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are to enforce them! Woe to the li- consoled with one of the richest Wiberal who dares to stand upright shopricks in Spain ; but this has by within ten leagues of Madrid !' The no means silenced the furious churchministers who composed this council, men, who are loud in their denunciawith the cbief of the bigots, Victor tions of the French and the Duke Saez, at their head, were, of course, in d’Angoulême. Wealth alone, abundthe highest possible state of exulta- ance of which the See of Tortosa tion, at' a decree which gave them an will produce to Saez, has never yet almostunlimited despotism over Spain; satisfied, however it may solace, the as the ministerial confessor, natural- humble children of fanaticism ly enough, calculated upon originat- power is their first and darling obing every measure which he and his ject—that gained, every thing else creatures were afterwards to execute; they know will follow :--for the disthus, in fact, combining in their own missal of Saez from his confessorhands, the legislative and executive ship to the king, nothing can compenpowers. In the midst of their jubi- sate them, and they are surely right lates, however, an event occurred, -the secrets of such a conscience which reduced them all at once to si- must counterbalance the weight of lence, and taught Saez the wisdom any reward given for their preservaof the Scriptural precept which en- tion. The names of the new minisjoins man not “ to put his trust in ters are as follow. The Marquis of princes :"-namely, the dismissal of Casa Irujo, first minister of state ; the whole crew! No doubt, Saez is Don Narciso de Heredia, minister of the best off of the party, as his Chris- grace and justice for Spain and the tian mind cannot fail of affording Indies ; Major General Don Josef de him religious consolation. It is thus la Cruz, minister of war; Don Luis that good men are tried, and thus Lopez Ballasteros, minister of finance; they endure their trials. No doubt, the minister of marine retains his there are many honest men, both in office, the reason is not assigned; · Spain and out of it, who hope that Don Ignacio Martinez de Villela is future probations may increase his constituted the new president of the pious glory, and even that the wreath council. The new premier, Casa of martyrdom may displace his mitre. Trujo, is said to be a man of some The manner of the dismissal is thus talents, and of much more moderation stated on the authority of a pri- than his predecessor, which indeed vate letter from Madrid :-On the 2d he may very easily be. of December, the Marquis of Talaru, We are glad to have to announce the French ambassador, having re- that the traitor Morillo has given in ceived dispatches from his govern- his resignation, and that his worthy ment, waited upon the King on the compeer Ballasterós, finding himself same evening his Majesty summoned deserted by all parties, is about to his ministers, gave them a signal leave the country he has so basely lecture, and sent them away in com- sacrificed. France is said to be the plete disgrace. Nothing could ex- destination of both these worthies. ceed the astonishment of the minis. They may escape from the reproaches ters, at hearing themselves bitterly of their countrymen, but where will reproached for many measures which they find an asylum from the curses the king himself had been the first to of their conscience ? Even in France, instigate! It is, however, but a new fallen as she is, the glance of many edition of the conduct which they an honest man will remind them that themselves had taught him when reprobation is written on their brow. they counselled him, on his libera- If they ever had any other object tion, to revoke all his acts since than their own mere personal ag1820, and even to disgrace his agents. grandisement-if they ever for a moIt is thus that even-handed justice ment contemplated that their vile now commends the poisoned cha- 'apostacy from the cause they had lice to their own lips, and they will sworn to defend, and their base find little sympathy. After being abandonment of the friends with the tools and pandars of bigoted ty- whom they had pledged themselves ranny, they suffer, unpitied, from a to stand or fall, could produce any caprice which is an ingredient in its benefit to Spain, present events must character. Saez is, it is said, to be show them how short-sighted was The appeal,

the calculation. The liberators are his favour. It is confidently stated, proceeding as liberators generally do, that after his condemnation, Riego that is, abundantly re-imbursing wrote a letter to the King, reminding themselves for any cost incurred by him that he had saved his life several their philanthropy. We find that times, and admonishing him that

, General Guilleminot has concluded vindictive measures could only terat Madrid a treaty with the Spanish minate in his ruin. Government, for the military occu- however, to his gratitude, was topation of Spain for three years by tally in vain-and it now remains to French troops. The French army be seen whether the warning of the left in Spain is to consist of 40,000 dying patriot was not prophetic. men, and they are to garrison not From France our accounts are only the fortresses along the Pyre- almost entirely limited to the renees, but the most important com- joicings consequent on the triumphal mercial towns along the coast. St. entry of the Duke d’Angoulême. Sebastian, Pampeluna, Santona, Fi- Preparatory to his reception, the gueras, Barcelona, Tarragona, Fer- King issued two royal ordinances, rol, Corunna, Cadiz, Malaga, Car- well calculated to conciliate the thagena, Alicant, and Valencia, are army. The first states, “ that the some of the places ceded to their benefits which Divine Providence had possession, and our readers will not showered down upon the French fail to estimate the value of these, by arms, during the glorious campaign recollecting the expense both of blood just terminated by his beloved and treasure, to which a struggle for nephew, the Duke d’Angoulême, had them put England during the Penin- made his Majesty resolve to show sular war.

Our commercial readers indulgence to such soldiers of his arwill at once estimate the importance mies as had gone aside from their of the seaports; their occupation, in duties, and, by such means, to make fact, places the entire commerce of their families take part in the public Spain under the surveillance of the joy;" it therefore decrees a free parliberators. France is, by this treaty, don to all subalterns and soldiers of to pay her troops at the rate of the the land forces who are now in a peace establishment, and Spain is to state of desertion. The second redefray any extra charges contingent lates to the distribution of certain reupon active service. The state, in compences to the military, according which the whole country is repre- to the budget of 1823, and orders sented to be, abundantly justifies its that the amount of the expired anmilitary occupation. Every province nuities paid to officers and soldiers of overrun with robbers - an empty the royal army of the west shall be treasury, and crowded prisous-con- employed in new favours of the same fusion every where, and confidence nature. The day chosen by the Duke no where,-are the blessed effects of for his triumphal entry was the andomestic impolicy and foreign inter- niversary of the battle of Austerference. A more striking instance litz; why, we are not told; and cercan scarcely be given of the infirm tainly it is difficult to account for a foundation on which the triumphant selection which must have recalled cause is supposed, even by its own military associations, not comparapartizans, to rest, than their conduct tively flattering to the hero of the towards the unfortunate Riego; it hour. The affair, according to the was not, it seems, considered suffi- Moniteur, passed off, of course, amid cient, that on the day of his execu- universal acclamations and unmixed tion, the guards should have been enthusiasm ; according to private doubled, all the troops kept under letters, however, nothing could have arms in the barracks, and strong been more dull, and the little feeling patrols distributed throughout the manifested was either hired or forced. city, but it is said they gave their A circumstance hitherto unheard victim a strong soporific draught in of is stated to have occurred on this wine, lest the heroic fortitude by occasion; namely, a sunimons from which he was characterised, or some the police magistrates to the inhasoul-stirring appeal from him to the bitants to leave their houses and people, might have excited even a- crowd to the show! It did not heremongst his enemies a commotion in tofore require any very peremptory mandate to persuade the Parisian Madrid, which at the moment threats population to assemble for amuse- ened the most serious consequences. ment; and, we doubt much, whether Seventeen Spaniards have since been a precedent for this compulsion could executed, so that we must presume be found on the Austerlitz anniver- the aggression to have been on their sary, which it was not thought im- part. Such conduct, however, from politic to revive. During the day, a the liberated to the liberators, gives young man who had climbed upon us no very lively idea of the gratitude the wall of the Thuilleries to view inspired on the occasion. The Duke the procession was shot by a sentinel. de Belluno is repaid for his services The soldier has been surrendered to with the embassy to Vienna, and Gethe civil power to take his trial for neral Guilleminot goes in the same the murder. Thus, as far as the character to Constantinople. The Duke d’Angoulême is concerned, ap- latter appointment is supposed to be pears to have ended the first military but temporary, and is considered as a adventure of the Bourbons since their sacrifice made for the moment by restoration. That the war was one the Duke d’Angoulême to the Ulof gross aggression on the part of tras. Guilleminot is a great favourite France, warranted by no just prin- with the Duke, but the Ultras detest ciple, and justified by no sound po- him for the quality which would inlicy, cannot, we think, be doubted; duce all other men to admire him— it has, however, proved that the his moderation. French army will, to a certain extent The accounts from our West Inat least, support the restored dy- dia islands are becoming every day nasty, a proposition which some time more serious. In Jamaica, in partiago, very many, and we confess cular, discontent seems to run very ourselves were of the number, thought high, and recent papers contain adexceedingly problematical. We doubt vertisements calling the inhabitants much, however, whether this inva- together, in order to “ take into consion, successful as it certainly has sideration the distressed state of the been, will in its future consequences island, in consequence of the conduct benefit the cause of legitimacy: the of the mother country towards the bad faith which has marked Fer- colonies.” In Kingston, the capital of dinand's liberation—the decrees of the island, a general meeting was conbanishment-the murder of Riego in vened, and the following resolutions the face of a promised amnesty—and were in circulation, as those intended the monstrous excesses committed by to be proposed. We prefer giving the monks of the Faith, will operate these rather than any comments of our as solemn warnings against clemency own, because they speak more authoin any future popular commotion- ritatively and more plainly the spirit succeeding revolutionists will surely of the times than any thing we can remember that Ferdinand's safety offer. ensured Riego's death, and the deerees of Port St. Mary will stand an

1st, That the rights and privileges of eternal memento of the confidence to the first settlers in Jamaica were clearly be placed in royal promises. It is, defined, and that they extend to the prehowever, but an act of justice to the solemnly and irrevocably granted by the

sent descendants with all the immunities Duke d’Angoulême to say, that só original charter of Charles II.—2d, That far as in him lay, he appears to have we view with astonishment the deliberations opposed the excesses of the Faith, and of the parent parliament, wrought upon by to have personally set an example of an impure faction, which, under the mask moderation which it would have of religion, seeks to strew anarchy and imbeen to the credit, and might have morality among the labouring class of a been to the profit, of Ferdinand to community, of which the British empire have followed. Indeed, from whats can exhibit no parallel in comfort or in ever cause it may have arisen, a very social habits.- 3d, That in the Legislative hostile spirit seems to exist between Body of Jamaica is invested the only power

on earth to tax us, and to frame laws for the Spanish and the French authorities, which has even extended itself legislation has shown its wisdom on every oc

our internal government --4th, That our to the troops. An affray took place casion, and has justified the solemn authority between the French and Spanish vested in it by the King, Lords, and Com. soldiery, very lately, in the streets of mons of Great Britain. In no case has it


deried the Sovereignty of the Crown-in must become weakened and ultimate pone flinched from a manly display of its ly endangered. means in support of that Crown, throughout The South American states contiits various struggles, be they in part epochs nue to organize their independence. of a rebellion, or to oppose a foreign yoke. Accounts have been received of the --5th, That, as a deliberate body, sanctioned by irrevocable charter, the legislature close of the session of the Colombian of Jamaica is the best, as it is the only Congress.

Much business appears judge of internal regulations ; that we are

to have been transacted; and amongst convinced it will not forsake our rights any their decrees we are glad to perceive more than it will desert its own-rights one granting to Bolivar an annuity which we inherit, and which it has tempera for life of 30,000 dollars, to comed (as much as local circumstances have, mence on the termination of his Prepermitted), to the tone of English senti- sidency, in consideration of the serment.-6th. That we will go hand in hand' vices he has rendered to the country. with the island at large, in defending our

It would appear as if the republics of property, which is as legitimate and un. alienable as any freehold of the United

the new world were determined to Kingdom

atone for the ingratitude practised

towards their great men by the reSuch are the resolutions, and cer- publics of the old. Bolivar is now tainly their temper does not require a occupied in the emancipation of Pesingle observation they are, we be- ru, and certainly earns laboriously any lieve, a fair specimen of the spirit reward which may be conferred on prevalent in most of the West India him—the best and brightest reward islands. The refractory spirit lately, of such men, however, is the tribute manifested by the slave population which posterity must pay their mehas given great alarm, and the ex- mory. The Mexican government have citement of this is attributed to vari- just given a very decided proof of ous causes :-according to some, it their spirit and determination. A has originated in the laté discussions quarrel unnecessary for us to detail in Parliament-according to others, had taken place between the town of in an ill-timed and injudicious letter Vera Cruz and the Spanish garrison of Lord Bathurst to the colonies, rea occupying the fort of St. Juan de commending the abolition of the Ulloa, a fortress in its vicinity, which whip. This excited an expectation is deemed impregnable. The conof amelioration amongst the slaves, sequence has been, that the governwhich, on being disappointed by the ment determined that Vera Cruz policy of the masters, turned into should be abandoned, and cease alrage and discontent.

The recom- together to be a port of trade so long mendation of the Colonial Secretary as the fort shall be garrisoned by the was doubtless humane, but humani- Spaniards. The Mexican merchants ty and policy have been long opposed had removed to Alvarado, which on the question of the slave trade-- was declared the port of entry for the proprietors complain, that the Mexico, and a strict prohibition was withdrawal of all physical control issued against the admission of Spahas been publicly recommended be- nish vessels into any of their ports, fore the population had been pre- The Spaniards, out of revenge, laid pared for the influence of any moral a third of Vera Cruz in ruins; but the substitute. Whose fault is that? occupation of their fort derived its

There is no intelligence of any chief importance from the trade and consequence from Greece, if we ex- prosperity of the town, which now cept the surrender of the Castle of are likely to be utterly extinguished. Corinth, which had cost the patriot On the subject of South America we forces a long siege. The Turkish must not omit to mention, that Mr. fleet were unable to assist the gar- Canning has just dispatched to the rison, which, consisting of 800 Ma- newly created states a number of hometans, was at length obliged to British Commercial Consuls and Vicesubmit. In a war of this kind no Consuls at large salaries. This step news is good news, according to the must surely herald the recognition proverb. The work goes on surely of their political independence. though silently; and the longer resist- A great number of the most emi. ance to established authority main- nent of the Constitutionalists of tains itself, the more that authority Spain have taken refuge in this couns try, and, amongst the rest, the hea nish committee have addressed a letroic Mina has chosen it as his asy- ter to him, tendering 500l. either for lum. The apostrophe of the Roman his own use, or for any purpose orator, to his friend, may be well ap- which he may suggest. Mina in perplied by us on this occasion ; “ hap- son is low, about five feet seven py the country which shall receive inches, dark hair, dark piercing eyes, him—unhappy his own if it shall and ruddy complexion ; with rather lose him." "He landed at Plymouth, an English than a Spanish look: he from the French brig Cuirassier, on is very lame, having, as our readers the 30th of November, and met with may recollect, had one of his feet sea truly hearty British reception. The verely frost-bitten. Six of his staff beach was lined with thousands to accompany him. The celebrated Arreceive him; and the moment he had guelles, and many other of the memtouched the English shore, he was bers of the Cortes, have arrived in raised upon the shoulders of the peo- Dublin. A meeting has been held ple, and carried in triumph to his here for the relief of such of these hotel. He was soon obliged to ap- patriotic exiles as may need it; and, pear at the window, and a gentleman no doubt, British generosity will afstated by his desire “ that this was ford ample funds for the purpose. the happiest moment of his life; that The unfortunate Madame Riego rehis feelings were completely over- ceives every consolation of which her powered by the reception he had met forlorn situation is capable. She has with from the British people. He not been informed of the manner of had been fighting the battles of his her gallant husband's death, but country against its invaders; he had thinks he has died of his sufferings before done this with Lord Welling- in prison. She is represented as being ton, and if an occasion should again very beautiful. call him, he should be always ready." Our readers are aware by this time In the evening he went to the thea- of the death of that distinguished tre, and was received with acclama- orator, Lord Erskine. A meeting of tions, the guards and the 61st regi- the bar took place during the month, ment appearing prominent in his in Lincoln's Inn Hall, to devise the welcome; this is as it should be best means of doing honour to his the brave should honour the brave. memory; and a committee was apIt would be a pleasing task, but one pointed for the purpose. The bar, which would far exceed our limits, upon this occasion, paid the object of to record all the testimonies which their meeting a most delicate practhis gallant man has received from tical compliment—not a word was all classes of the people; but we can- spoken-intending, no doubt, to connot resist the gratification of record- vey that the eloquence of the bar had ing a reply of his on the subject of died with him. "Many of the disaphis reception, which shows what the pointed spectators seemed to be of noble feeling is still next his heart. opinion that there was more truth Having mentioned his intention of than usual in the compliment. visiting London, and of doing so in- A considerable increase to the coc., a friend told him it was in- army is contemplated. Notice has, tended to give him a public recep- in consequence, been given to the tion, and requested to know his sen- army surgeons, and assistant surtiments on the subject—the following geons on half-pay, stating that their was his noble reply: “ These tes- services are likely to be soon retimonies distress me. I am received quired. The new levy is to be raised like a conqueror; I am dragged to by beat of drum, and the officers public spectacles; I am invited to employed have received orders to refestivals; while I only wish, and I pair to those parts of the United ought only, to mourn in solitude over Kingdom where their personal influthe sufferings and slavery of my dear ence is supposed to be greatest, country.” Mina is understood to be From Ireland, we have only the in very limited circumstances; his refreshing news of two additional views were all public. He has had, desperate murders, and another mirusince his arrival, offers of any pecu- cle by Prince Hohenlohe! This last niary assistance which he may want, has been perpetrated on the perso: but has refused them all. The Spas of a Miss OʻRorke, who was bed

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