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tive particular estates limited to James Duke of Ormond and his brother, in and of the ancient estate, which on the 21st day of October, 1641, did rightfully belong unto James late Duke of Ormond deceased, or the lady Dutchess his wife, and the same to be subject to all incumbrances whereunto the same ought to be liable, in case this act were never made. Provided always, that the remainder so limited to the said Colonel Richard Butler and his sons, be such as is not, or was not in the power of the said James now Duke of Ormond, and of his said brother, or of either of them to bar. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, and it is hereby declared to be the true intent and meaning of this act, that all lands, tenements and hereditaments, uses, trusts, possession, reversion or remainder, chattel real, and all and every other estate, either law or in equity, of what nature or kind soever within this kingdom, which on the said first day of August, 1688, or at any time since, did belong or appertain to the society, governors and assistants, of the new London, plantation of Ulster in the kingdom of Ireland, or to any other body politick or corporate, derived unto them, or composed or consisting of any the citizens of London, by whatsoever name or names the same,

any of them are called, be and are hereby vested in your majesty, your heirs and successors, as from the first day of August 1688, and to be part of the stock of reprizals herein before mentioned, saving always the right, title, estate and interest of the corporation of the mayor, commons and citizens of London-Ders ry and Colerain. And whereas several wast plots of ground within several cities, towns and burroughs, or the suburbs thereof within this kingdom, at the publick charges of the several free-holders and inhabitants of the several and respective counties, cities, towns and boroughs, have been purchased from the then proprietors, or reputed proprietors thereof, and great sums of money laid out and expended by them in building of session-houses, gaols, houses of correction, and other publick conveniences thereunto belonging, upon the said wast plots of ground, for the publick good and advantage of this kingdom; And whereas the said wast plots of ground, or some of them so purchased and improved upon, may by this present act, to the great prejudice of this commonwealth, be restored unto the old proprietors thereof, if not by some special clause or proviso prevented: Be it therefore enacted by the authority aforesaid, and it is hereby enacted, that all the lands, tenements and hereditaments so purchased, as aforesaid, and whereupon any session houses, gaols, houses of correction are built, shall be and are hereby vested in your majesty, your heirs and successors, to the use herein afterexpressed; and that the several and respective old proprietors of the said wast plots of ground, shall by the commissioners for execution of this act be forthwith

reprized for the same out of some of the forfeited lands, vested in your majesty, your heirs and successors by vertue of this act, of equal value, worth and purchase with the said wast plots of ground, before any buildings or improvements made thereupon, to have and to hold the said lands to be set out in reprizals, and them and every of them, their heirs and assigns, at or under the same, or like tenures, rents and services, as all purchasers are to hold by this act, the reprizals set out to them, or any of them, any thing in this present act, or any other matter or thing to the contrary thereof in any wise notwithstanding. Provided always, and it is hereby declared, that such of the wast plots so built upon, as did not formerly belong unto, and were the consecrated ground or site circuit and ambits of any monastary, abby, or other religious house, shall be and remain vested in your majesty, your heirs and successors, to the said publick uses for which the same were so purchased and built upon: And as to all such of the said wast plots so built upon as did formerly belong to, and was the consecrated ground or site, circuit and ambits of any monastary, abby, or other religious house, the same shall be and remain vested in your majesty, your heirs and successors, to be disposed of to such pious or charitable uses, as your majesty, your heirs and successors shall think fit: And whereas some meriting persons, who are to lose considerable estates by this act, might by the foregoing rules be entituled to small or no reprizals, but by their eminent services may in a special manner merit your majesties grace and favour: Be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, that your majesty may in such special cases set forth and grant reprizals to such meriting persons, as by your majesties letters, under your majesties privy signet or sign manual, order the commissioners for executing this act to set forth reprizals for them; and likewise, if your majesty shall so think fit, to appoint and ascertain where and what lands shall be set out to them.

No. XLVIII.

AN ACT FOR THE ADVANCE AND IMPROVEMENT OF TRADE, AND

FOR ENCOURAGEMENT AND INCREASE OF SHIPPING, AND NAVIGATION....PAGE 163.

WHEREAS this kingdom of Ireland, for its good situation, commodious harbours, and great quantity of goods, the growth, product, and manufactury thereof, is, and standeth very fit and convenient for trade and commerce with most nations, kingdoms

and plantations; and several laws, statutes and ordinances, having heretofore been made, and enacted from time to time, prohibiting and disabling the king's subjects of this realm, to export, or carry out of this kingdom, unto any other the king's islands, plantations, or colonies, in Asia, Africa, or America, several of the goods, wares, merchandizes, and commodities of this nation; or to import into this kingdom, the goods or merchandizes of the said plantations, colonies and islands, without landing or discharging in England, Wales, or the town of Berwick upon Tweed, under great penalties and forfeitures, not only to the decay of the king's revenue, but also to the very great prejudice and disadvantage of all the inhabitants in this kingdom, as well subjects as strangers; and which hath in a high measure contributed to impoverish this kingdom, and discouraged several merchants, traders, and artificers, to come from abroad, and dwell, and trade here: And whereas, the encrease of shipping, and the encouragement of navigation, under the good providence of God, and the careful protection of his sacred majesty, are the best and fittest means and foundations, whereon the wealth, safety and strength of this island and kingdom, may be built and established. Be it therefore enacted, by the king's most excellent majesty, with the advice and consent of the lords spiritual and temporal, and commons, in this present parliament assembled; and by the authority of the same, that it shall and may be lawful to and for his majesties subjects of this realm of Ireland, and to and for every other person and persons, of what nation soever, residing and inhabiting here, during the time of such residence, freely to trade into, and from all and every his majesty's plantations, colonies and islands, in Asia, Africa, and America, and to export from this kingdom, and carry unto all and every the said plantations, colonies, and islands, and there sell, dispose of, and barter all sorts of goods, wares, merchandizes and commodities, as well of the growth, product, or manufactury of this kingdom, as of any other part of Europe, commonly called European goods, and import, and bring into this kingdom of Ireland, all sorts of goods, wares, merchandizes, and commodities of the growth, product, or manufactury, of all or any the said islands, colonies and plantations, without being oblidged to land or unload in England, Wales, or the Town of Berwick upon Tweed, or entring all or any such goods, wares, or merchandizes there ; but as herein after is expressed, and without being oblidged upon shipping, or taking on board, in the said plantations, colonies, or islands, the said commodities, to enter into any bond, to bring the said goods into England, Wales, or Town of Berwick upon Tweed, and to unload and put the same on shoar, any act, statute, ordinance, law, sentence, or judgment, at any time heretofore made, given, or in force, to the contrary notwithstanding: Provided always, that the master or owner of all and every such ship and ships, vessel or vessels, so trading from this kingdom, unto all or any the said islands, colonies, or plantations, his or their agent or factors shall, and do before such ship or ships, vessel or vessels, sail from any part of this kingdom, towards the said islands, colonies, or plantations perfect, and enter into a bond, with one suf. ficient security, to the use of the king, and to be perfected to the collector, or chief custom-house officer of such port or place, whence such ship or vessel is to sail, in such a reasonable sum, as such collector, or custom-house officer, shall require, regard being had to the value of such cargoe, as the said ship or vessel shall export, with condition to bring the goods, wares, and mer. chandizes, which such ship or vessel shall take in, at all or any the said plantations, colonies, or islands, into England, Ireland, Wales, or Town of Berwick upon Tweed, and to no other place, and there to aboad and put the same on shoar, the dangers of the seas only excepted : Be it likewise enacted, by the authority aforesaid, that all goods and merchandizes whatsoever, which shall be carryed, conveyed, or exported out of this kingdom of Ireland, to the said islands, colonies, and plantations, shall be lyable, and pay to the king's majesty, his heirs and successors, in the said islands, plantations and colonies, the same or so much customs, excise, or other duties, as the like goods or merchandizes being exported out of England, into all, or any the said plantations, colonies, or islands, and all goods or merchandizes imported into this kingdom, out of all or any the said islands, colonies and plantations, (tobacco and sugar only excepted) shall pay in this kingdom to the use of the king's majesty, his heirs and successors, the same or like duties, custom and excise, and no more or other, and in such manner, and at such time, and subject to such penalties and forfeitures, for non-entry, undue-entry, or non-payment of duties, as in the like acts of parliament made in this kingdom, in the fourteenth or fisteenth years of the reign of the late King Charles the Second ; the one, entituled, "An act for settling the subsidy or poundage, and granting of subsidy of tunnage, and other

money unto his royal majesty, his heirs and successors ; the same to be paid upon merchandize, imported and “ exported into, or out of the kingdom of Ireland, according to

a book of rates hereunto annexel;" and the other, entituled, “ An act for the settling of the excise, or new im-post, upon his “ majesty, his heirs, and successors, according to the book of

rates therein inserted, and as in the said book of rates, and as “ in the rules, orders, and directions, to the said acts and books “ of rates annexed, are contained and specified:” And where. as, the duties, and custom, and excise, on tobacco, of the king's

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sums of

VOL. I.

majesties plantations, imported into this kingdom, amount to no more, according to the said two late acts of parliament in this kingdom, and books of rates to them annexed, but to two pence per pound, which is too small a duty. Be it therefore enacted, by the authority aforesaid, that all tobacco of the growth, or product of all or any his majesties new.plantations or islands, or any plantations belonging to his most christian majesty, imported into this kingdom, out of all or any the said plantations and islands, shall from and after the eighteenth day of July, 1689, be charged, and lyable to pay unto his majesty, his heirs, and successors, the sum of five pence sterling for each pound, custom, and excise, (that is to say) two pence for each pound custom, and three pence for each pound excise, and no more, provided always, that Spanish and Brazill tobacco shall pay the same duty of custom, and excise, as formerly; and that likewise, tobacco of that growth or product of the kings plantation, or any of the foreign plantations belonging to his most christian majesty, imported into this kingdom out of England, or any other part of Europe at any time, from or after the eighteenth day of July, 1689, shall pay and satisfy unto the king's majesty, his heirs and successors, the sum of two pence, sterling, custom, for, and out of each and every pound, and the sum of two-pence halfpenny, sterling, excise for and out of each pound, and no more. And, that sugars, indicoe, log-wood, imported into this kingdom out of England, shall pay and satisfy unto the kings majesty, his heirs, and successors, (viz.) white sugar coming from England, ten shillings custom, and ten shillings excise, for every hundred weight, and no more ; brown sugar, the sum of two shillings, six

pence

sterl. custom, and the like sum of two shillings six pence sterling excise for each hundred weight, and no more ; indicoe, the sum of twoʻpence per pound excise, and two pence custom for each pound, and no more ; And logwood, five shillings, sterling, excise, and five shillings, sterling, custom, for each hundred weight, and no more ; The said duties, customs, and excise to be paid in such manner, and under such pains and forfeitures, and with such allowances, as in the aforesaid two acts and books of rates, orders, and directions are expressed and contained. And for the further encouragement and advance of the said plantation trade, and for maintaining a greater, and more firm correspondence and kindness between the subjects of this kingdom, and the planters, and inhabitants of the said plantations and islands ; Be it enacted, by the authority aforesaid, that whatsoever goods or commodities of the growth, product, or manufactury of the said islands or plantations, shall be at any

time hereafter unloaded, or landed, in any part of this king. dom, and shall pay or secure to be paid, the custom, duties, and excise on the said goods, due and payable, that at any time here

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