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La Caillemote and Cambon, being put to great A. C. streights for want of Vicłuals, the Abdicated King 1690. sent a strong Detachment under Mack Mahon with Provision to relieve it, of which Duke Schomberg being inform’d, order'd the Blockade to let Mack Mabon pass with his Convoy after a slight Resistance, but to drive back all that returned from the Castle. By this means, the Garrison that had receiv'd but a slender Relief, and were forc'd to feed their new Guests as well as themselves, were foon reduc'd to greater Exigencies than before, and by a vigorous Profecution of the Siege forc'd at last to Capitulate on the 13th of May. The next day they march'd Charle. out to the Number of Eight Hundred Men, and mont ferthe Duke who was come to view them, seeing ma-rendred, ny Women and Children among them, ask the May 13. Reason of it, considering they could not but destroy their Provisions. He was answer'd that the Irish were naturally very Hospitable, and that they all far'd alike : But the greatest Reason was, the Soldiers would not stay in the Garrison without their Wives and Miftreilcs, to which his Grace reply'd, There was more Love than Policy in it. There was found in the Place good store of Ammunition, Seventeen pieces of Brass Cannon, and two Mortars. so that the Enemy might have held out longer, if they had not wanted cither Courage or Provisions. The fame Day that Charlemont furrendred, the Brave Colonel Woolsey, who had been considerably reinforcd by a Party of Deanes, made himself, Master of the strong Castle of Baling arzy, near Cavın. Upon the loss of which cwo considerable Posts,the Irish quitted and burnt several Castles on that side, and prepar'd to abandon Dundalk, Ardee, Caftle-Blaney and Cariclimarh-Cross.
Thus stood Affairs in Ireland when King William King WilLanded at Carrick.fergus on the 14th of June, being liamLands attended by his Royal Highness Prince George of at CarDenmark, the Duke of Ormond, the Earls of Oxford, rickferScarborough and Manchester, the honourable Mr.Buyle,gus, June and many other Persons of Distinction; and that'4. Evening went to Belfast in Duke Scbomberg's Coach. Two or three Days after his Majesty march'd to
A. C. Lisburn, where the General kept his Head Quarters, 1690. and from thence he past to Hilsborough, where on
the 20th he publish d an Order, forbidding the pressing of Horses, and the committing any Violences on the Country People. His Majesty having declar'd both his intention of pursuing the War with Vigour, and his Disapprobation of the Cautious Counsels of some of his Generals, by saying, He did not come there to let Grass grow under his Feet, or
der'd the whole Army to Encamp at a place call’d the Ariny, Loughbritland; where upon a Critical * Review June 22. he found them to consist of 36000 Men, English,
Dutch, French, Danes and Germans, all well appointed in every respect. From Loughbritland King
William march'd his Army to t Dundalk, and was Marches
, to so pleas’d with the Prospect of the Country, as he Dundalk, 4 June 27.
rid along, that he said to those about him, It was "highly worth fighting for. He did not stay long at Dundalk, but upon Advice that the Enemy had abandon d Ardee, he immediately directed his march
thither. K. James The late King James was no sooner inform’d of leaves
King William's Landing, but he began to stir himDublin, self and on the 16th of June set out from Dublin June 16. with about 6000 French Foot, being old experienc'd
Soldiers, lately arriv'd from France, and committed the Guard of that City to 6000 of the County Militia, under the Command of Coll.
Lutteret. His Majesty having join'd the rest of his Forces, which now amounted to almost an equal number with those of King Williams, besides 1 Soco which remaind in Garrisons, a Council of War was held wherein it was thought fit to repass the Boyne, and to weary out the English by Marches and Counter marches along that River, it being thought impollible for them to pass it, while King James had such an Army to defend the opposite Banks at such an Advantage ; But nevertheless that unfortunate Prince, knowing King William's Courage and Resolution were rather ani. mated than damp'd by Difficulties, and mistrusting the Event, order'd Sir Patrick Trant, Commissioner of the Revenue, to prepare him Ships at Water
ford, that in case he were worsted, he might secure A. C. his Retreat to France,
1690. On the 30th of Fune, King William being inform'd that the Enemy had repass'd the Boyne, order'd his whole Army to move by break of Day in three Lines towards that River, which was about three Miles distant from them; whereupon the advanc'd Guards of Horse, Commanded by Sir John Lanier, moved in very good Order, and by Nine of the Clock got within two Miles of Drogheda. The King, who march’d in the Front of them, observing there was an Hill to the East of the Enemy, and North from the Town rode thither to view their Camp, which he found to be all along the River in two Lines. H re the King held a long Consult with the Prince of Denmark, the Dukes of Schomberg and Ormond, Count Solmes, Major General Scravermore, the Lord Sidney, and other great Officers, who made all their Obfervations upon the Enemy. Among the rest Scravenmore seem'd to de. spise them, saying they were but a handful of Men, for he could not reckon above 46 Battalions that lay Encamp'd; but the King and Prince George wisely Answer'd, that they might have a great many Men in the Town, and that there was also an Hill to the South-West, beyond which part of their Army might be Encamp'd; However, added the King, We mall foon be berter acquainted with their Numbers. From this place the King rid on to the Pafs at the old Bridge, and stood upon the side of the Bank, within Musket-shot of the Ford, there to take a nearer View of the Enemies Poiture, and in some time after rid about 200 Paces up the River, nigh the West of all the Enemies Camp. Whilst the Army was marching in, his Majesty being Fatigued with his Toyl, alighted from his Horse, and rested himfelf for an Hour on a little Eminence; which the Enemy perceiving they immediately planted two Field-Pieces opposite to him. "The King was no, sooner mounted again, but the Irish Fired at him, and with the first Shot kill'd a Man and two Horses within a hundred Paces of his Majesty. This Bullet was prefently fucceeded by another that went near
A. C. to put a fatal Period to thatprecious Life upon which 1690. the Safety of all Europe depended; but which serv'd
only to mark the signal Care the Divine Providence
took of a Heroe, whom she had miraculously rais’d, King Wil. to ftem the Progress of Opprettion and Superstition. liam
The Ball having first grazed on the Bank of the Wounded, River, did in its riling flant upon the King's Right June 30. Shoulder, took out a piece of his Coat, and tore
the skin and Flesh, and afterwards broke the Head of a Gentleman's Piftol. 'Tis more ealie to conceive than express what a sudden Confternation this unexpected Accident struck into all that were about the King; but 'tis difficult to imagine how calm and undisturb'd his Majesty remain d. On the other side, the Enemy seeing some disorder among those that attended King William, concluded presendly He was kill'd; which false Repor fiew presentiy to Duba lin, and from thence j.ad as far as Paris, where the giddy Multitude exprelt their faucy impious Joy by Bone-Tres and Illuminacions. King William hiving got his flight Wound dreft, inounted again on Horseback, and shew'd himself to the whole Army, to dillipate their juft Alarm.
The two Armies being thus in sight, and Canmonading one another, King William, about Nine at Night, having call'd a Council of War, declar'd his Resolution to pass the River next Day, which Duke Schomberg at first oppos'd, but finding his Majelty positive, he advis'd that part of the Army, Horse and Foot, should be sent that Night towards Slane-Bridge, in order to pass the River thereabouts, and so get between the Enemy and the Pass at Die leck This Advice, which if 'follow'd would have ended the War in one Campaign, seemd at first to be relishd; but it being afterwards oppos d by the Dutch Generals, Duke Schonberg retir'd to his Tent, where not long after the Order of Battle was brought him, which he receiv'd with Discontent and Indifference, saying, It was she first that ever was fent him. Lieutenant General Douglas was to Com, mand the Right Wing of Foot, and Count Maynard de Schomberg the Horse, who were to march on early toward Slane-Bridge, and other Fords up the River,
to Flank the Enemy, or ger beteewn the Enemies A. C. Camp and Drogheda, whillt in the mean time a Bo- 1690. dy of Foot were to force their way at the Pals at
On the other side the late King James having also cail'd a Council Lieutenant General Hamilton advis'd his Majesty to send a Party of Dragoons to the Ford that was below the Town of Drogheda, which the English either knew not of, or else did not regard ; and all the reft, being eight Regiments, towards the Bridge of Slane; but King Fames said, he would lend Fifty Dragoons up the River, which justly put Hamilton into great Amazement, considering the Importance of the place to be defended. To, vards the clofe of the Evening the Cannon ceas'd on both sides, and King William gave Orders, that erery Soldier should be provided with a good stock ofAmmunition and all to be ready to march at break of Day, with every Man a Green Bough or Sprig in his Hat, to distinguish him from the Enemy, who wore pieces of White Paper in their Hats. The Word that Night being Westminster, his Majesty rode in Person about 12 at Night with Torches quite through the Army, and then retired to his Tent, witheager Expectation of the Glorious approaching Day.
Nerer was a more memorable Battle fought in this Western part of the World, whether we consider the Combatants, or the Subject of their Quarrel. For as two Kings in Person contended for the Imperiil Crown of England, so the Fate of their respectve Allies, and consequently of all Europe, feem'd o depend on the Success of their Arms. As for the Event of this Important Day, though, like all Actions of War, it seem'd to be doubtful, yet upon anexact Examination of the Advantages on both sides, there was room to conjecture which way. Vetory would encline. 'Tis true both Armies vere animated by the Presence of their Sovereign, both fought for their Religion ; But then the new Pofleffor of the Vacant Throne was ar the Head of many brave Englisomen, who besides Religion contended also for their Laws and Liber