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testants as protestants refused permission to have , and, when we think of this, we are entitled to say a mere journal reflecting their common sentiments, that there must be a devotional feeling in the while there are in France twenty Roman-catholic country which has made the progress which Britjournals freely allowed and circulated. Had the tany has made since this period. All these scat. periodical in question contained violent contro-tered sparks will be kept alive by the society I versy on religious points, or political articles of a have named, and their number and power in. disturbing nature, its suppression might have creased. A feeling of union, itself the parent of inbeen justified by some of those fine-drawn reasons crease, will be produced, warmth and emulation of which the strong-box of “state necessity” is will be created, individual action, often eccentric ever full; but its tone was mild as that of a and erroneous, though well meant and springing sucking-dove; and the utmost that could be said from Christian motives, will give place to general about it was that it was a protestant periodical. action, and that cohesion be effected, which will

enable the protestants of Brittany to oppose to But I fwill give its history. The province of their enemies an united front. Already a cheerful Brittany is composed of five departments, con

response has been made to the call for aid put taining a population of half a million of Roman- forth by the society ; but much remains to be catholics, and perhaps three or four thousand done, and, unless friends in England give their protestants. There are several protestant places help, I fear that much will remain undone. French of worship scattered over the country; prin- people do not give like Englishmen ; they have cipally in towns on the coast, and a sprinkling not the same habit of generosity: you must beg of protestants in the interior. Some of the hard to get a trifle; so that, though the society ministers are from England, and some are from has a long list of contributors, the sum total is France; and they are paid by their own congre- small. As I once heard a friend, a liberal, opengations or the state, as may be. But until hearted man observe, “Never mind the items; lately no means existed of uniting these scattered tell me the tottle of the whole." I therefore do members into one body; and therefore they re

very strongly recommend the society to the notice mained dispersed and isolated, unable to produce of all those members of our church who wish well common action, or concert measures for the sup to the protestant cause, as one conceived in a port or extension of their religion. However, in really catholic spirit, independent of sect or party. the autumn of 1851 a meeting of protestants was Any subscriptions or donations may be paid to the held at Quimper, in the department of Finisterre ; rev. Mr. Le Pourdrey, Pasteur, Brest, Finisterre, and it was determined to form a society, to be who will furnish all'information desired ; and in called “The Society for the General interests of England, Thomas Seare, esq., barrister, 36, ChanProtestantism in Brittany.” The object of the cery-lane, London, has kindly undertaken to resociety was generally to support and develop pro-ceive anything on account of the society. testantism, by the distribution of the scriptures But to return. Among other things the comand religious works, by assistance to suffering mittee of the society resolved to commence the brethren, and by such other means as might be publication of a monthly periodical, to be called thought advisable, without interfering in any way " Le Bulletin Evangelique pour la Basse Brewith political matters; and the affairs of the soci. tagne,” to be supported by subscriptions, and the ety were to be conducted by a committee composed society to pay the balance of expenses. This was of ministers, and also of certain members of the to be sold at a low price, or distributed gratis as church of England then resident in the country: might be deemed most advisable; and the conTo carry on the society, funds were to be raised tents were to be of a religious and moral ten. by subscription and donation; and I am happy to dency, without directly entering upon controversial say that a very cordial response has been made to points. The idea had been entertained for some the appeal, showing that the want was a real one. time, though it had gone no further than the idea;

Let me, in passing, strongly recommend this so- but now that the plan was embodied, it met with ciety to all who are disposed towards the extension immediate support; and in a very short time upof protestantism. By its medium much good wards of one hundred subscribers were obtained. may be done by small means. Brittany, degraded The work was accordingly commenced, and the as she is, and debased by the yoke of Rome, has first number printed; but, on the printer sending yet much to interest Englishmen. Sprung from two copies to the sous-prefet, as required by the our forefathers, the Celts, she yet preserves her law, objections were made, resting upon an obaffinity of language and customs; and across the solete law now little thought of. În order, hownarrow channel which separates her from the land ever, to take them upon their own ground, these of her nativity wasts' many a sigh for light and objections were all cleared up; but still the sous. help. Among her sons, steeped as they are in prefet was unconvinced, though he was silenced. superstition and ignorance, are many already True to the usual policy of the jesuits, there were rescued from their primeval darkness, and num-barriers within barriers, and, after all, an impregnaberless others catching at intervals faint rays of ble citadel ; for, after various comings and goings, light, and anxiously desiring its further develop throwing of dust to blind and gain time, and tbe ment. And this is saying much, when we reflect various other artifices resorted to by men who that the bible has been translated into the Breton have previously resolved to refuse you, the matter tongue only within the last thirty years. Thirty- was referred to the prefet ; a functionary of whom five years ago, and Brittany was in as profound a Englishmen have happily no conception whatever. night as was England in the dark ages! For As despotic, and often more unreasonable, this the poor Breton the bible existed not: his worthy officer is like the grand lama of Thibet, sole guide was the miserable marsh-light of shrouded in such mystery as to affright all who man, leading him only to doubt and destruction; have to deal with him. He is the provincial in

carnation of the central government, imbued with subsided into quiet, they allowed the vehicle to their most extreme notions, and, as he copies them run on without regarding it, until it was suddenly at second-hand, often out-Heroding Herod in his and violently overturned on the 2nd December. Í desire to serve them (i. e., bimself, by keeping his venture to say that history presents no parallel place), and doing all in such a' sic volo sic jubeo with the conduct of France at that period. manner as we had thought was not to be found O the contrast between France and England ! in western Europe since the time of Robespierre, Happily we have long since achieved our revoand the great revolution of 1793. Before this lution, and are now enjoying the fruits of it; but great Cæsar, then, the case was laid for his im- how was it achieved ? Not by fitful and feverish perial nod. No pleading allowed before him: he efforts, but by a calm and continued struggle was above all that, and knew it by instinct and against arbitrary power, persevering through good the report of the sous-prefect; all was pure reason and evil report until the victory was gained. in his atmosphere, without need of law or lawyers. Steruness was met by sternness : then came the But great bodies move slowly, and the nod was tug, of war, when man met man in civil strife, long in coming, until one bright morning the each fighting for his principles to the death ; but sphynx spoke in terms, if not oracular, yet as dic- no massacres, no excesses disgraced the cause; tatorial as ever issued from the lips of a king or and to this moment, looking back with that abkaisar. Thus ran the decree of this modern Cyrus : sence of prejudice which age inspires, we are able "In virtue of the discretionary powers entrusted to applaud the manner in which our liberties were to me, I forbid the publication of the journal of won. which'a copy has been submitted to me." No rea- But to resume the thread. The decree of the son or reasoning given, nothing of the nut but the prefet was the death-blow of the little “Bulletin," kernel, stet pro ratione voluntas--take it if you and established the principle that protestantism in like, if not let it alone: this was the upshot of all Brittany was thenceforth to be mute. Let Rothe pains taken to clear up the objections of the manism shout and vaunt as it will; but let prosous-prefet, who made a stout fight, and fought in testantism keep silence, or be gagged. For, as I sweet secarity, knowing what a friend he had in have before said, there was nought of controversy his superior in case of a defeat.

in the work: the contents were mild as mother's This decree was the death-blow of "The Bal- milk with water ; but protestants had no right letin," as there is no appeal from the prefet, or at to speak at all, the insolents ! it annoyed the Roleast an appeal is utterly useless. Besides, what man-catholics, our good and right trusty friends : Frenchman would dare to stand up and oppose such therefore, finally, let protestantism be dumb. a high personage ? Certainly the French character I could but be amused with the different man. is a puzzle. They shake the world with their ner in which the pill was swallowed by different struggles against arbitrary power some two or people. In general the French friends shrugged three times in a century ; and then, as if content expressively, and said nothing ; and but very few with the effort, or fatigued with the exertion, exclaimed against the tyranny with that abhorquietly succumb to a tyranny tenfold more galling rence and indignation which it merited ; but the than before. For awhile they declaim eloquently English, ah! how angry they were! They were and nervously against despotism ; until, roused by for appealing to the government, memorializing the appeal, the whole people rush headlong to the prefet, moving heaven and earth for help, and arms, and not only pull down the despot, but also declaiming in strains sufficiently moving to arouse the whole fabric of government; and then they set a Gallic Hampden. But all in vain : the fate of to work as energetically to build up and replace the “ Bulletin” was sealed, and all that remained what they have pulled down, cementing the stones for our compatriots was carefully to bottle and cork more firmly, and making the walls stronger than down their wrath for another occasion, hoping before. For myself the only explanation I can give that time might not weaken its virtue. to their fickleness in general, and this one in par- The above is a sample of the manner in ticular, is their ignorance of fixed principles in re- which protestants are treated in Brittany. It ligion and morality; wanting which, they act from very greatly lessens the pleasure of living impulse, changeable and changing as the idle there ; and I doubt not but that many Engwind. In political economy, too, they are wholly lish protestants will soon quit the ignorant; hence they frequently fall into the most try. To be exposed to perpetual suspicion and lamentable and absurd errors. Witness the attempt surveillance, to have all your actions watched, and of Louis Blanc to form national workshops, which probably misconstrued, is disgusting to Englishwere to employ the country and enrich the govern- men; and, as they happily are not obliged to subment; whereas, as is well known, no government mit, it is probable many will fly the inhospitable can compete with private enterprise, or do so soil. I some time since saw the treasurer of the cheaply and well as is done by individuals. All society I have before alluded to, and he expressed this had been long well known and demonstrated, to me his conviction that he was under the surbut the truth had not reached France; and thence veillance of the police, and was in daily expec

attempt and failure in question. In 1848 they tation of a domiciliary visit, which said visit is drove away Louis Philippe, for the immediate not conducted with French politeness. cause of forbidding a great political banquet, and Since writing the above, I am informed that established a republic on the widest basis, got there is yet hope for the “Bulletin.” It seems tired of their creature, and submitted by degrees that the new law on the press, recently to part with it, and voted heedlessly for Louis issued, enacts that its provisions shall only Napoleon, not knowing why. It is well known be applicable to journals or periodicals treatthat many peasants and country people thought ing of politics or® matters of social economy. he was the old Napoleon come again. Having Religion or religious works are in no wise al

coun

the

luled to, and are probabably purposely omit- Beauteous babe! In radiant light
ted, in order to leave an opening for Roman Of innocence thy countenance beams;
catholic writings. But what is good for one

To our dim and mortal sight, should be good for another; and it is proposed by

Pure as holy cherub bright,

In unstained sinlessness it seems. our friends to publish the “ Bulletin” expressly as a religious work, without allusion to general mat

Mortal offspring! Still “within* ters of a socio-economic kind, and to let the govern- Thine heart bound up doth folly lurk :" ment put it down if they can. There is something Soon will shoot the germ of sin, frank" and loyal in this cause, without subter- Satan's wiles soon hem thee in, fuge: “Let the law decide between us: you And passion's deadly poison work. think it is in your favour: I think it is in mine, and shall act upon that conviction until otherwise

Daughter of frailty! Human power

To bide that war will useless be, convinced.” My only fear is that the French

Save God his gracious gifts shall pour, friends will run in at the eleventh hour, and leave

Giving strength in peril's hour, us behind; for really (I am sorry to say it) there

To stand, and gain the victory. is very little dependence to be placed on French sted fastness where the government is concerned. Then, Julia Mary! Heaven bless They may talk and bluster ; but, when called upon And shield thee with its gracious care : fairly to stand against it, there are few that will May holy angels round thee press, do so. However, we should not speak harshly

Thine heart fill here with joy and peace, against them on that account. We do not know

And, trials o'er, to happiness what it is to have an unscrupulous and tyrannical

Conduct and guide God's new-born heir.

J. B. S. government to deal with, possessed of powers

Martin Rectory. whose extent is generally measured by themselves, and who can set engines at work by which you may be exiled and ruined while in apparent peace and safety. An Englishman's house is his HYMNS FOR THE SUNDAYS IN THE YEAR. castle, and there he may repair with confidence that so long as he has limited himself by the circle

BY JOSEPH PEARN. of the law, not bis sovereign in person dare pass | (SUGGESTED BY SOME PORTION OF THE SERVICE the threshold without his permission. We, there

FOR THE DAY.) fore, are strangers to that undefined fear which prevails here, because we know exactly where

(For the Church of England Magazine.) right ends and wrong begins, and we know where

THIRD SUNDAY AFTER TRINITY. to procure redress when a wrong has been committed. It makes me smile often to read the “He will keep the feet of his saints."--1 Sam. ii. 91. ravings of some of our exalted demagogues on the (First lesson for the morning service). lost liberties of England. Certainly it is hard to

I HAVE walked on a dizzy height, say where they place their standard, and there

At whose base was the ocean's surge; fore to estimate the extent of our deflection ; but, While I dared not to trust my sight compared with any other country in the world, For a moment beyond the verge, there is most certainly no want of liberty. Let Lest the fearful sense of that mighty steep us pray that the Giver of all good, who has pre- Should cause me to plunge in the awful deep. served us through so many dangers, will still vouchsafe us his powerful arm ; for bumanly

And I thought of the narrow way speaking we seem to approach a period where that

That the pilgrims to Zion go;

Of the God upon whom they stay, arm will be needed, and where, if we are to trust only to our own right hands, we shall be speedily For they follow a path that is safe for the flock,

Of the comfort and peace they know. overwhelmed.

J. B. V.

Tho' it lie on the edge of a desolate rock.

They can hear the good Shepherd's" voice :

• He will keep the feet of his saints;"

And it maketh the weak rejoice,
Poetry.

It restoreth the spirit that faints.

There is nought that shall harm them they know from TO THE INFANT, JULIA MARY,

his word, If they tread in the steps of their Saviour aud Lord.

ON HER BAPTISMAL DAY.

(For the Church of England Magazine).

* Prov, xxi. 15. + The author of this series is much indebted to a dear literary friend in the treatment of this subject, as also of those for the eighth and eighteenth Sundays after Trinity.

JULIA Mary! Heaven bless,

And shield thee with its gracious care ;
Holy angels round thee press,
In the paths of righteousness

To guard and guide God's new-born heir.
Child of heaven! Thou art now

Renewed by pledged baptismal grace ;
And for thee hath passed the vow,
That, whilst pilgrim here below,

Thou faithfully shalt run the race.

London : Published for the Proprietors, by JOHN HUGHES, 12, Ave-Maria Lane, St. Paul's; and to be procured, by order, of all Booksellers in 'Town and Country.

PRINTED BY ROGERSON AND TOXFORD,

246, STRAND, LONDON.

[merged small][merged small][graphic][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][graphic][merged small]

IRISH SUPERSTITION.

do believe that the reported number of converts In our May part, p. 339, a description was given not at all exaggerated.

within the last few years, amounting to 80,000, is in one of Mr. Hobson's papers of the penance

In the diocese of Tuam alone, where the celeundergone by the pilgrims to the island in Lough brated John McHale carried, and still endeavours Dergh. An illustration is here introduced of a "Saint's Bed.” It is cause for gratitude to God there have been 10,000.

to carry, matters with a high and haughty hand, that the word of the gospel scems to be spreading so extensively in Ireland, that we may. hope ere great, still includes some whose history and state

In my own parish, the number, though not long the numbers of pilgrims wili be diminished. are interesting. One of them, now a scriptureThe following article gives a cheering view of the reader in Newmarket, county Cork, thus writes : progress of Reformation principles.

“This place is now very quiet. Some time ago the bigots of the parish, headed by the emissary

of antichrist, paraded the town, dipping bibles in THE REFORMATION IN IRELAND.

tar, and other combustible matter, and then com

mitting them to the flames. This' haughty priest (FROM A DIGNITARY OF THE UNITED CHURCH). was shortly after hurried by an excruciating MY DEAR SIR,- Many matters prevented me and to be judged by that word of God which he

disease into the regions of eternity, to account for from replying sooner to your letter of the 14th despised and burned. In fact, all those who took March, and informing you of the progress of the a prominent part in the affair have been swept off reformation in this locality.

the land of the living by the divine Avenger. Under the divine blessing, that great work is But, thanks be to God, it has been overruled for progressing rapidly in parts of this country ; and I good; for the majority of the Romanists are fully z o. 951.

VOL. XXXII.

2 H

convinced that vengeance was taken; for the ago clerk to the priest of an adjoining parish, street in which the bible-bonfire was made is now | ' making wafers of paste to be deified by the almost in ruins, for the Lord heard the voice of his consecration of the priest, and then to be wor. elect."

shipped by the wretched people.” Besides these " Whether these were sinners above others two converts, four others from my parish are because they suffered such things,” each will giving satisfaction as teachers of parochial and form his own opinion.

other schools. To mention another fact, which has made a To give you some idea of the principles and similar impression on the poor Romanists in the practices of the Romish clergy, I would remark same county ; a Mr. O'G****, a clergyman, that, at an interview which I had with one lately, states “ that he had established a protestant when I declared to him that, in case he could colony in a desolate part of his parish, and that, prove that St. Paul, St. Peter, and the other notwithstanding the violent conduct of the priests, apostles of our blessed Lord, worshipped or inthe Lord graciously upheld his work. In a spirit structed us to worship the virgin Mary, Laurence of opposition the priest built a chapel near the O'Toole, or other Romish saints, I would unite church, which soon afterwards fell. He rebuilt myself with his communion, his replies were, "I it; and it fell again. Imagining that the masons despise you for your proselytizing practices; and who built the clergyman's church might suc- I know and am assured that you are paid for every ceed better, he employed them, and lo! the poor catholic whom, by bribery, you can seduce building, which appeared firm, fell a few from the catholic church.” pights ago; the side walls having fallen in, Another circumstance which I would relate of leaving the gables standing, and the altar ex- this gentleman is, that a member of parliament posed. The people attribute the three falls of sent me, some time ago, a copy of a memorial, this chapel to its having been built upon enchanted misrepresenting my converts as to their number ground, and to its being the abode of fairies." | and as to the means of their conversion. It was The rev. Mr. O'G**** adds that the priest who signed by this priest, and by the names of two of built this chapel publicly “burned the bible” his flock. On remonstrating with one of those with his own hands, in the immediate neighbour- persons, who was under some obligations to me, hood of this fallen chapel, stirring it with a stick he assured me (and he corroborated the assurance in the fire till it was wholly consumed, and re- by a solemn legal declaration before a magistrate

) questing the spectators to warm their hands at the that he never signed the memorial himself, nor aufire of the sacred volume. And, when this man thorized the priest or any other person to sign it. was examined at the quarter sessions as to the “Ex uno disce omnes.” truth of this profane act, he tried to shuffle out of I would conclude, for the present, by sending it, and, though on his oath, declared “Non mi you extracts from two of the most bigoted organs recordo.” The clergyman adds: “I take care to of the popish press, which show the certainty and remind the people of this fact; and may God extent of the reformation movement : grant that it may lead them to reverence the word "We learn from unquestionable authority that of the Almighty?” And he concludes by praying, the success of the proselytizers, in almost every “ May the gracious Lord pour down his Spirit on part of the country and in the metropolis, i our country

and our rulers, and that great Baby- beyond all that the worst misgivings could have lon, the curse of Ireland, fall for ever like the dreamt of. There is not only no use in denying above devoted ruin, is and will be my earnest these statements, but it would be an absolute act of prayer."

treachery to the catholic church to conceal them" One of our converts, now located in Ballinasloe, (Evening Post). thus writes ; “ There is no time here for idling in

The editor of the “ Tablet” says : “It is not God's vineyard. Every true protestant is active; Tuam, nor Cashel, nor Armagh, that are the chief and, in truth, God's blessed word is not forgotten seats of successful proselytism ; but this very city by his ministers in this bigoted quarter ; and thus (Dublin) in which we live.” the errors of Romanism are brought before the Such, my dear sir, are a few facts, which I people, and tested by the word which is able to hope you will not find uninteresting. make wise to salvation through faith which is in April 24, 1852. Christ Jesus” (2 Tim. iii. 15). After expressing his grateful sense of obligations to those who sent him to that earthly paradise (as he calls it) he closes his letter by requesting that I would re- A SHORT ARGUMENT AGAINST THE APPLImember him to the convert brethren of our adult CATION TO THE APOSTLE PETER OF THE class, and let them know that he felt happy and WORDS, "AND UPON THIS ROCK I WILL well pleased that the Almighty, through the BUILD MY CHURCH”. instrumentality of &c., rescued him from the soul. destroying dogmas of the antichristian potentate”; The argument proposed is simply this: that, in and he adds that his brother converts should be point of fact, the church of Christ was not built equally so, and that they should not allow them- on Peter. And, if this be so, the above words selves to be beguiled of their reward; for “I cannot be considered as referring to him. (saith he) am not ignorant of the devices of Satan, Again: as, in point of fact, the Christian church and therefore my prayer to God for them is that was built on the confession of Peter, that our they may "stand fast in the faith which was once Lord was the Christ, the Son of the living God, delivered to the saints.'"

it is a reasonable conclusion that our Lord's words This poor fellow, saved, as I trust,

as a above mentioned referred to Peter's confession brand from the burning," was about two years

* Matt. xvi, 18.

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