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A. C. brought in the Lord Preston Guilty of a High. Mif 1689. demeanour, for which he was committed to the

Tower: Noc long after his Lordship acknowledg’d, and begg'd Pardon for, his Fault by a Petition to the Lords, which was rejected, upon his Subfcribing himself, Viscount Preston, without expreiling of what Kingdom; the next Day he presented another, wherein he stiled himself Viscount of Scotland; and moreover it being alledg'd in his behalf, that by accepting a Patent from King James, he never ineant an Aflront ti King William, but only to secure his own Perfon from Imprisonment. (being at that time prosecuted at Law by the Lord Montague for a considerable Sum of Money) he was releas’d from his Confinement without giving

Bail: Proceedings The Convocation of the Clergy being met at of the Coz:- Paul's about the beginning of November, the only ajocation.

thing they did was to Read the Commillion by which they were Summon'd, and then Adjourn'd themselves to the 2ift of the fame Month; in the mean time the Commillioners appointed by His Majesty to prepare Matters, debated an Important Point among themselves, to wit, the Re-ordaining of Diffenting Ministers, which has ever been the greatest Obstacle to the Reconciling the Presbyterians of England to the National Church. Some of the Commiilioners were enclin'd not to infilt upon that Ceremony, alledging, They ought not to show less Regard to the Vocation of Presbyterian Miniiters, than to that of Roman Catholick Priests, whose Ordination was never Question’d, upon their joining in Communion with the Church of England. But the majority thought it more proper to keep à middle Course, which was, First, with Rcípect to Romißh Priests, to leave it undecided whether their Ordination was good or no ; but because they were not oblig'd to give Credit to their CeritiCates, that therefore such of them, as for the future, should turn. Proteitants. should be bound to be Re ordain'd in order to Orliciate in the Church of England; and Secondly, That tho' they did not determine the Ordination of Presbytericns to be al


together insignificant, yet they thought it neceffary A. C.
for their Ministers to receive Orders from a Bi- 1689.
shop, who in Conferring the same might add these
Words to the Common Form, by way of Leni-
tive: In Case the Ordination you have alrcady receiv'd
be any way Defective. During this interval the Dif-
contented printed several Papers wherein th: Le-
gality of the Convocation was call'd in Question ;
alledging, it ought to be Summon'd by the King
and Parliament, whereas it was now Asserabled by
the King's single Authority:

On the 21st of November both Houses of the Con-
vocation being Assembled at Westminster, the Up-
per chose the Bishop of London, and the Lower
Dr. Fones to be their Respective Prolocutors or
Speakers. On the 25th Dr. Jones's Election being
approv'd by the Bishops, he made a Speech in
Lain, wherein he extolld the Excellency of the
Church of England, as establish'd by Law, above
all Christian Communities, and ended with a Cau.
ţion; not to change the laws and Constitutions of
England. The Bilhop of London made likewise a
Speech in the same Language. tho'opposite in the
Drift of it to that of the Doctor : He told the Ar-
sembly, They ought io endeavour a Temper in those
things that are not Essential in Religion, thereby to
open the Door of Salvation to abundance of firaying
Christians; that it was their Duty to puew the lama
indulgence, and Charity to the Difinters inder King
William, which Some of the Bishops and Clergy bad
promised to them in their oddieljes to King James;
and closed his Discourse with an Exhortation to
Unanimity and Concord. Many of the Members
being ablent, the Convocation Adjourn'd to the
next Day, without debating any thing of los

The Bishop of Londou being cafible that the Majority of the Lower Houte, were reply'd to oppose the intendid Union with the Diflinters incquainted the Convocation, that having communiCated the Commitlich, by which they were Almbled to an eminent Civilian, he hid found in de fective, in not having the Great Seal, and there's



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A. C. fore they must Adjourn till that was procur'd. 1689. During this interval the most prevailing Arguments

were employ'd to bring the most stiff of the inferior Clergy to a charitable Condescention with the Presbyterians, but even the Promises of great Preferments prov'd ineffectual. Indeed some of them were contented to take away the ufe of the Surplice, of the Sign of the Cross in Baptism, of the Bowing to the Altar, of fonie Repetitions in the Common Prayers, and some other insignificant tho' innocent Ceremonies, at which the Presbyterians were offended ; but as to the Dispensing with their Re-ordination, they thought it Derogatory to the Digniry of the Church of England'; and that a step of fo great Consequence ought not be made before they were affured of their fincere defire of a Reconcilement. "Twas not long before the Great Scal was affixt to the Commiffion, which the Earl of Note

tingham deliver'd to the Convocation, with a LetK.Wií. ter from His Majesty, Importing, “That His Majjam's Leto jesty had Summond this Convocation, not only ser to the becaufe 'tis usual upon holding of a Parliament, Convoca but out of a Pious Zeal to do every thing that 3:39.

"might tend to the best Establishment of the Church of England, which is fo eminent a part of the Reformation, and is certainly the best suited to the Conftitution of the Government; and therefore did most signally deserve, and should always buve both his Favour and Protcction. That he doubted not but they would allilt him in promoting the • Welfare of it, so that no Prejudices, with which “fome Men might have labour'd to Poflcfs them, 'fhould disappoint his good Intentions, or deprive the Church of any Benctir from their Confultations. That His Majetty therefore expected that 'the things that should be propos d, should be

calmly and impartially confided by them; and

atlur'd them, "That he would otter nothing to 'them, but what should be for the Honour, Peace, and Advantage, both of the Protest:int Religion ' in General, and particularly of the Church of England,

At the same time the Earl of Nottingham made an Eloquent Speech to the Allembly, exhorting


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tirem to lay alide all partial Prepossessions and Ani- A. C. inofities in their Pruccedings. Thereupon the Con- 1689. vocation refolv d to return His Majesty Thanks for his Gracious Meflage, by an Address, which was drawn up by the Bishops, and wherein they acknowledg’d, First, His Majesty's Favour towards the Church of England; and Secondly, His Aflenbling them to endeavour the Reconciling of the Dillenters. This second part of the Address being disagreed to by the inferior Clergy, another was drawn up by a Committee of both Houses, which tvas deliverd to the King by the Bishop of London, The Conusa accompanied by Six or Seven Bishops, and several cation's Doctors of Divinity, being solemnly introduced to Address to His Majesty, fitting on his Throne in the Ban-the Køg: quetting House, by the Lord Chamberlain : This Address contain'd in Substance, “ That the Bishops ' and Clergy of the Province of Canterbury in Con

vocation Assembled, having receiv'd a mult Gracious Message from His Majesty, held themselves

bound in Duty and Gratitude to return their 'moft humble Acknowledgments for the same : And for the Pious Zeal and Care His Majesty • expreft in it for the Honour, Peace, Advantage • and Establishment of the Church of England;

whereby, they doubted not, the Interest of the Protestant Religion in all other Proteftant

Churches, which was Dear to them, would be the better fecur’d under the influence of His Maje• fties Government and Protection. And they af

sur'd His Majesty, that in purfuence of that Trust • and Confidence he repos d in them; they would • Consider whatsoever fhould be offeril to then

from his Majesty, without Prejudice, and with all • Calmness and Impartiality; and that they would 'constantly pay the Fidelity and Allegiance, which

they had all Sworn to His Majeity and the Queen. The King Addreiling himflf to the Bishops, cold them, He took this Address very kindly from the

Convocation ; that they might depend upon it, that he would do all he had promisd, and all he 'could do for the Church of England, and that he gave then this new Turance, that he would im



A. C. 'prove all Occasions and Opportunities for its 1689.

Service. However the King perceiving that this Address, of the Convocation was meerly Complimental, and that by their Expressions of Tender

ness for the Interest of the Protestant Religion in all Convoca tion Ad- other Protestant Churches, they had the Reformed ajourn'd. broad more in view, than the Disfenters at Home,

His Majesty thought fit to Adjourn them to the

24th of January next. It must be confess'd that the The Pres. Presbyterians did not a little Contribute to exafbyterians perate the Convocation against them, having at

this very time given Orders to near fifty Young their Uni-Students , and Mr. Baxter, the Head of their

Party, on with the Church

having publish'd a Book reflecting on the Church of Eng.

of England. 'Twas also reported that the Presbyland aifa

terians of Scotland, were the Authors of a Shampirati,

Plot, which they Father'd upon the Protestants of Glascow, that they might have a Pretence to Dif. arm them, as they did in Effeet.

Hitherto both' Houfes of Parliament had acted with tolerable Unanimity and Dispatch, but they at last relaps'd into those hot Debates and Animolitics, which had drawn into length the Proceed. ings of the first Sellion ; and which were principal. ly occalion'd by the Miscarriages of Ireland, the ill Success of the Flect, and the Bill of Indemnity. The House of Commons being inform’d, that the Duke Schomberg's Army was hardly Fourteen Thousand Men strong, tho’there were 23000 upon the Irish Establishment, They desir'd His * Majesty to appoint Commissioners to inquire into the Condition of the Army in Ireland. Tho'the King afsur'd the House he would comply with their Address, yet fome Members mov'd that the Commons should fond Commiflioners of their own naming, both to look into the Expence, and to prevent false Musters; which feeind to be an Encroachment on the King's Prerogative. Others said the Duke of Schomberg would have done well to have come himself in Person to acquaint the House with the Causes of the Weakness of his Army, in order to secure his own Reputation; and others went further, reflecting on that General for not


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