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A. C. both too small and too high for an Assault, it was
1690. prudently laid aside. Nevertheless the Firing con-

tinued very brisk on both sides; but the Bclicgers
having loft Mr. Nelson their best Gunner, and their
Cavalry fuffering very much for want of Forrage ;
and at the same time it being reported that Sarsfield
was advancing with 15oco Mon to relieve that
Place, Douglas held a Council of War, wherein it
was thought fit to raise the Siege, which he accord-
ingly did

on the 25th, having lost near Four Hun.
dred Men before the Town, the greatest part of
whom died of Sickness.

The King, in the mean time, moving VVestward, King Wil.rcachd Kill-Bullen Bridge on the rith of July. liam That Morning passing by the Ness, and seeing a strikes to Soldier robbing a poor Woman, His Majesty was Soldier, fo enrag'd at it, that He first gave the Fellow feve

ral Blows with his Cane, and then commanded that

both he, and some others Guilty of the like Crimes, His Aition

should be Hang'd the Monday following. Some Discoma People reflected on this Action of the King's, it mended. being both mean in a Sovereign, at any time to lay

Hands upon his Subject; and cruel, to inflict a
Capital Punishment on one, whom he hath already
corrected for his Fault. From this we may observe,
that the most ElevatedSouls are not altogether fo free
from Pallions, but that the Man breaks oftentimes
through the Heroe. However, this exemplary Ex-
ccution struck the Soldiers with such a Terror, that
the Country was freed from all Violence du-
ring the whole March to Commalin, Castle-Durmont,
and so beyond Carlow ; from whence His Majesty
detach'd the Duke of Ormond, with a Party of
Horle to take Poflellion of Kilkenny, and so to se-
cure the Protestants and other Inhabitants of the
adjacent Countries from being Plunder'd by the E-
nemy; who by this time began to look behind, and
committed great Depredations. From Carlom the
Army march'd on to Kelts, thence to Loughland-
Bridge, and so to Bennet-Bridge; and on the 19th
of July His Majesty was splendidly entertain'd at
Dinner by the Duke of Ormond, at his Grace's
Castle of Kilkenny, which had the good luck to have


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been preserv'd by CountLauzun, with all the Goods A. C. and Furniture, over and above a Cellar plentifully 1690. Stored. On the 21st the Army Encamp'd at Carrick, from whence Major General Kirk, with his own Regiment, and Collonel Brewer's, as also a Party of Horte, was sent towards Waterford. Kirk being arriv'd before the Place, dispatch'd a Trumpet to Summon the Town, who at first refus’d to Surrender, there being two Regiments then in Garrifon. However, their Answer was fo Civil, that their Inclinations were easily understood; for foon after they sent out to know what Terms they might have, which were the same with Drogleda ; But not liking those, they propos d some of their own, which Waterwere rejected, and the heavy Cannon drawn down ford Sure that way, and some more Forces order'd to march.rendres, The Iris being inform’d of these Preparations July 25, thought it adviseable not to put themselves to Extremities, and thereupon agreed to march out with Arms and Baggage on the 25th, and so were Conducted to Mailow. The Fort Duncannon, a Place of Strength, which Commands the River of VVaterford, was also Surrender'd into His Majesty's Hands Duncanupon the same Articles with VVaterford; which

rendered, last Place was view'd by the King the Day it was July 26. given up. Here His Majesty took care that no Persons should be moleft d, and among the rest the Lord Dover was admitted to a more particular Protection from His Majesty, as having formerly applied himself, when the King was at Hilsborough, by Major General Kirk's means, to desire a Pass for himself and Family to Flanders. The Lord George Howard did likewise embrace His Majesties' Mer. су.

On the 27th of July the King left the Camp at Carrick, and went to Dublin, in order to Embark King Wit. for England. This sudden stop in His Majesty's Pro-Jiam gress occafion'd various Speculations; for it argu'd leaves the either that his Affairs in England were in no plealing Army. Posture, or that he despair'd of Reducing Ireland this Campaign; Tyrconnel and Lauzun having gather'd a considerable number of Forces in and about Limerick, and given the Command of that Impor.

non Sur


A. C. tant Place to Monsieur Boisseleau, a Resolute and 1690. Experienc'd Officer. Others of more refin'd Poli. i ticks afcribd it to a deeper Detign, as if His Ma

jesty had been willing to draw the Irish War into length both to make himself more necessary ; to encline his English Subjects to lay aside their private Discontents and Divisions, at the Prospect of their Common Danger ; and to use them, by degrees, to bear the Burden of Taxes, which were necessary to be raised, to carry on a vigorous War against France. Whatever was the 'Reafon, His Majesty left the Command of the Army to Count Solmes,and lay that Night at Carlow, but upon some Advices from England, expreft himself doubtful whether to go over or return to the Camp. However he went to Clappel. izard, and spent there some time to hear divers Complaints, and redress several Grievances. Here he likewise order'd a Weekly Fast, and publishid a Second Declaration to confirm the former, in F2vour of ll poor Labourers, Common Soldiers,

Country Farmers, Ploughmen, &c. and declaring He Pub.

withal," " That if those of Superiour Rank and lists a ad

Quality, and also such as had born Office under Decoratie on, Aug..

His Viajesty's Enemies, whether Military or Civil, should by the 251h Day of that Month of August, Surrender themselves to his Obedience,

and should be content during the Rebellion of that “Kingdom to betake themselves to such Town or “ City as should be allign'd them, they should be “ fecure in their Lives, and have the Liberty of

such Town or City; and if they were Destitute “and in Want, should also have a Subbstance al“low'd them, according to their respective Quali

lities. As to Strangers, of what Nation soever,

who had taken Service in that Kingdom against “ His Majoty, He did further declare, That if they “should forsake the Enemy, and come into his

Quarters within the time aforesaid, they should

not only receive his Majesty's Protection, whilst " they were in the Kingdom, but forthwith have

Pasports given them to go directly home into their respective Countries. But if thefe Manifestations of his Grace and Favour should not be valued as

" they


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He retterns

they deserved; or if any should persist in that A. C. “ Barbarous and Unchristian way of Burning and 1690. “ Desolation, which in some places had of late been “ practis'd, His Majesty thould hold himself dif

charg’d of those Consequences and Calamities " which must inevitably follow, fince thofe who “ were obstinate against his Mercy became the Au- thors of their own Confusion.

About this time the King having a farther Account from England, that the Deligns of the Malecontents were discover'd and prevented, the loss at Sea repair’d, and thar the Frenci had only burnt one small Village in the VVest of England, and so gone

to the die off again, He resolv'd to return to the Army, which on the 4th Day of August He found Encamp'd at

my, Aug.4. Golden-Bridge, and by the 7th reach'd Carrickellish, a Place within five Miles from Limerick, where Lieutenant General Douglas joind him. The next Day in the Morning the Earl of Portland and Brigadier Stewart were detach'd towards Limerickwith 900 Horse, and 1200 Foot, who advanc'd within Cannon-shot of the Town with little opposition from the Enemy; and in the Evening the King himself accompanied by Prince George, Monsieur Overkerk, Lieutenant General Ginkls, and several other great Officers, with about 200 Horse, went to view the Posture of the Enemy and the Avenues to the Town. On the oth the whole Army decamp'd at Five in the Morning, and made their Approaches in excellent order, 200 Horse and Dragoons, with 1000 chosen Foot, leading the Van. The Country be's ing full of Hedges and Ditches, the Pioneers were immediately employ'd to cut down the first and fill up the latter, which was no fooner done but the Army advanc'd, and drove the Enemy before them till they came to a narrow Pass between two Bogs, within half a Mile of the Town, which was not above 150 Yards, and this besides full of Hedges and other Incumbrances. In this Pafs were Lanes leading to the Town, in the middlemost of which, being the broadest, stood the Irish Horse, and to the Right and Left of which the Hedges were lined with Mulgueteers. The detach'd Party of English


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Siege of Peter with a Summons to the Town. A great ma

A. C. Foot was upon the Advance towards the Center, 1690. the Horse a little to the Right of them, the Danes to

the Left, and the Blue Duch, with feveral English
Regiments upon the Right. Whilst these things
were going on thus, the King orderd two Field-
Pieces towards the Left, where they could bear up.
on the Enemies Horse, and fir'd from thence with
so good Success, that the Enemy foon quitted that
Post. At the same time Collonel Eari led on his
Foot, who march'd with so much Bravery, though
the Enemy made a great Fire through the Hedge,
that they forc'd them to retire, and continued this
Hedge Fight for two Hours, driving the Irish under
the very Walls of the Town, poffering themselves
of two advantageous Posts, call'd Cromwell's Fort
and the Old Chappel, and being hardly stop'd there
by the Orders His Majesty sent them. Thereupon
the Irish ply'd our Forces with their great Guns,
that killd Tome few Men as they march'd in, which
the whole Army did by Five in the Afternoon, and
most of them Encamp'd within Cannon-shot. The
Danes, according to their Post, Encamp'd to the
Left, where they found an old Fort built by their
Ancestors, of which they were not a little Proud,
and from whence they fired three or four Field-
Pieces upon the Irish, that lay Intrench'd between
them and the Town. Orders were also given forth-
with to plant four Field Pieces on Cromwell's (alias
Ireton's ) Fort to play upon the Town from the

The Army being posted, the King fent a Trum-
The first

of the Garrison were for Capitulating; but Mon-
'Lieur Boilleleau the Governour, the Duke of Ber-
wick, and Collonel Sarsfield oppos'd it with a great
deal of Heat, saying, there were great Divisions,
and even an actual Insurrection in England, that the
Dauphin was landed there with a great Army, and
that the Prince of Orange would quickly be obligid
to withdraw his Forces thither. Hereupon Boisseleau
sent the Trumpeter back with a Letter Directed to
Sir Robert Southwell Secretary of State, ( to avoid the
blunt Rudeness of Addreifing himself directly to


Aug 9.

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