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fect of a law before it is formally to the attorney-general. A short time proposed. The executive body, ex- is then allowed the defendant to clusively of its standing members the plead guilty, if he be so disposed: he upper and lower masters, is com- is asked no question however that he posed of a sheriff (whose duties are may not be induced to tell a falseto levy fines imposed by the court of hood: but, in order to encourage an justice, and to imprison on non-pay- acknowledgment of the fault, when ment)-of a magistrate, and of two he pleads guiltya small deduction constables. All these officers are is made from the penalty appointed elected every month by the com- by the law for the offence. The mittee immediately after its own consequence is—that at least five election. The magistrate is bound, out of six of those who are justly in conjunction with his constables, to accused acknowledge the offence in detecť all offences committed in the the first instance. If the defendant school: petty cases of dispute he de- be determined to stand his trial, the cides himself, and so far becomes a attorney-general opens the case and judicial officer: cases beyond his own the trial proceeds. The defendant jurisdiction he sends to the attorney- may either plead his own cause, or general, directing him to draw an employ a schoolfellow as counselimpeachment against the offending which he sometimes does. The judge party: he also enforces all penalties takes notes of the evidence, to assist below a certain amount of the ju- him in delivering his charge to the dicial body we shall speak a little jury : in determining the sentence he more at length. The principal offi- is guided by the regulations enacted cers of the court are the judge who by the committee, which affix puis elected monthly by the committee, nishments varying with the magand the attorney-general who is ap- nitude of the offence and the age of pointed at the same time by the the defendant, but invest the judge master. The court assembles every with the power of increasing or diweek: and the jury, consisting of minishing the penalty to the extent six, is “ chosen by lot from among of one-fourth.” A copy of the senthe whole number of qualified boys : tence is laid before the master, who disqualifications arise in three ways; has of course “ the power of mition account of holding a judicial gation or pardon.” From the deoffice, on account of conviction by cision of the court there lies an apthe court within the preceding month, peal to the committee, which is thus and on account of youth (or, what not only the legislative body but also we presume to be tantamount, being the supreme court of judicature. “ in certain lower classes ”). The Two such appeals however are all jury choose their own foreman. The that have yet occurred: both were attorney-general and the accused brought by the attorney-general-of party, if the case be penal, and each course therefore against verdicts of disputant, if civil, has a peremptory acquittal ; and both verdicts were challenge of three, and an unlimited reversed. Fresh evidence however right of challenge for cause. The was in both cases laid before the judge decides upon the validity of committee in addition to that which the objections. Such is the consti- had been heard in the court below; tution of the court : its forms of pro- and on this as well on other grounds ceeding we cannot state in fewer there was good reason to acquit the words than those of the Experiment- jury of all partiality. Whilst appeals alist which we shall therefore quote: have thus been so rare from the ver“ The officers of the court and the dicts of juries, appeals from the dejury having taken their seats, the cisions of the magistrate, and even defendant (when the cause is penal) from those of the teachers, have been is called to the bar by the crier of the frequent: generally indeed the decicourt, and placed between the con- sions have been affirmed by the comstables. The clerk of the court then mittee; and, when they have been reads the indictment, at the close of reversed, in all but two cases the rewhich the defendant is asked if he versal has met with the sanction of object to any of the jury_when he the teachers as a body. Even in these may make his challenges (as before two (where, by the way, the original stated). The same question is put decision was only modified and not annulled) the Experimentalist is him- be deepened, if it were only by look self of opinion (p. 12) that the non- ing back upon so large a body of concurrence of the teachers may pose decisions, and thus measuring as it sibly have been owing to a partiality were, by the resistance which they on their side. So far indeed as his ex- had often overcome arising out of perience had then extended, the Expe- their own immediate interest, the rimentalist tells us (p. 79) that “one mightiness of the conscientious power solitary instance only” had occurred within which had compelled them in which the verdict of the jury did to such decisions ; 3. That all sorts not coincide with his own opinion, of forensic ability is thus cherished ; This judgment, deliberately pro- and much ability indeed of larger apnounced by so competent a judge, plication: thus the logical faculty of combined with the entire acquiescence abstracting the essential from the ac, in the verdict of the jury which is cidental is involved in the summing argued by the non-existence of any up of the judge; in the pleadings for appeals except on the side of the and against are involved the shecrown (and then only in two in- torical arts of narrating facts perstances), is a very striking attesta- spicuously-of arranging arguments tion to the spirit of conscientious jus- in the best order of meeting (theretice developed in the students by this fore of remembering) the counterconfidence in their incorruptible in- arguments; of solving sophisms; of tegrity. “Great,” says the Experi- disentangling misrepresentations-of mentalist, “ great, but of course un- weighing the value of probabilities expressed, anxiety has more than once to say nothing of elocution and the been felt by us—lest the influence of arts of style and diction which even a leading boy, which in every school the records of the court and the com, must be considerable, should over- mittee (as is urged at p. 105) must come the virtue of the jury: but our tend to cultivate: 4. (to descend to a fears have been uniformly relieved, humbler use) that in this way the and the hopes of the offender crushed, master is absolved from the grievous by the voice of the foreman pro-waste of time in administering jusnouncing, in a shrill but steady tone, tice, which on the old system was the awful word-Guilty !" Some per- always imperfect justice that it might sons, who hate all innovations, will waste but little time, and which yet pronounce all this

mummery,

wasted much time though it was im. which is a very compendious piece of perfect justice. The author's own criticism. For ourselves, though we moral of this innovation is as fol cannot altogether agree with the Ex- lows (p. 76); and with this we shall perimentalist, who seems to build too leave the subject : “ We shall be dismuch on an assumption that nature appointed if the intelligent reader and increasing intercourse with hu- have not already discovered that by man life contribute nothing of them- the establishment of a system of legisselves without any artificial discipline lation and jurisprudence wherein the to the evolution and culture of the power of the master is bounded by sense of justice and to the power of general rules, and the duties of the the understanding for discovering scholar accurately defined, and where where justice lies, yet thus much is the boys are called upon to examine évident, 1. That the intellectual fa- and decide upon the conduct of their culties must be sharpened by the fellows, we have provided a course of constant habit of discriminating the instruction in the great code of mojust and the unjust in concrete cases rality which is likely to produce far such as a real experience of life pro- more powerful and lasting effects duces ; 2. That the moral sense must than any quantity of mere precept." (We are sorry our limits compel us to defer the insertion of the remainder

of this Review the next month.)

FLEET-STREET BIOGRAPHY. Sterne said, he pitied the man pers-History near-sighted, sitting who could travel from Dan to Beer- by the fire, and pottering over dosheba, and find all barren; he mightmestic intelligence with magnifying have extended his pity a little fur- glasses. We love this unpresuming ther, and have expressed his willing- conduct in Old Memorialists! Why ness to bestow it on him who could take should kings and countries only have his place for life in any given spot “ in their Recorders ?-May not the City this varsal world," and not find ample be allowed one, and not merely for materials for history around him. Old Bailey purposes? There are the Every keeper of an apple-stall might Gibbons, the Humes, and the Rounstore his " fruits of experience if bertsons, for big History in its feahe chose to abandon the pippins for thers and finery; but the time is the pen, during a brief hour or two; come, when, as the clergyman says, and each sweeper at a crossing might “ Pride shall have a fall!”-and give a trifle to the world, if he did therefore the Brasbridges arise for not generally know that the besom little History in her deshabille mowas more profitable than the book. ments. There is room in the world That worthy walking advertisement for tiny Miss Biffin as well as the of Warren, who stands hat in hand Swiss giantess !_Fleet-street, Ludat the bottom of Ludgate Hill, taking gate-hill, a few doors round Bridgea constant toll from those who vene- street, and the forehead of Fleetrate clean shoes and black faces, market are now written down for could and should bequeath “the fruits ever; and we only intreat that the of experience" to mankind. With his author will go on with his good work, knowledge of, and intercourse with, and do St. Dunstan's with as little his fellow creatures, he would manage delay as possible !-Wright's Shrimp a brace of quartos as big as Parry's and Oyster-shop, and Richardson's Pole Books, or those of Westminster Hotel, and the Cock, and Mr. Utterin the severest election days. The son's fishing-tackle-shop, will become world passes on before him, and he, a cluster of Solomon's Temples under with his back against the obelisk, bright Mr. Brasbridge's hand. remains a calm looker on !-He an- But to the Fleet-street volume. gles in that thick and endless stream Our historian thus opens his book, for any thing he can catch, and all and we think it is in a style which fish are welcome to his beaver net !- should tempt the public to follow his Of course, angler like, the sport can- example. not be carried on without meditation, -and why, we earnestly ask, should

u Better late than never," is an old the fruit of this meditation be lost ? adage, the truth of which I hope to exemWe have had our attention more pare it has been said, that the life of any indi

plify in the course of the following pages. ticularly attracted to this flower, vidual whatsoever, would, if fairly and imborn to blush unseen,--this gem, of partially narrated, afford abundant matepurest ray serene !-because a neigh- rials for instruction; and I am willing to bour of Mr. Waithman and of this hope that mine will be found equally prosable philosopher, with an industry ductive of warning to the dissipated, and of highly honourable to him, has, in his encouragement to the industrious ; for 80th year, written about to the right whilst I honestly confess, that at one period and left of him, and given us a faith- of it I might but too justly be classed with ful and energetic history of Poppin's- the former, I may likewise reasonably court, Ludgate-hill up as far as

hope, that at another I might as fairly rank Blades's glass-shop, Whipham's a

with the latter. little above Bouverie-street, and the the latter end of the year 1770, in partner

I began business as a silversmith, towards' people and places within the rules of ship with Mr. Slade, an honest, worthy decency and St. Bride's parish. This man, whose brother-in-law I became in is History in its night-gown and slip-' June 1771, having the good fortune to ob

• The Fruits of Experience ; or Memoir of Joseph Brasbridge, written in his 80th year. London, 1824. APRIL, 1824.

2 E

tain the hand of his sister, a most lovely such a reverse of circumstances, that he and amiable woman, with a portion of two was glad to accept of the situation of patrol, thousand pounds. The strictest friendship which I procured for him on the walk bea subsisted between our families, and my do- fore the house of this very Mr. Smith, mestic happiness seemed to have no room whose companion and associate he had been for increase, excepting what might be only a few years before. And here I must brought by children, to whom we naturally be allowed to pay a tribute of respect to the looked forward as the seal of our felicity, memory of Mr. Smith, of whose worth, But alas ! when this blessing, for some

Well tried, through many a varying year, years delayed, did at length arrive, it was in the form of the heaviest calamity. My I can scarcely speak too highly. He was dear wife was safely brought to bed on the of humble origin, and had no advantages 19th of March, 1776, and appeared to be from education, but he was one of whom it recovering extremely well; but on the might be said, that he was born a gentletenth day afterwards, whilst sitting in her man ; and he joined to the activity and chair, she leaned back her gentle head, and acuteness of a tradesman, a polish of dedied in a moment. My poor infant was meanour, a suaviter in modo, that would put out to nurse, but the woman who took not have disgraced a courtier. (P. 10, 11.), him having at the same time a child of her own at the breast, most unjustly neglected fairly set afloat amongst the Smiths,

We are now, as it will be seen, him, and laid the foundation of a sickly and'« all that.” We do not like, habit, which deprived me of him in his ninth year, to my inexpressible sorrow.

however, our friend Brasbridge's Thús left a widower, and childless, I forgetting the name of the patrol, his unhappily sought that relief in dissipation, old Highflyer chum in the days of which would have been better found in glory: if he had forgotten the Lord: better means. Charles Bannister was one Mayor's name, we should have liked of my associates, and it will be readily be it better. At the club, Whitfield lieved, that no deficiency of wit or hilarity was a social soul,--the comedian, was found in parties over which he pre- whom Goldsmith mentioned also, and sided. “ You will ruin your constitution,” at whom, therefore, fame now may said a friend to him, “ by sitting up in this be said to shoot with a double-barmanner at nights.”—“ 'Oh,” replied he, relled gun! He had an unbounded

you do not know the nature of my constitution : I sit up at night to watch it

, and attachment for the T. B. facetiously keep it in repair, whilst you are sleeping translated T'other Bottle,by our carelessly in your bed.” (P. 1-3.) biographer. Colburn too, of the

Beginning the world under the Treasury, was a member, and “ Bob auspices of old Charles Bannister was Tetherington, as merry a fellow as not very likely to help a silversmith ever sat in a chair,” and “Dear on in trade : 'and we are soon put Owen,” the confectioner, who, like upon the scent of a bankruptcy. other ways, wrote his own songs, First, however, he introduces us to and sang them agreeably. The reMr. Tattersall, with whom he be- flection of Mr. Brasbridge at the came acquainted as a member of the death of all these inestimable spirits. Highflyer Club at the Turf Coffee- takes the following pensive turn. House. Mr. Brasbridge is invited to Yet so it is! we all desire long life, yet Highflyer Hall, and thither he goes in we all know that it must be held by the tecompany with “ Thomas Smith, of nure seeing those whom we most love Bridge-street, brandy - merchant,” drop into the grave before us. The loss and Mr. Fozzard, “ the great stable- of our friends,” said his late Majesty, on keeper !” Tattersall shows the his. the death of one of his brothers, “ is the torian sixty brood mares, with their fine which nature levies upon our own progeny, which latter, to his utter lengthened days.” If, then, it be in the astonishment, had been sold“ in

order of nature, let us submit to her de their mothers' bellies."

crees without repining; and if the morning

of our life be gilded with hope, let not the The chances and changes in commercial: mild beams of resignation be wanting to life are alınost proverbial ; yet it may be cheer its evening.

(P. 16.) deemed a singular instance of worldly vicissitudes, when I inform my readers, that

Mr. Brasbridge gives two instances of this quartette who set off so merrily for of his own kindness, and the generoHighflyer Hall, Mr. Smith became the sity of others : they cannot but have Lord Mayor in after life, Mr. Fozzard and a great moral effect on all the people myself were bankrupts, and the fourth, in his ward. He saved “ Dear Owen" whose name I have forgotten, experienced from stepping into the Thames, and

a

see anion.

lent Mr. Chilcot 'money at the Pit- himself, he had not gone to bed sober one door of Drury-lane, both which acts night for fifty years. “ See, my Lord," met with a proper return. Two or

said the young barristers, “what a cheerthree pages are now devoted to

ful glass will do." “ Well, gentlemen," pair of pinchbeck sleeve buttons," replied his Lordship," it only proves, that which we cannot dilate upon.

some sorts of timber keep better when they

are wet, and others when they are dry.' Mr. Brasbridge is a Tory, and a

(P. 26, 27.) Tory of 80 is of course pretty strong in his prejudices. He liketh not

Mr. Brasbridge was a great memmen of other opinions, as we shall ber of clubs. He haunted the Crown

We just discern his poli- and Rolls in Chancery-lane, and tical feeling, budding in a parenthe- trumped the tricks of Ramsbottom, sis, in the following passage. The the brewer, and of Russell

, who pleasantry at the conclusion is a se

ruined himself by the lottery: he sat, vere punch in the side of Joe Miller. too, at the Globe, in Fleet-street,

where “Mr. P., the surgeon, was a I frequently used to ride to the Christo- constant man," and Archibald Hapher at Eton on a Sunday, to be ready to milton, the printer, and “ Thomas go out with the King's stag-hounds on None Carnan, the bookseller, who brought day. I was generally accompanied by Mr. Griffiths of Marlborough, a most worthy

an action against the Stationers' Comand good tempered man.

He was at that pany, for printing almanacks, and time Secretary to the Guardian Society, for

won his cause !” And Dunstall, the protecting against swindlers (not political) comedian, famous for “ I'm not such and sharpers. He was succeeded by Mr. an elf,” in Love in a Village: and Foss, a highly valued friend of mine, for Macklin too, of whom we have the whose success in getting the appointment I following characteristic and amusing exerted myself to the very utmost of my anecdote. power ; and he has drank my health ever since on the return of the 21st of March. The veteran Macklin, when the com I respect Mr. Foss, as much for his amiable pany were disputing on the mode of spellqualities as a man, as for his ability and ing the name of Shakespeare, was referred watchful attention to the interest of his to by Billy Upton, a good-tempered felclients, in his profession. He has con- low, with a remarkably gruff voice, the ducted three causes for me, and gained loudest tones of which he put forth as he them all. In the last, my opponent wanted observed, “ There is a gentleman present another trial, which Mr. Foss opposed ;

who can set us to rights : then turning to but I requested he would not balk the gen- Macklin he said, “Pray, Sir, is it Shaketleman of his fancy, for, if he had not had speare, or Shakzper ?“Sir,” said Mack. enough, I would, to use a vulgar expression, lin, I never give any reply to a thunder. give him a belly-full. " This first suit,"

bolt."

(P. 34, 35.) I added, “ shaŭ be for every day and the Akerman, the keeper of Newgate, other for Sundays.' (P. 24, 25.) and William Woodfall, the reporter,

Lord Mansfield figures away in a were also Globe boys! Brasbridge page of our history.

smartly says, in conclusion,

« The The next time I saw Lord Mansfield was

Globe was kept by deputy Thorpe, on the trial of Mrs. Rudd, an enchantress and truly it might be said that he whose charms, so fatal to the unfortunate kept it, for it did not keep him.” Perreaus, seemed to inspire his Lordship The following anecdote of Dr. with fresh eloquence, and the liveliest zeal Glover is not unamusing; it almost in her behalf. She was, indeed, the very takes the romance out of Frankenhead of that fascinating and dangerous stein. class of women of whom it may be said, If to her share some female errors fall,

Another of our company, whose social Look in her face, and you forget them all.

qualities were his ruin, was Doctor Glover;

he was surgeon to a regiment in Ireland, Lord Mansfield was very desirous of long and rendered a man, who was hung in life, and, whenever he had old men to exa- Dublin, the doubtful favour of restoring mine, he generally asked them what their him to life; he found it was, at any rate, habits of living had been. To this interro- no favour to himself, for the fellow was a gatory an aged person replied, that he had plague to him ever afterwards, constantly never been drunk in his life. “See, gen. begging of him, and always telling him, tlemen,” said his Lordship, turning to the when the Doctor was angry with hin for younger barristers, " what temperance will it, that, as his honour had brought him do." The next, of equally venerable ap. into the world again, he was bound to suppearance, gave a very different account of port him.

(P. 36, 37.)

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