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A. C. "by this his most Gracious and Unpresidented Of 168

“ fer, for the Ease of his People; humbly assuring “his Majesty, that they would make such grateful “and affectionate Returns, and be so careful of “the support of the Crown, that the World might "fee, to the discouraging of his Enemies, and la“tisfaction of all good Men, that his Majesty

Reign d in the Hearts of all his people. This seeming Liberality of the Prince was also thankfully acknowledg’d by the City of London, in an Address presented to his Majesty on the i2th of March.

Some Days * before the King acquainted the

House of Commong with the certain News of the * Feb. 27. late King James's having fail'd from Brest with a

considerable number of French Troops, in order to Land in Ireland, whereupon the Commons Unanimously Voted, That they would stand by and assist the King with their Lives and Fortunes, in supporting bis Alliances abroad, in reducing of Ireland, and in defence of the Protestant Religion and Laws of the Kingdom. This Vote was communicated to the Peers, who confirm'd it by entering the same into their Journal, and on the sth Day of March concurr'd also with the Commons in the following Address.

“ We your Majesties must Dutiful and Faithful “ Subjects the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and

Commons Allembled in Parliament, being high

ly sensible ofour late great and signal Deliverance “ from Popery and Arbitrary Puwer, whereof it has “pleased Almighty God to make you the Glori.

ous Instrument, and deliring to the utmost of “our Abilities to express our Gratitude to your Ma

jesty,for fo great and generous an undertaking no “less necessary to support the Protestant Interest in

Europe, than for recovering and maintaining the “ Civil Rights and Liberties of these Nations, so "notoriously invaded and undermined by Popish “ Councils and Councellors, and being likewise "fully convinc'd of the restless Spirits and con“tinual Endeavours of your M:ijesty's and the Na“tion's Enemies for the Extirpation of the Pro

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"testant Religion, and the Subversion of our A. C.
“ Laws and Liberties, do unanimously declare, 1685
"'That we will stand by and allift your Majesty
“ with our Lives and Fortunes in supporting the
“ Alliances abroad, in 'reducing of Ireland, and in
“ defence of the Protestant Religion, and Laws of
" the Kingdom.

The Lord Great Chamberlain having wait-
ed on the King to know when he would be at-
tended with this Address, his Majesty answer'd,
He was going out of Town, but intended to return
the next Day, and then he would signifie his Plea-
sure when both Houses should wait on him. And
because the Sum of 400000 Pounds, which had al-
ready been granted, bore no Proportion with the
Kings Neceilities, his Majesty took the occasion of
this favourable Disposition in his Parliament, to
press them to a more ample Supply, and in con-
cert with Mr. Powle, Speaker of the House of
Commons, prepar'd an Antwer to their Address,
which he gave to both Houses on the 8th of March,
and which is too Artful and Material to be omitted
in this place.

“ If any thing (laid his Majesty ) could add to
" the Esteem and Affection I have for Parliaments,
“ and particularly for this, they would be much
" increased by the Kindness you shew to me, and
“the Zeal you express for the publick Good, in
“the Address you have made, which in the Man-

ner, as well as the Matter, has every thing in it
that ought to recommend it to me.

“I will assure you, that I will never abuse the
“ Confidence you have put in me, being fully
“perswaded that there is no sure Foundation of a

good Agreement between a King and his People, “but a Mutual Trust, when that is once broken, a 66 Government is half dissolved,

“ It shall be therefore my chief care never to "give any Parliament cause to distrust me, and the “ best Methods I can use for that purpose is never “to expect any thing from them, but what shall be " their own Interest to grant.

A. C.

168

me.

“I came hither for the good of the Kingdom, and since it is your delire that I am in this Stati on, I shall pursue the same Ends that brought

“ God has been pleas'd to make me Instrumental "to redeem you from the Ills you fear'd, and it is « still my desire as well as my duty to serve you in

your Religion, Laws and Liberties, which was “'the only Inducements that brought me into Eng.

land, and to these I ascribe the Blerlings that have “ attended this Undertaking.

• When I spoke last to you, I told you of the ntceflity of atlifting our Allies, and more espe“cially the States of Holland, whose readiness to “ relieve you, at so great a hazard and expence, “ from the Extremities you lay under, needs no “other Argument to move you to the Conlidera“tion of it.

“As I was then a Witness of their Zeal and Af "fection to promote the Expedition, and to second

my Endeavours, even with the neglect of their own Safety; fo I am now sensible of the Inevita"ble Ruin they have drawn upon themselves in “giving you their Aflistance, if you

should not return it to them.

They have really exhausted themselves to such a degree, both as to Men and Money, that it is not easily to be imagin'd; and I am confident your

Generosity will have as little Bounds towards “them, as theirs had towards you; and that you “ will not only enable me to make good the Trea

ty with them, and repay what they have actual. “ ly laid out upon this occafion (of which an AC

count shall be given you ) but that you will far“ther support them to the utmost of your A“bility, against the Power of their Enemies; who “must be yours too, by their Interest, and their “Religion, and do certainly design the Ruin of Holland to be a step to your Destruction.

“ I need not take pains to tell you the deplora : “ble Condition of Ireland, which by the Zeal “and Violence of the Popis Party there, and by " the Aflistance and Encouragement they have

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" from France is brought to that pass that it is not A. C.
“ adviscable to attempt the Reduceing of it than 1681

by a considerable Force, which I think, ought
not to be less than 20000 Horse and Foot, which,
by the Bletting of God will make the Work shor-

ter, and, in consequence, the Charge easier, tho'
“ the first Expence mult, of neceility, be very

great.

* You are to consider That towards the most “ speedy and effectual Success in relation to Ireland,

as well as with a Regard to France, there must be
“ such a Fleet as may, in conjunction with the
“ States, make Us fo entirely Masters of that Sea,
" that nothing may be sent from France to Ireland,

or any where else, that may give Disturbance to
Us, or our Allies.

“ I must also recommend to you the Considera-
« tion of the Revenue to You that it may be so
“ settled, as that it may be Collected without Dif-
pute.

My Lords and Gentlemen,
“ These things will amount to a great Sum, and
" must of confequence be a present Weight upon
" the People: But considering neither your Reli-

gion, nor your Safety, can probably be secured
without these Means,' I conclude, nothing can be

too great a Price for their Preservation. And I
“ will ingage my Solemn Word to You, that whate-

ver You shall give tv these publick Ends shall be

strictly applied to them: And that as You fo “ freely offer to hazard all that is dear to You, lo “ I shall as freely expose my Self for the support of

the Protestant Religion, and the Safety and Ho« nour of the Nation.

The Parliament's Address, and his Majesty's Answer having been made publick, all the Well affeeted highly applauded both, and the City of Lon- . don expreft their Satisfaction after a particular manner, by an Address * of Thanks to the House of Lords which was extream pleasing to the Court.

March ia. Besides the Divisions in the Parliament, the Difaffection of part of the English Army gave the new

Defition

inthe Army King no small Disturbance. The Royal Scotch Regi

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A. C. ment of Horse that was Quarter dat Abington, almost 1689. totally Desertcd, mirching towards Scotland; as did

also above five hundred Soldiers of Dumbarton's Regiment, headed by five Captains. steering : he same course, with four Field pieces. The News of this Defection being brought to Hamp:0:-Court. his Majesty order'd Mr. Herbert to communicate it to the

Parliament; whereupon both Houses agreed to * March15. * an Address, Humbly to beliecb bis Majesty to take

effcctual Care for the Speedy Suppression of the Rebellion,
and to issue forth bis Proclamation, declaring ti:ofe Offi- !
cers and Soldiers, and their Adherents, to be Rebels and
Traitors, and requiring all bis Subjects to apprehend and
prosecute them as such. According to the Parliament's
desire the King issued out his Royal Proclamation,
and fent a fufficient Force of Horse and Dragoons,
under Ginkle, to suppress the Rebels, whom that Ge.
neral quickly brought to submit : And tho' nothing
but an ignominious Death could attone for their
Crime, yet no other Punishment was inflicted on
them, but being fent into Holland. However to ob-

viate the like Inconveniencies for the future, an A&t * April 3.

was made and * pafsd, for Punishing Officers and Soldiers, who should Mutiny, or Desert their Majesties service

The second, fourth and fifth Days of March were partly spent, by both Houses, in taking the Oaths of Fealty, appointed by the late Act, for Removing and Preventing all Questions and Disputes concerning the Afsembling and Sitting of this present Parliament, and in Subscribing the Declaration, pursuant to an Act of the 30th of King Charles II. In the House of Com. mons few or none refus'd to take the said Oaths, but in the Upper House not above Ninety Temporal, and only Eight Spiritual Lords, comply'd with the Act. Those eight Prelates were the Archbishop of York, and the Bishops of London, Lincoln, Bristol,

Winchester, Rochester, Landaff, and St. Afaph, whose *March 27. Example was * afterwards follow'd by the Bishops

of Carlisle and St. Davids; as for the Archbishop of Canterbury, with the rest of the Discontented Clergy, they were resolv'd to preserve inviolable the Allegiance they had Sworn to King James. The D.

of

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