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B I L L
For the better Relief of the Destitute Poorof
[Note.—The Words printed in Italics are proposed to be inserted in
HERE A 6 it is desirable that the law should provide Preamble.
as fully in Ireland as it does in England against the danger of any
destitute poor persons perishing through want: And whereas an Act was passed in the second year of the reign of Her present 5 Majesty Queen Victoria, intituled, “ An Act for the more effectual
Relief of the destitute Poor in Ireland ;” and likewise an Act in the seventh
of the reign of Her present Majesty Queen Victoria, intituled, “ An Act for the further Amendment of an Act for the
more effectual Relief of the destitute Poor in Ireland;" WBÉ ít 10 therefore Enacted, by The QUEEN's most Excellent Majesty, by
and with the Advice and Consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the Authority of the same, THAT from and after such day or days as the Boards of
Poor Law Commissioners appointed under the aforesaid Act or Acts 15 shall, by writing under their hand and seal, determine the respective infirm Poor
Boards of Guardians of the several Unions formed in Ireland under the Workthe said Act or Acts, shall be and are hereby authorized and required (any thing to the contrary in the said Act or Acts notwithstanding) to
take order for the relief, either by admission into the Workhouses of 20 the said Unions, or otherwise, in such inanner as the said Commis
sioners shall direct, of all such destitute persons, at any time being within the said Unions respectively, as may be unable to support themselves and destitute children by reason of old age, infirmity or defect.
Guardians to relieve
2. Boards of
And be it Enacted, That the said Boards of Guardians shall be Guardians to relieve able- and are hereby authorized and required (any thing to the contrary in bodied Poor, by setting to the before-recited Act or Acts notwithstanding) to take order for work either in the Work- the relief of such other destitute persons within their respective house or
Unions as the said Guardians shall deem to be unable to support elsewhere on
themselves by their own industry, or by other lawful means, in such Works.
manner as to the said Guardians shall seem best (but subject therein to the orders of the said Commissioners), either by admitting them into the Workhouse, and therein setting them to work, or by otherwise maintaining and setting them to work elsewhere, upon some work or works of public utility, giving the preference to such as shall be most generally advantageous to the district over which the Union extends, and such as are not likely to be undertaken by private enterprise.
make arrangements with Board of Works, County and
3. Guardians AND whereas many works of a public character are being now or empowered to
may hereafter be carried on in Ireland, by or under the direction of the 15 Board of Works, or of the county or baronial surveyors, and by
means or with the aid of funds raised by general or local taxation; Baronial Sur- and such works may afford the means of providing employment for employ
of the destitute poor of Ireland, who may apply to the ment of able- Boards of Guardians of their respective Unious for relief; BE it 20
Enacted, That the Guardians of any Union shall be and are hereby
30 children, if any, be likewise in the meantime relieved by the said Guardians, in such manner as to them may seem best.
4. Penalty on
And be it Enacted, That any poor person who, being in the receipt able-bodied Poor for of relief from any Board of Guardians, and having been set to work neglecting or refusing such by them, shall refuse or wilfully neglect the work which he is ordered Work.
to perform, or shall not duly and to the best of his ability perform the same, or shall refuse to conform to the lawful rules and regulations laid down by the said Board, with the view to the employment and maintenance of himself and other poor persons, so long as he continue chargeable thereto, shall, upon proof thereof before any Justice of the Peace, be committed, at the discretion of the said Justice, to the gaol or house of correction of the county or city in which such offence is committed, for not exceeding One calendar Month, with or without hard labour.
40 5. Guardians
may assist to
And be it Enacted, That the power given in the said last-recited Act to the Guardians of any Union to assist destitute poor persons to emigrate
Poor Persons emigrate, who shall have been for Three Months inmates of the who have Workhouse, shall be held and construed to apply to all such des
teen Days 5 titute poor persons as shall have been for the space of Fourteen chargeable.
Days relieved in any manner by the said Guardians, under the provisions of the said recited Acts or of this Act.
6. And be it Enacted, That the Boards of Guardians of the several Guardians to
Unions in Ireland shall and they are hereby authorized and required for these 10 to provide the sums necessary for carrying into execution the provisions purposes ;
of this Act, out of the rates made and levied by them under the autho- be hencerity of the said recited Act or Acts; but likewise that all rates made levied equally and levied by them after the passing of this Act for any of the pur- Union.
poses of the aforesaid Act or Acts, or of this Act, shall be made and 15 levied upon one uniform and equal assessment of the entire Union
thereto, without distinction between the several electoral divisions therein contained, any thing in the said Act or Acts to the contrary notwithstanding.
on the whole
7. AND whereas much waste, immorality and other bad effects result Penalty of 20 from the mendicancy and vagrancy that prevails to a great extent in Imprisonment
Ireland ; and provision being made for the due relief of all such poor dicancy. persons as are really destitute and in danger of perishing from want, it is expedient to prevent and punish the begging for alms, for
which there will no longer remain the excuse of necessity; BE it 25 Enacted, That from and after the passing of this Act every person
who shall beg, or whose wife or children shall beg, for alms in any Union, shall, upon proof thereof before any Justice of the Peace, be committed, at the discretion of the said Justice, to the gaol or house
of correction of the county or city in which such offence shall be 30 proved to have taker: place, for a term not exceeding One calendar Month, with or without hard labour.
8. And be it Enacted, That the said recited Acts and this Act shall be Act to be
construed as construed as one Act, except so far as the provisions of any one one Act with
preceding Act shall repeal or alter the provisions of any previous Act.
9. And be it Enacted, That this Act shall extend only to that part of Act to extend
only to the United Kingdom namned Ireland.
And be it Enacted, That this Act may be amended or repealed by Act may be any Act to be passed in this present Session of Parliament.
amended this Session.
(Prepared and brought in by Mr. Poulett Scrope and Mr. Sharman Crawford.)
For the better Relief of the Destitute Poor
Ordered, by The House of Commons, to be Printed,
25 March 1846.
Under 1 oz.
To facilitate the Employment of the Labouring Poor for
a limited Period in distressed Districts in Ireland.
[Note.—The Words printed in Italics are proposed to be inserted
in the Committee.]
HEREAS by reason of an apprehended failure of a portion Preamble.
of the Potato Crop of the present season in Ireland, it is expedient to make provision for facilitating and encouraging the Employment of the Poor in Districts where Distress may prevail ;
BE it therefore Enacted, by The QUEEN's most Excellent MAJESTY, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commous, in this present Parliament assembled, and the Authority of the same, THAT whenever, on representation of Extraordithe existence of distress in any district, it may seem expedient to the nary Present
ment Sessions 10 Lord Lieutenant or other Chief Governor or Governors of Ireland, may be as
sembled by that an Extraordinary Presentment Sessions for any barony, half the Lord
Lieutenant barony, county of a city or county of a town in Ireland, the county for the pre
sentment of of the city of Dublin excepted, should assemble and make Present. Works under
ments for the execution of public works in such district, it shall be 15 lawful for the Lord Lieutenant, or other Chief Governor or Governors
of Ireland, froin time to time, by a notice to be published in the Dublin Gazette, and also in One or more newspapers circulating in the respective district, and of which notice copies shall be posted in the
usual places for posting public Grand Jury notices in such 20 district, to direct and require that an Extraordinary Presentinent
Sessions for such barony, baronies, half barony, half baronies,