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Highness, with the General Officers, and about A. C. 3000 Horse advanc'd towards the Enemies Forrage, 1691. but upon his approach the French retired, and Monsieur Catinat did not think fit to sustain his Forragers, which might have occasion'd a general Engament. It happen'd the same Day, that the Duke of Schomberg having spoke High-Dutch to a German Officer in his Royal Highness's Presence, the latter laid, He had once try'd to learn that Language, but was discourag'd by the difficulty be found in it; whereupon Duke Schomberg offering to teach his Royal Highness: No, my Lord, replied he, 'tis the Trade of War I design to learn of you.

In the mean while, although the Garrison and Inhabitants of Coni defended themselves with great Resolution, yet 'twas not poslible for them to hold out much longer. 'Twas therefore high time to think of Relieving a Place, the loss of which must be attended with the total Ruin of his Highness's Affairs; and how to do it with most Safety, and appearance of Success was variously debated in a Council of War, wherein the Duke of Schomberg did not content himself to speak his Advice, but gave it afterwards in Writing to his Highness. His Opinion was, That Monsieur La Hoguette appear'd in the Valley of Aosta, with no other design than to keep the Confederates in suspence, and thereby favour the Siege of Coni : That as soon as our Forces should begin

to move, he would return into the Ta. rentaise ; That his Highness ought to run where the Danger was most preiling; left by Endeavouring to remedy all, he should remedy nothing. That after all, His Highness could not do better, than to fight Catinat, whose Army was inferiour, at least, in Number, to that of the Allies; Feuquieres having carried away Ten or Twelve Thousand Men with him before Coni. That at the worst, the Confederates could but be beaten, which was still to be pre. ferr'd before the loss of Coni, and the Reinforcement of Cazal; and that the French, if they had the best of it, would yet pay dear for their Victory; and their Army being considerably weaken'd by Sickness, Desertion, and his losses before Veillane, Car




The Reign of King A. C. magnole and Coni, they would hot think of any other 1691.

Enterprize this Summer. · His Royal Highness, and Prince Eugene gave ear to the Duke of Schomberg's O. pinion.but the Marquiss de Leganez(lately made Governor of Milan ) and Don Gaspar Henriquez de Zera, oppos'd it with frivolous Realons,not daring to speak the true one; which was, that the War was maintain’d at the Duke of Savoy's Coft; and that as long as the French were kept out of the Milaneze, 'twas Policy in the Spaniards not to hazard a decisive Action. However, the relieving of Coni, being of so great Importance, it was relolv'd, that a Hun. dred Mules loaden with Provision and Ammunition should be sent thither, under the Convoy of 2200

Horse, commanded by Prince Eugene. According* !une 26. ly his Highness set our * in the Night from the N. S. Camp, and leaving the French Army on the Right,

march'd to the Left along the Hills that terminate the Plain, that he might reach Coni with less Danger. The next Day, being the 27th of July, the French made an Affault upon the Place, wherein they were

Repuls’d with great loss; and towards the Evening The Siege Prince Eugene reach'd Magliano, a Place within Seof Coni

ven Miles of Coni, where he was Reinforc'd by raid,

Five or Six Thousand Men of the Militia of Mona June 28. dovi. This Monsieur de Catinat had no looner noN. S.

tice of, but he sent an Express to Monsieur de Bullonde, who commanded at the Siege, not to stir out of his Lines; and to acquaint him farther, that 2500 Men were on their march to reinforce him, under the Command of Monsieur Sylvestre, Mareschal de Camp. However the mistake happen'd, Bullonde thought it convenient to raise the Siege, and that with so much Haste and Confusion, that he left behind him two or three Pieces of Cannon, three Mortars, good store of Bombs, Powder, Warlike Utensils, Tents, and Provisions, belides many of his Sick and Wounded Men, amongst whom were five Ingeniers; but for his Reward he was no sooner arriv'd at the Camp, but Catinat had Orders to put him under Arrest.

The French lost 2500 Men before the Place, the Preservation of which was principally owing to the Bravery of the French Pro


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testants in Garrison there, and more particularly to A. C. the Courage, Vigilance and Conduct of Colonel 1691. Fulien, whose Services the Duke of Savoy acknowledg d, with the Present of a Diamond Ring of confiderable Value.

Immediately after the raising of the Siege of Coni, the French Troops, under Monsieur de la Hoguette, according to Duke Schomberg's Predi&ion, quitted the Valley of Aosta ; and Monsieur Catinat, who was incamped near Carignan, retired with his Army towards Villa nova-d'Asti, after having sent the Marquiss de Feuquieres with Two Thousand Foot and a Thousand Horse to change the Garrifon of cazal. Had the Germans been come up, or the Spaniards been willing to fight, the Duke of Schom. berg would have prevented the Reinturcement of that Garrison, which was already reduc'd to 1500 Men.

Some days after the Duke of Schomberg apply'd + July 9. himself to the Affairs relating to the Forces in Eng-N. S. lish and Durch Pay. Monfieur Wandermeer, appointed by His Britannick Majesty to be their Commiffary and Paymaster, and the several Colonels, presented their Accompts to his Grace, which he examind with great nicety; and afterwards made a particular Enquiry into the Behaviour of the inferior Officers. Upon the whole matter, he found in these Regiments not only a great Reinisness in the Martial Discipline, but likewise other Irregu. larities; which being partly occasion'd by ill Pay, his Grace gave effe ual Orders to have that point remedied; and because a Captain of Loches's Regiment had killed a Surtler in a Riot, and that another Captain led an infamous Life, he caused them to be cashier'd. At the same time he order'd all. the Officers in Turin to repair forthwith to their respective Commands, and declar'd to them, that he expected, that his Majesty's Service should be perform’d with the utmost strictness of Discipline. Twas no wonder these Troops were fo diforderly, there being no Body to inspect them, besides Wandermeer, a Man generally hated and despised; and they would certainly have disbanded themselves

A. C. this Campaign, had it not been for the Duke of 1691. Schombery's Arrival.

The inglorious Retreat of the French from before Coni, gain'd no small Reputation to the Duke of Savoy's Arms thoughout all Italy, and had a particular influence on the Resolutions of the Conclave,

at that time sitting at Rome for the Election of a • Pope A. new Pope, in the room of Alexander VIII. who * lexander

died Five Months and a Half before. The Affairs VIII.dios. of Piedmont had kept that Assembly in suspence all Feb. I.

that time : The Italians fearing io disoblige che Court of France, by filling the Papal Chair with a Perfon in the Interest of Spain: But the Duke of Savoy's late Success, and the Approach of the German Succours, rais'd the Courage of the Italian Cardinals ; who notwithstanding the Opposition of the Cardinal d'Estrées, a Frenchman, and his Faction, concerted Measures with the Spaniards and Imperialists, in order to get Cardinal Pignatelli, a Neapolitan, e. lected Pope. The Cardinals Cantelmi and Giudice manag'd the Delign with that Address, that when the French fpoke of it to Giudici, he seem'd very cool in the Matter, as if he thought it could not fucceed, for that Pignatelli would be very unacceptable to the Spaniards, on account of the Differences that formerly happen'd between him and the Viceroy of Naples. This S:ratagem had the desir’d Effect, and made the French more Zealous for him. The Spaniards and Imperialists seeing the French engaged, concurrd with all their Voices,

fo that at the Scrutiny on the 12th of July, of Sixty Cardinal

one Voices that composed the Conclave, Fifty Pignatelli

Three were given for Cardinal Pignatelli, who was obelin Pope accordingly chosen Pope, being then Seventy Six July 12.

Years and Four Months Old. He poffefied great And nam'd Dignities in the Kingdom of Naples, and was creaInnocent ted Cardinal in the Year 1681. by Innocent XI. In

whofe Memory he took the Name of Innocent XII. and of whole Inclination and Interest he has been a long observer.

By this time the German Succours, to the Number of 18000 Horse and Foot, having join’d the Duke of

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Savoy, and the Elector of Bavaria being arrived to A. C.
command them, the French who not long before 1691.
threatned no less than to beliege Turin it self, were
oblig'd to repass the Po, and to send several Ex-The Duke
pretles to Court to follicite a Reinforcement. The of Bavaria
Confederates on the other hand, having vainly en arrives at
deavour'd to engage Catinat to a Battle, bent their Turin,
Thorights upon re-taking some of the other Places Aug. 19.

N. S.
they had lost in the beginning of the Campaign.
Accordingly Prince Eugene of Savoy invested Car-Carmag-
magnole on the 27th of September, and carried on nole retan
the Siege with so much vigour, that in Eleven Dayskex, O&.
the Garrison was forced to capitulate. And be. 9. N. S.
cause after the first taking of this place the French
did not punctually observe the Articles, in Rela-
tion to the Vaudois, the latter took this opportuni-
ty to be reveng'd; and having way-laid thein, ook
away their Arms, and part of their Baggage. This
being observ'd by the Germans, they came in for
fhare of the Booty, so that the poor French were
stripe of all. Monsieur Carinat made great Com.
plaints of this Violation of Martial Laws, but the
Confederates answer'd, that they were sorry such things
foould happen, but that he himself had set them the
first Example; however, that for the future they would
prevent any such Diforders, provided be would do the

In the mean time the_Marquiss d'Hocquincourt, with a Body of French Troops, having laid Siege to Montmelian, made himself Mifter of the Town without much resistance ; but the Castle still holding out, it was resolved' by the Confederates to send into Savoy 11000 Spaniards, 2000 of the Refugees, and 2000 of the Duke of Savoy's Troops, to the Releif of that Fortress. These Detachments were already marching, by the Valley of Aosta, when they received Counter-Orders forthwith to join the main Army, the Confederates having formed a Design to attack Catinat in his Retrenchments; but that Enterprize not succeeding, the Allies bent their Arms against Carmagnole, which Monsieur Catinat was so far from attempting to relieve, that having quitted Follano, Savillana and Salulles, he


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