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any systematic development of hu, with that spirit of perfect confidence man nature would have a right to be which he has himself described at p. indicated; and thus have assigned an 74. There is an air of gentlemanly external characteristic to a faculty feeling spread over the book which of the third order-suppose (or per- tends still further to recommend the baps a mere accidental effect of a author. Meantime two questions faculty or a mere imaginary faculty), arise on the system,- first, is it a whilst a primary faculty went with good system which we have anout any expression at all :-partly, I swered:-secondly, is it a system say, to this cause which is obviously adapted for general diffusion. This not merely a subjective but also an question we dare not answer in the accidental cause; and partly also to affirmative, unless we could ensure the following cause, which is ob- the talents and energy of the original jective (i. e. seated in the inherent inventor in every other superintendimperfections of the art itself, and ant of this system. In this we may not removeable therefore by any fu- be wrong: but at all events, it ture improvements to be anticipated ought not to be considered as any from a more matured psychology); deduction from the merits of the viz. that the human mind transcends author—as a very original thinker on or overflows the gamut or scale of the science of education, that his the art; in other words, that the system is not like the Madras sysqualities —intellectual or moral, which tem) independent of the teacher's ought to be expressed, are far more ability, and therefore not uncondiin number than the alphabet of signs tionally applicable.-Upon some fuor expressions by which they are to ture occasion we shall perhaps take be enunciated. Hence it follows as an opportunity of stating what is in an inevitable dilemma, that many our opinion the great desideratum qualities must go unrepresented; or which is still to be supplied in the else be represented by signs common art of education considered simply to them with other qualities: in the in its intellectual purposes-viz. the first of which cases we have an art im- communication of knowledge, and perfect from defect, in the other case the development of the intellectual imperfect from equivocal language. faculties: purposes which have not Thus, for example, determination of been as yet treated in sufficient insucharacter is built in some cases upon lation from the moral purposes. For mere energy of the will (a moral the present we shall conclude by recause); and again in other cases commending to the notice of the Exupon capaciousness of judgment perimentalist the German writers on and freedom from all logical per- education. Basedow, who naturalplexity (an intellectual cause). Yet ized Rousseau in Germany, was the it is possible that either cause will first author who called the attention modify the hand-writing in the same of the German public to this imway.
portant subject. Unfortunately Basedow had a silly ambition of being
reputed an infidel, and thus created From the long analysis which we a great obstacle to his own success : have thus given of the book record. he was also in many other respects a ing this new system of education, it sciolist and a trifler : but, since his is sufficiently evident that we think time, the subject has been much culvery highly of it. In the hands of tivated in Germany: “Paedogogic” its founder we are convinced that it journals even, bave been published is calculated to work wonders; and periodically, like literary or philoso strong is the impression which his sophic journals: and, as might book conveys, that he is not only a be anticipated from that love of man of very extraordinary talents children which so honourably disfor the improvement of the science of tinguishes the Germans as a people, education, but also a very conscien- not without very considerable suctious man-that, for our own parts, cess. we should confide a child to his care
THESE THREE PARTS.
OF THE BEARE.
ton (says Fullert) was master of his 1. HIS COURT-WITTY IESTS.
faculty. When Queen Elizabeth was 2. HIS SOUND CITY IESTS.
.serious (I dare not say sullen) and 3. HIS COUNTREY PRETTY IESTS.
out of good humour, he could unFULL OF DELIGHT, WIT, AND HONEST dumpish her at his pleasure. Her high
est favourites would in some cases go LONDON, PRINTED BY I. H. FOR AN
to Tarlton, before they would go to DREW CROOK, AND ARE TO BE SOLD IN PAUL'S CHURCH-YARD, AT THE SIGNE
the Queen, and he was their usher to 1638.
prepare their advantageous access to (Small quarto : containing five sheets, more of her faults, than most of her
her. In a word, he told the Queen black letter).
chaplains, and cured her melancholy OF this very rare volume an earlier better than all of her physicians. edition, probably the first, had ap- Heywood says of him ; “ heere I peared in 1611, but the reprint of must needs remember Tarleton, in his 1638 is of so seldom occurrence, that time gratious with the Queene his the late Mr. Malone, who was not soueraigne, and in the people's genevery fond of extravagant doings at rall applause;" and Howes, the edibook auctions, gave five guineas and tor and continuator of Stow, tells us, a half for one at Mr. Stanhope's sale, that Elizabeth, at the suit of Sir
“ enormous price,” as he notes Francis Walsingham, constituted on the blank leaf of his copy, now in twelve players at Barn Elms, allowthe Bodleian library.
ing them wages and liveries Richard Tarlton was born at Con- grooms of the chamber (a custom dover, in Shropshire, and, if we may which lasted till Colley Cibber's believe Fuller* (who says, that some time), and one of these was Tarlton. of his name and relations were living Among these twelve players (conthere when be wrote his Worthies), he tinues Howes) were two rare men; was found in a field, keeping his fa- viz. Thomas Wilson, for a quicke, ther's swine, by a servant of Robert delicate, refined, extemporall witte, Dudley, Earl of Leicester, who ac- and Richard Tarlton, for a wondrous cidentally meeting with him, as he plentifull, pleasant, extemporall wit, was travelling on business for his was the wonder of his tyme, and so Lord, entered into conversation, beloued that men vse his picture for “ and was so highly pleased with his their signes.” § One of these signs happy unhappy answers,” that he took was in existence so late as the behim under his patronage, induced ginning of the last century, when him to accompany him to London, Oldys saw it over an obscure aleand brought him to the court. He house in the borough of Southwark, seems to have risen into favour with which then went by the name of The the Queen, and popularity with her Tabor and Pipe Man.ll
* Worthies in Staffordshire, (where Fuller places him, not having learned his birthplace in time to introduce him in the account of his native county) page 47. + Ibid.
In his Apology for Actors, London, 1612, 4to. Sign. E. 2. b. Š Annales or Chronicle, London, 1615, folio,. p. 697. Bishop Hall in his Satires, alludes to the frequency of Tarlton's portrait as a sign:
“ Or sit with Tarlton on an alepost's signe.” || MS. notes to Langbaine. The tabor seems to have been the usual accompanyment of the early clowns. In Twelfth Night, Act III, Scene 1, the stage direction says, “ Enter Viola and Clown with a tabor," and the wood-cut prefixed to the volume we are now noticing, gives a portrait of Tarlton with that instrument, and a long pipe. See this subject admirably treated on in Mt. Douce's Illustrations of Shakspcare, &c. 1, 97, 2, 209. May, 1824.
There was something so irresisti- the buffoonery they descended to, in bly comick in Tarlton's countenance, order to excite merriment. that, although he did not utter a syl- An excellent Icst of Tarlton suddenly lable, the spectators were delighted.
spoken. Sir Richard Baker, speaking of At the Bull, at Bishopsgate, was a play Prynne, the puritanical opposer of of Henry the Fift, , wherein the judge all theatrical amusements, says
was to take a box on the eare, and because « Let him try it when he will, and he was absent that should take the blow, come himself upon the stage, with Tarlton himselfe (euer forward to please) all the scurrility of the wife of Bath, besides his owne part of the clowne : and
to play the same judge, with all the ribaldry of Poggius or Knel then playing Henry the Fift, hit Boccace, yet I dare affirm he shall Tarlton a sound boxe indeed, which made never give that contentment to be the people laugh the more because it was holders, as honest Tarlton did, though he. But anon the judge goes in, and int. he said never a word;" and the same mediately Tarlton (in his clowne's cloathes) writer, in another work, + bears am- comes out, and askes the actors what newes; ple testimony to his merits, and con- 0 (saith one) hadst thou been here, thou cludes his commendation of Allen and shouldest haue seen Prince Henry hit the Burbage by declaring that “ to make judge a terrible box on the eare. their comedies complete, they had man,
said Tarlton, “ strike a judge ? Richard Tarleton, who for the part,
" It is true, yfaith ;” said the other. called the clowne’s part, never had it could not be but terrible to the judge,
“ No other like," said Tarlton, “ and his match, never will have.” We when the report so terrifies me, that mewill conclude these contemporary thinkes the blow remaines still on my testimonies in praise of our comedian cheeke, that it burns againe." The people by an extract from Dr.Cave's treatise, laught at this mightily; and to this day De Politica, printed in quarto, at Ox- I huae heard it commended for rare; but ford, 1588, who writes, “ Aristoteles no maruell, for he had many of these. suum Theodoretum laudavit quendam But I would see our clownes in these dayes peritum tragediarum actorem, Cicero doe the like: no, I warrant ye, and yet suum Roscium, nos Angli Tarle- they thinke well of themselues too.” S TONUM, in cujus voce et vultu omnes Tarlton, besides his occupations as jocosi affectus, in cujus cerebroso ca- player, jester, and clown, kept an *pite lepidæ facetiæ habitant.”
ordinary in Paternoster-row, and afFrom the volume of Tarlton's Jests terwards the sign of the Saba,|| a now before us, a good many parti- tavern in Gracious (Grace-church) culars relating to himself may be street. He was also married, his gleaned.
wife being a widow named KathaHe was for some-time an actor at rine, and as report went, none of the the Bull in Bishopsgate-street, and best either for temper or reputation. the following is given as an instance Hoz Tarlton would have drowned his of his wit and ready humour: it is
Wife." also a proof of the licence used by fa- Vpon a time as Tarlton and his wife (as 'vourite performers in those days, and passengers) came sailing from Southampton
* Theatrum triumphans. London, 1670, 8vo. P.
37. + Chronicle of England. London, 1674, folio, p. 500.
There is no clown in Shakspeare's King IIenry V. consequently Tarlton's practical witticism must refer to some previous drama with a similar title. A play so called was entered on the Stationers' books in 1594; Shakspeare's Henry V, according to Ma"lone's calculation, was not written before 1599.
Jests. Sign.c. 2, b. il The Saba, translated Sheba in the authorized versions of the Bible, and subsequently corrupted into the Bell-Savage :
In heore land is a cite
To Jerusalem, Salamon to seone.
*. Jests. D, 3, b.
towards London, a mighty storme arose fools; though we must own there and endangered the ship, wherevpon the was ample ground for suspicion. captaine thereof charged euery man We hasten now to give a few exthrow into the seas the heauiest thing hee tracts from the Jests of this celebrated could best spare, to the end to lighten
personage : some-what the ship. Tarlton, that had his
How Tarlton plaid the Drunkard be. wife there, offered to throw her ouer-board :
fore the Queene. but the company rescued her; and being asked wherefore he meant so to doe, he Tarlton perceiuing, took vpon him to de
The Queene being discontented, which answered: 6 She is the heauiest thing I have, and I can best spare
light her with some quaint iest: where
upon he counterfaited a drunkard, and During the summer it appears called for beere, which was brought imthat the players left London, being mediately. Her Maiestie noting his huprohibited from exhibiting in the me- mor, commanded that he should haue no tropolis, and went to the various more; for (quoth shee) he will play the fairs, large towns, and gentlemen's beast, and so shame himselfe Feare not seats, in different parts of England. you (quoth Tarlton), for your beere is From one part of the book we learn, small enough. Whereat her Maiestie that a single waggon sufficed to laughed heartily, and commanded that he carry the dresses and decorations of should haue enough.
Tarlton's Opinion of Oysters. the whole company, and probably
Certaine noblemen and ladies of the court the actors themselves to boot. Being being eating of oysters, one of them seeing on one of these expeditions in Kent, Tarlton, called him, and asked him if he Tarlton and his boy got as far as loued oysters ? No (quoth Tarlton), for Sandwich, on their return to London, they be vngodly meate, vncharitable meate, where their money failing them, our and vnprofitable meate. Why? quoth the jester was fain to have recourse to courtiers. They are vngodly, sayes Tarlhis wits for a conveyance.
After ton, because they are eaten without grace; spending two days at the best inn, vncharitable, because they leaue nought but and in the best manner, he makes his shelles, and vnprofitable, because they must boy mutter certain mysterious
words swim in wine,
Tarlton's answer to a Courtier. before the host and his family, which
Tarlton being at the court all night, in led them to suppose Tarlton was a se
the morning he met a great courtier coming minary priest in disguise.—" Lord, from his chamber, who espying Tarlton, Lord (said the boy), what a scald said, “ Good morrow, M. Didimus and master doe I serue! As I am an Tridimus!” Tarlton being somewhat honest boy I'll leaue him in the lurch, abashed, not knowing the meaning thereof, and shift for myselfe; here's adoe said, “Sir, I vnderstand you not, exabout penance and mortification !” pound, I pray you." Quoth the courtier, Such exclamations exciting the sus
16 Didimus and Tridimus is a fool and a picions of the innkeeper, he commu
knaue." " You ouerloade me," replied nicated his fears to the constable, and Tarlton, “ for my backe cannot beare
both; therefore take you the one, and I the two worthies being anxious to secure the reward offered for the detec, and I will carry the foole with me.'
will take the other ; take you the knaue, tion of Roman Catholic Priests, seized him in his chamber, (where, to keep
Tarlton's Answer toa Nobleman's Question.
There was a nobleman that asked Tarlup the joke, he was discovered on his knees crossing himself,) paid his reck- of peace ? “ Marry (quoth he) they are
ton what hee thought of souldiers in time oning, and bore his charges up to like chimneys in summer. London. There they took him before
Tarlton's Iest to an unthrifty Courticr. recorder Fleetwood, who knowing
There was an vnthriftie gallant belong. him, received him very kindly, and ing to the court, that had borrow'd fiue dismissed his accusers “with fleas in pounds of Tarlton; but having lost it at dice, their ears," for being such egregious he sent his man to Tarlton to borrow fiue
• The oyster-cater of the present day would not consider his dish improved by the intreduction of wine sauce, and yet such was the custom in Queen Elizabeth's reign. It was considered necessary, to prevent their disagreeing when eaten raw. Cogan, who wrote a very learned and no less entertaining treatise “ for all those that haue a care of their health,” which he entitled The Haven of Health, and in which he advises on Labour, Meat, Drink, Sleep, and Venus, prefers oysters before all other shell fish, but he gives his readers this caution—" if they be eaten raw they require good wine to be drunke after them to helpe digestion," and he recommends red wine or sack as best for that purpose. Haven of Health, London, 1596, 4to. p. 146.