Reconfiguring Identities and Building Territories in India and South Africa
Philippe Gervais-Lambony, Frédéric Landy, Sophie Oldfield
Manohar Publishers & Distributors, Jan 1, 2005 - Group Identity - 346 pages
Published in association with Centre de Sciences Humaines, New Delhi Questions of territory, space and identity are critically important in the international geopolitical context as well as central to contemporary research in the social sciences. Processes connected with globalization have reconfigured identities and territories at multiple scales, connecting and disconnecting places in complex ways and re-enforcing old while producing new forms of segregation and polarisation. Global processes meet the complex and locally specific South African and Indian geographies of inequality, expressed at national, regional and local scale. In the South African case, a political imperative to transform the legacies of racial inequality from colonial and apartheid rule underscores the centrality of racial identities. However, racial discourse and differentiation embodies and at times masks a complex mix of place-based, gender, class and cultural identities, expressed in a multi-scalar politics of territory. Over 50 years into independent rule, Indian identity politics continues to build to a large extent on caste and the intricate ways in which caste-affiliation merges with religious, socio-economic, political and place-based identities. In both contexts, the politics of identity and territory simultaneously unify and divide. The spaces, territories and identities (re)produced in the complex contexts in which the global, national, regional and local meet lie at the heart of the research from which the papers in this book have been generated. The research investigated the reconfiguration of Indian and South African identities and territories through dialogue primarily between geographers, but also other social scientists, from India, South Africa and France.
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African African African analysis apartheid Asian Assam Awadh and Rohilkhand boundaries British Cape Town caste census cent centre century colonial Coloured comparative complex concept construction context created cultural defined Delhi diaspora Diepsloot diversity East Africa East Rand economic Elsies River ethnic families fragmentation geographical Gervais-Lambony Ghai and Ghai Global Green Point Group Areas Group Areas Act hierarchy Hindu historical housing indentured India and South Indian diaspora inhabitants instance integration issues Jan Hofmeyr Johannesburg Khayelitsha labour land living located London metropolitan migration Mitchell's Plain mobility municipal Muslims Naga Hills Nagaland national identity neighbourhoods North-East India Paris policies political poor whites population post-apartheid race racial racial segregation region religion religious resettlement residential segregation residents rural Ruyterwacht scale social society socio-economic South Africa South African cities space spatial specific squatter settlements structure suburbs townships Uganda urban village zones