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made their appearance; these Me- coming so useful as it ought to be. moirs, written by the Cardinal him. It is printed on paper of enormously self or under his eye, and the manu- large dimensions, and will be extremescript of which has numerous correc- ly expensive, far beyond the reach of tions in his own hand-writing, are those who would derive advantage published for the first time. They from it. The text, which is handgive a complete picture of the reign somely printed in a moderate folio of Louis XIII, from 1610 to 1638. size, is a truly classical work on Souvenirs Senatoriaux, by Count de the kind of architecture falsely attriCornet, peer of France, excited, when buted to the Goths and Arabs. The first advertised, considerable curiosity author considers the cathedral of in many persons who conceived that Cologne as the type of this order of one of Buonaparte's Senators who re- building, and a perfect model of the membered all he had witnessed, and style. There will be five numbers, would tell all he remembered, must of which one is published. We unprove not a little entertaining. If derstand that it cannot be sold in they expected any scandal they must London for less than eighty pounds be disappointed. The Count has no- sterling. thing of the kind : one fault he has; Mr. Costé, an architect, having that of being either deficient in me- been invited, in 1818, by the Pacha mory, or very niggardly of his Souve- of Egypt, to superintend several imnirs : he doubtless seen and portant works, was authorized to heard many more remarkable things measure and to make drawings of all than he relates.

the edifices at Cairo and Alexandria Medicine. The foundation of the that he might think fit to study, in Hippocratic doctrine, or the trea- order to execute his works according tises of Hippocrates, translated into to the style of the country. This French, with the text on the oppo- gave him an opportunity, during his site page, revised and corrected after five years' residence, to make those the MSS. in the king's library, by researches which he is now going to the Chevalier De Mercy. The two publish, under the title of Arabic volumes now published, though the Architecture, in twelve numbers, last in the order of their appearance, each containing six or seven plates. are in fact the first in the study of Education, &c.--Madame Camthe doetrine. This most valuable pan's treatise on education, two vols. work now consists of ten volumes. 8vo. is .well worthy of perusal by all

The luminous arrangement of the mothers who have the real interest of whole renders the study of the works their daughters at heart. It is folof the father of medicine far more lowed by a theatre for young pereasy and profitable. A new Medical sons, which, whatever may be the Review has just commenced, by the merit of some pieces, certainly does title of French and Foreign Medical not deserve the honour which injudiReview, Classical Journal of the Ho- cious friendship or party spirit would tel Dieu and la Charité at Paris. No fain bestow on it, of being superior doubt can be entertained of the suc- to that of Madame de Genlis. cess of a journal which the most Novels.-Alonzo, or Spain, is the eminent physicans of the capital have title of a work in four vols. 8vo. undertaken.

the object of which is to give a Fine Arts.—The first number of thorough insight into the customs, the 8vo. edition of Mr. Redouté's manners, &c. of Spain, the distincsplendid work, Les Roses, is pub- tive characters of the several prolished at the very moderate price of vinces, and of the different classes 3 f. 50 cents. for four plates with text. of society. To effect this, the auAnother work, equally splendid in its thor, after visiting every part of the kind, is the views, plans, sections, peninsula, has united his observaand details of the cathedral of Co- tions in this work, which he has logne, with restorations according to composed in the form of a kind of the original plan, by Sulpice Bois- drama, in which all the memorable sérée (a German architect). This event of this last twenty years, and fine work has, we regret to say, two the chief actors in them, are brought defects, which will prevent its be- under review.

GERMANY

the best writers in Germany, to the Architecture.-The church of St. number of 400, are engaged in it. Elisabeth, at Marburg, published by Among them are Kurt Sprengel for George Moller, with eighteen plates Botany; Jacobs and Ottfried Muller and descriptive text, fol. and the ca- for Philology and Classical Antiquity; thedral at Meissen, by Schwechten, the librarians Ebert, Wachter, and number 1, folio. The first of these W. Muller for Bibliography; Joseph works is complete; of the second, Von Hammer, Gesenius Hartinann two more numbers are expected. for the East, and a long etcetera of These two churches, no good draw. the most distinguished names. It is ings of which have hitherto been pub- not to be expected that such a work lished, are well worthy the study of can be published with rapidity, but the architect and the antiquarian, we think that there is but little if as both show the transition from the any reason to complain that it promore ancient to the more modern ceeds too slowly. One fault we have style of religious architecture in to find is, that the copper-plates are Germany. The church of St. Elisa- not so numerous as might be wished, beth was founded by Conrad Land- and that there is in particular a great grave of Hesse, in 1235, and finished deficiency of maps. Thus an excelini 1285, except some additions that lent article, Bohemia, in this part, continued to be made to it, till 1314. well deserved a map; the same may The cathedral of Meissen was ori- be said of the most learned article in ginally founded by the Emperor this part, 0. Miller's Beotia, which Otho I. but the present building is contains every thing relative to Greek not of his age, and we find from his tradition and archæology, down to the tory that Bishop Wittigo 1. had it very latest discoveries and inscriprebuilt-1274. Another fine work tions. Some articles are evidently is now in a fair way of being com- too short, in proportion to the extent pleted, after having been suspended for of the work. several years, we mean Tischbein's Italy.-M. Angelo Mai has pubHomer, after the antique. The Uni- lished a second edition of the Letters versal Encyclopedia of Arts and Sci- of Cornelius Fronto, and Marcus ences, by Ersch and Gruber, proceeds Aurelius, with the addition of above in its regular steady course. The 100 letters, taken from a Codex re11th part is published, and the 12th scriptus in the Vatican Library. Orimay be shortly expected. We have gin of the Venetian Fêtes, (Italian not before had occasion to speak of and French) by Giust. Remer Michel, this great undertaking, which for real 3 vols. 8vo. A Dictionary of Natural and solid information is expected to History and Chemistry, applied to be equal, if not superior to any simi- the Arts, by G. Pozzi, 3 vols. 8vo. lar production of other countries. An Analytical Examination of the Some idea of the extent of it may be Faculty of Thinking, and of the Pheformed when we say that this 11th nomena of Memory, Dreams, Delipart of 420 pages, 4to. is occupied rium, and Mania, by G. M. Scarawith the articles Bleiberg to Boling- muzza, 8vo. We regret that we are broke. It is estimated to extend to at present unable to give more than 30 volumes, or 60 parts. Each ar- the titles of these works. ticle is signed by the author; and all

VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.

January 26, 1824. For the first time for many vain and useless as they were by, months, we are enabled to postpone mercenary baseness and successful the affairs of Spain, as having be- treachery, leave us but little inclicome matters of minor consideration, nation to dwell upon such scenes and we are not sorry for it; the pa- longer than our duty absolutely comtriotic disinterestedness of some, the pels us. The contest, however, we generous daring of others, rendered deem far from over; the present calm is obviously prelušivé of a storm,--and information be laid before them on all when that storm arises, though it important subjects, to enable them may be impossible to foresee who to exercise that high power with will ride on it, and direct it, still we complete effect. To the people, have little doubt it will tear up the every department of the government, edifice which priestcraft would ce- and every individual in each are rement with the blood of the people, sponsible; and the more full their and overwhelm both the architects information, the better they can and the tenants in its ruins. We are judge of the wisdom of the policy not sorry to obey the call which the pursued, and of the conduct of each new world makes on our attention, in regard to it.” The message then and we hope our readers will find, in proceeds to state that, though the the details of its rising prosperity, discussions with Great Britain, rethe same repose which they have af- specting the boundary line, have not forded us after contemplating so long yet terminated, still that a new and the crimes and follies of the old. Our comprehensive negociation has been last summary was scarcely closed opened, by which they will be termiwhen the files of the American papers nated, and their mutual commercial brought us an account of the opening rights settled and established. A simiof the first session of their eighteenth lar arrangement is in progress with congress, together with the import- France, with respect to the claim of ant message of their President, Mr. the Republic upon that country for unMonroe. The writer, in its very out- justifiable seizures and

aggressions; set, declares his conviction, that and the question with Russia respect“ there never was a period, since the ing the north west coast of America establishment of their revolution, is also in the course of an amicable when, regarding the condition of the arrangement. The two next topics civilized world, and its bearing on touched upon are such as to reflect them, there was greater necessity for everlasting credit upon Mr. Monroe, devotion in the public servants to and to secure him the applause of their respective duties, or for virtue, every friend of humanity, no matter in patriotism, and union in their consti- what hemisphere, or under what tution.” Considering the character form of government he may reside. of Mr. Monroe, this is a peculiarly The first is a proposal which, if actimportant announcement. He is not ed on, would, we have no doubt, exnaturally an alarmist, nor is he am- terminate the odious traffic which bitious of the fame of a fine writer- has called it forth, and which now what he feels he says; and, were we comes with double grace from the not confirmed in our opinion by sub- country which first set the example sequent passages in this message, of this great political amelioration. were we to pause even here, we “ In compliance,” says the document, should not scruple to affirm that, at " with a resolution of the House of least in his opinion, the Holy Alli- Representatives, adopted at their last ance had further aims than the ex- session, instructions have been given tirpation of liberal sentiments in mere to all the ministers of the United monarchies. It is quite plain that States, accredited to the powers of Mr. Monroe sees, or fancies he sees, Europe and America, to propose the its vast shadow stretching across the proscription of the African slave Atlantic; and we can little wonder trade, by classing it under the denothat laté events in Europe should mination, and inflicting on its perpegive him a distaste to any visit from trators the punishment, of piracy. the substance. Indeed the very next Should this proposal be acceded tn, sentence in this document proves it is not doubted that this odious and clearly enough what little cordiality criminal practice will be promptly would be likely to arise from such and entirely suppressed.” As Enga visitation. We beseech our readers land has not had the good-fortune to just to fancy Mr. Pozzo de Borgo re- originate this proposition, we have citing it aloud to his imperial master only to hope that she will not lose in the Russian dialect " The people the secondary glory of being the forebeing with us exclusively the sove- most in adopting it. The next proreign, it is indispensable that full position is founded on a principle, it

were

our

seems, laid down by France in the our last, the United States had prewar with Spain, of which we cer- viously sent ambassadors, an intertainly not before aware ; change of which we find has since namely, a determination to grant no taken place. After briefly, noticing commissions to privateers. In con- the difference of system which exists sequence of this concurrence with with regard to the policy of the principles long maintained by the United States, and that of the Holy United States, “it has been deemed Alliance, Mr. Monroe says explicitly, a favourable moment to propose to “We owe it, therefore, to candour, France, Russia, and Great Britain, and to the amicable relations existing to make this rule invariable." And between the United States and these “when the friends of humanity re- powers, to declare that we should flect on the essential amelioration to consider any attempt upon their part the condition of the human race; to extend their system to any portion which would result from the abolition of this hemisphere, as dangerous to of private 'war on the sea, and on peace and safety. With the exthe great facility with which it might isting colonies or dependencies of any be accomplished, requiring only European power, we have not interthe consent of a few sovereigns, fered, and shall not interfere. But, an earnest hope is indulged that with the governments who have dethese overtures will meet with an at- clared their independence, and maintention animated by the spirit in tained it—and whose independence which they were made, and that they we have, on great consideration, and will ultimately be successful.” We on just principles, acknowledged, we hope so too, and we are perfectly could not view any interposition for ready to join with that hope a tribute the purpose of oppressing them, or to the disinterestedness of the power controlling in any other manner their with which the proposal has origi- destiny, by any European power, in nated, promising, as it does, to be any other light than as the manifestacome of eminent maritime superiority. tion of an unfriendly spirit towards The message then details, at great the United States.” This language length, the state of their internal is clear, manly, and decided; but, affairs, the army, the fortifications, lest any misunderstanding should, by the militia, and the navy, whose con- possibility, exist on this most interduct in the West Indies, in the suppres- esting subject, the President again sion of piracy, is particularly eulo- reverts to it in the following terms: gized; all these statements are con- “ Our policy, in regard to Europe, sidered as very satisfactory. The which was adopted at an early age of finances of the country are next esti- the wars which have so long agitated mated, and the calculation was that, that quarter of the globe, nevertheon the 1st day of the year 1824, there less remains the same ; which is, not would be found in the treasury a sur- to interfere in the internal concerns plus of 9,000,000 dollars. As to of any of its powers; to consider the the public debt, the president's de government de facto as the legitimate clared conviction is that, should the government for us; to cultivate United States continue at peace, the friendly relations with it, and to preoperation of the ordinary sinking serve those relations by a frank, firm, fund will make the only debt remain- and manly policy; meeting, in all ining in the year 1835, seven millions stances, the just claims of every (dollars) of five per cent. stock, and power-submitting to injuries from thirteen of three per cent.stock. Much none. But, in regard to those conpleasure is expressed at the apparent tinents, circumstances are eminently progress of the Greeks, whose and conspicuously different. It is cause and name” have excluded ene- impossible that the allied powers mies, although they have not suc- should extend their political system ceeded in procuring allies. By far to any portion of either continent the most important and interesting without endangering our peace and part of this philosophical state paper happiness; nor can any one believe is what follows with regard to the that our southern brethren, if left to newly-organized republics of South themselves, would adopt it of their America, to which, as we noticed in own accord. It is equally impossible, therefore, that we should behold such is in consequence of a formal proposiinterposition, in any form, with in- tion having been made by the British difference. If we look to the com- government to our government, to parative strength and resources of unite in the defence of the South Spain, and those new governments, American States, against any efforts and their distance from each other, of Spain with the sovereigns called it must he obvious that she never can the Holy Alliance.” If this be true, subdue them. It is still the true po- as there seems every probability that licy of the United States to leave the it is, the battle is but begun, and parties to themselves, in the hope those powers who have thought prothat other powers will pursue the per to dictate a form of internal dessame course.” This is not to be mis- potism to an unoffending state may understood; it amounts to neither yet meet a terrible re-action. One more nor less than a distinct declara- thing certain is, that the message tion of war against any European has excited the utmost enthusiasın power which may interfere to assist throughout the United States, and Spain in the re-conquest of her re- has produced such a sensation, that volted colonies; and it is obvious the re-election of Mr. Monroe to the enough that, considering the distance Presidency for a further term of four of any European Belligerent from years is talked of. The democratic the seat of warfare, the necessity for papers say, that this document deimporting thither large military re- serves to be placed by the side of inforcements, the comparative proxi- their immortal declaration of indemity of the United States, and her ra- pendence. On the opening of the pidly increasing naval preponderance, Congress, the Columbian ministers the menace is not likely to be made were invited to a grand dinner given in vain. Great Britain, with her fleet, by the President; they were dressed is the only state whose co-operation in plain suits of black, and their could induce even a chance of suc- simple habiliments formed a striking cess, and this co-operation, if rumour contrast with the splendid decoraspeaks truly, is not at all likely to be tions of the European ambassadors, afforded. The British government is which were ostentatiously displayed said to have declared that though it on the occasion. While on the subwill not interfere with any attempt ject of America we must not cmit to on the part of Spain herself to re- mention, that a very generous spirit cover her South American posses- seems to have been roused throughsions, still that it will not recognize out the republic in favour of the the transfer of her mere nominal sove- Greeks. Assemblies were holding in reignty to any other power for that every state, subscriptions were rapidpurpose. As to Spain's attempting ly pouring in, the theatres were givtheir subjugation in her present state, ing benefits, and the colleges collectit is utterly ridiculous—wasted as she ing contributions in their support; is with internal dissension, without the students at Yale College in Conmoney, credit, or confidence, trusting necticut subscribed 500 dollars. This for the preservation of her own local is as it should be—while the hoary tranquillity to a foreign army, she dotards of the old world are conspicannot, mid all her follies, dream of ring to put down liberty, it is delighta chimæra so wild as the successful ful to observe that the young spirits invasion of South America. It would of the new world are confederating, be almost as easy for her to repro- as it were, in vindication of human duce Columbus and discover another nature, thus odiously degraded. We continent. Almost immediately after have given more room than usual to the delivery of the message, we find this interesting document, and we by intelligence from Washington, that have done so for two reasons ; first, the committee on foreign affairs were because the intelligence from every summoned by the chairman, Mr. For- European state is meagre in the exsyth, to meet on the adjournment of treme; and next, and chiefly, because the house. On this subject the Asso- we consider its publication of paraciation of New York remarks-"We mount importance, as likely in short have little doubt from information to produce a new era in the political obtained from other sources, that the alliance of Great Britain and Ameextraordinary call of the committee rica. We fervently hope it may, and

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