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contented with his mere royal secu- will also become the scene of their rity; he has signed an act, by which retribution. Mr. Leicester Stanhope, he acknowledges a debt to her of the son of Lord Harrington, has joined 34,000,000 francs, and assigns as a Lord Byron, who is honourably dissecurity the salt factories of Arragon tinguishing himself in this cause, and and the customs of Miranda-the has at length succeeded in forming a most certain revenues in Spain. An- corps of artillery which, it is said, is other new project in contemplation is abundantly sufficient to reduce all the the recruiting twelve thousand Irish fortresses in the hands of the Turks. soldiers to form, it is said, Ferdi. The primates of Missolonghi have nand’s body guards! The Madrid elected Lord Byron a member of their ministerial papers, however, pretend council, and his Lordship has sold an that this measure is not a new one, estate in England, the produce of but intended merely to fill up the old which he has contributed to the exestablished foreign legions, which penses of the war. The Porte, they had lately been suffered to fall into say, has threatened the decapitation decay. The truth, however, is too of the noble poet, should he fall into obvious; Ferdinand endures the fate their hands; he has certainly earned of most tyrants; he cannot trust his their hostility by the double provocaown subjects, and is compelled to tion of chivalry and genius. The best resort to foreign mercenaries. Even news however upon this subject is the Swiss, it seems, notwithstanding that they are now at last likely to be a flaming letter from Louis to the supplied with that which they most Cantons, praising the conduct of the want-money. A loan for their serstipendiaries during the late cam- vice has been brought forward in the paign, have fallen into disfavour. city of London sanctioned by two Ferdinand, no doubt, calculates upon commissioners, Messrs. Jonnes Orlantwo things in his selection of the dus and Audreas Luriottis. The loan Irish, namely, their disfranchisement is for 800,0001. and is contracted for at home, on account of their religion, by a most respectable house; the exa and the additional importance which periment has been so successful that their very bigotry in that religion it is said the scrip will come out at would acquire for them in Spain. a high premium. While on this The proposal is broadly stated in the subject, we think we ought to menSpanish journals. What reception, tion the death of Sir Thomas Maitshould it be officially made, it will land, Governor of the Ionian Islands; meet with from our ministry remains he was not, we believe, considered a to be seen. After all, perhaps, even very warm partizan of the Greek if acceded to, Ferdinand may not cause. His Lordship's appointments find himself a gainer-in order to are to be divided, it is said, between giveit efficiency the foreign enlistment the Marquis of Hastings and Sir bill must be repealed; and, fallen as Frederick Adam. Ireland is, we hope and trust that in Accounts from Portugal speak of case of an emergency the cause of the preparations for a descent on Mina and freedom will find in her soil South America with 12,000 Portuas many recruits as that of Ferdinand guese troops, commanded by Lord and slavery. The very idea, how. Beresford. It is not very easy to reever, speaks a volume as to the state concile the conflicting statements in which Spain is, and the confidence made with respect to the Brazils, some which Old Embroidery has in the of which represent the late conduct allegiance of “the Faithful.” of the new Emperor as extremely po

The intelligence from Greece and pular, while others say that his goof Greece is as cheering as the friends vernment had been overthrown and a of that sacred cause could wish. The new one installed which had evinced patriot troops to the number of 4,000 a very republican spirit. To such an had landed on the isle of Scio, routed extent indeed was this carried, that the Turks who opposed them, and they are represented as having dedriven them to take refuge in the clared that if Don Pedro showed any Castle, where they were besieged symptom of wishing to become absoby sea and land. We trust that lute, or even of withholding a fair and beautiful island, which was the first liberal constitution, guaranteeing the scene of the barbarian brutalities, rights of the people, they would at once relinquish their allegiance to struck. It is gratifying to think that him. These are very opposite ru- by this capture seventeen unfortunate mours; but they are still only ru- Spaniards were released from slavery, mours: perhaps truth may lie between. A notice from the Admiralty proThere is a long account in the Colom- mises the immediate appointment of bian Gazette of the entrance of Boli- convoys for the protection of our var into Lima: he was of course Mediterranean trade. The Dey is every where received with the great- said also to have quarrelled with the est euthusiasm, installed by the American Consul, so that he is likely Peruvian Congress with supreme to have a hot summer in the warlike political and military power, and ho- city. It might not be amiss to pro-, noured with the title of Liberator. pose to him another visit from Lord He was also offered 50,000 dollars a Exmouth-the last

we hope which year, which he nobly declined, alle- this legitimate will ever receive in a ging that the people of Colombia had sovereign capacity. The existence already anticipated all his wants. of these pirates is a disgrace to This man seems to want no single- Europe. requisite essential to the character of Our domestic details are almost a hero; we are glad to say that entirely limited to our parliamentary every account confirms the probabi digest. Even these, however, are unlity that he will receive his best re- usually scanty, considering the late ward in the liberation of his country; period at which the session comthe Viceroy and Royalist command, menced, and the necessity therefore ers have been defeated in all direc- of crowding into a short space the tions. It would appear however as business which had heretofore reif the Holy Allies had not yet quite quired so much longer an interval. A given up their designs on the rising sudden fit of the gout rendered it freerlom of this country. The Ame- unadviseable, according to the opinrican House of Representatives lately ion of the physicians, for His Majesty requested of the President to inforın to open the session in person ; it was them whether he was apprized of the therefore done by commission. The intention of any European potentate ' following is a copy of the speech deto aid or resist Spain in her South livered on the occasion. American projects, to which he re

My Lords and Gentlemen, plied, that he“ possessed no informas.

We are commanded by his Majesty to tion on the subject not known to Con- express to you his Majesty's deep regret; gress which could be disclosed with that, in consequence of indisposition, he out injury to the public good."

is prevented from nieeting you in ParliaWe had very little idea, when we ment upon the present occasion. It would were condensing our pacific summary have been a peculiar satisfaction to his Mafor last month, that we should have jesty, to be enabled in person to congratuto announce in this the declaration of late you on the prosperous condition of the a war by England against any part country. - Trade and commerce are ex. of the world. These are times, how- tending themselves both at hoine and abroad. ever, when war may arise with

-An increasing activity pervades almost

any one, and at any moment. The Ga- of the revenue is such as not only to sus

every branch of manufacture. The growth zette has actually announced the com- tain public credit, and to prove the unimmencement of hostilities with Algiers. paired productiveness of our resources, but (A good opportunity, by the bye, for what is yet more gratifying to his Majesty's Nr. Croker to renew his application feelings) to evince a diffusion of comfort for the war salary.) A dispatch has among the great body of his people.--, been received from Captain Spencer Agriculture is recovering from the deof the Naiad, who had been ordered pression under which it laboured ; and, by to Algiers to remonstrate against the steady operation of natural causes, is some late proceedings of the Dey, gradually re-assuming the station to which stating the entire failure of his mis- its importance entitles it among the great sion, and that, in consequence, the

interests of the nation. At no former peBritish Consul was obliged to strike classes of the community in this island, a

riod has there prevailed throughout all his flag and embark. Captain Spen- more cheerful spirit of order, or a more cer also states the capture, by the just sense of the advantages which, under Camelion, of an Algerine corvette, so the blessing of Providence, they enjoy-In that the first blow has been actually Ireland, which has for some time past been

1

the subject of his Majesty's particular 80- His Majesty has, however, the gradification ficitude, there are many indications of of believing, that notwithstanding the in, amendment, and his Majesty relies upon crease of expense incident to these augmena, your continued endeavours to secure the tations, it will still be in your power, after welfare and happiness of that part of the providing for the services of the year, to United Kingdom.-His Majesty has com- make arrangements, in some parts of our manded us further to inform you, that he system of taxation, which may afford relief has

every reason to believe that the pro. to certain important branches of the national gress of our internal prosperity and ima industry. provement will not be disturbed by any in- My Lords and Gentlemen, terruption of tranquillity abroad. His His Majesty has commanded us to ac. Majesty continues to receive from the quaint you, that he has not been inatrentive powers his Allies, and generally from all to the desire expressed by the House of Princes and States, assurances of their Commons in the last Session of Parliament, earnest desire to maintain and cultivate the that means should be devised for amelioratrelations of friendship with his Majestying the condition of the Negro slaves in the and nothing is omitted on his Majesty's West Indies.His Majesty has directed part, as well to preserve general peace as to the necessary information relating to this remove any causes of disagreement, and subject to be laid before you..

1.His Majesty to draw closer the bonds of amity between is confident that you will afford your best other nations and Great Britain. The ne- attention and assistance to any proposition gotiations which have been so long carried which may be submitted to you, for proon through his Majesty's Ambassador at moting the moral improvement of the New Constantinople for the arrangement of dif-' groes, by an extended plan of religious inerences between Russia and thc Ottoman struction, and by such other measures as Porte are, as his Majesty Blatters himself, may gradually conduce to the same end.drawing near to a favourable termination. But his Majesty earnestly recommends to A convention has been concluded between you to treat this whole subject with the his Majesty and the Emperor of Austria, calmness and discretion which it demands. for the settlement of the pecuniary claims It is a subject perplexed with difficulties, of this country upon the Court of Vienna - which no sudden effort can disentangle.His Majesty has directed that a copy of To excite exaggerated expectations in those this convention shall be laid before you, who are the objects of your benevolence, and he relies on your assistance for the es would be as fatal to their welfare as to that ecution of some of its provisions ---Anxi. of their employers.--And his Majesty as ously as his Majesty deprecated the com- sures himself you will bear in mind, that mencement of the war in Spain, he is every in the correction of u long standing and day more satisfied that in the strict neutrality complicated system, in which the fortunes which he determined to observe in that con- and the safety of large classes of his Matest (and which you so cordially approved) jesty's subjects are involved, that course of he best consulted the true interests of his proceeding is alone likely to attain pracpeople. With respect to the provinces of tical good, and to avoid aggravation of evil, America which have declared their separa. in which due regard shall be paid to consition from Spain, his Majesty's conduct has derations of justice, and in which caution been open and consistent, and his opinions shall temper zeal. have been at all times frankly avowed to There was no amendment moved Spain and to other Powers. His Majesty either in the Lords or Commons; and has appointed Consuls to reside at the prine the first night went off as dully as we cipal ports and places of those provinces, for the protection of the trade of his suba erer remember at any preceding pejects. -As to any further measures, his riod. In pursuance of the promise Majesty has reserved to himself an unfet- held out in the speech, a copy of the tered discretion, to be exercised as the cis. Convention between the Emperor of cumstances of those countries, and the in Austria and the King of England, terests of his own people, may appear to his concluded at Vienna-last November, Majesty to require.

has been laid before Parliament. By Gentlemen of the House of Commons, this document, it appears that the

His Majesty has directed us to inform Emperor was to pay to this country you, that the estimates for the year are pre- two millions and a half sterling in dispared, and shall be forthwith laid before charge of the Austrian loan, amount you.—The numerous points at which, under present circumstances, his Majesty's ing to twenty millions, being about naval force is necessarily distributed, and two-and-sixpence in the pound !the occasion which has arisen for strength. Perhaps, considering every thing, we ening his garrisons in the West Indies, have are fortunate in obtaining so much, rendered unavoidable some augmentation but we do not wonder that such a of his establishinents by sea and land. circumstance should draw from Mr. March, 1824.

Y

James the remark that in justice to he meant to submit amendments, and other bankrupts the name of the Eme particularly on the clause respecting peror should appear in the Gazette ! indecent exposure. There can be The dividend is certainly a small no doubt that it would be better to one.

set about making a new law altoges Notice, has, we are glad to see, ther, than endeavouring to amend been taken in both houses, of a very one so full of deformity. scandalous practice which had crept Lord Nugent made a motion for into some prisons, of sending prison- papers relative to Spain, and particu ers before trial to the treadmill ; in larly for the instructions given to Sir the House of Lords, Lord Liverpool, William A'Court, together with an and in the House of Commons, Mr. documents relative to the proposed Peel, both decidedly reprobated the mediation of England in the outset of practice. It is doubted by some per- the contest with Spain. This was sons whether the treadmill is judicious met by an amendment proposed by even in the way of punishment after Mr. Sturges Bourne, approving of conviction ; but there can be no ques- the neutrality of this country, and tion as to its impolicy, if not its ille- lauding the prudence and inviolabigality, when extended to those whom lity with whichithad been maintained. the law présumes to be innocent. The House divided, when there ap

Mr. Hume commenced his labours peared, for the amendment, 171—for for the session, by a motion for a se- the original motion, 30.—Majority, lect committee to inquire into the 141. The debate was confined to state of the laws of the United King- these two speakers, and presented no dom, and their consequences, respect feature of interest. ing artizans leaving the country and Lord Althorpe has obtained leave carrying their skill and industry to bring in a bill for the more easy abroad; into the state of the laws recovery of debts under 101. This respecting the exportation of tools measure promises to prove one of and machinery; and also into the great utility ; but as it is to undergo state of the laws and their conse- some modifications, we must postquences respecting the combination pone for the present a more detailed of workmen to raise their wages and account of it. to regulate their hours of work.” In the committee of supply Lord This motion was intended, as the Palmerston proposed an increase of mover premised, to do away with our military establishment, assigning some of the existing restrictions. as a principal reason the commotions The motion met by Mr. in our West India Islands. The adHuskinsson in a spirit of liberality dition submitted was of six new rewhich did him great honour. Its ef- giments upon the existing establishfect, he said, would be to produce a ment, besides 200 men added to each report which would enable the house of the three Veteran Battalions: this to retain what was useful in the laws, . would increase our land forces by 4,560 to clear from the statute book such troops, and our expences by 103,464l. of them as were useless, and to sub- The sum total of our military estastitute in their stead such amend- blishment then would be, exclusive ments as would best, promote the of our Indian establishment, 73,341 commercial interest and glory of the regular troops, and 3,354 men in Vecountry. He also cordially thanked teran Battalions in Ireland. This was Mr. Hume for having undertaken so opposed by Mr. Hobhouse and Mr. arduous a task, and highly compli- Hume. The latter gentleman moved mented him on his zeal and industry. an amendment against the principle A committee was accordingly ap- of increasing a standing army, but pointed.

it was negatived by a majority of We are most happy to observe that 102 to 10. the Vagrant Act(very properly so call- The most important parliamentary ed,) is likely to undergo some modifi- business of the month, however, has cation. Mr. Peel, whose official si- . been the opening of the budget by tuation must have called his attention the Chancellor of the Exchequer. A more especially to its abuses, declared state of peace enables the minister to that there were certain parts of it on produce it thus early; our readers which, when it came before the House, may rernember that during the war

was

it was necessarily, from the fluctua- be freely imported, on paying an ad tion of affairs, postponed to a late pe valorem duty. A considerable reriod of the session. The exposition duction was also proposed of the duty of the state of the finances was ably on foreigu raw silk. The statement and eloquently brought forward, as of the right hon. gentleman met with indeed all the finance statements of unqualified approbation, with the exMr. Robinson have been. He laid ception of a proposal to expend before the House the revenue and 500,0001. of the surplus in the erection expenditure of the year 1823, and fol- of new churches. We must not omit lowed it up by a statement of the mentioning a vote of 60,000l. being revenue, expenditure, and surplus of proposed for the erection of a national the year 1824. One of his proposi- gallery, and a communication that tions was the reduction of the old 4 government had already laid the per cent. stock; the outstanding ac- foundation of a collection by purcount to be estimated at 75 millions. chasing, at the price of 57,0001. the Under this proposition the present pictures of the late Mr. Angerstein. holders were to have six weeks time The minister mentioned, that, when to assent to or dissent from a transfer the nucleus was thus formed, he had into the 3 per cents.; and those who no doubt that His Majesty's libewithin that period dissented were to rality would considerably increase it, be paid off. The bonus he proposed and that the royal example would be was in time rather than money: it extensively followed. was that the holders of the 3 per The business in the House of Lords cent. stock should be secured against has been unusually barren. The late any reduction for five years from Oc- Attorney General has been created tober next. The reductions which Chief Justice of the Court of Common he proposed were, first, in the cessa- Pleas, and called up to the House of tion of bounties to the following ex- Peers, with the title of Baron Gifford. tent:

He is also appointed Deputy Speaker On the whale fishery...... £50,000 of the House of Lords, for the purOn the herring fishery...'... 70,000 pose of relieving the Lord Chancellor On Irish Linens.... 100,000 in the hearing of Scotch Appeals.

The result, he calculated, would Feb. 25. cause a surplus of income to the following amount :

February 24, 1824. 1823...

£1,710,955 The weather has been so mild that the 1824.

1,052,106

winter ploughing has been long finished, 1825.

372,346 and the farmers are now busily occupied in 1826.

477,346

preparing for their spring corn. The short 1827.

522,346

frost in the beginning of this month enleaving a total surplus at the end abled the farmers to avail themselves of this of the year 1827, amounting to brief space to carry a considerable quantity 4,135,0991.

of manure upon the land, but yet nothing The annual duties on which he like the usual quantity has been removed. proposed a repeal were as follow : The crops of winter tares and seeds are gene

£150,000

rally looking very healthy, and the wheat On London coals...

100,000

appears equally promising, except where the

slug has committed its depredations. The

350,000 On silk......

turnips have begun to run to top, but have 462,000

turned out much better than was expected making a total further reduction of in the early part of the winter. Hay and 1,062,0001.—The reduction on rum straw have consequently become much was to be at the rate of 1s. 1d. per cheaper. gallon. On London coals, 3s. 14d. The corn market, with the exception of one per chaldron; and inland coal per week, has still continued advancing. This mitted to be brought in any quantity rise is to be attributed to very many causes by the canal, at 1s. 3d. per chaldron. Operating at one and the same moment. Ou wool, the reduction is to be from of the crop has prevailed since the har, 6d. to 1d. per pound, and a free ex

vest, and, when it was known that much portation of British wool allowed, on

of the corn has been housed in a damp payment of Id. duty. On silk, the state, caused an almost universal eagernes present restrictions were to be taken among the inerchants to buy. The farmers, off, and French silks and gloves, to on the contrary, acted upon by the sam

AGRICULTURE.

On rum ....

On wool.......

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