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the Relief of the Poor of this Kingdom;'" an Act made in the twelfth year in the reign of Queen ANNE, "For making perpetual the Act made in the thirteenth and fourteenth years of the reign of the late King CHARLES the Second, intituled, “An Act for the better Relief of the Poor of this Kingdom, and that Persons bound Appren- 5 tices to or being hired Servants with Persons coming with Certificates, shall not gain Settlements by such Services or Apprenticeships;" and for making perpetual the Act made in the sixth year of Her present Majesty's reign, intituled, "An Act for the Importation of Cochineal from any Ports in Spain during the present War, and Six Months 10 longer;" and for reviving a Clause in an Act made in the ninth and tenth years of the reign of the late King WILLIAM, intituled, "An Act for settling the Trade to Africa, for allowing Foreign Copper Bars imported to be exported ;" an Act made in the ninth year in the reign 9 Geo. 1, c. 7, of King GEORGE the First, "For amending the Laws relating to the 15

ss. 4, 5, 6, 8, 9.

Settlement, Imployment and Relief of the Poor;" an Act made in the

12 Anne, c. 18, ss. 1, 2.

3 Geo. 2 c.29, third year of the reign of King GEORGE the Second, "For con

ss. 8, 9.

tinuing and amending an Act for regulating the Price and Assize of Bread; for Relief of Bankrupts whose Certificates were not allowed before the Expiration of a late Act for the better preventing Frauds 20 committed by Bankrupts; for allowing further Time for Enrolment of Deeds and Wills made by Papists, and for Relief of Protestant Purchasers and Lessees; and for making further Provision concerning Certificates relating to the Settlements of Poor Persons, and the Charges of maintaining and removing certificated Persons ;" an Act 25 made in the thirty-first year of the reign of King GEORGE the Second, "To amend an Act made in the third year of the reign of King WILLIAM and Queen MARY, intituled, 'An Act for the better Explanation, and supplying the Defects of the former Laws for the Settlement of the Poor, so far as the same relates to Apprentices gaining a Settlement by Indenture; and also to empower Justices of the Peace to determine Differences between Masters and Mistresses and their Servants in Husbandry, touching their Wages, though such Servants are hired for less Time than a Year;" an Act made in the thirteenth year in the reign 82, ss. 5, 6, 7. of King GEORGE the Third, "For the better regulation of Lying-in 35

13 Geo. 3, c.

Hospitals and other Places appropriated for the charitable Reception
of Pregnant Women, and also to provide for the Settlement of Bastard
Children born in such Hospitals and Places;" an Act made in the thirty-
fifth year of the reign of King GEORGE the Third, "To prevent the Re-
moval of Poor Persons until they shall become actually chargeable ;" 40
an Act made in the forty-ninth year of the reign of King GEORGE
the Third, "For altering, amending and explaining certain Acts
relative to the Removal of the Poor, and for making Regulations in
certain Cases touching the Examination of Paupers, as to their Settle-
ment;
and for extending to all Parishes certain Rules and Orders
in Workhouses, under an Act of the Twenty-second year of his

present

31 Geo. 2. c. 11, ss. 1, 2.

35 Geo. 3,
c. 101, ss. 1,
2, 3, 4, 6.

49 Geo. 3,
c. 124, ss. 1,
2, 3, 4.

330

present Majesty, intituled, 'An Act for the better Relief and Employ-
ment of the Poor ;'" an Act passed in the fifty-second year of the
reign of King GEORGE the Third, "For the better Cultivation of 52 Geo. 3,
Navy Timber in the Forest of Alice Holt, in the County of South-

c. 72. s. 8.

c. 170. s. 10.

c. 12, s. 28.

5 ampton;" an Act passed in the fifty-fourth year of the reign of King
GEORGE the Third, "To repeal certain Provisions in Local Acts for 54 Geo. 3,
the Maintenance and Regulation of the Poor, and to make other
Provisions in relation thereto;" an Act made in the fifty-ninth year of
the reign of King GEORGE the Third, "To amend the Laws 59 Geo. 3,
10 for the Relief of the Poor ;" an Act made in the third year
of the reign of King GEORGE the Fourth, "To amend the General 3 Geo. 4,
Laws now in being for regulating Turnpike Roads in that part of
Great Britain called England;" an Act made in the fifth year of the
reign of King WILLIAM the Fourth, "For the Amendment and better
15 Administration of the Laws relating to the Poor in England and
Wales."

c. 126, s. 51.

And be it Declared and Enacted, That the Overseers of every parish, and the Guardians of every Parish or Union, shall take order for the relief, according to the laws in force for the time being, of every poor 20 person destitute therein, but not settled therein, in like manner as if he were settled therein, until he is lawfully removed therefrom, or until he ceases by other lawful means to be destitute therein.

And be it Enacted, That if any person become chargeable within a Union, and a question arise before the Board of Guardians thereof 25 as to the parish in the said Union in which such person is settled, or to which the relief administered to such person by any officer of the Board of Guardians ought lawfully to be charged, such Board of Guardians shall direct their Clerk, or other officer, to which parish he shall charge the cost of such relief; and thereupon such 30 person shall be deemed to have become chargeable to such parish, and such Clerk or other officer shall forthwith notify to the Overseers of such parish, or to some one of them, the fact that such direction has been given; and in case the Overseers of the parish to which such relief is charged think such parish aggrieved thereby, they may apply 35 within Fourteen Days after the receipt of such notice, but not afterwards, for an order adjudicating the settlement of such person as is hereinafter in this Act provided, notwithstanding that such person does not reside within the parish to which the relief has been so charged; but if in any case such order have not been applied for within such 40 Fourteen Days, it shall be lawful, within Sir calendar Months after

the commencement of such chargeability, but not afterwards, for any Two of the Overseers of the parish to which the Board of Guardians has directed the cost of relief to be charged, or for any Guardian of such parish to deliver to the Clerk to the Guardians a protest in

4 & 5 Will. 4, c. 76,

ss. 68, 79, 80, 81, 82,

83, 84.

Chargeability of persons not settled.

2.

persons are to be

Declaration that relieved at the charge of the parish where they are destitute, until removal

or lawful cessation

of their destitution.

3.

Board of Guardians

empowered to charge relief in doubtful cases, sub

ject to warrant of removal, or appeal sioners.

to the

4. Evidence of Chargeability.

5.

The Commissioners,

with the con

sent of the majority of a Board of Guardians, may make occasional

poor & Union charge.

Removal.

6. Person chargeable to a parish in which he is

not settled,

liable to be removed to the parish of his settlement.

writing against such charge, and to apply to the Poor Law Commis-
sioners to inquire into and decide upon the liability of such parish
to be charged with the cost of such relief; and it shall thereupon be
lawful for the said Commissioners to inquire into the circum-
stances of the case, and to issue such order, under their seal, as to 5
them may seem fair and just, confirming or setting aside the direction
of the Board of Guardians, and directing to what parish or parishes
in the Union the cost of the relief received by such person, from any
day before such order comes in force, or of any relief thereafter to be
given to such person, shall be charged; and the Clerk or other officer 10
to such Union shall charge the costs of such relief, and such person
shall be deemed to have become chargeable, accordingly; and no such
order of the Poor Law Commissioners shall be removed into any of
Her Majesty's Courts of Record by writ of certiorari, or otherwise,
after the expiration of Six calendar Months from the time when such 15
order may come into force.

And be it Enacted, That any entry in any account book of an Overseer of any parish, to the effect that a person has been relieved by such Overseer, or in the relief list of any Relieying Officer of a Board of Guardians, to the effect that a person has been relieved by such 20 Relieving Officer, and that such relief has been charged to any parish, shall be primâ facie evidence that such relief has actually been given, and that such person has become chargeable to such parish respectively.

1

And be it Enacted, That if the majority of the Guardians of any 25 Union make application in writing to the Poor Law Commissioners for that purpose, it shall be lawful for the said Coinmissioners, by order under their seal, to direct that the cost of the relief to destitute houseless poor persons or wanderers, not alledging themselves nor deemed by the Board of Guardians of such Union to be settled in any 30 parish therein, shall be charged on the common fund of such Union; and on a like application the said Commissioners may rescind or alter such order; and the cost of relief to such persons shall be charged in accordance with any order of the said Commissioners in force for the time being, and such persons shall be deemed to have become 35 chargeable accordingly.

And be it Enacted, That every person who has become chargeable to any parish or Union in which he is not settled, shall be liable to be removed therefrom to any parish in which he is settled.

Provided always, and be it Enacted, That no person who becomes chargeable to a parish in an Union shall be removable to any other parish included in the same Union, but the Overseers of the parish

to

40

( 5 )

to which such person has become chargeable may, notwithstanding that such person does not reside within such parish, apply to Two Justices for an order to adjudicate as to the settlement of such person in any other parish in the same Union, and such Justices shall there5 upon summon the Overseers of the parish against whom the order is sought to be made to appear before Two Justices of the same jurisdiction, and upon the appearance of such last-mentioned Overseers, or in default thereof, upon proof of the service of such summons, any Two such Justices shall proceed to hear and to determine the case by making 10 an order adjudging that the settlement of such person is or is not in the parish against which the application is made in the form set forth in the Schedule hereunto annexed, or to the like effect; and if the Overseers of either parish be dissatisfied with the judgment of such Justices, it shall be lawful for such Overseers to appeal against the same to the General Quarter Sessions of the Peace, giving notice of such appeal, and of the grounds thereof, in writing within such time, and otherwise in such manner, and subject to the same conditions, and with the same consequences as regards both parishes, as if such order were a warrant of removal, as hereinafter provided; and such poor person shall be 20 deemed to be settled in the parish in which his settlement is admitted, or finally adjudged to be in conformity with the provisions of this Act; and the cost of all relief given since the obtaining of such order and thereafter, shall be charged by the Board of Guardians to the parish in which such poor person is settled.

15

25

Provided also, and be it Enacted, That no person who has resided for the Five Years last preceding in any parish shall be removed from that parish; and no residence as a prisoner in a prison, as a soldier, marine or sailor in active service, as an insane person in a lunatic asylum, or house licensed for the reception of insane persons, or as a 30 patient in a hospital, and no time whilst any person is receiving relief from any parish, or whilst he is wholly or in part maintained by any private rate or subscription, not being a bonâ fide charitable gift raised in a parish in which he does not reside, shall be reckoned either as part or as an interruption of the Five Years, or as an interval after the completion of such Five Years; and the Justices to whom any application is made for a warrant of removal are hereby empowered to decide whether any allowance made to any person in money or otherwise, was or was not bonâ fide a charitable gift.

35

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Restrictions

on Removal.

9.

Provided also, and be it Enacted, That no widow residing with her Widows. 40 husband at the time of his death shall be removable for Twelve

calendar months after his death from the parish in which she was so

residing.

7.

But no remo

val to be

made from

one parish to
another
same Union.

parish in the

8.

Persons

from the liability to be five years'

residence.

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Provided also, and be it Enacted, That no child of any person, or of the wife of any person, legitimate or illegitimate, under Sixteen, residing with the father or mother of such child, shall be removed in any case where the person himself may not lawfully be removed.

Provided also, and be it Enacted, That while a person is chargeable 5 in respect of relief made necessary by accident, or by sickness of the person himself, or any member of his family, no warrant for the removal of such person shall be granted unless the Justices granting the same state in such warrant that they are satisfied that the sickness will be incurable, or that the accident will produce a per- 10 manent disability.

And be it Enacted, That if the Overseers of any parish by writing under the hands of any Two or more of them, signed in the presence of any Justice of the Peace, and certified under his hand to be so signed, admit that any person is settled in such parish, or 15 is liable to be removed thereto, and thereby agree to receive such person, such person shall be deemed to be settled in such parish, or removable thereto accordingly, without any order or warrant of Justices.

25

And be it Enacted, That if the Overseers of any parish complain to any One Justice of the Peace for the county, borough 20 or place in which such parish is situate, that any person is liable to be removed from such parish, such Justice may summon such person to come before any Two Justices of the Peace of such county, borough or place, at a time and place to be named in such summons; and at such time and place any Two Justices of the Peace of such county, borough or place, may hear and examine into the matter of such complaint, and, if they see fit, they may issue a warrant, under their hands and seals, to remove such person to the parish to which he is liable to be removed: Provided always, That if any such person be, by reason of age, illness or infirmity, unable to be brought up before such Two Justices, or if the husband, or father, mother or stepfather, of any person liable to be removed, be a prisoner in any gaol or house of correction, or in the custody of any constable or peace officer, under or by virtue of any warrant of commitment, then any One Justice of the Peace may take the 35 examination of such person, husband, father, mother or stepfather where he or she may be, in writing, touching his or her settlement; and such examination, signed by such Justice, shall, if such person be still unable to be produced as a witness, be received and admitted

30

6

as evidence of the facts therein stated, in the same manner and to 40

to the same extent as if the same facts were orally deposed to, before
any Two Justices empowered to inquire into such settlement.

And

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