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Each sovereign had his particular order of chivalry, &c.—Appre-

hensions of resumption unfounded-Falsity of Doctor Bor-
lase's history


Nature of Irish gavelkind—The caunfinny or chieftain 12

Tanistry defined—Sir John Davie's report of a case of tanis-

try_Fostering and intermarriages with the Irish declared trea-

son by statute-Institution of Fes at Teamor or Tarah, or

states of Ireland


Triennial assemblies by Ollamh Fodhla-Ceremonials, order of

precedence, and nature of the business transacted in those as-

semblies—Early traces of heraldry and authenticity of Irish

history—Psalter of Tarah

13 and 14

Ravages of the Danes during the ninth and tenth centuries 14

Annals of Ireland fabulous and why—The private history of

Irish families composed by their rhymers and harpers—The

Irish held music and poetry in high esteem


The bards or poets amongst the ancient Irish acted as heralds,

&c. &c.Irish excel in gymnastic excercises-Agriculture

not much attended to by the natives—Account of the bogs in



Ireland superabounds with mines—St. Patrick sent to convert

the Irish by Pope Celestine- The Irish church connected with



Rapid progress of the Gospel St. Patrick summoned to assist

at the assembly of Tarah-Appointed of the committee of
nine to reform the civil history, &c.


Seminaries of learning in Ireland according to venerable Bede-

King Alfred educated there - Various other testimonies on the

same subject-Great hospitality of the Irish


Rank of the Irish kingdom acknowledged


The Irish remarkable for their love of impartial justice certified

by Finglass, Sir John Davies, and Sir Edward Coke 20


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marksThe four archbishops of Ireland receive palls from

Cardinal Paparon-Adrian's abuse of his power
The Irish resist this mock donation-Dermod applies to Henry

in Aquitaine-Returns to Bristol with credentials--Engages

Richard, Earl Strongbow and others-Promises his daughter

to the earl, the city of Wexford to the other adventur-


23 and 24

Dermod reinstated in his dominions—The personal presence of

Henry in Ireland Massacre of Irish prisoners of war 24

The Irish nation did not oppose the invasion—Some septs did-

Effect of the pope's bull upon the Irish clergy-Peace granted

by Roderick to Dermod


The princes of Munster the first to submit to Henry_Strongbow

does homage for Leinster-Meeting of Henry and Roderick

on the banks of the Shannon-Treaty of Windsor-Henry ac-

knowledged lord of Ireland—Remonstrance of the Irish pre-

sented to Pope John XXII.-Bruce invited from Scotland -

The battle of Athenree in 1315


The hatred of the Irish to the English not the effect of a differ-

ence in religion for 400 years previous to the reformation 28

Henry dispossesses the Irish chieftains


Bad consequences of this system-—The pale or extent of English



The English settlers govern by English laws, the Irish chieftains

by their own


Policy of England to create divisions-Distinction of English

rebels and Irish enemies observed in the statutes of Kilkenny
and so far down as the reign of Henry VIII.


The union destroys the pernicious effects of a distinction of Irish

and English blood—Sir John Davie's opinion of this bad po-

licy-General petition for naturalization presented by the Irish

to Edward III.-An insurrection in consequence of a refusal

to the petition


Reflections of Sir John Davies upon the oppressive government

of the English in Ireland—All Ireland prematurely cantoned

out between ten English families


The English grantees exercise sovereign jurisdiction in Ireland-

The natives dwelling upon the granted lands reduced by the

grantees to the condition of villeins or slaves


The English settlers, according to Sir John Davies, oppose an

union with England— The power of making war and peace-

Its influence and bad consequences—The killing of a mere

Irishman no felony

Statutes of Trim obliging the Irish to shave their beards—Sta-

tute of Henry VI. 1450 for authorizing and rewarding mur-

der upon mere suspicion without trial


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THE 20th of Henry VIII. anno 1528, the beginning of the re-

formation-Error of attributing the strifes in the state to re-

ligious differences


Earl of Kildare, lieutenant of Ireland, affects the state of an Irish

chieftain-His daughters married to O'Connor and O'Carrol

-Effects thereof_Cardinal Wolsey's animosity against Kil-

dare, Note


The earl commits the government to his son Lord Thomas

when summoned to England—Report of the earl's execution

in England occasions a rebellion of the Geraldines-O'Neile

and O'Connor submit to the king-Lord Thomas upon a pro-

mise of pardon repairs to England, is arrested on the way, sent

to the Tower and executed–The five uncles of Lord Thomas

treacherously arrested by Lord Gray, sent to England and



Lord Gerald a younger branch of the Kildare house conveyed to

Italy, educated by Cardinal Pole and restored to his blood-

Allan, Archbishop of Dublin, his patron Wolsey's agent in

the suppression of monasteries—Wolsey's death-Allan's ran-

cour against the Geraldines


Master of the Rolls makes a report of the miserable situation of

the pale


Lord Cromwell sent Brown a reformed Augustine friar into

Ireland to be Archbishop of Dublin-- Tenacity of the Irish to

their ancient religion


Cromer, Archbishop of Armagh, refuses to acknowledge the

king's supremacy—The king's vicar treated with contempt—

Archbishop Browne treated with disdain—Extreme ignorance

of the clergy


Lord Gray receives a commission to assemble a parliament,

1536-The Irish statutes in matters of Religion copied from

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