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there was one variation, which al- cient Concert. This is honourable most demanded a reach of fourteen to the royal and noble amateurs, notes. Such passages he missed, and and we trust that their old and fam indeed from defect of natural growth vourite servant has felt the consolamuch of this piece was very imper. tion of their efforts in his behalf.* fect. This is not the fault of the On the night of the Earl of Darnboy, but the error of those who di- ley's direction at the Ancient Conrect his studies.

cert, Mr. Wheeler, 'a young bass. At this concert also appeared Mr. singer, was brought out. His voice Chatterton, a young man, we believe, has no great volume, but it is well from Portsmouth, or its vicinity, He toned, and his manner has a good played the harp with a great deal of share of polish. A successor worthy taste and execution, and his defici- to fill the place of poor Bartleman has ency was only in tone-a defect not yet, however, appeared. which, it is observed, acquaintance The concerts for individuals will with London orchestras soon sup- now be general. Last year there was plies. He was well received. Here not a single night in May or June, also Mr. Clementi conducted. with the exception of those of the

Amongst the most attractive of the Philharmonic or Ancient Concerts Benefit Concerts has been the farer that was not so occupied. The marwell night of Mr. Ries, on the 8th ket was, however, clearly over supof April, who, after most singular plied, and it may be questioned whecrosses, from the ravages of war in ther this season will present an equal his own country (Germany), and in number, though professors have certhose where he encountered hostile tainly not decreased. In but too armies, found peace, encouragement, many instances they act merely as and fortune in this Island. Whilst advertisements, and unfortunately as traversing the Continent (for he went very expensive advertisements. The to Russia) he was twice forced into public appetite has been so pamthe Conscription, but was released pered, and has been trained to such on account of a defect of sight. Thus excess, that the very large disbursethe want of a physical power pro- ments which attend these attempts cured a release which superior in- must eventually operate to deter all tellect could not have obtained for but those whose claims are very gehim. Mr. Schlessinger played with neral, from the risk. Another circonsiderable eclat, and is to be re- cumstance which militates against garded, in some sort, as the person to success, is the frequent disappointwhom Mr. Ries wishes to bequeath ments audiences experience. In the his honours, as an instructor. Mr. majority of instances, the singers asRies's recommendation will probably sist each other gratuitously. It not have a good deal of weight and au- seldom happens that, profitable enthority. The Concert was exceed- gagements offering, they send an exing well attended. Mr. Ries retires cuse at a late hour. It is very rare, to his native home, where we under- indeed, to hear either the singers or stand he purposes still to amuse him- the music that have been announced, self by composition. He quits Eng- and never in the order specified. The land, accompanied by the regrets public ought not to endure these imand the best wishes of a large circle positions and impertinences, for such of friends and scholars, and by the they are. Those who pay their half regard of the musical public at large, guineas have a just title to the fulwho have always esteemed him high- filment of the terms of the compact ly, both as a writer and a performer. on the other side.

Poor Griesbach, the oboist, who The musical world has been not a lies so ill as never to be again likely little interested in the legal dispute to resume his profession, has had a between Mr. Morris, the proprietor Benefit, under the sanction and pro- of the Haymarket Theatre, and Mr. tection of the Directors of the An- and Miss Paton. Mr. Paton, it

** We have been told, and we believe the fact, that after a public performance, some years since, in a provincial town, Mr. Braham having heard that this excellent musician was involved in some teinporary distress, enclosed 201. in a note to Mr. Griesbach, with thanks for the pleasure his playing had that morning afforded nim.

words agree

seems, signed an article, in which he Mr. Cianchettini's Irish Fantasiz upon agreed that his daughter should sing the airs Savournah Deelish and The Lefor a certain salary for one season, gacy, has less of fancy in its composition, and consented that she should enter observable in the numerous marks of ex.

than in its style of performance. This is into a subsequent engagement at the close of the first year for two more, rythm, and in the abundance of ornament.

pression, the changes of measure and at an augmented rate. The agree. In composing for Catalani, Mr. Cianchetment was duly kept, the consent was

tini has adapted his works to that singer's for some time evaded, and, at length, peculiar manner of gracing and execution, refused altogether. For this breach and these peculiarities have affected his of faith, Mr. Morris brought his ac- productions for the pianoforte. The slow' tion against Mr. Paton, and was non- Irish air affords an illustration of this resuited, upon the interpretation of the mark. Nice attention to the effects and

and consent. We are no expression of vocal art is necessary to fine lawyers, but we apprehend the true instrumental performance, and Mr. Cianintent and meaning in an honourable chettini's Fantasia will gain or lose by the understanding of the contract, was knowledge or ignorance of the perforiner in

this branch of the science. that in so far as Mr. Paton was con

An Italiun serenade with variations, by cerned, he would 'use his influence Mr. Kiallmark, is one of his best works : with his daughter, and in so far as the subject is melodious and graceful, and Miss Paton, that she knew the terms, the variations light, smooth, and brilliant. and intended to fulfil them, both The Moon Beam, being No. 6 of a being parties to the deed. We can- series of Hibernian airs for the pianoforte, not, therefore, perceive how in foro by Mr. Busrowes, is fully equal to the conscientive either of them stands ac

former numbers of the work, quitted, though the point of law be

Mr. Calkin has arranged The Maid of in their favour; and, as Miss Paton the Valley, with variations for the pianohas not been very scrupulous about the other works of the master, has most of

forte. This composition, in common with engagements in other cases, it is to the qualities which will render it popular be apprehended that managers will

a lesson for practice or amusement look carefully in future to the terms amongst those who do not seek the highest of any agreement she may enter into. rank in art. His six numbers of French It is pity that any sort of suspicion airs, with variations, are a series of very should attach to the exercise of such agreeable pieces of the same description. undoubted ability.

Moralt's introduction and Rondoletta,

and Dussck's March and Waltzes, are easy NEW MUSIC.

and simple pieces for learners. The principal new publications are :

Mr. Bruguier's eighth divertimento conTwo Rondos for the pianoforte, composed tains two airs, by Rossini, Pieni oh Sulla, by Ignace Moscheles. Books 1 and 2. The and Fru il Padre e fra l'amante. subjects from the ballet “ Les Portraits ;" also by Moscheles. These pieces partake the pianoforte, with accompaninients for

Mozart's fifth symphony, arranged for of the character of the other compositions the flute, violin, and violoncello, by Hum.. of the master, namely, strength and ener- mel, is published. gy, tempered by a cultivated taste, and

The fourth volume of the excellent senatural elegance of mind. The interest never languishes, but is preserved by fre- of Convito Harmonico, is just out. Know

lection of glees, published under the title quent changes in the construction and sen- ing, as we well do, the extreme care, and timent, united with spirit and flowing the good taste and ability of its editor, Mr. melody. A Russian air, with variations Samuel Webbe, jun. we should have an. by the same composer, is quaint and ori- ticipated an equal degree of excellence with ginal rather than pleasing.

the former volumes, its precursors, and we Mr. Bochsa has a briliant Fantasia and variations on the Scotch air, Kelvin Grove, the most excellent standard compositions,

are not disappointed. There are many of which has become popular at the theatre both of an early and a recent date, though by the performance of Dr. Braham. The the former naturally predominate. But lesson is not in Mr. Bochsa's best manner, every succeeding book adds to the value of and requires the fire and energy of his own

the collection as a whole, inasmuch as it style of playing to make it very effective; assists in completing this very classical combut though its intrinsic inerits as a com

centration of the beauties of the British position are few, it has enough of dec ded

Harmonists. character to give it a rank above common.

April 22. place productions. A Rondino à la Hon. grois, also by the same hand, is a light and

as

1

easy lesson.

DIALOGUES OF THREE TEMPLARS.

ON POLITICAL ECONOMY,

CHIEFLY IN RELATION TO THE

PRINCIPLES OF MR. RICARDO.

that your

DIALOGUE THE THIRD.
Et æquiori sane animo feres, cum hic de primis agatur principiis, si
superstitiose omnia examinavi,—viamque quasi palpando singulaque
curiosiùs contrectando, lente me promovi et testudinco gradu. Video
enim ingenium humanum ita comparatum esse ut facilius longe quid
consequens sit dispiciat, quam quid in naturâ primo verum; nostramque
omnium conditionem non multum ab illâ Archimedis abluderc-009
To sw, na awrow try you. Ubi primum figamus pedem, invenire multo
magis satagimus, quam (ubi invenimus) ulterius progredi.

Henricus Morus in Epist. ad Cartesium.

Principle of Value continued. Phæd. In our short conversation blows but courted them: « alacer of yesterday, X., you parried an ob- virtute militum, et lætus quoties aut jection brought forward by Philebus cassidi suæ aut clypeo gravior ictus in a way which I thought satisfactory. incideret. Laudabat quippe ferientes, You reduced him to an absurdity, or hortabaturque ut auderent.” When what seemed such. In fact, I did one of our theatres let down an iron verily believe that you had

slaughter- curtain upon the stage as a means ed Philebus: and so I told him. But of insulating the audience from any we have since 'reconsidered the mat- fire amongst the scenery, and sent men ter, and have settled it between our- to prove the strength of this curtain selves that your answer will not do; by playing upon it with sledge ham

“ absurdity” in fact is a mers in the sight and hearing of the very absurd absurdity: Philebus will public,- who would not have laughtell you why. I for my part shall ed at the hollowness of the mumhave enough to do to take care of a mery, if the blows had been gentlelittle argument of my own, which is considerate — and forbearing? А designed to meet something that make-believe' blow would have passed in our first dialogue. Now implied a make-believe' haminer my private conviction is—that both and a make-believe' curtain. No! I and Philebus shall be cudgeled: 1 –hammer away, like Charles Martel: am satisfied that such will be the “fillip me with a three-man beetle :” issue of the business. And my rea

be to me

a malleus hæreticorum : son for thinking so is this that I come like Spenser's Talus-an iron already see enough to discern a cha- man with an iron flail, and thresh racter of boldness and determination out the straw of my logic: rack me; in Mr. Ricardo's doctrines which put me to the question: get me needs no help from sneaking equivo- down: jump upon me: throttle me: cations; and this with me is a high put an end to me in any way you presumption that he is in the right. can. In whatever rough way his theories Phæd. I will, I will my dear are tossed about, they seem always friend: any thing to oblige you. So like a cat to light upon their legs. now tie yourself to the stake, whilst But notwithstanding this, as long as we bait you. And you begin, Phithere is a possibility that he may be lebus ; unmuzzle. in the wrong, I shall take it for Phil. I shall be brief. The case granted that he is—and do my best of the hat is what I stand upon: to prove him so.

and, by the way, I am much obliged X. For which, Phædrus, I shall to you X. for having stated the quesfeel greatly indebted to you. We tion in that shape: it has furnished are told of Trajan—that, in the camp me with a very manageable formula exercises, he not only tolerated hard for recalling the principle at issue. The wages alter from two different This is what you had to prove, and causes-in one case because there is you have not proved it. the same quantity of labour at a Phæd. Oh! it's scandalous to think different rate; in an other case be- how he has duped us: his reductio' cause there is a different quantity at turns out to be the merest swindling. the same rate. In the latter case it X. No, Phædrus,-1 beg your is agreed that the alteration settles pardon. It is very true I did not upon price. In the former case you attempt to prove that your head affirm that it will not: 1 affirm that might not remain stationary: I could it will. I bring an argument to prove not have proved this directly without it: which argument you attempt anticipating a doctrine out of it's to parry by another. But in this place: but I proved it indirectly by counter argument of yours it strikes showing that, if it were supposed me that there lurks a petitio prin- possible, an absurdity would follow cipii. Indeed, I am sure of it. For from that supposition. I said, and observe the course of our reasoning. I say again, that the doctrine of I charge it upon your doctrine as an wages will show the very supposiabsurd consequencem that, if the in- tion itself to be absurd : but, until crease of wages must be paid out of we come to that doctrine, I content profits, then this fund will at length myself with proving that-let that he eaten out; and, as soon as it is supposition seem otherwise ever so there will be no fund at all for paying reasonable [the supposition namely any further increase : and the pro- that profits may be stationary whilst duction must cease. Now what in wages are advancing]-yet it draws effect is your answer? Why, that after it one absurd consequence, viz. as soon as profits are all eaten up, that a thing may be bigger than that to the production will cease. And this which it is confessedly equal. Look you call reducing me to an absurdity. back to the notes of our conversation, But where is the absurdity? Your and you will see that this is as I say.answer is in fact an identical propo- You say, Philebus, that I prove pro. sition: for, when you say—“ As soon fits in a particular case to be incapaas profits are absorbed">I retort, ble of remaining stationary by asAye, no doubt, as soon as they suming that price cannot increase ; are; but when will that be? It re- or if I am called upon to prove that quires no Ricardo to tell us that, assumption-viz. that price cannot when profits are absorbed, they will increase, I do it only by assuming be absorbed : what I deny is--that that profits in that case are incapable they ever can be absorbed. For, of remaining stationary. But, if I as fast as wages increase, what is had reasoned thus, I should not only to hinder price from increasing pari have been guilty of a petitio principii passu? In which case profits will (as you alleged)—but also of a cirnever be absorbed. It is easy enough cle. Here then I utterly disclaim to prove that price will not increase, and renounce either assumption: I if you may assume that profits will do not ask you to grant me that not remain stationary. For the price must continue stationary in the

you have assumed the whole point case supposed : I do not ask you to in dispute ; and after that of course grant me that profits must recede you have the game in your own in the case supposed. On the conhands: since it is self-evident that trary, I will not have them granted if any body is made up of two parts to me: I insist on your refusing both P and W, so adjusted that all which of these principles. is gained by either must be lost by Phil. Well, I do refuse them. the other, then that body can never

Phæd. So do I. I'll do any thing increase.

in reason as well as another. “ If Phæd. Nor decrease.

one knight give a testril — " Phil. No, nor decrease. If my x. Then let us suppose the mines head must of necessity lose as much from which we obtain our silver to weight as my trunk gains, and versâ be in England. vice, then it is a clear case that I Phæd. What for? Why am I to shall never be heavier. But why suppose this? I don't know but you cannot my head remain stationary, have some trap in it. whilst my trunk grows heavier? X. No: a Newcastle coal mine,

or a Cornwall tin mine will answer Anti-Ricardian economy should dem the purpose of my argument just as volve upon me! that fate should orwell. But it is more convenient to dain me to be the Atlas on whose use silver as the illustration : and I unworthy shoulders the whole system suppose it to be in England simply to is to rest. This being my destiny, I avoid intermixing any questions about ought to have been built a little Foreign Trade. Now when the hat stronger. However, no matter! I sold for eighteen shillings, on Mr. heartily pray that I may prove too Ricardo's principle why did it sell strong for you: though at the same time for that sum?

I am convinced I shall not. Remem· Phil. I suppose, because the quan- ber therefore that you have no right: tity of silver in that sum is assumed to exult if you toss and gore me, for to be the product of four days' labour I tell you beforehand that you will. in a silver mine.

And, if you do, that only proves me X. Certainly: because it is the to be in the right-and a very sagaproduct of the same quantity of la- cious person ; since my argument bour as that which produced the hat. has all the appearance of being irrea. Calling. 20 shillings therefore 4 sistible, and yet such is my discernounces of silver, the hat was worth ment, that I foresee most acutely 9-foths of 4 ounces. Now when that it will turn out a most absurd wages advance from 12s, to 14s., one. It is this : your answer to Phiprofits (you allege) will not pay this lebus issues in this—that a thing. A advance but price. On this suppo- is shown to be at once more valuable sition the price of the hat will now and yet not more valuable than the be — what?

same thing B. Now this answer I Phil. Twenty shillings; leaving, as take by the horns : it is possible for before, six for profit.

A to be more and yet not more valu X. Six shillings upon 14 are not able than the same thing. For exthe same rate of profit as 6 upon 12: ample, my hat shall be more valuable but no matter : it does not affect the than the gloves; more valuable, that argument. The hat is now worth 4 is, than the gloves were; and yet not entire ounces of silver, having pre- more valuable than the gloves; not viously been worth 4 ounces minus a more valuable, that is, than the gloves tenth of 4 ounces. But the product of now are. So of the wages : all 4 days' labour in a silver mine must things preserve their former relations, also advance in value for the same because all are equally raised. This cause. Four ounces of silver, which is is my little argument: what do you that product, will now have the same think of it? Will it do? power or value as 22.22 shillings X. No. had before. Consequently the 4 Phæd. Why, so I told you. ounces of silver, which had previ- X. I have the pleasure then to asously commanded in exchange a hat sure you that you are perfectly right. and the 9th of a hat, will now com- It will not do. But I understand you mand a hat and two ninths, fractions perfectly. You mean to evade my neglected. Hence therefore a hat argument that the increase of wages will, upon any Anti-Ricardian theory, shall settle upon profits: according manifestly buy 4 ounces of silver; to this argument, it will settle upon and yet at the same time, it will not price and not upon profits: yet buy 4 ounces by 1-5th part of 4 ounces again on price in such a way as to Silver, and the denominations of it's escape the absurdity of two relations qualities being familiar, make it of value existing between the very more convenient to use that metal : same things. But, Phædrus, this but substitute lead, iron, coal, or any rise will be a mere metaphysical ens thing whatsoever,-the argument is and no real rise. The hat, you say, the same, being in fact a universal has risen: but still it commands no demonstration that variations in more of the gloves, because they also wages cannot produce corresponding bave risen. — How then has either variations in price.

risen? The rise is purely ideal. Phæd. Say no more, X. : I see that Phæd. It is so, X.: but that I did you are right; and it's all over with not overlook: for tell me-on Mr. our cause, unless I retrieve it. To Ricardo's principle, will not all think that the whole cause of the things double their value simultaneMay, 1824.

2 N

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