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to place a body of Swiss to keep back to gangrene; he was reduced to extremethe crowd. This precaution, how- ties ; he received the sacraments, and was ever, was rendered futile, for they given over to the assistance of the priests. opened a door to give ingress to the At a moment when he was more than ever · Princess of Roccella, a lady of high tormented by, spasmodic pains, he turned distinction and a penitent
of the Fa- through the merits of his servant Padre di
to God with faith, imploring succour ther; the mob made a rush, precipi; Girolamo, whose death he was yet ignorant tated themselves after her, and filled of, and anon the spasm was tranquillized, the vast church. The bier with infi- and he was surprised by sleep. During his nite difficulty was brought to the sleep Padre Francesco appeared to him, middle of the church; the funeral ser- animated him to hope health in God, and vice commenced—the pressure of the then touched with his dress the wounded multitude interrupted it, and the Fa- hand and arm. Ambroselli awoke at this thers, surrounded by soldiers, carried act, and feeling himself perfectly cured the bier into the chapel of the Santis- (guarito perfettamente da ogni incommodo), sima Trinita, which is defended by tu the joyful surprise of all present rose strong iron railing, where the service from his bed, thanking the Lord, who was concluded. This timely removal thus healed him by a prodigy ; and as only
through the merits of Padre Francesco had probably saved the body from being the scars of the wounds remained, as a torn to pieces by the superstitious memorial of the grace he had received, he mob. The church could not be cleared repaired on foot to Naples, where he better until late at night, and the next day intimated his gratitude at the tomb of his the crowd returned with increased beneficent deliverer, at the same time pubdensity. The chapel where the body lishing through that great city the miracle, lay was besieged, particularly by the and authenticating it in his person. diseased and sorrowing: others ran
Nor less prodigious was the cure that D. to break the Father's confessional Maria Rosalia Rispoli, a nun in the mobox in pieces, to preserve as miracle- nastery Dell' Annunziata, at Massa, near working relics; but here the Jesuits Sorrento, acknowledged to have obtained had been before them; it was depo- through the mediation of our Padre di Gi.
She had for many years been sited in a place of safety, and only a molested by an hypochondriac, hysterical few persons were admitted to kiss it. affection, that caused her most acute pains A little girl, who had been a cripple in the head and bowels, and was at last several years, had the good fortune surprised by a violent apoplectic stroke that to sit down on the seat of the said paralyzed all her left side, so that she could confessional—she rose up perfectly neither stand nor move without the aid of cured. Miracles, of course, were
two or more of her sisters. Thus oppressed worked after his decease, for it is the by an evil, declared by the physicians to working of miracles after death that be incurable, as she had heard of the nu. gives a title to beatification and ca
merous prodigies that were operated by nonization: the two following were ly deceased Padre Francesco, she was in
God through the intercession of the recent. those which were proved in the Ro- wardly moved to have recourse to his protecman court, and which merited him tion, and forthwith procuring one of his the title of Beato; they are given in relics, she crossed her side with it in great a style which has a close resemblance faith and fell asleep. In her sleep it seem. to that of the advertisements of puff- ed to her that she saw the servant of God ing quack-doctors—the latter one will apply his hand to her side, and restore her recall to the reader one of Prince Ho- lost motion. Her dream was verified in henlohe's miracles in Ireland, which fact: as soon as she awoke she felt herself has lately been so much noised. perfectly cured, and so agile that she leap
ed from her bed, dressed herself without A short time after the death of Padre any help, and rapidly betook herself, all Francesco, D. Giovanni Ambroselli, of gay and smiling, and astonishing all the Castronovo, in the kingdom of Naples, pro- sisterhood, to the choir, where with great fessor of medicine, who had been congregated devotion she rendered thanks to God, who, under the direction of the holy man, was un.
through the intercession of Padre di Girofortunately wounded, by the bursting of a lamo, had restored her to perfect health, blunderbuss, in his left hand and arm: seve. con un tanto strepitoso prodigio, “ with so ral bones were fractured, the nerves were noisy a prodigy."* lacerated ; in a few days the wounds began We hasten with pleasure from
* The society has published a detailed life of the Beato, in folio. It contains a vast number of miracles operated by his means, not only in Italy, but in Germany and elsewhere.
these shallow, worn out tricks, to ever, is not half so orderly as one of other details, although they in their our establishments for the poor, and turn have little to conciliate us. without order this mode of instruc
The company has not been able to tion is worse than nothing: it is re-establish their college De' Nobili, true, their subjects are Neapolitans, which once monopolized the educa- but our children are of a far inferior tion of nearly all the young men of stage of society; they, too, wield family; nor have they the means of the awful terrors of religion to reboarding their present pupils in the press vivacity, make use of means house, a circumstance which they potent on the spirit of childhood, must much regret, as the boy that goes which our pedagogues can never home daily to his family, and has the handle. An immense crucifix, the city open before him, is not at all figure distorted and smeared with likely to be so docile a disciple as blood, ever hangs at the end of the one shut up from year to year, with- schnol-room, which is purposely kept in the walls and under the eyes of rather dark, and the physiognomies the society. The present number of of the teachers, their voices, their these pupils is somewhat more than motions, are studied, to produce awe a thousand; the far greater part of and respect and then, what a difthem are children of men holding in- ference is there in the costume of a ferior situations under government, Jesuit and the dress of one of our who, in an anxiety to keep their schoolmasters! Before they begin places, seize every opportunity of school in the morning the children conforming to the spirit and taste of are employed half an hour in genuthe rulers that be. The plan of study flections, and in repeating, all togethey profess to follow is, the Ratio ther, a certain set of prayers; the afterStudiorum, one of the most luminous noon studies have a similar prelude, efforts, one of the columns of the je- and are wound up by the singing of a suit order ; but this plan, in fact, long rosario. When, after all this, we they do not pursue, being incapaci- see that the children are neither retated by their present lack of means, spectful, obedient, attentive, nor quiet, and the circumstances of their pu- we must conclude that the brethren pils : we might, perhaps, go further, are wanting in those talents or qualiand say, that the fathers established ties that command and conciliate here have not mental capacity suf- that they are unfit for the duties they ficient to realize the scheme of their have taken upon themselves. ingenious predecessors, which, after In the month of September (1822), all, would be futile or pernicious, previous to the vacation, the Jesuits practised on poor lads who will be gave a public display of the success obliged to engage in the inferior oc- of their labours, which did not ancupations and toils of society. To swer the ends they proposed, much them the day-schools established on more than their unfortunate procesthe French form (many of which have sion. As they had not sufficient room been suppressed by government, that in the monastery, they resorted to their took no heed of the masters thus re- spacious church; the high altar was duced to want) were incontestably screened, the space immediately bebetter adapted.' The system of en- fore it was furnished with a stage, seignement mutuel, so long and so and benches and chairs were placed loudly deprecated by the whole body in the body of the church for the auof the catholic priesthood,* has, cu- dience. A picked number of the rious to say, been largely drawn up- cleverest boys had to sustain the on by the Jesuits ; their school, how- scena, which opened by a disputative
Shortly after the fall of the constitution, and while the affairs of police were in the hands of that wiseacre, Signor ***, a poor man who had established a school on this system, in Strada Santa Brigida, was visited one morning by some sbirri, and some Austrian soldiers, who conducted him to the presence of the dreaded minister. how is this ?” said Signor ***, you
make use of signs in your school — signs wicked - forbidden !". The affrighted pedagogue explained the use of those signs ; that they were children who used them; that his school doors were open, &c. " It won't do-it won't do,” cried Signor ***, “ Carbonari make use of signs Masons make use of signs—signs are prohibited by his majesty's decree.” The school was put down and the master was glad to get off so cheaply.
« Ah !
dialogue between two of them (nel- gress of the instructed. This sort of ther was fourteen years old) on edu- exhibition must ever be inconclusive eation, the merits of the Jesuit sys and faulty-this particular one was tem, that pursued by the innovators unfair and paltry: two or three boys of modern date, &c. The arguments had evidently been picked out, and forced into the memory, and extorted duly prepared by learning certain from the mouth of the advocate for things by rote, which they prooggigiorno (present days) were wild nounced, most probably without unand absurd : the pleader for the Je- derstanding, and the other lads were suits, on the contrary, was very well left to dangle their hands undisturbfurnished with dialectic and rhetoric; ed. The extravagant pretensions of he showed as clear as the sun at the fathers seemed ridiculous, when noon-day, that nothing profitable had it was considered, that these boys been done for education since the had been but a few months under third Jesuit General, Acquaviva, and their tuition, that they affirmed they his six co-laborating monks, had had received them in a state of masformed the ratio studiorum; that it sima ignoranza, and that now they had been hurrying to ruin ever since brought them forward as Hellenists, the iniquity of man had persecuted Latinists, philosophers, and mathethe society of Jesus, and shut up maticians. their schools; and that religion and Since that time they have had no virtue, honour and morality, had been scenes of eclat, but the number of deteriorating with it; and this brought novices has regularly increased, as his speech to its natural conclusion also that of their penitents and of a diatribe against modern philoso- devotees ; so that there is at present phes, which was done with sarcasm, a flourishing nursery of the future peremptoriness, and sufficiency, real members and partizans of the order. ly worthy of an Encyclopédiste. His They have renewed their esercizi spiopponent, as may be supposed, had rituali, among which is the objeco no weapons put in his hand, and as tionable practice of having ritirati, his part comported, he owned him which was one of their customs, that self vanquished, and confessed, that in other times, formed serious points “ cosi dev'essere” (so it must be). of accu against them-points of Another boy then came forward and accusation as reasonable as serious ; recited a sonnet, which was ad- for the blinded individuals, who at dressed “ in the name of all his com- their persuasion retire for a time from panions and of himself to the blessed the vanities of the world, are sequesVirgin, the seat of all wisdom.” Af- tered in lonely cells, among the fearter this a class came on the stage, ful objects, which bigotry, or rather and translated about a sentence each cunning, has found calculated to disboy, from Cornelius Nepos, and, this pose weak minds to fanaticism, or to was followed by a little parsing- unhinge their intellects: those temanother class handled some of Ovid's porary anchorets, for example, are elegies, and talked a little about exposed to the contemplation of mythology__another class wrote a skulls, perhaps the most frightful of theme on holiness of life, in Latin the relics of mortality, and are placed and Italian-another underwent an between two banners,on one of which examination in geography. But it is depicted our Saviour, on the other would be useless and tiresome to the arch-enemy, and thus with ago follow the order, particularly as it gravated susceptibilities they are left was a long affair, the examination to dwell on the mass of superstitious having been repeated for three suc- horrid doctrine of their teachers, cessive days: it is enough to say, the effect of all this has frequently that Greek, Latin, and Italian, among been that persons have come out of languages; history, sacred and pro- those ritirati with disordered and fane, ancient and modern geogra- alienated intellects. The govern phy, chronology, composition in prose ment asserts that it proposes to amend and verse, mathematics, arithmetic, the morals of the people, and believes &c. &c. were made to strut and fret the Jesuits to co-operate in so very upon the stage, to show, what they proper an undertaking ; but certains did not, the astonishing capabilities ly the means hitherto employed by of the instructors, and the rapid pro- them are not calculated to attain so honourable an' object, but rather to mighty instrument of evil in the inspire the people with an ignorant hands of evil men or even of one evil and superfluous respect for the exter. man, since the Jesuit General exere nal forms and artifices of devotion, and cised a more absolute rule over the this, when they are already too much order, than perhaps can by any conattached to the forms and too little trivances or violence be exercised by to the essentials, in a country where a tyrant over a people. superstition goes hand in hand with The ordinary causes of power and crime, and where the brigands con- security were, in the case of the ceal upon their persons at the same Jesuits, the proximate causes of their time the instrument of their crimes downfall; they were hated, and hated and the object of their miserable ido- most energetically, by all the other latry: the dagger and the image of orders, of the Catholic church, for the Madonna lie in peaceful league their riches, their talent, their ambiupon the same bosom! And not only tion, their real or affected austerity, is the spirit of these Jesuits' proceed- and their unsociability. ings unnecessary and prejudicial, but In the present position of affairs, it is also in opposition to the spirit to judge from those settled here, who and the letter of their institutes, which are all foreigners and selected men, order them expressly to avoid all no fear is or need be entertained of pageants, and to take part very the Jesuits ; they are no longer powsparingly in processions, miracles, erful in the talents which shed a and other objects of excitation. lustre over their rise, nor in the Here are two sentences from their wealth which was a chain to the mulbook of laws. “ In your preaching titude, a bait to royal covetousness, make use of all the means that may and a reproach to monkish poverty; move to piety and repentance, but they may add some little to the foppery never of such as inspire enthusiasm of religion; but the people upon and fanaticism.” “ Adapt your man- whom they are likely to exert any ners and proceedings as far as justice influence, are not well able to become and reason permit, to the time and more superstitioué or more loyal than country in which you live." Both they are already, and all those who these commandments are enforced can justly estimate the modern Jewith great earnestness; how admi- suits' might, smile at their stale rably does the conduct of these men tricks, sable dresses, downcast eyes, here, who have now been under our and demure and unavailing hypoobservation for more than two years, crisy. The friends of liberal opinions conform to them !
may be assured that the illumination If we trace carefully the cause of of the human mind cannot now be the original suppression of the Jesuits, darkened by these antique extinit will be seen that the severity exer- guishers—their imbecility is a guacised against their order was not oc- rantee for their harmlessness: but casioned by the general misde- though their sudden apparition need meanour of its members, since even cause no alarm, yet it certainly is not its greatest enemies can accuse but a subject of exultation, which it alfew Jesuits of notorious crimes, and most seems to have been considered no order of men can exist without by certain modern writers, for if they being occasionally polluted by mem- were now what they were in former bers who are a disgrace to it, and to times, no reasonable man could conthe world at the same time: it was template their progress with trannot therefore a general evil effected quillity, supposing his bosom to be by the Jesuits which caused their ex. warmed by an honest love of his spepulsion, but a fixed and reasonable cies; and if their imbecility relieves fear founded on the nature of their us from fear on their account, it at institution which aimed at the esta- the same time makes them obnoxious blishing of an intellectual and conses; to our slight regard, not to say our quently a tremendous despotism over contempt. men ; a despotism apt' to become a
The Germans possess a great number and variety of short epigrammatic compositions, from which an interesting Anthology might be wreathed. We propose to give a few specimens from time to time.
Is it a wonder-with his pelf,
That Tom his friends remembers not?
For friends are easily forgot
THE CHANGED LAIS.
Who noble is may hold in scorn
TO A SCOUNDREL.
EPITAPH ON A MISER.
I never dine at home, said Harry Skinner;
Better to sit in Freedom's hall,