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occurred, illustrating the injurious effects of excur- tac once crucified Jesus. Their conduct on this sion trains on the Lord's-day, should be addressed occasion was marked by great seriousness and into the directors of those railways on wbich they telligence. The baptist of several Israelites run ; that, where practicable and expedient, the on this occasion had been previously expected, memorials should be adopted at public meetings and an unusual number of their unconverted called for that purpose; that the fact of the me- brethren attended to witness it, although it was morial having been sent should be noticed in the the time of the Passover festival. It has been local newspaper, or a copy of it inserted, with the stated by some of our friends, who endeavoured reply which may be given to it by the directors. to form an accurate estimate, that at least one Individual directors and shareholders resident in hundred and fifty Israelites were present besides the neighbourhood should have the evil brought the usual company of Jewish believers in Christ. personally under their attention, with a view of The aisles and front of the galleries were crowded securing their co-operation in suppressing it." with Israclites, to whom the service itself was an THAMES CHURCH MISSION.–From the report the administration of the ordinance with great in

instructive sermon. They listened, and watched of this society for promoting the spiritual welfare terest and attention. The result is in God's hands. of the seamen on the river Thames," we learn that, during the past year 1851, no less than 3,348 the baptism; but nany remained to hear the ser

A large proportion of them left immediately after vessels have been visited. These were chiefly ships mon, which was from the prophecy, Zech. ir. O, laden with coals, emigrant ships, fishing smacks, applied to our Saviour's public entry into Jerustbarges, &c. bargemen appear to be in a deplorable state of len, on his way to his cross and passion. On the ignorance in spiritual things, and of mental dark- following Sunday, which was Easter-day, to the

surprise of most persons, we had another similar ness. The “bargemen scarcely know what a sabbath is, as a day of worship : many of them have numbers at the afternoon Hebrew service, and re

gathering of Israelites. They attended in great not attended divine worship for years, and some but seldom in their lives. When at anchor, the between the close of that service and the corn

mained in Palestine-place during the interval crew retire to sleep, that they may be ready to

mencement of the usual evening service. It was sail at turn of tide. Hence little can be done

a scene of much excitement. A short time before for these men but to leave tracts, with the the chapel doors were opened, I counted upwarde hope that, in their waking hours, one of them may of one hundred and ten "Israelites immediately in be able and willing to read for his own and com

front of the schools and chapel, and my own panions' benefit." By the aid of the British bouse ; whilst there were numbers at the other exLadies' Female Emigrant Society, who kindly tremity of the avenue, and fresh parties were provide the stipend of a scripture-reader, as well

continually arriving." as bibles, books, tracts, school-materials, &c. the

THE PRAYER-BOOK AND HOMILY SOCIETT. mission has been most usefully engaged in caring for the religious necessities of emigrants from the port of one which is deserving of a warmer sopport on

-Of all our religious associations, I know not of London after their embarkation. Besides the the part of all true members of our apostolical prosale of 932 bibles and testaments, and 382 prayer. testant church than this society. It was instituted books, principally among emigrants, the society at the beginning of the present century, when the last year distributed 9,000 tracts, chiefly among articles of religion, some of our occasional services, the crews of the colliers on the river. Exclusive and especially the homilies, were almost unknown of the services held on board of emigrant ships, to the people, and with difficulty attainable by the public worship conducted on 242 occasions on board the “Swan” mission chapel, was attended society's labours is manifested by the complete

them. The blessing which has accompanied the by an aggregate of 8,942 persons, the greater part state in which the book of common prayer is now of whom were sailors in the coal trade. “It may issued by the authorized publishers, and by the be safely said of these individuals that not one in circulation of the homilies, both in complete twenty would have gone to any place of worship volumes and as separate tracts, through channels had no such peculiar adaptation as the Thames in which they had been previously neglected ; and Church Mission existed.” We are happy to re

likewise by the fact that this society has circuport that, in a financial point of view, the society lated considerably more than balf a million of ceipts (including the former year's balance prayer-books and other bound books, and about

ihree millions of homilies and other tracts. The £65) having amounted to £783, and the expendi- society is in great need of enlarged support, its ture to £751.

limited means having sadly circumscribed its opeLONDON Jews.-Pal stine-place Mission Es. rations in the extensive field which it bas to cultablishment.-A report from the rev. J. B. Cart tivate. Thousands upon thousands of our fellowwright, to the Society for promoting Christianity countrymen at home and in the sister-island, are among the Jews, contains the following deeply in- destitute of the precious formularies of our church; teresting intelligence : “Baptism of six Israelities. old translations of them require to be revised, and -On Sunday, April 4tb, six Israelites were bap- new ones prepared in aid of the labours of the mitized, after a very, diligent and prayerful course sionaries, who are working with so much blessing of instruction by Mr. Ewald, who had introduced among the Irish-speaking population, and through. them all to me previously to the administration of out the various fields of labour in distant and bea. the solemn ordinance of baptism. I had already then countries; and a rapidly widening sphere of taken the opportunity of receiving from each, as usefulness is developing itselí among seamen and usual, a distinct profession of their faith, and of emigrants, to whose spiritual destitution the satheir earnest desire to be baptized in the name of ciety has been enabled to devote a considerable

portion of its attention and funds with signal suc of the institution.” I should add, that the ess. Even were it otherwise, the existing appeals School of Industry has a printing establishment, or the society's interposition and assistance are, of wbich the report from which I quote is an las! greatly beyond its ability to respond to excellent specimen. Every Christian patriot will bem. To the “faithful" it looks for succour; heartily wish this national enterprise “God nd, blessed be God, they “are not minished from speed." mong the children of men."

H. S. LONDON RAGGED COLONIAL TRAINING CHOOL OF INDUSTRY AND DORMITORY.-It is be only institution in the English metropolis rbich affords an asylum to male convicted felons

SIGHTS WHICH I HAVE SEEN. nd vagrants (from the age of 16 to 30), who are

No. II. nxious to reform. It is independent of any other astitution, and sustained entirely by voluntary

By MARY ROBERTS. ontributions. It is not local, nor restricted to oy parish or district; but every applicant, if “ALL a growing, all a blowing," repeated a neatbere is room for him, and the funds allow it, is looking girl, with a basket of beautiful flowers mmediately admitted on probation. The proba- on her head; her quiet eye glancing to the ionary test is that a candidate should live for a windows, on either side of a suburban street, as brtnight on bread and water only, and not be if expecting that some familiar face would bid her llowed to mix with the other inmates. If the welcome. And so it was, the door of an opposite robation has proved the sincerity of the applicant, house presently opened ; and the young girl, le is fully admitted to the benefit of the institution. putting down her basket on the pavement, waited By such ordeal impostors are detected : some for further orders with a satisñed air, as if assured efuse to undergo it, and others withdraw after a that she would not have long to wait. Presently ew days' trial of it. But the young man who I saw two sisters run quickly down the ampie ruly is weary of vice does not shrink from it, but staircase, and through the ball to the front door; pillingly embraces the opportunity held out to and pleasant it was to observe the happy, contiding him to amend his ways. Seldom, after they have smile with which the seller of bright towers welundergone the probation, have they been known comed her expected customers. The contents of to leave, which they are perfectly at liberty to do, the basket were eagerly examined: a small rose upon a short rotice to the governor. During the tree, covered with buds and flowers, a double past year, 142 were admitted after probation, and wbite primrose, yellow azalea, and several hya36 would not submit to it. Of those who had cinths were put aside : a verbena and heliotrope been admitted, 21 emigrated to Australia and the were next chosen, with two pots of mignonette. United States ; 12 were provided with situations in And then came forth the little purses ; and the England ; 3 went to sea, and 2 enlisted as sol. young girl smiled and curtsied, and thanked the diers; 3 were restored to their parents ; 1 died; sisters again and again. - Stop a moment,” said and 12 were dismissed for insubordination. / one of them; and her light form Aitted up the having robbed the institution were committed to stairs and down again with great rapidity, bringprison ; 3, being under 16 years of age, were trans- ing a couple of tracts in her hand. I could notice ferred to the Juvenile Refuge, and I to the Phi- that one of them was in large print; and this, I lanthropic School. 44 from 16 to 26 years of conjectured, to be intended for the mother of the age are now in the institution. The following Hower-girl : the other, headed with a pretty-lookwere the character and conditions of the present ing picture of some kind, was doubtless designed inmates, viz.-19 shoplifters (called among them for herself. Another curtsey and another smile selves sneakers and druggers) ; 11 burglars (or from the recipient of the gilt, and away she went, cracksmen); 1 highwaynian ; 6 pickpockets (or with her diminished load of bright flowers, rewires); 1 utterer of base coin (or shofel pitcher); peating as before, “All a growing, all a blow1 imprisoned for embezzlepient; i pewter-pot ing:”. stealer (or cat-and-kitten hunter); 2 robbers of It happened that I knew this young woman, shop-tills (or lobsneakers); 1 robber of bakers (or who sold fowers with which to decorate the deadman hunter); 1 had lived in a cave for two apartments of those who could afford to purchase ; Sears

. And it is estimated by the committee that and, being wishful for some myself, Ilooked forth these 14 young men have cost the public and from my balcony, and was quickly responded to the country no less than £22,220, viz., £21,120 by a ring at the bell. produced to them by the disposal of the After purchasing and paying, as is customary money and property they stole, and £1,110 for in such cases, I asked leave ito see the tracts their cost when in prison. Had they been trans- which ny opposite neighbours bad given. The ported, their expense to the country would have larger printed one was, as I had thought, intended

“In contrast with these for an elderly person : tie other, with its picture items," the committee report that “these young heading, more properly suited ber young eyes. then are now educated, trained to habits of iudus- A rapid glance over the contents of each presently urg, kept twelve months in the institution, and convinced me that, however excellent were the then sent out to the colonies, at a sum not exceed- precepts which they contained, and however glo

There is reason to hope rious the truths revealed in their pages, they were not only their outward reformation has taken place alike unsuited to the flower-girl, and to her in the present inmates, but that a decided change mother. of heart has been effected. And these hopes ex- This young woman belonged to a class, of whose tend to almost all who have received the benefit existence few comparatively are aware. Ayailing

been £6,600 more.

ing £25 per head.

myself, therefore, of information derived from best authority, to be thus occupied. We meet them various sources, gleaning also from a work, of at every turn : they pass us in the streets : they which the motto, “Half the world knows not bring fish and vegetables, poultry, fruits

, and how the other lives," appropriately expresses its flowers to our doors: we look at them as indiviappalling contents, and adding the result of some duals, and gladly avail ourseives of their services. personal observations, I shall present my readers But this is all : we know no more of them collecwith a sketch of that most singular race, who tively than of the Nomadic races that wander are known by the name of costermongers; and over vast plains, where civilized man has never this not solely to occupy a passing hour, but with fixed his abode. the fervent hope that, by making known their Properly speaking the term “costermonger" escondition through the medium of the Church of pecially applies to itinerant venders of eatables

, England Magazine, public attention may be fur- who necessarily obtain their goods for sale from ther directed to the subject.

the London markets : they are estimated at twelve Strange it seems that in great London, where or thirteen thousand ; and, assuming that one hall the richness of the shops and the splendour of the of these are married, with two children, thirty buildings continually attract attention-where the thousand human beings depend on costermongering pathways are crowded with well-dressed persons, for their daily sustenance. This of all modes of and where, in fashionable streets, steeds and equi- life is perhaps one of the most precarious. Con pages of surpassing beauty are wondrous to be- tinued wet weather, as the writer of " London hold-there should exist a race of people respecting Labour and the London Poor" justly observes, whom, till lately, no information has ever been must often deprive them of the means of living, elicited. A Nomad race they may be termed, as inasmuch as they depend for bread, in many parts opposed to those who lead settled lives; but here of London, upon the number of persons who frethe resemblance ends; for the Nomad or wander- quent the public streets ; and it is sad to think of ing hordes generally prey on their civilized bre- the hundreds who are reduced to the greatest disthren when opportunity occurs; whereas the Lon- tress by three or four successive days of rain. don Nomadic tribes, known especially by the Sellers of fruits and vegetables are, moreover, cut name of costermongers, though ever moving along off in winter from the usual means of obtaining the streets, and perambulating far into the coun- a livelihood, and suffer great privations when the try, are yet invaluable members of society, with severity of the weather requires additional phy. out whose active ministry the domestic comforts of sical comforts. Some may say, and that truly, our poorer brethren, aye, and our own too, would why are not the increased earnings of the summer be greatly diminished.

put aside for the exigencies of winter? Doubtless These people are generally distinguished by the it oùght to be so; but such is not the case. Unappellation of street folk, or costermongers. They certain incomes rarely, if ever, produce provident are arranged under six different classes, divisible babits : we could instance well-educated persons into numerous varieties, namely

in the higher classes of society, who care not for Street sellers, who have eatables and drinkables the future, living profusely on present incomes to dispose of, suitable to various classes, from the without laying by any thing for a wintry day. bungry passer by to regular family customers; in. “Moreover, when the religious, moral, and including also disposers of stationery, books and tellectual condition of the larger number among pictures, flowers

, trees and shrubs, curiosities, the fifty thousand persons is impressed upon us, it live animals, manufactured articles, and such as becomes absolutely appalling to contemplate the are second-hand.

vast amount of ignorance, vice, and want" that Street buyers, who purchase old clothes and exists in the present enlightened age. Yet such umbrellas, glass bottles and broken metal, with is the case in the nineteenth century ; and surely every kind of multifarious article that has become the old adage, that “charity begins at home" is useless to its possessor,

most applicable in the present instance. Thou. Street finders, who literally pick up their living sands are annually subscribed, to convey the gospel in public thoroughfares, collecting bones and to heathen nations; and yet in the very heart of cinders, scraps of paper, and the ends of cigars. the metropolis are a vast concourse of persons toThese are mostly old or decrepid persons.

tally uneducated, or at least nearly so, for whose Street performers, artists, and sbowmen. religious and moral instruction excepting in one

Street artizans, or working pedlars, who mend or two isolated instances, no adequate provision broken china and glass, chairs, or clocks, and has been made. whose numerous occupations are of no small con- Far back as the days of Henry V. a few persequence to the dwellers in small streets: this di- sons went through the streets of London, crying, vision includes a very quiet and respectable por- “Strawberries ripe, and cherries in the rise,". tion of the street folk, such as make ornaments for that is, tied to a twig. Then came the sellers of stoves, artificial flowers in pois, baskets, toys, and apples, or costards, signifying round and bulky ; apparel of various kinds. One of our poets, and whence the name of costar-mongers, which has most accurate depicters of rural life, emerged from come down to the present day. Legitimate de this class : a Morland among writers, but without scendants, therefore, are our wandering tribes of his faults.

those who perambulated the thoroughfares and Lastly, street labourers, who are always ready alleys of the city in olden times ; many of whom to lend a helping hand' whenever their services stood afterwards by open shops, loudly inviting are required, continually on the look-out for occu- passengers by commendation of their wares, and pation, whether to hold a horse, direct a pas- direct questions of “What do ye buy? What do senger, or stick a bill.

ye lack ?” Such tradesmen had fixed homes and Fifty thousand persons are believed, upon the stated customers occasionally, that went to fairs


and markets holden at certain intervals, to which people as we is. Father told us too about his purchasers in a large way mostly resorted; but giving a great many poor people a penny, loaf inconveniences were consequent on this method of and a bit of fish each, which shows him to have doing business, ana nence the wandering distri- been a very kind gentleman. The ten commandbutor, whether in town or country, still went on ments was made by him, I've heard say ; and he his way; and, as in former days, so now at the pre- performed them too, among other miracles." sent time, he disposes of green-grocery, fruit and Singular as such an answer would sound in the fish, water-cresses, flowers, shrimps and pies, with ears of many who rejoice in the imaginary betterother miscellaneous contributions to the poor man's ings of the condition of the London poor, because door, whose food and even clothing is often mainly a few ragged-schools start up here and there, like supplied in this manner.

glowworms among the damp grass on banks, it is Did you ever pass in a carriage, at night-for yet strictly true. That poor girl knew more of on foot you could not go-through one of those religion than most young women in her class, crowded parts of London, where buyers and sellers who never even heard the name of their Saviour, congregated on a Saturday evening? If so, you nor scarcely of the God who made them. Her would not readily forget the strange medley which parents were better instructed than the generality met the

eye-temporary stalls of various descrip- of their associates — the father especially, who tions, set up for the time being, each with its one loved to teach his children the very little that he or two lights ; some crimsoned with the fire knew himself. Hear further what she said : shining through holes beneath the baked chesnut “ Last night father was talking about stoves ; others having handsome lamps; others, ligion. We often talks about religion. Father again, illuminated with a red smoky flame ema- has told me that God made the world ; and I've nating from an old-fashioned kind of lantern. heard him talk about the first man and woman as Occasionally a candle was seen shining through a was made and lived, and it must be more than an sieve; while traders, who were unable to sport hundred years ago; but I don't like to speak on either a lamp or lantern, had recourse to a huge what I don't know. They say in the bible, father turnip hollowed out for a candlestick, or stuck tells, that the world was made in six days, the their penny rushlight into a lump of clay. Up and beasts, the birds, the fish, and all; and sprats was down the pavement, in and out, among the stalls, among them of course. There was only one house went itinerant vendors of all ages. Here an old at that time as was made, and that was the ark man called out, with a cracked voice, “Matches for Adam and Eve and their family. It seems very to sell !" there a rosy girl made known to all wonderful indeed how all this world was done so passers by that her oranges were unrivalled in quick. I should have thought that England alone taste and cheapness: sellers of water-cresses, would have took double the time, should'nt you, herbs, groundsel and chickweed jostled one the sir? But, then, it says in the bible, God Alother'; and stout boys, with baskets of dogs-meat mighty's a just and true God, and of course time and cats'-meat, made the street resound with their would be nothing to him. When a good person shrill cries. “Who will buy my shoes, good stout is dying, we says - The Lord has called upon him, shoes !'' cries one, “My caps and bonnets !" re- and he must go;' but I can't think what it means, joins another ; “Come, young women, now's your unless it is that an angel comes, like when we're time !" and here and there might be seen sellers dreaming, and tells the party he's wanted in heaof mats, with dark red or yellow specimens, sus- I know where heaven is; it's above the pended back and front; while huge fish-women, clouds, and they're placed there to prevent our blue-aproned and flat-batted, were conspicuous seeing into it. That's where all the good people among the motley assemblage, which, either in go; but I'm afeerd”-she continued solemnly, the tull red glare of chesnut fires, or dimly dis- is there's very few costers among the angels.” cerned amid the obscurity of night, appeared or Extraordinary as this statement may appear, disappeared by turns.

ridiculous perhaps to some who are better taught, Tines have changed since then. New police it is nevertheless quite true; “and was spoken," regulations prevent the assembling of street folks as wrote the narrator, “ with an earnestness that in thoroughfares; but the Nomad tribes still ply proved the poor girl to look upon it as a subject their trades in the great metropolis ; and the cries the solemnity of which forced her to speak the of London, instead of deafening the passer-by truth." with a concentration of hard and unintelligible The remembrance of this conversation occurred sounds, are heard at intervals—the boys' sharp to me when glancing over the tracts to which I cry, the woman's shrill voice, the man's loud, have alluded ; and I thought how desirable it would gruff, and often hoarse enumeration of his wares; be if tracts were published expressly for this sin, and then resounds, in unison with sun-beams and gular race of people, containing the history of our rolling clouds, that pleasant cry of “ All a grow- Lord, his miracles, and instructions given to his ing, all a blowing !" with which my paper com- disciples at different periods separately, without menced.

any remarks appended. Tracts also might be comAsk one of these poor people if they ever go to posed with reference to the homes and haunts, the church?

Methinks the answer would surprise occupations, and daily actings of the costermongers you. Ask them further concerning the Saviour, and street folks in general; having reference to who redeemed them, and you will wonder more fruits and vegetables, and the different articles in and more. Most likely they never heard of him; which they deal, giving also some insight into the or else they will say, as a poor girl once said to a geography of other lands. gentleman, who questioned her on religious subjects, " Father told me about our Saviour, what was nailed to the cross to suffer for such poor



1 Sam. iii.

Prov, viii.

Phil. ii.

uuteekiy almanac.


CHRISTIAN LIFE: “ Them that houour me I will honour; and they that despise me shall be lightly esteemed." --1 Sam. Ü. 30.

a Sermont, O LORD, we beseech thee mercifully to hear us ;

BY THE REV. J. L. ROBERTS, and grant that we, to whom thou hast given an liearty desire to pray, may by thy mighty aid be Fellow of Queen's College, Oxford. defended and comforted in all dangers and adversities, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

PSALM xxiii.

“The Lord is my shepherd; I shall not want. He JUNE.

maketh me to lie down in green pastures : he 27. Third Sunday after s 1 Sam. ii.

leadeth me beside the still waters. He restoreth Trinity Luke x.

Ephes. iv.
Prov, vii.

my soul : he leadeth me in the paths of righteous28. Monday

Luke xi.
Ephes. v.
ness for his name's sake.

Yea, though I walk 29. St. Peter Ap...

Ecclus. xv.
Ecclus. xix.

through the valley of the shadow of death, I will
Acts iii.
Acts iv,

fear no evil; for thou art with me: thy rod and Prov. ix. Prov. x. 30. Wednesday

thy staff, they comfort me. Thou preparest a table Luke xij. Ephes. vi.

before me in the presence of mine enemies : thon JULY.

Prov, xii. 1. Thursday { Llebre si

anointest my head with oil : my cup runneth over. Lake xii. Phil, i.

Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the Prov. xiii, Prov. xiv. 2. Vis. Virgin Mary ..

days of my life; and I will dwell in the house of Luke xiv.

the Lord for ever." 3. Saturday

Prov. xv. Prov. xvi.
Luke xv.
Phil. iii.

IMAGINE for a moment, brethren, that by “ Some will ask, “Is the sabbath to be a day of some strange miracle we were carried to a gloom and weariness? My dear brethren, if it lofty height, from which we could command selves. Those who know and love God are glad at a single view the kingdoms of the earth. of this remission from labour and social pleasures, Conceive that, not the persons only, but the because it gives them more perfect liberty of com- very souls of all mankind were visible to us, munion with God. And this is the very promise and we could detect the secret wish of every of the sabbath, if thou keep, as has been said, heart of all that countless multitude. Upon • Then,' adds the prophet (Isai. lviii. 14), slialt what a restless sea of misery and discontent thou delight thyself in the Lord; for the mouth should we look down! Suppose the vision of the Lord laih spoken it.' But, if, dear brethren, you are strangers to God, the fault is there; to become by degrees more distinct, and every it is not in the sabbath. Heaven itself, which is single prayer to make known to us its own an eternal sabbath, would be a weariness to you. peculiar burden. Is there an earthly good Do not question the sabbath, do not argue on conceivable, which would not find its place in worldly principles; go, and pray to God for that all that catalogue of wants? Little children, change of heart which is essential, not only to even, would be craving : young men would be your sabbath enjoyment, but to your happiness longing for years to pass away, and bring here and hereafter. Meantime do not rebel against the sabbath ; but thank your heavenly

them more speedily to some wished-for Father, who ties your hands and binds your lips period : old men would be heard mourning and eyes on that day, in order that, kept a while for their fight, and desiring their recall

. from the toys wbich distract your heart from him, There would be cries from the rich for health, you may listen to his voice, may repent, and arise from the poor for wealth : from those who us the prodigal son, and go to him, as henceforth would seem most completely happy there she sabbath will be a precious day to you. For in would rise some peevish regret from some one its holy ordinances you will strive to realize, and satisfaction wanting ; and upon almost every sometimes will realize, the general assembly and spirit there would rest a shade, the forecast church of the tirst-born. In your privacy, you shadow of the coming end, when all the will bail the extra hour of communion with God sources of their delight should be sapped, and unbroken upon by distractions. In your families, pass away. Upon every heart would rest a you will witness with gladness the rest given to each, and improve it for special instruction and embittered still by this; they cannot grasp

sense of insecurity : the fullest cup would be rejoice in him who made all things, and rested on it, their feeble fingers loose iheir hold, and, tlie sabbath day which he had made. In a word, ere they can drain the draught, it passes succeeding sabbaths here, as they bring you from their lips. ncarer, so will they find you, and make you fitter We live amid one general murmur of comfor that sabbath above; that rest which remaineth plaint: mankind all are craving, like lion's for the people of God; that day which Jesus, whelps disappointed of their food. There coming in his glory, shall introduce; the one great would seem to be no peace, no real contentend for which we are made, and for which we live; the great and sure hope of the Christian” (Rev. ment, no actual enjoyment of the present, C. Childers's sermons. . 1851).

because no assurance for the future time. H.S.

In very truth, brethren, the world in its

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