeffries, sented a petition from certain religious fish- himself declaring that “it is a hard case, mongers in London, praying for a repeal of certainly, that a man may have counsel, the statute of W’illiam, allowing the sale of and his witnesses sworn if he is tried for a. mackerel on Sundays, as inconsistent with twopenny trespass; and that yet the same their notions of morals and piety.
is refused to him in a case which affects his On the proposal of the annual vote for life.” It would be difficult to answer this. the education of the poor in Ireland, Mr. There is no domestic news of any interest. Hume strongly objected to the entrusting. The state of Ireland by no means proves the sum proposed in the hands of the Kil. that the people of that country duly esti-, dare-street Association, on the ground, that mate the liberality with which Lord Lithe system adopted in that school was such verpool says they are treated. There as to prevent the Roman Catholic parents were two hundred prisoners discharged from from sending their children there. The the gaol of Cork this assizes by proclama. society was very ably vindicated in a mai- tion! A most amazing fact, and proving den speech of very great promise by Mr. to demonstration one of two things : either North, a gentleman who has just been re- that the committals were most scandalous, turned, it is said, under the auspices of or that the prosecutors are afraid to come Nir. Canning. The vote was ultimately forward and give evidence. What a state agreed to.
of things! There is now a regular society, During the discussion of the estimates of Deists established in the city of Dublin ! Mr. Hume called the attention of the They have printed their rules, of which, House to the extortion of Fees by the Dean having procured a copy, we shall publish and Chapter of Il'estminster for the ad. some extracts next month. Yet Mr. Plunmission of the public into the Abbey. The ket, we hear, is in Dublin. system pursued called forth very severe animadversion from all the members, and Mr. Bennett declared he would gladly vote The cold and wet weather, which, with a sum of money for the removal of the the exception of one or two fine days in monuments, which, being erected by the the latter part of the month, continued nation, the public had an undoubted right throughout March, very much retarded the of access to We sincerely wish this were farmer's customary operations. The barley, done. The fees demanded at our public and oat sowing is consequently very backbuildings have long been the reproach of ward, particularly the former. The nipthis country in the eyes of foreigners. ping winds at the former part of the pre
In the House of Lords there has been sent month have considerably checked the but one debate of any interest, and that early luxuriance of the pastures and mea. one took place on a motion of Lord Darn. dows: they have now a black and singed ley's, on the state of Ireland, --an unfail. appearance. The last week has, however, ing subject. Lord Liverpool went into the been so favourable that the farmer is rasubject at length, and after panegyrizing pidly making up for his lost time, and the character of the Irish people declared the barley sowing is in full activity. The that no country had ever behaved more li, young wheats do not look so well as might berally to another than England had to have been expected from the mildness of Ireland. This was the only ner fact the winter, the cold winds last month which the debate elicited. It is unneces- having affected them, particularly in open sary for us to recapitulate topics which situations. Some warm showers would have been insisted on over and over again alter their appearance for the better. In for the last twenty years, and which are the Welsh counties, sheep are said to have very likely to keep fresh for twenty years done very unkindly, the extreme moisture longer. Lord Lansdown made a very lic of the weather having rotted a great many, beral and able speech. The motion, how. The lambing season has, however, upon ever, was, as usual, lost, by a majority of 57 the whole, been very prosperous ; but the to 17. It will come on again, no doubt, lateness of the grass, and the want of next year,
turnips combined, have caused the ewes While upon the debates of the House of to fall off in their milk. Beans in cold Commons, we forgot to mention a very clayey soils are considered as destroyed.
The trade for long wool has improved, last four weeks-wheat 5581 quarters ; and a further advance is expected. It is barley 5471 quarters; oats 18,753 quarters selling at from 28s. to 30s. per tod. four 5838 sacks; peas 833 quarters
The corn market has continued dull, Smithfield Market is exceedingly dull, although the arrivals have been under the both for beasts and mutton ; the fornier usual quantity. A great push was made fetched from 35. 43. to 48. 2d. and the corn to raise the markets so as to open the The Lamb trade is good, and the market ports for bonded wheat. The price rose not glutted. consequently, in the week beginning April 12, about three shillings per quarter ; but
April 23. since that period, the millers have taken alarm at 'the return of 16,902 quarters at 728. 22. (the London average of the second
April 23, 1824. week, which regulates the iniportation, lest Cotton. --The demand for cotton in the the bonded wheat should be liberated. London market has been good during the The trade is now dull for wheat, and last four weeks, but without any sensible barley and oats are equally at a stand ; and rise in the prices. The most extensive four still maintains its former quotation. sales were in the week succeeding the 6th,
Mr. Huskisson's proposed measure to amounting to 4800 bales, viz.-2000 Benpermit those merchants who have foreign gals 5£d. to 6td. ordinary to good fair ; wheat in warehouses to convert it into flour, 1800 Surats 6d. to 6fd. middling to fair; and to export it to foreign countries, or to 190 Madras 6}d. to 6 d. ordinary to fair ; our own colonies, has already excited the 60 Pernamns 10 d. ; 60 Paras 9 d.; 200 attention of the agriculturists. Mr. Hus- Sea Islands 123d. to 144d. ; 28 New Orkisson argues that it would be beneficial to leans 84d. ; 420 Boweds 7d. to 8 d. ordithe home consumer, to the merchant hold. nary to good fair ; 20 Demarara 1240.ing the corn, to the colonies where it may all in bond; and 20 Egyptian 11 d. duty be exported, and, lastly, to the country paid. The Surats and Bengals were taken: generally, because it would bring so much chiefly for re-sale, with a few for export ; : dead capital into play. Upon this subject, the Brazils for home consumption; and Mr. Ellman, jun. of Southover, has ad. the Americans for export. dressed a letter to the Right Hon. Gentle. In the ensuing week, the known sales
Mr. Ellman contends that this mea- were only 1400 bales, but it was reported sure would release no less a quantity than that considerable business had been done in 460,000 bushels of flour, or 90,000 sacks, East India descriptions, the particulars of duty free. Because, calculating that the which did not transpire. The report of the foreign wheat weighs 56 lb. per bushel, Liverpool market was favourable. The it would yield at the rate of 5£ bushels per sales in four weeks, ending April 17, were quarter of wheat. Government would thus 50,200 bales, the arrivals 35,315 bales. have only 4instead of 54 bushels return- Sugar.--At the close of last month the ed for a quarter of wheat, and will be losers market was extremely heavy, and the (supposing the wheat to be let out at 178. eagerness of the holders to sell, caused a per quarter duty) of 70,0001. The 90,000 reduction in the prices. It seems that the sacks will also be an ample supply for stock in the West India warehouses conMark-lane for three months.
tinued to accumulate, while the weekly de. spect to the exportation of the flour, Mr. liveries decreased. In the first week of Ellman argues that there was no demand, this month, several holders of Muscovades because, if there was such a demand as to resolved to sell, parted with them at very make the exportation advantageous, why reduced prices ; brown Demerara 545. was not the flour now under lock exported? brown Jamaica 551., the middling were Again, that the Algur thus ground from the even lower in proportion than the brown ; bonded wheat would be replaced by a very very good quality might be had at 568. to inferior article made from inferior British F8s. These low prices, however, consider. wheat, and would be neither fit for exporta- ably increased the demand, but at first tion, nor for storing. Under these circum- without effecting a rise, as the holders reastances, it is contended that, if the bill dily sold at the previous currency. The does pass, 5f bushels, or 300 lb. weight demand continuing, a general improvement of flour, ought to be required to replace of Is. to Is. 6d. took place, and the holders every quarter of wheat; but even in that became firm ; and it was the general opicase, it will be injurious to the English nion that Muscovades had reached the farmer.
lowest point of depression. The prices of reThe average price of wheat in the twenty- fined have been very low, even in proportion four maritime counties, for the week ending to those of raw sugars. Last week more April 10, was for wheat 636. 34d.; barley business was done, and prices were rather 358. 9£d. ; oats 248. 14d.
higher. Molasses 258. 6d. Very little has The arrivals have averaged, during the been doing in foreign sugars, except in the