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inquire into the delay and expense of a very warm and lengthened discusthe Court of Chancery, and the causes sion, during which it was admitted thereof. Mr. Williams also hinted universally that Mr. Abercromby at the propriety of separating the po- had been misrepresented, and that litical and judicial functions of the his Lordship had alluded to the Hon. Chaneellor. The motion was with- Member merely under the mistake to drawn after an animated discussion, which he was led by the misrepre on an understanding that in sub- sentation. The motion was ultimatestance ministers had already them- ly negatived by a majority of 49, the selves determined on this course. Mr. numbers for it being 102—and those Peel declared that the Lord Chancel- against it, 151. lor himself had advised that a com- (In reference to this debate, we mission from the Crown under the cannot avoid remarking the surprisgreat seal should issue for the pure ing fidelity with which the gentlepose of inquiring into very many im- men connected with the daily press portant matters connected with the report the debates in parliament. Court of Chancery, of examining into The facilities afforded them are very the state of its jurisdiction, and into few indeed, and the impediments are many other points contemplated by manifold. The standing order by the motion. It was, however, dis- which the publication of these detinctly announced that no separation bates is prohibited, while such publibetween the judicial and political cation is daily recognized by every functions of this high officer should individual member, ought surely to take place, Mr. Canning declaring be considered obsolete. The memthat his opposition to such separa- ber would deserve well of the comtion was
“ with a view of preserving munity who stood boldly up at once to the monarchy one of its most an- and moved that every possible concient and invaluable prerogatives, of venience should be afforded to the keeping open the passage from the press. They order these things betCourt to the Woolsack, and of leav- ter in America. The reporters have ing to the lawyer the opportunity of a convenient seat, and every accomgiving to the Crown his best services, modation given them in the hall of and to the Crown the opportunity of the Congress. Mr. Canning or Sir finding for them an adequate and James Macintosh, who were themsuitable reward.” While upon this selves ornaments of the press, ought subject, we may as well notice, not yield to others the honour of this though a little out of the regular necessary and called-for innovation.) order, a subsequent debate which On a proposed vote of a large sum sprung incidentally from this discus- of money for the erection of public sion. Some expressions, attributed buildings, the repairs of the palace, erroneously to. Mr. Abercromby by &c. a desultory conversation took one of the daily reports, so excited place, during which many severe rethe indignation of his Lordship, that marks were made on the bad archihe took notice of them in no very tectural taste of the new erections measured language from the bench, contiguous to Westminster Abbey. Mr. Abercromby being a practising Sir J. Macintosh said they had been barrister of the court. The latter called Grecian, for no other reason he gentleman having ascertained the supposed than because they certainly fact that such allusion had been were not English-if Grecian at all, made, proceeded to the House of they must undoubtedly be Bæotian. Commons and complained of it as a The Chancellor of the Exchequer said breach of privilege. The Hon. Mem- he was quite ashamed of them; but ber explained what he did say, prov- that in fact he had not seen them till ed the misrepresention, and after a they had gone too far to be remedied. temperate but firm statement, con- In short, every one so abused them, cluded by moving that the short- that the only wonder seems to be how hand writer who could prove the all permitted them to proceed in siwords to have been used by the lence until the error was too expenChancellor should be called to the sive for correction. The debate bar of the House, to whom he left ended, however, in a vote of the sum the direction of the subsequent pro. required, the Chancellor of the Ex. ceedings. This motion gave rise to chequer declaring that matter of laste should be henceforward taken that the window tax is unjust in its out of the hands of the Board of operation, and most oppressive upon Works and vested in the Treasury. the poor of this kingdom; and that Among the suggestions which took it appears to this House that the said place during this discussion, there tax ought to be wholly repealed from was one which we confess rather sur- the 5th of April next." prised us, namely the erection of a This proposition gave rise to connew palace. Mr. H. G. Bennet man- siderable debate, during which the fully observed that, even if he stood most important speech was that of alone, he would oppose it.
the Chancellor of the Exchequer. sent there are St. James's Palace, He opposed the motion, and went Buckingham House, Hampton Court into an able vindication of his own Palace, Kew Palace, Kensington
conduct. Within the last three years, Palace, Windsor Palace, Brighton he said, three millions of taxes had Palace, Carlton House Palace, and been repealed, and it was clear that the Cottage in Windsor Park! Sure- every thing could not be done at once. ly, if a new one is to be built, it An inclination to relieve the most would not be unreasonable to expect pressing wants of the poor had been that some two or three of these use- shown, in the salt and leather taxes less ones should be sold, and out of for example; and, by adhering to the the purchase money of the ground principles now adopted, he would and materials the new erection might venture to say that, at no distant rise. We should not desire to see period, further reductions might be the Sovereign unsuitably provided, effected. The most important part but we certainly think that the six of the statement, however, was an palaces which belonged to George admission that the duties on law proIII. and the two additional opes ceedings ought to cease. Those which belong to George IV. ought to duties had been productive of infinite suffice at least so long as the finance evil; and though they might have minister declares he cannot afford to the effect of diminishing litigation, relieve the people from the window yel, if they tended to the denial of tax. By the bye, this new palace justice, the mischief was ten thouidea induces us to ask the Dublin sand times worse. It appeared that patriots how far they have got in the these duties did not exceed 200,000). building with which they menaced and they could be repealed without his Majesty. We fear it has not got any loss to the revenue, because their past the first story.
quantum would be made up by the Mr. Hobhouse, after presenting pe- increased revenue of the crown lands titions from Westminster and Lam- (amounting to 100,0001.) and by a beth against the assessed taxes, pro- saving to a similar amount in the receeded to contend that the reduction venue collection. Much conversaof taxation proposed by the Chan- tion arose during the discussion as to cellor of the Exchequer had utterly the policy or impolicy of the sinking disappointed the just expectations of fund- -a subject which has occasioned the nation. While the assessed taxes a variety of opinions amongst the were still imposed upon the people ablest financiers and economists he considered the grant for building not soon or easily to be reconciled.
churches a very profligate The motion was pressed to a divigrant. The Hon. Member proceed- sion, when there appeared for it 88 ed particularly to argue against the -against it, 155—leaving a majority window tax, which was the more of 67. The communication that the grievous in consequence of its inqui- law duties were to be repealed was sitorial character. Its amount was received with evident satisfaction by 1,205,000l. for the repeal of the whole the House, and we have little doubt of which he besought the assistance the feeling will be general throughof the country gentlemen. He con- out the country. The amount, it cluded by moving the following re- appears, was comparatively small, solution-" That it appears to this and the operation was most injurious House that the reduction of the to the most sacred of all interests, taxes proposed by the Chancellor of those of justice. Mr. Robinson certhe Exchequer is not such as to satis- tainly deserves the credit of very fy the just expectations of the people; earnest endeavours in the diminution of the national burthensall, as he jectionable amusements daily pracsays, cannot be done at once, and it tised by the rich with perfect impuwould be unfair to expect it. nity. The motion was subsequently
A motion was made by Mr. Aber- withdrawn by Mr. Martin, who decromby, for leave to bring in a bill clared he did so because he should be for the more effectual representation ashamed to see a list of the majority of the City of Edinburgh, in the published on such an occasion. We Commons House of Parliament. The cannot dismiss this topic without dehonourable member referred to the claring that whatever difference of petition from that City, which stated opinion there may exist as to the erthat its population amounted to tent to which measures of this de100,000 inhabitants, and that the per- scription should be carried, there can sons who were entitled to vote for be no doubt that Mr. Martin deserves the election of members of parlia- the thanks of every humane mind, ment were nominally 33, but prac- not only for his benevolent bill for tically 19! It was a self-elected the protection of cattle from wanton body, called a town council, in which severity, but also for the firm and inthis right was vested—a body equally trepid manner in which he has superobnoxious to Whig and Tory. The intended its operation. entire representation in Scotland was When the mutiny bill was comeven worse than that of England. mitted, Mr. Hume made his annual This motion was opposed by Mr. attempt to abolish the degrading Stuart Wortley, on the ground that punishment of flogging in the army. this was no grievance, as the same The honourable member remarked system of representation had always with peculiar force that he could not prevailed in Edinburgh! and, by Lord conceive how a punishment should Binning, on the ground that if reform be persevered in towards this gallant was conceded in one instance, it body of men, which Lord Bathurst, would only give rise to other at the colonial minister, had declared tempts of the same kind! Mr. Wort- was unfit even for the slaves in the ley declared that the House of Com- West Indies. The practice was, mons, constituted as it at present however, defended by Lord Palmerwas, had carried the country through ston, on the old plea, that corporal good and through evil; and Lord punishment was indispensable to miJohn Russell answered, that the coun. sitary discipline. The house seemed try had carried itself through in spite to be of the same opinion, as the of the corrupt manner in which that clause was negatived by a majority house was chosen. The motion was of 50 to 24. finally negatived by a majority of 99 Mr. Goulburn obtained leave to to 75.
bring in a bill to amend the so much Mr. Richard Martin, proceeding discussed Irish tithe bill of last sesupon the principle of a bill which he sion. This gave rise to some discushad already carried, moved “ that a sion, during which it was remarked, select committee be appointed to in- by Mr. Hume, that the proposed quire how far the amusement of bear- alteration would be nugatory. Nobaiting and other cruel sports had a thing, in his mind, would do in Iremischievous effect upon the morals of land, on the subject of tithes, but the people.” This motion was met the breaking up of the whole church by its opponents rather with ridicule establishment altogether. At this than argument. The spirit of such moment, the established church polegislation was declared to be “trum, pulation of that country was in the pery and hyper-pathetical.” It was proportion of 1 to 14, and therefore complained against that the mover 13 had to pay for the church estadid not go far enough-that he should blishment of i-a state of things the also have protected foxes from being most unjust and monstrous. A pehunted, cocks from being matched, tition was presented, which had some and oysters from being eaten alive! reference to this subject, from cerIt was objected to also, on somewhat tain Catholic Irish bishops and better grounds, that it was an at- priests, praying that they might be tempt to legislate exclusively against allowed the distribution of some part the relaxations of the poor, while of the money granted for the educathere were similar and equally oba tion of the lower orders of the people in that country. This was, howe length and ability, by moving an adever, opposed by the Irish secretary, dress, thanking his Majesty for having on the ground that the funds were communicated to the house the panot at present at all misapplied or pers relating to South America, and mismanaged, and that to accede to expressing a hope that his Majesty such petition would be only to nurse would recognise the independence of antipathies at present too vigorous. those countries without delay, and It was quite right that there should order such diplomatic arrangements be some restraint in the application to be made as were calculated to enof funds granted by a Protestant go- sure the amity, facilitate the corresvernment for the education of the pondence, and encourage the compoor. The only restraint at present merce which existed between this vaexisting was the introduction of the tion and South America. Ministers Bible into the schools, without note opposed the motion as uncalled for, or comment, and this was now stre- and claimed from parliament full connuously resisted by these reverend fidence in their wisdom and moderapetitioners. We observe that Mr. tion, founded as such claim was, Plunket, the Irish Attorney General, upon their past conduct. They conhas given notice of a bill regulating tended that the South American the rights of sepulture in that coun- States have already derived great ada try. It is high time that some such vantages from our de facto recogmeasure should be introduced. Scenes nition of their independence by the have lately occurred in Ireland over relaxation of our navigation laws in the grave, which were a disgrace their favour, and argued that though not merely to Christianity, but to the a minister had not been actually devery name and nature of man. It is puted to their goverument, still that horrible to reflect that the awful rite a satisfaction tantamount to that had of human interment was made the been given in our unqualified and signal for factious ferocity, and even undisguised avowal that we never the place where the “ weary are at would consent to the interference of rest converted into the scene of any third power. The Marquis of worse than savage hostility.
Lansdown having, in the course of In the House of Lords, the busi- his address, inquired whether minisness of the session has been unusually ters were apprised of the intentions uninteresting. There has been, in- of the Holy Allies as to the convendeed, no discussion of any conse- tion of any congress amongst themquence, if we except one on the pro- selves upon this subject; Lord Liverposed recognition of the South Ame- pool answered that “ he did not rican States, which was little more know whether these powers enterthan an echo of one on the same sub- tained such an intention, and he beject in the House of Commons. The lieved they did not themselves know debate was introduced by a very whether they would take the question powerful and eloquent speech from into their consideration or not?”-No the Marquis of Lansdown. His very courteous compliment certainly Lordship took a general review of to the decision of the Holy Alliance the state of Spain and her revolted on so momentous a question to the Colonies, and, after showing the utter interests of their beloved brother in impossibility of her ever recovering holiness, Ferdinand. Lord Liverpool her empire over them, contended that, also protested against any interas Great Britain must in the end re- ference of foreign states with respect cognise their independence, she ought to the form of government of the to do so at once, and thereby do them new states, declaring that “ he should a service when they wanted it, and be contented with the forms which the save her the misfortunes of a useless people of those countries liked themcontest. Whatever might be the selves." The noble Marquis, howpresent anticipations of other coun- ever, pressed his motion to a divitries on this subject, his Lordshipsion, declaring that in his opinion the thought that our wisest and fairest creation of these rising states afforded course with respect to their govern- the best prospect, and the most exmonts would be to declare to them tensive resources for arresting one of our final determination. The noble the most formidable conspiracies, Marquis concluded a speech of great which, since the tyranny of Buonaparte, had ever been formed against improvements which are in the first, the liberties of man. On a division, instance to be attempted, and nothere appeared for the motion, 34– body can deny that very benevolent against it, 95–leaving a majority of improvements they are. It is to be 61. This bas been almost the only observed, however, that these regusubject which has led to any discus- lations do not apply to Jamaica, and sion hitherto in this session in the such of the islands as have local leúpper house.
gislatures, ministers relying on time Mr. Canning, in a very elaborate and reason for their introduction and luminous speech, took a review there also. The population of these of the situation of our West India excluded islands is much the most Colonies, and entered into an import- numerous, and the abolitionists comant statement of the measures by plain loudly that the pledge of last which ministers proposed to ame- session has not been redeemed, and liorate the condition of the slave po- that the colonial legislatures might. pulation. The plan is to be adopted easily be compelled, if contumacious, ultimately in Trinidad, St. Lucie, to obey the recommendation of the Demerara, and Berbice, but the ex- crown. It is wiser, perhaps, to rely periment is to be made first in Trini- upon“ time and reason -inuch dad. It would be, of course, quite good has already been done, and it impossible for us in the limits of a might be overbalanced by the mismere abstract such as this to deve- chief which would arise from extreme lope the views of each speaker as de- or intemperate measures. livered by himself, and still less to Lord John Russell followed up an follow the minute and copious detail unsuccessful motion of Lord Nupresented on such an occasion as this gent's, on the Spanish question, with by the minister. We can give no another which had no better fate. more than a mere outline of the plan The debate, however, was remarkwhich we have endeavoured to epi- able for an exposé, by Sir R. Wilson, tomize as faithfully as possible. The of the way in which he had received Colonies above named, having no the worthless honours of the Allied legislative assemblies of their own, Sovereigns, and the paltry meanness are suhject to the absolute authority which had prompted their sleprivaof the King, and an order in Council tion. The reply of Mr. Canning was has been framed, by which the marked by the generosity and good whipping of females is abolished; feeling which we wish were the conthe whip, as a symbol of authority, stant accompaniments of genius, and or as an instrument of summary co- drew down the repeated cheers of ercion in the field, is prohibited, and the house. We never read a speech punishment by means of it must be which did him more credit, or which, inflicted only in the presence of a free we think, will, upon reflection, give witness, to an extent not exceeding himself more pleasure. We have 24 lashes, and 24 hours after the ourselves spoken with such freedom commission of the alleged offence for upon some parts of Sir Robert Wilwhich it is inflicted; means are to be son's conduct in the Peninsula, that afforded for the religious instruction we feel we run no chance of parof the slaves ; Sunday labour is abo- tizanship in denouncing as base, unlished, and Sunday markets very worthy, and ungrateful, the spoliation much diminished; the marriages of of honours which were bravely won slaves are to be encouraged, hus- upon the field of battle, and were bands and wives, parents and chil. therefore his inalienably-such gifts dren, are not to be separated by sale; will become not honourable, but the property of the slave is to be despicable, if they are to be thus reprotected by law, and banks are to claimed in every little fit of spleen or be established to receive his pecu- disappointment. We had almost forniary deposits ; slaves who may be gotten to notice the admirable hucertified by the clergy as being cog- mour with which Mr. Canning denizant of the nature of an oath are scribed Lord Nugent's departure for to be received as witnesses in courts the Spanish campaign. It literally of justice; the slave is to be allowed convulsed the house with laughter to purchase his liberty, and that of the effect was natural, indeed almost his wife and child. Such are the irresistible ; but still it will not, nor