Page images

rage they gain’d by subduing this Sea Port Town, A. C. and that of Cork; for thereby a stop was put to all 1690. Supplies from France, ( at least on this side of Ireland) and the Irish were almost confind to the Province of Ulster, where they had much ado to fubGft. The Earl of Marlborough having perform’d The Earl of this Glorious Expedition, in as little time as, con Marlbofidering the Season of the Year, leem'd necessary rough rea for his Sea Voyage, Embark'd again for England, inrns to and arrivd at Kensington the 28th of October, where England, he receiv'd that favourable Welcome from their Majesties, which his great Services had deserv'd. How his Lordship came a Year after to lay down his Employments is still a Secret ; but 'tis certain that King William was at a great loss to fill up his Vacancy,

and that He ever retain'd an Esteem for the Earl's Political and Military Abilities, which His Majesty fufficiently expreft, as soon as Time and better Information had diffipated the Prejudices which had been whisper'd him against that Peer. Before we leave Ireland we must take notice, that upon the News of the English Fleet Sailing towards that Kingdom, Count Lauzun fearing being Besieg'd at Galloway, went off from thence with the Duke of Tyrconnel, Monsieur Boisselean, and the miserable Remains of his French Troops,leaving the General Command of the Irish Forces to the Duke of Berwick, which was afterwards given to Monsieur St. Ruth.

Having thus brought the Campaign in Ireland to Afairs on a Period, we have now time to consider the State the Conti of Affairs on the Continent. How great foever the sent, and weight of the Confederacy seem'd already to be, it first in was this Year considerably increas'd by the addition Italy. of the Duke of Savoy, whose Country is so Situated as to make both Parties Court him with utmost Application, though in a different manner, and with different Success. His Highness, since the kindling of the War,had profelt a Neutrality, with which the French appear'd first the least satisfied, though they seem'd to have most reason to be so; for though the Duke had been fo Complaisant to the King of France as to Imprison, Exile, and at last to destroy by the Sword his own Protestant Subjects, the miserable


A. C. Vaudois, yet nothing was able to continue him in 1690. His Majesty's Favour, but his receiving a French

Garison into the Cittadels of Turin and Verceil, for the securing of his pretended Neutrality. These Proposals could not but found harsh to a Court that was ever us'd rather to gain than lose by the Divifion of her Neighbours; but however, the Duke of Savoy, who, even at four and twenty Years of Age, challeng'd a place amongst the ableft Politicians, prudently amus’d the King of France with civil Meffages, and at the same time endeavour'd to make the Emperor buy his Alliance, with the Acknowledgment of his Claim to the Kingdom of Cyprus, and the giving him the Title of Royal High. nels, which at last the Emperor. consented to do. This Concellion being made publick, the French began to suspect the Considerations upon which his Imperial Majesty had made it, and expostulated the Matter with the Duke. His Royal Highness thereupon declared to the French King by his Minifter, That he had no design to abandon the Friendfhip of France, or to do any thing Derogatory to the Treaties that were between that Crown and him; which general Answer not fatisfying the French, Monsieur Catinat, who was to Command the French Troops on that fide, past the Mountains and arriv'd at Turin in the Spring, leaving his Army, of about 18000 Men, in the D.suphiné, with orders to follow him by ealie Journeys into the Duke's Territories. The Presence of this Military Envoy somewhat discompos'd the Duke of Savoy, who, to rid him. felf of a troublefome Guelt, before the arrival of his more troublesome Retinue, offer'd to furnish the King of France with 2000 Foot and 1000 Horse, The Pope's Nuncio at Turin did likewile endeavour to send away Catinat in good Humour; but that General not satisfied with any offers that were made him, politively demanded Verceil for a place of Arms, protesting he would not hearken to any Accommodation but upon those Terms. Though the Duke had by this time made choice of his side, yet it had been a great piece of Imprudence in him to declare his real Intentions, since the French were


[ocr errors]

ready to Attack him, and the Spaniards from the A. C. Milanese not in a condition to Succour him; He 1690. therefore wisely made use of all the Artifice imaginable to spin out a little more time, which produced those new Proposals from France, viz. That the King was willing to refer his Concerns to the Pope and the Republick of Venice, upon condition the Duke would contign Verceil, Carmagnole and Suza into the Pope's Hands till the end of the War. The Duke being prest fo far, and considering, it was to no purpose to conceal a thing that was already but too much suspected, and must necessarily be known, boldly declar'd, That he was engaged with the Emperor, and could not go from his Word; However in re.The Duke gard the Alliance be bad made with his Imperial Ma- of Savoy j cfty tended no farther than to oppose the unjust Designs enters into of France, if his most Christian Majesty would put

the Confeo Cazal and Pignerol into the hands of the Republick dersey *

gain of Venice, till the end of the War, he would lay down

France. bis Arms, and for the same put into the Pope's Hands one of bis own Towns, as a Pledge for the olfervation of a Neutrality. Every one will easily imagine how France relish'd this Answer, which, at best, was but a Civil Declaration of War; the Consequence of which was the immediate Liberty and Recalling of the Vaudois, and Incouragement given them to arm themselves against France; And the publick avowing of the Duke's Treaties, first with the Einperor, and then with the King of Spain, whereby they respectively cngag‘d themselves to join their Forces against France, and never to make a separate Treaty with that Crown, without their joint consent. Moreover, by the first Article of the Treaty * * June 3. with Spain, his Catholick Majesty promis d to cause his Royal Highness of Savoy to be comprehended in the Alliance with his Imperial Majesty, his Bria tannick Majesty King William, the States General, and all his other Allies

Catinat being by this time at the Head of his Army, in the Duke's Territories, his Highneis gather d what Force he could to drive him out, and joining himself with the Troops of the Nilaneze, eagerly fought an occasion of Ognalizing hisYouthful


A. C. Courage; But the Count de Lovigniez, who Cor" 1690. manded the Spanish Troops, did continually repre

fent to him, that Monfieur Catinat could not receis Supplies but with great difficulty, and that his A: my wasted every Day by Desertion or Diseases;w bere. as the Duke’s Forces had plenty of all, and encrease daily with new Reinforcements, and therefore tha: he ought to expect Victory rather from Time, than from the Succels of a Battle, which he could not try without disadvantage; the French being not only Superior in Number, but also better Difciplind These Reasons prevaild, for some time, with the

Duke of Savoy, so as to make him be contented The Battle with observing the Enemy;

but being filesh'd with of Saluf the Success of some of liis Troops ( who repuls'd ses, Aug.the French from before Carignan, and beat them out 18. N. S. of the Vallies and Town of Lucern) his Royal

Highness advanc'd towards Catinat (who made a shew of Attacking Saluffes) and ofter'd him Bartle. The French General gladly accepted the Challenge, and having observ'd that the Enemies Left Wing was cover'd by a Morass, he caus'd the fame to be founded, and finding it had a good firm Bottom, order'd his Men to begin the Attack that way. The Duke's Left Wing was so surpris'd at this unexpected Charge,that they made no long Resistance, but the Right Wing stood firm for above three Hours, till being over-power'd, they betook them. selves to Flight. The Duke himself retir’d with his broken Remains to Carignan, and Monsieur Carinat pursuing his Victory, the very next Day made himself Master of Salusses, and not long after of Savillana, Villa Franca, and several other places, and then march'd his Army towards Carignan. The Duke not finding himself in a state to abide his coming, left a strong Garrison both in that Place and in Carmagnola, and retreated to Moncalier to recruit his Army, and to wait for the Germans that were coming to his Asistance. With this Rein. forcement, besides fome Milaneze Troops being

near 20000 strong he † decamp'd from Moncalier, Sept.18.and march'd towards Monsieur Catinat,who having N. S. likewise been strengthen’d with some Regiments



[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

223 from France, had form'd a Design upon Suza, a A. C. Town Considerable for its Situation, as being the 1690, Key of the Dauphiné into Piedmont. To secure this Place the Duke fent the Count of Lovigniez with Six Battallions of Foot and some Horse of which Catinat having receiv'd Information, he left the Common Road, and march'd his Men with wonderful Celerity for six Days together over the Mountains. Upon this Motion of Catinat, the Duke of Savoy imagin'd, that the Siege of Suza was only a Feint, and the true design of the French was to give him Bartle; and therefore sent Orders to Lovignicz to leave Suza, and forthwith to join him with all his Forces. This was no sooner done but the French immediately Invested the Town, where there was only 6 or 700 Men in Garrison, who not thinking themselves able to defend such a weak Post, against a numerous Army, surrendred upon honourable Suza isa Terms. With this Action the Campaign ended in

ken by else Piedmont, for Catinat divided his Army thereupon, bcut the

French a
sending part of it into Provence, and the other into middle of
Savoy, which Dukedom (the Town of Montmelian Noverze
excepted) Monfieur St. Ruth had not long before ber.
reduc'd to his Masters Obedience. The Duke of
Savoy finding how little he ought to depend either
on the Emperor or King of Spain for the Recovery
of his Dominions, his Royal Highness wisely be-
thought himself of making Application to the
States General of Holland, and principally to his
Britannick Majesty, the Head and Support of the
Grand Alliance, by the Count de la Tour, Prelident
of his Finances, one of his Privy Council and a Man
of great Parts. That Envoy Extraordinary having
dispatch'd his Business at the Hague, came immedi-
ately over into England, and at his first Publick Au-
dience, delivered himself to the King in the follow-
ing Terms.

IS Royal Highness, my Master, does by nie The Court

Congratulate Your Sacred Majesty's glori- de La ous Accellion to the Crown: It was due to Your Tour's

Birth, and deserv'd by Your Virtue, and is main-specchu "tain'd by Your Valour: Providence had design'd

King Wil



« PreviousContinue »