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COMMERCE.

causes, were unwilling to sell,

at least such Barley, 338. 3d. ; Oats, 23. 44.; Peas, as could hold their stock. The supplies 38s.; Flour is 60s. to 658. per sack. were at first, of course, short of the usual ar- The Beef trade in Smithfield Market is nivals : the merchants were anxious to pur- very heavy, and fetched from 3s. 20. to 4s. chase what came to market in a good state, 4d. per stone. Mutton is brisker ; for and corn rose rapidly. The abundance of Downs and other light weights from 48. to money in the market was another cause of 4s. 8d. is obtained. its advance, for the holders of cash seeing In the Hop trade there is but little busi. corrising progressively, and in all probabili- ness. It is found that the bines are much ty likely to advance still higher, became spe- injured by the late blight. The Goldings culators in grain. The farmers, on the other are by far the most injured, as upon dighand, were enabled to retain their crops, by ging one-fifth have been discovered either the facilities afforded on the part of the dead or cancered, and those alive are very country bankers-a willingness arising from weak. A Mr. J. Walker, of Westington, the proved stability of those who still sur. has addressed a letter to the Hop Planters, vived the shock which the distress of late calling upon them to memorialize the Lords years had occasioned, and from the appear. of the Treasury for a repeal of he Hop ance of rising markets.

Duty of 1822.

He says,

6 he is bold The prices fell for about a week after enough to say that they will have relief." the opening of Parliament, owing, as it is The letter is dated January 8, but was not supposed by some, to the prosperous state published until after our last report. which the country is allowed to be at present enjoying. But the real cause of this sudden fall was the fact, and one that daily

February 22, 1824. became more apparent, that the ports would open for the importation of oats. It

Though there have been no remarkable was well known by the most experienced in the commercial world, it seems certain

fluctuations or very important occurrences that, should this take place, the price of that trade on the whole is improving, and wheat must and would fall. The tion of corn has been immensely increased the positive assurances of the continuance by the late depression. All those who were of peace given in his Majesty's Speech, at accustomed, during the high price of the the opening of the present Session of Parlate war, to eat oat bread, have become,

liament, give reason to expect that this since the peace, large consumers of wheaten. improvement will proceed in that steady The present price of oats being much neficial to the

interests of the merchant ;

course which is, on the whole, the most begreater in proportion than the present price which will doubtless be farther promoted of wheat, the natural effect has been that wheaten bread has been the cheapest food; by the perseverance of the government, in but if the price of oats were to become much gradually introducing a liberal freedom of lowered, which it must necessarily be, by trade, and abandoning a system of restrican importation of oats, those in the north tions now no longer tenable. With regard and in the midland counties who now con

to foreign nations, we hardly know whether sume wheat would eat oaten bread, and it is worth while to dwell on the decree of the price of wheat would consequently fall. the King of Spain, published at Madrid on It is generally believed that if there should the 9th of this month, and granting to all be no importation for oats, wheat will still nations a free trade with Spanish America, keep up its price, since it is understood that

to all nations without exception, on the the deficiency is so great in the western part to be seen what effect this may have on the

plan of reciprocity of duties. It remains of England, in Ireland, and Scotland, as to require constant and large supplies until former subjects of Spain ; it does not apnext harvest from Norfolk, Essex, and pear to us why they should receive as a Lincolnshire, the counties allowed to have boon from Spain a liberty, which they al. by far the best crops. In confirmation of ready possess without any of those restricthis opinion, it is an undoubted fact that tions with which it would undoubtedly on the 16th of this month, February, the be accompanied, (the decree speaks of wheat bought off Mark-lane was princi. the privileges and preferences to which the pally for country orders, and such was the Spaniards are justly entitled) and of which general belief that wheat immediately rose

Spain cannot deprive them. The hostilities full or nearly half what it had fallen in the commenced with Algiers will hardly have course of the previous week, and on the any effect on commerce, unless it be to following market it again assumed

raise for a time the rate of insurance to the favourable appearance.

Mediterranean, for which, however, the The average importation during the last Admiralty will provide convoys. four weeks has been :

Cotton. The market, which had been

without interest after the third week in Ja. Wheat.. 9326 qrs. Oats.... 10125 qrs.nuary, improved at the close of the month, Barley.. 8528 qrs. | Flour 11666 sks. and in the last week about 1250 bales were

The average price :- Wheat, 63s. 11d.; sold at fair prices, and more would have

more

.

been done had the holders been disposed to slightly damaged St. Domingo sold 678. meet the demand freely. On the 6th, was to 68s. the great sale of 11,600 bales at the India- Sugar.-The market, which had been house, to which the exporters were looking rather heavy, received an impulse from the forward to complete their orders for the unfavourable news from Jamaica, which in. continent. The buyers were not numerous, duced the holders to demand an advance of and the sale went off without briskness; ls. per cwt. which was not however immethe Bengal and Madras at the previous diately acceded to by the buyers. Though current prices, but Surats, £d. tofd. lower: the great interest excited by the news from and the Bourbons, ld. to itd. lower than Jamaica subsided, the market has become in the sale last August. 3556 Bengals be- more firm, and a general advance of 18, was longing to the company, were bought in at obtained; the sales were, it is true, rather :54d. also the whole of the privilege and limited. The refiners, too, were confident

1350 Surats. The Surats were soon after- of higher prices, and were very firm, which wards disposed of at the sale prices, and caused the business done to be inconsider. in some instances at an advance of jd. per able, as the buyers were unwilling to aclb. The demand for cotton has since been cede to their terms. good, and within ten days after the sale an Rum, Brandy, and Hollands. - The advance of fd. per lb. was fully established. Ruin market has been very interesting this At Liverpool, in four weeks, ending Feb. month. At the end of January it began 14, the sales were 56,570 bags, the arri- to improve, and about 4000 puncheons vals 31,260 bags.

were sold in the last week ; the demand Coffee. - For nearly three weeks after our was increased towards the end of the week last publication, the market_remained by the declaration of a government connearly in a state of stagnation. The public tract of 100,000 gallons of ordinary strong, sales were inconsiderable, and though and 80,000 gallons of very strong quality, there was some demand after the first week supposed to be for Captain Parry's northern of this month, it was at too low prices; expedition ; the great cause of the advance for the limits from the continent being lower was probably the rise in the price of Corn. by every succeeding mail in even a greater Brandies also rose 1d. to 2d. per gallon. degree than the market prices here had The contract being taken at 1s. 6 d. for fallen. According to the annexed market the ordinary, and 28. 8d. and a fraction for report of the 17th instant, however, it ap- the very strong, caused the market to be pears, that a considerable improvement had more heavy, but the prices have remained taken place :

unchanged. Brandy, to arrive, about 38. There were several considerable public free on board. The West India Com. sales of coffee brought forward last week : mittee, in answer to their application to 2511 bags pale Cheribon, fair quality, 658. the Government, have been informed by the to 65s. 60 ; 360 bags St. Domingo, fair Chancellor of the Exchequer that no alterquality, 68s. to 698. 6d. ; Havannah, 678. ation will be made in the duty on sugar to 69s. 6d. ; the Jamaica and Demarara -a small part of that on Rum will be coffee nearly supported the previous prices. taken off, and the duty on deficiencies

There were three public sales of coffee abandoned. brought forward, consisting of 219 casks Spices. - The Company's sale was on the 204 bags British plantation, 1076 bags 9th instant, since which the market has in Foreign; the former consisted of Jamai- general been heavy. ca and Demerara descriptions; the latter Indigo.—The result of the sale at the sold freely at fair prices; good ordinary India House coincides with the statement Demarara, 72s. fine ordinary, 84s. to 84ś. in our last month of the commencement of 6d. low middling, 89s. to 938. ; the few lots it; an advance of 3d. to 4d. per lb. has Jamaica were taken in, but full prices were since been obtained. offered ; for good ordinary, 76s. The Fo- Tallow, Hemp, and Flar.The tallow reign con sisted chiefly of Brazil descrip- market has been very depressed, and the tions ; good ordinary pale 65s. to 69s. fine prices are about 348. 3d. In Hemp and ordinary coloury, 70s. to 74s. ; 108 bags Flax no altefation can be stated.

FRANCE.

SKETCH OF FOREIGN LITERATURE.

for Victor, the actor, who performed the The Drama. The theatres, at one time principal character, and was known to be so fertile in novelties, have lately brought the author of the piece. On the second forward not only nothing remarkable, but representation, it appeared to have been hardly any thing new; the Scandinavians, a much improved by judicious curtailments tragedy, brought out at the second theatre, and corrections, and was much applauded. was not indeed damned at the first repre- Poetry. Numerous sir gle poems on the sentation ; but this forbearance of the pub. late Campaign in Spain have been public is ascribed to the regard of the public lished; some of them are not destitute of poetical merit. La Vendée, a poem, in ten Journals speak in very high terms of the cantos, by the Viscount Prevost d'Iray, following work: De l'Etat Civil, et des deserves mention. The author has wisely Ameliorations dont il est susceptible, par refrained from attempting any thing in the M. Hutteau d'Origny, Mayor of the oth usual style of lyric poetry, he has felt the Arrondissement of Paris, one vol. 8vo. force of the sentiment,

The intention of the French Government

to render the Chamber of Deputies 'sepOrnari res ipsa negat, contenta doceri

tennial has given rise to numerous pamand has, by this self-denial, certainly given phlets, both for and against the proposed a better idea of those extraordinary events, change ; among these are two giving an acthe simple narrative of which imparts such count of the debates on the septennial bill an irresistible charm to the Memoirs of Ma- in both houses of parliament, in 1716. dame de la Rochejaquelin. Viscount Arlin- History, Memoirs, and Biography.court has published a third edition, corrected, The Essai de Memoires de Ducis, by M. of La Carolcide. The Countess of Redern, de Campenon, is read with great interest; who published four years ago an allegorical the account of his intercourse with Buonanovel, Zelie, Reine des Braves, and a cola parte is remarkable: he seems to have had lection of poems which were much admired, à kind of instinctive aversion to Buonahas been since engaged in a larger poem, parte, from whom he never would accept from which she has detached two episodes, any honorary distinctions. and published them separately. The first Mr. Capefigue's account of the operation is on the death of the Duke de Berry; the of the army in Spain, under the command second celebrates the heroic filial piety of a . of the Duke of Argoulême, is very apropos ; Mademoiselle Chaussande, whose mother at least, as the official account will be neces. being condemned to death by one of the sarily delayed for a long time ; for it seems sanguinary tribunals that desolated France that the Government intends to publish a during the revolution, accompanied him to very particular account with maps, plans, prison, and died with him on the scaffold. and engravings, to be executed by the first

Natural History and Geology.-Expe- artists.-An Essay on the maritime inrimental researches into the properties and vasions of the Normans in the Gauls, fol. functions of the nervous system in ani- lowed by a view of the effect of those inmals with Vertebræ, 8vo. by M. Flourens. vasions, on the literature, manners, nationA geological memoir, in the Lower Bou- al institutions and political system of lonnais, by M. F. Garnier, 4to. is a work Europe, by M. B. Capefigue, which was of great merit. An Essay on the Geo. honourably noticed by the Institute, is now gnostic construction of the Pyrenees, by published. The same author intends

. de Charpentier, 8vo. The author, a shortly to publish his Memoir (crowned by . man of profound knowledge of the subject, the Institute) on the political, civil, compassed four years in the Pyrenees as director mercial, and literary situation of the Jews, of a mine, and therefore had an opportu. in the middle ages. We mentioned on nity of observing accurately. This work a former occasion, the edition of Froishas been crowned by the French Institute. sart's Chronicles, prepared by M. Dacier; the

Jurisprudence. — The History of the first volume is now published. It will make Roman Laws, by Gustavus Hugo, 2 vols. 15 vols. 8vo. The editor M. Buchon 8vo. This learned work is a translation will publish Monstrelet, in 15 vols., and from the German, the author being Pro. Other Chronicles, from the 13th to the 16th fessor in the University of Gottingen. It is Century: the whole collection will form divided into four periods; 1, from the foun. 60 vols. in four division of 15 yols. cach of dation of Rome to the promulgation of the which may be had separately. Dulaure's law of the Twelve Tables ; 2, to the time moral, and political history of Paris, of Cicero: 3, to Alexander Severus ; and 27 and 28 livraisons, contain part of the 4, to Justinian. A Collection of the reign of Lewis XV. Ancient French Laws, from the year 420 Fine Arts.- Mr. Charles Nodier and to the revolution in 1789, is the most ex- Mr. Taylor will shortly complete their tensive of the kind that has hitherto ap- picturesque Tour in Normandy; they are peared in French. It promises a good his- now in that province, collecting the matetory of French legislation, being entirely rials for the last numbers of their work. drawn up from the best authorities. Vol. The second edition of the great work on V. and VI. now published, contain the Egypt, proceeds in its regular course. The monuments of the reigns of John, Charles numbers just published are 115 to 125 of V. and Charles VI. to the year 1400, in- the plates, in vol. 12 and 13 of the text. clusive. The great bookseller, Panckoucke, The Picturesque Tour in Spain by M. de is publishing The English Bar, 3 volsla Borde has reached the 14th number. 8vo. The second yolume now published is Vicount Senonnes had produced the 4th entirely taken up with the Speeches of and 5th numbers of his Picturesque Views

Lord Erskine. A new translation of Black. in Italy, which we have mentioned before. - stone's Commentaries has now been pub. The 4th number is dedicated to Rome, the lished, in six vols. 8vo. The French 5th to the Campagna Romana. The work

will extend to 30 numbers, each contain- Scholz is already advantageously known to ing 6 plates.

the learned world by his biblical labours, Military Art.-An Essay on the general and by the Journal of his Travels in the history of the Art of War, its origin, 'its Levant, published in 1822, soon after his progress, and its revolutions, from the first return. He promises a collection of plates, formation of European Societies to our and observations on the Egyptian and time, 2 large vols. 8vo., by Colonel Carrion Phenician antiquities which he had an opNisas. This work has appeared under portunity to examine.

He is at present auspices that give a favourable opinion of busily engaged on a great critical and its merit. The minister of war, learning exegetical edition of the New Testament, that the author was engaged on it, proposed an immense undertaking, which is the obto him to communicate the MS. to General ject, as it will be the result, of all his laGuilleminot. The author gladly took the bours. This collection of researches and opportunity of having the opinion of so writings may be considered as an imporgood a judge. The report was so favour. tant event in the history of sacred criticism, able that the minister himself wished to see and the work we are now speaking of must the MS., and was so pleased with it, that he attract in a particular manner the attention not only expressed his opinion in a letter of the friends of that branch of study. Though to the author in the most flattering terms, short, it embraces many things: it conbut considering the work worthy of the tains the elements of an entirely new theory; protection of Government, His Excellency it tends to overturn, or at the least, greatly took measures to hasten the publication. to modify ideas pretty generally received, From what we have been able to peruse of and in a word, it is calculated to have a this work, it seems fully worthy of the high powerful influence on the criticism of the patronage it has obtained.

New Testament. It is therefore highly Divinity.Thesaurus Patrum, Flores- requisite that the learned should examine que Doctorum, &c. A selection of thoughts the assertions of the author to adopt his and passages from the Fathers of the solution of the problem of families, if they "church, in alphabetical order. This col. judge these assertions well founded; and lection is to form eight volumes, of which if they should consider them as inaccurate three are published.

or too general, to gather at least the new Novels.-Madame de Montoleiu has facts, the useful principles, and the certain augmented by a new work the numerous consequences, which they cannot fail to recollection of her novels. It is called Dud. cognise in it. ley and Claudy, or the Island of Teneriff. We have dwelt more than usual on this 6 vols. 12mo.--This is the only novel of small work on account of its paramount imwhich we have any thing more than the portance; and though it is wholly out of title. It is well spoken of by the Moniteur, the plan of our articles to go into a critique Among the works announced for immedi. on the works we mention, we will on this ate publication, is the third part of Mr. occasion add an extract from the opinion Charles Dupin's Tour in Great Britain. (which we have before us) of an eminent Under the title of Force Commerciule the Protestant writer :-" If,” says he, “ the author treats of the canals, aqueducts, principle of Scholz respecting versions were roads, iron and stone bridges, hanging rejected (Scholz is not inclined to allow their bridges, &c. On the subject of the hang- authority), some essential modifications of ing bridges we ought to mention a highly the author's system would doubtless result interesting work on the subject, by Mr. from it ; but the principal inference which Navier, an engineer of great merit, who he deduces from it would not be shaken. I was sent to England by the French Govern- mean the great pre-eminence of the Asiatic ment to collect information on this subject, text over the African, and consequently the and has published the result of his mission, real merit of our received text. Scholz under the form of a report, in one vol. 4to. would still have the glory of having been with numerous plates.

the first to establish on a solid foundation

this important fact, the results of which A work of small compass, but of ex. rise above criticism, and alınost occupy a treme importance to the whole Christian place among the guarantees of religion." world, Biblische Kritische Reise, &c. i.e. So strong a recommendation cannot fail a Critico-biblical Tour in France, Switzer. to draw the

attention of our learned readers land, Italy, Palestine, and the Archipelago, to this work, and we shall be happy if it in the years 1818, 1819, 1820, 1821, ac- should induce some person competent to the companied by a history of the text of the task to undertake a translation of it, which New Testament, by Dr. I. M. A. Scholz, we doubt not would be acceptable. Professor of Divinity (Roman Catholic), Among the later productions of the Gerin the University of Bonn. 1 vol. 8vo. man Press we have not met with any thing pp. 209 (with á fac-simile of ten Ma- worthy of particular notice. nuscripts of the Royal Library). Dr.

GERMANY

THE FIGHTING GLADIATOR.
" Ha! it hath reach'd him!"-on his rugged brow
The flash of triumph plays still doubtingly
One moments dread suspense-- his aching eye
Gluts on the life-blood of his fainting foe
His hand still quivers to repeat the blow-
His outstretch'd arm still bears the shield on high,
As, gazing on the last death-agony,
He views in death his mighty rival bow.
Hark the loud shout of the applauding crowd !
He starts to terrible consciousness of all,
And his heart sickenswould those plaudits loud
Upon the “ dull cold ear of Death ” might fall !
He thinks upon his comrade's dying groan
And his brain burns beneath the laurel crown.

LITERARY INTELLIGENCE. The following works are in the press .-- A new Edition of Globes, three feet in

Poems, &c. by Thomas Wilkinson, of diameter, being the largest which have ever Yanwath, Westmoreland,

appearedin England, will be shortly pubScenery of the River Exe, consisting of lished by Messrs. Addison, of RegentThirty Views of the most interesting street, Globe Makers to his Majesty. Scenes, from its Source in the Exmoor to Imryagina Conversations of Literary its Confluence with the Sea at Exmouth. Men and Statesmen. By Walter Savage Drawn and etched by F.C. Lewis, Engraver Landor, Esq. In 2 vols. 8vo. to his Royal Highness the Prince Leopold. The Old English Drama, a Selection of Imperial 4to.

Plays from the Early English Dramatists, Topography, illustrative of the Actual including the whole of Dodsley's CollecState of Olympia, and the Ruins of the tion, and every Play of any excellence. City of Elis. By John Spencer Stanhope, In small 8vo. in Monthly Parts. Esq. FR$. in imperial folio, containing A Practical Treatise on Diseases of the numerous Plates, Engraved by G. Cooke, Liver, and on some of the Affections John Pye, E. Finden, &c. &c. from Draw. usually denominated Bilious ; comprising ings by Mr. Dewint

an impartial Estimate of the Merits of the Flora Historica, or the Three Seasons of Nitro-Muriatic Acid Bath. By George the British Parterre, Historically Treated, Darling, MD. Member of the Royal Col. with Observations on Planting, to secure a lege of Physicians regular succession of Flowers, from the In a small Volume, Notes, Biographical, Commencement of Spring to the End of Critical, and Poetical, on the Portraits of Autumn. By Mr. Henry Phillips. the British Poets, from Chaucer to Cowper.

Biographia Poetica, or Lives of the Bri- A Volume, in Prose and Verse, to be tish Poets, from Chaucer to Cowper, in 4 intitled, “ The Climbing Boy's Album,” vols. 8vo. including every Poet in the Col. containing Contributions from some of the lection of Chalmers, Campbell, &c. and in most eminent writers of the day, illusthose of the Early Bibliographers, whose trated with Engravings from Designs by writings, or whose names retain sufficient. Mr. Cruikshank. The object of this work interest to be comprised in an Historical will be to draw public attention more earnCollection.

estly than heretofore to the Practicability Narrative of an Excursion to the Moun. and the Necessity of Discontinuing one of tains of Piedmont, in the Year 1823, and the most cruel, unjust, and flagitious usages Researches among the Vaudois, with Illus- in existence, the Practice employing Chiltrations of the very interesting History of dren to sweep Chimneys. these Protestant Inhabitants of the Cottian Mountain Rambles, and other Poems. Alps, with an Appendix, containing inn. By G. H. Storie, Esq. of Trinity Hall, portant Documents from Ancient MSS. Cambridge. By the Rev. W. S. Gilly. In 4to.

A second Part of George Cruikshank's The Principles of Medical Science and Etchings, entitled “ Points of Humour.” Practice, deduced from the Phenomena, containing several Scenes from Smollett, observed in Health and in Disease. By Pigault and Le Brun. Hardwicke Shute, MD.

The Birds of Aristophanes, Translated

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