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wholly refer himself to one of your own Servants, or the King's Commissioners in the Case of the Crown? And if he chuses rather some plain honest Friend of his own to lupply his Absence here, will any Man blame such a Proceeding, or think it unmannerly?
Besides, your Lordships know even this Act admits them to be chosen, notwithstanding their Em. ployments, provided the Electors know it first, and are not deceived in their Choice.
All we would prevent is, that a good rich Corporation should nor chuse to intrust with all their Liberties a plain honest Country Neighbour, and find him within Six Month changed into a preferred cunning Courtier ; who Thall tye them to their Choiee, tho’ he is no more the fame Man, than if he were turn’d Papist, which by the Law as it stands already, puts an Incapacity upon him.
Another Objection is, that this A may by its Consequence prolong this Parliament, which they allow wou!d be a very great Grievance, and yet suppose the King capable of putting it upon us, which I have too much Respect for him to admit of; tho I am glad however, that 'is objected Privy-Councellors in Favour, who consequently, I hope, will never advise a thing which they now exclaim against as so great a Grievance.
But pray, my Lords, what should tempt the King to fo ill a Policy? Can he fear a freedom of Choice in the People, co whose good Will he owes all his Power, which these Lords füppose he may Use to their Pra-judice?
And therefore give me leave to say, as I must not suspect him of so ill a Design as the perpetuating this Parliament, so he cannot, he ought not to suspect a Nation so entirely, I was going to say, fQ fondly devoted to him.
My Lords, no Man is readier than my self to allow that we owe the Crown all Submilion as to the time of calling Parliaments according to Law, and appointing allo where they shall fit. But with Reverence be it spoken, the King owes the Nation entire freedom in chuling their Reprelėntatives
and it is no less his Duty, than 'tis his true Interest, that such a fair and just Proceeding should be uled towards us.
Conlider, my Lords, of what mighty Consequence it may be, that so many Votes should be free, when upon one Gingle one may depend the whole security or loss of this Nation. By one Gingle Vore such things may happen, that I almost tremble to think : By one single Vore a General Excile may be granted, and then we are all loft; by one single Vote the Crown may be impower'd to Name all the Commiilioners for raising the Taxes, and then surely we shou'd be in a fair way towards it.
Nay, whatever has happen'd may again be apprehended; and I hope thole Reverend Prelates will reflct, that if they grow once obnoxious to a prevalent Party, one single Voice may be as dangerous to that Bench, as a general diffatisfation among the People proved to be one in a late Expeperience : Which I am far from laying by way of Threatning, but only by way of Caution.
My Lords, We may think because this concerns not the House of Lords, that we need not be foover careful of the Matter; but there are Noblemen in France, at least such as were so before they were enflav'd, who that they might domineer over o: thers, and serve a present turn perhaps, let all things alone so long till the people were quite master'd, and the Nobility them clvcs too, to bear them Company.
So that I never met a Frenchman, even of the greatest Rank (and some bad 10000 Pistoles a Year in Employments) that did not envy us here for our Freedom, from that Slavery which they groan under; and this I have observd universally, except just Monsieur de Loudny, Monsieur Coibert, or such People, because they were the Ministers them. selves who occasion’d these Complaints, and thriv'd by the Opprettion of others.
My Lords, This Country of ours is very apt to be provok'd; we have had a late Experience of it, and tho' no Wiseman, but would bear a great
deal rather than make a Buftle; yet really the People are otherwile and at any time change a preient Uneasiness, for any other Condition, thoa worse; we have known it so too oftin, and sometimes repented it too late.
Let them not have this new Provocation in being debarr d from a security in their Representatives : For malicious People will not fail to infuse into their Minds that all those vast Sums, which have been and still must be rais'd towards this War, are not dispos’d away in so fair a manner as ought to be, and I am afraid they will say their Money is not given but takon.
However, whate're success this Bill may have, there must needs come some good Effect of it: For if it passes, it will give us Security: If it be ob. structed, it will give us Warning.
Proposals of Peace made to King WILLI.
A M from FRANCE, through the Mediation of the King of DENMARK.
London Decem, 19th O. S. 1694.
incumbent on a Christian King, to apply all the Remedies that lie in his power to fo general a Calamity, oblige the King of Denmark, my Master, to impart to Your Majesty, those Proposals of Peace which the most Christian King has Communicated to Him, My Master might have reason to decline hi: Offices towards the Peace of Europe, and taking upon him so important a Negotiation, since the Adv nces He has already made as well as the King of Sw’den, have not only prov'd Ineffectual, but likewife huve been so misconitructed, as to render them suspected. Nevertheless it is most evident, that without any prospect of private Interest (the Uni
on of the Northern Crowns, for the security of the Trade of their respective Subjects being so well Eftablish'd, and enjoying the Priviledges of Neutrality, that the continuation of the War might very much encrease the Riches of their Majesties Dominions) the publick Welfare of Europe, and the desire to see a just and lasting Peace restor'd, have prevail'd above all other Conliderations. Wherefore the King, my Master, has represented to the most Christian King, That the Proposals which he has made hitherto towards a General Peace, have been look'd upon by the Confederates rather as a means to difunite them, and to crush and subdue them one after another than as a Mark of his fincere Intentions of settling the publick Repose. But his moft Chriftian Majetty, to remove all manner of Distrust, has not only by repeated Protestations, assured the King, my Master, of the Sincerity of his Sentiments in this Affair, but lias likewise deliver'd a Project of General Peace, and added to the Conditions that concern the Empire, and which are already known to Your Majesty, some others relating
to the reft of the Allies, which are compre. hended in the following Heads.
1. That notwithstanding the Advantages his Arms have gain'd this Campaign, no Alteration; shall be made in the Conditions his most Christian Majesty has already offer'd to the Emperor, the Princes and States of the Empire, and the Dukes of Lorrain and Savoy.
II. His Majesty shall restore to the Catholick King the Important Place of Roses, that of Belversa and whatever has been Conquer'd in Catalonia during the present War.
III. Towards the forming a Barrier in the LowCountries, which may remove all manner of Jeas loufie and Unealincss from the States of Holland, his most Christian Majesty shall, upon that Consideration, restore the Places of Mons and Namu-to the King of Spain, and caufe Cherleroy to be razed.
IV. His faid Majesty ihall r. pore to the Bishop, of Liege the Town and Castle of Huly, and recom
pense him for Dinant and Bouillon, by annexing uson that Account, to his Bishoprick, luch a Por tion of the Country of Luxembu an as shall be most convenient to that Bishop, and judgd equivalent by Arbitrators.
V. His Maj fty consents that the Treaty of Com. merce, made at Nimeguen with the States, be renewed without any Alteration.
VI. His Majelty thinks the States of Holland will be glad to obtain buch important Restitutions, and to put in end to the War by a Peace fo advantageous both to Spain and all the Allies, especially after th: prosperous Campaigns of France, which may still be attend d with others no less successful. But that neither Holland, nor any other State of Europe may have any Ground of apprehension, tliat upon Pr tence of new Rights, his Majesty will extend the Boundaries of his Dominions in the Low-Countriis beyond what shall be regulated by the Treaiy his Maj-sty declares. That, in café the King of Spain dies without Issue, he consents that the Lw Countries fall to the share of the Duke of Ba. varia, upon Condition that the Emperor makes the 1. me Declaration ; And his Majesty shall, as well for hin sef as for the Dauphin his Son confirm the Lid Renunciation by all the Formalities necessary for that purpose, in behalf of his Electoral Highness.
His most Christian Majesty hopes, that this laft Engagement will,more than any thing besides,fecure to the Confederates the firmn is of the Peace they shall make with him. And he thinks that after lo advantageous Proposals, the World will soon know whether Eu ope may hope to see the publick Tranquility restor's, or whether the Preparations of War are to be renew d.
This Sir, is what the most Christian King has Communicated to the King, my Master, and which his Vujčity has commanded me to impart to You. He does in no manner pretend to prescribe Rules to Your Majcity, fince Your Prudence will best judge what is most for Your Glory and Interest ;