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A. C. illustrious Relations, and in consideration of his 1691. Discovering the whole Conspiracy upon Outh, ob
tain'd their Majesties Pardon. As for Mr. Elliot, there being no positive Proof against him, he was
not brought to his Trial. Not long after, the February Queen caus'd a Proclamation to be issued our for 5. 169. Discovering and Apprehending the late Bishop of
Ely, William Penn, the famous Quiker, and James Graham Efq; as Accomplices of the Lord Preston and John Ashton, lately attainted of High Treason. Thus the Conspiracy being qualhd, all hopes of an Invasion and Insurrection were now laid aside, till the Jacobites could meet with a more favou
rable opportunity to revive them. The Queen
About this time the Queen exerting her Good. Jets up a
ness and Charity in a most effectual manner, by Linnen- striking at the very Root of Vice and Want, I Manuft. mean, Idleness; encourag'd the setting up of a Lin. cture.
nen-Manufacture, wherein many Thousands of Poor People were employ'd; and to bring honelt Labour into Esteem, even among those who think themselves Born to live in voluptuous Sloth, Her Majesty did not disdain to busie her Royal Hands with making of Fringes, wherein she was quickly imitated not only by her Maids of Honour, but by all the Ladies throughout the Kingdom.
On the Inth of March the Office of Poft Master General was granted by their Majesties Letters
Patents to Sir Robert Cotton,and Thomas Frankland, Esq; Sir Edw. and the 25th of the fame Month, Sir Edvard Villiers Villiers Master of the Horse to the Queen, was created Bacreated ron and Viscount of England, by the stile of Baron Viscount Villiers of Hoo, and Viscount Villiers of Hartford, in Villiers, the County of Kent. About a Fortnight after, a March 25 Fire happen’d at Woitehill, at the end the Stone 1691.
Gallery. It begun at the Lodgings of the Princess White
of Denmark's Maids of Honour, continued for some hall. Hours with great violence, and burnt down the April . 11. whole Gallery, but was stopp'd before it reach'd
the King's or Queen's Apartments.
This small Disaster was foon forgot on the happy Arrival of the King, who having given the neceffary Orders for the Reduction of Ireland, and for
the firring out a numerous Fleet, which Admiral A. C. Rullel was appointed to Command in Chief, bestow- 1691. ed his Royal Care on the filling the Vacant Ecclesiastical Dignities. Dr. Tillotson, Dean of St. Paul's, Ecclefiaa Divine distinguish'd by the Purity of his Morals, ftical prohis Moderate Principles, and his Chaste, but Mas-motions, culine Eloquence, was advanc'd to the Archbi. April 25. Thoprick of Canterbury,; Dr. Patrick , Bishop of Chia chester, a Prelate of universal Learning and exemplary Piety, was tranllated to the Bishoprick of Ely; and Dr. Beveridge was promoted to the Bishoprick of Bath and Wells; Dr. Fowler to the Bishoprick of Gloucester ; Dr. Cumberland, to the Bishoprick of Peterborough ; Dr. Moor, to the Bishoprick or Norwich; Dr. Grover, to the Bish-prick of Chichester ; Dr. Sherlock, (who upon the King's Victory at the Boyne own'd their Majeltics Title to the Crown) to the Deanery of St. Paul's; Dr. Comber, to the Deanery of Durham: Mr. Talbot, to the Deanery of WVorcefter; and Dr. Woodward to the Deanery of Sarum. Not many ll’eeks after, their Majesties nominated the famous Dr. * Sharp, Dean of Canterbury, to be Archbishop of York, upon the Death of Dr. Lamplugh, late Archbishop of that See; Dr f Ironside, Bishop + May 27. of Bristol, to succeed Doctor Crofts, lately Deceas'd, in the Bishoprick of Hereford; Dr. * John Hall to be * June 13. Bishop of Bristol, and Dr. t Richard Kidder Dean of Peterborouzli
, to be Bishop of Bath and Wells; Dr. DittoBeveridge having refus’d that Bishoprick, for the fame Reason that the Bishop of London had declin’d the offer of the Archbilhoprick of Canterbury, to wit, because the Incumbent was alive. On the last Day of spril His Majesty, in pursuance of his Resolution to Command in Perfon the Confede. rate Army in Flanders, set out from Kensington, Embark”d at Harwich on the 2d of May, ser Sail with a fair Wind, for Hoiland, attended by a Squadron of, Men of War,under Rear Admiral Rook, Landed the Holland, next Day near Maefland Strice, went from thence to May, 3. Houns aerdick, and arriv’d the fime Evening at the Hague ; where we shall leave Him for a while, to see how his Orders are cxecutcd in Ireland.
* May .
A. C. After both Armies in that Kingdom had gone in1691. to their Winter Quarters, the preceding Year, they
remain'd pretty quiet on either Gide for a time, and Afairs of though feveral Deligns were formd by each Party Ireland in against the other, yet nothing of any great Moment 1691. happen'd between them. The greatest mischief Ireland
done to the English was by the Irish Robbers, callid infested by Rapperees, who committed great Cruelties and DeRappere eso predations, and then retreated into their Bogs and
Fastnefles, where the regular Forces could not
to their Majesties Obedience, or by proposing a Balymore Reward for every Head of a Rapperee. But now invested. the English Army having taken the field about the
beginning of Fune, thole Banditti mix'd themselves,
landers; Lieutenant General Ginckle, Commander * June 6. in Chief, * Decamp'd from Mullingar, and t came + June 7. before Ballymore, the Marquis de Ruvigny, Major
General, being sent before with a Detachment of
between that place and Athlone. The Batteries be* June 8. ing rais'd, the General * fent a Message to Colonel
Vlicke Bourke, who commanded in the Town, That
the Enemy, that the same Evening And sure
the Garrison which consisted of 780 Men, be-
fides 4 Field Officers, and 259 Rapperees, laid
The English having repair'd the Damage done to A. C. Ballymore, and put that Town in a better condition 1691. for Defence, they march'd from thence on the 18th of June, and being join'd the same Day by the Athlone Prince of Wirtemberg, Encamp'd at Balymony's Pass, Befirged. whillt a strong Detachment of Horse advanc'd towards Atblone. On the 19th, very early in the Morning, the Vanguard march'd from Ba'ymony, and beat the Enemy from several Out-Ditches of the English Town of Athlone, on this fide the Shannon, and lodg'd themselves there. The next Day a Battery of ten 18 Pounders having ruin'd a Bastion near the Water-side, looking towards Lanesborough, the General order'd an Affault to be made. The fame was perform'd accordingly; and though the Irisho made considerable Resistance, yet the English went one, and kept firing till they came to the Breach, which a French Captain of Grenadiers first mounted, throwing his Grenado, firing his Piece, and ordering his Men to do the fame. His Bravery lo encourag'd his Party, that though he was killa The Eng. in the Action, yet the l'iso were foon forc'd to quit of the their Post, some retiring over the Bridge to Con-Yone taken naught side, and the rest leaping into the Shannon, June 20. where many were drown'd.
After this Success, Bacteries were planted against the Irish Town, which being finish'd by the 22d, the Cannon and Mortars began to play very briskly on the North East side of the Castle, where it was weakest, and continued to do so next Day, when the Pontons came up. The 25th was spent in raising Batterics, one below and another above the Bridge, while a third was erected without the Town Wall by the River-side, opposite to a Bastion the Iris had made on the other lide the River. At the fame time the General was contriving Methods to march
part of his Army over the Shannon, at a Ford towards Lanesborough,but that Design being frustrated, he resolv'd to force his way thro’ Athlone, and therefore labour'd hard to gain the Bridge, wherein he found no small Difficulty. However, on the 27th, in the Evening, the English burnt the Wooden Breast work the Enemy had made on the other lida ST
A. C. of the broken Arch, and the next Morning had laid
1691, their Beanis over, and partly plank'd them, which wa Party of the Beliegd endeavouring to ruin, they
were all kill'd in the Attempt. This did not discourage another Party of Ten Men to set about the same Work, which they bravely effected, throwing down the Planks and Beams into the River, maugre all the firing and skill of the Englis; which made the General resolve to carry on the Work by a close Gallery on the Bridge, and to pass the Shannon next Day; but they met with such oppofition, espectally by having their Gallery burnt by the Enemy, that the farther prosecution of the Aitack was deferr'd for that Day. On the 3 oth a Council of War being held, it was warmly debated, whether it were adviseable to make anotherAttempt, or to draw off? There were not wanting great Reasons for the latter ; but the Duke of Wirtemberg, the Major Generals Mackay,Talmash,Ruvigny,and Tet. teau andCol.Cambon urg'd;That no brave Action could be perform'd without Hazard;That the Attempt was like to be attended with Success, and proffer’d themselves to be the first that should pass the River, and attack the Enemy. Their Opinion having prevaild, the Detachment drawn out the Day before, was order'd still to be in readiness, and the Gencral gave command that they should be brought down by Six, the usual Hour of relieving the Guards, that the Eneny might not suspect the Design; which indeed they did not. All things being ready, the Conjuncture favourable, and the Signal given, Captain Sandys and two Lieutenants led the first Party of 60 Grenadiers, all in Armour, and 20 a Breast, feconded by another strong Detachment of Grenadiers ( which were to be supported by 6 Batallions of Foot) and with an unparallelld Resolution took the Ford, that was a little to the left of the Bridge, against a Bastion of the Enemies, the Stream being very rapid, and the Paslage very difficult by reason of some great Stones that were in the River. At the same time the English great and small Shot began to play from their Batteries and Works upon those of the É.