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extension of its general objects, a special fund is opened for the support of the Home, and Mrs. Daniel Wilson. Islington, will thankfully receive the names of annual subscribers.

Subscriptions may also be paid into the bank of Messrs. Robarts and Co., Lombard-street, to the account of the

rey.

Daniel Wilson.

And, when the last great day shall come,

And thunders roll from sphere to sphere, E'er then his blessed words declare,

That “perfect love shall cast out fear,"

LAYS OF A PILGRIM.

BY MRS. H. W. RICHTER.

(For the Church of England Magazine.) The Cabinet.

No. LXVII. GOD THE FOUNTAIN OP HONOUR.--God is the

THE RESURRECTION. fountain of honour; and the conduit by which he conveys it to the sons of men are virtuous and generous “So they went, and made the sepulchre sure, sealing a practices. That which makes the clergy glorious is stone, and setting a watch.”—Matt. xxvii. 66. to be knowing in their profession, unspotted in their lives, active and laborious in their charges, bold and The watch is set, the stone is seal'd, resolute in opposing seducers, and daring to look vice And, through the dewy night, in the face, though never so potent and illustrious; Wan stars their lustre have reveal'd and, lastly, to be gentle, courteous, and compassionate In the blue concave's height, to all. These are our robes and our maces, our es- Shining above earth's misery cutcheons and highest titles of honour; for by all With their unearthly light. these things God is honoured, who has declared this as the eternal rule and standard of honour derivable No sound breaks on the tranquil hour; upon men, that those who honour him shall be ho

But, in that garden lone, noured by him.-Dr. South.

All dimly on each tree and flower

The hue of night is thrown;
And silence reigns, the watch is set,

And the wild crowd are gone.
Poetry.

And they, with measured step, before
HYMNS FOR THE SUNDAYS IN THE YEAR. The rocky tomb pass by ;

They tread the dusky pathway o'er,
BY JOSEPH FEARN.

Gloomily, silently; (SUGGESTED BY SOME PORTION OF THE

For still they see the sealèd stone,
SER-

Unmoved, unbroken, lie.
VICE FOR THE DAY).
(For the Church of England Magazine).

Why do the strong ones turn so pale,

And to the earth fall down?
FIRST SUNDAY AFTER TRINITY.

While awe and fear their spirits quail,

The tomb is open thrown, “ Perfect love casteth out fear."-1 JOHN iv. 18.

And, all too bright to gaze upon,
WHEN called to pass beneath the cloud,

Is one beside the stone.
And all around seems dark and drear,
How precious are the hallowed words,

His face as heaven's own lightning gleams,
That “perfect love shall cast out fear"!

And whiter far than snow

The floating robe around him seems;
For much there is, below the skies,

No form of earth, they know,
To draw the sigh and start the tear,

Is the all-radiant being there ;
And much to make the timid quail ;

And to the earth they bow.
But “perfect love doth cast out fear.”

Away! and tell your fearful tale
The soul that's justified by grace

To the proud rulers' ear,
Is kept in peace when storms appear,

Ere the first streak of morning pale
And shows a tempest-driven world

Is breaking on the air :
That “perfect love has cast out fear."

Away! and tell an angel stands,
For even as a little child

And watches for you there.
Dreads not, but loves a father dear,
So doth a pardoned sinner feel,

“O, grave, where is thy victory!"
When “perfect love has cast out fear."

No more thy terrors bring;

Her buried Saviour faith can see O may this blessedness be mine,

Rise on immortal wingWhat time the tempter doth appear;

The first-fruits of a countless throng-
That I may boldly face the fiend,

And death has now no sting.
Since “perfect love hath cast out fear.”
And, when remembrance of my sins

Suggests despair, may Christ be near,
Who Lov'd me with a perfect love ;

London: Published for the Proprietors, by JOHN And“ perfect love shall cast out fear.”

HUGHES, 12, Ave-Maria Lane, St. Paul's; and to be Thus, in the gloomy vale of death,

procured, by order, of all Booksellers in Town and Country, My every doubt shall disappear: “ His rod and staff shall comfort me,"

PRINTED BY ROGERSON AND TUXFORD, And “perfect love shall cast out fear."

246, STRAND, LONDON,

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ANCIENT SEPULCHRES.

still subsisting in Egypt; others are raised

mounds, or lofty buildings, such as the pyramids. There is something very touching in the thoughts Vast labour has been bestowed upon ancient sepulsuggested by an ancient sepulchre. To come upon chres : they have been adorned with paintings, a house tenanted by bones, which the pious care and costly and exquisitely-wrought articles have of friends, long since themselves departed, ar- been deposited in them. The tombs in Egypt ranged in the place of their repose; to mark the and Etruria prove not only the perfection which furniture which has been set around, the vases the mechanic arts had attained, but also the luxuand such things, with useless precision; to re- rious refinement of more remote ages. collect that that skeleton had once a living soul Among the Romans the body was sometimes within it, and that hereafter it shall rise up to burnt. After the fire was extinguished, and the live again—thoughts like these may testify to the embers soaked with wine, the bones were gathered fading character of worldly life and enjoyments

, up by the nearest relations. Then these bones and may point our minds onward to that which and ashes, besprinkled with rich perfumes, were only deserves to be called life. “Thy dead men put into an urn made of earth, marble, brass, shall live, together with my dead body shall they silver, or gold, according to the wealth of the arise

. Awake and sing, ye that dwell in dust; family. Sometimes a small glass vial full of for thy dew is as the dew of herbs; and the earth tears, called a lachrymatory, was put into the sball cast out the dead” (Isa. xxvi. 19).

urn, which was then solemnly deposited in th Sepulchral structures have varied in various sepulchre. ages and nations. Some are subterraneous exca- When the body was not burnt it was put into a vations, of which there are numerous specimens coffin, and laid in the tomb, on its back. Obla

2 F

VOL, XXXII.

No. 949.

THE TRIAL OF THE CARDINAL.

tions were afterwards made to the dead, and the tators if they be Romanists, without any reference sepulchre bespread with flowers, and covered with to the faith which purifieth the heart.“ Let him crowns and fillets. Before it was a little altar, be cursed," she thunders, " who shall say that a on which libations were made, and incense burnt. true sacrifice is not offered (in the mass), or that it A keeper was appointed to watch the tomb, which will profit only the person receiving"*. She was frequently illuminated with lamps.

likewise teaches that extreme unction is the grace To the believer in Christ the sepulchre is a of the Holy Spirit, and that the anointed party hallowed place of repose. His Redeemer lay has all remains of sin taken away, so that he will therein, and by his glorious return from it has escape hell, although he may have to suffer for a certified his followers of life and immortality. The period the pains of purgatorgt. If, then, friends of those who sleep in Jesus need not there- Romanists are taught that men, who are forced to fore sorrow for them as they that have no hope. obey the pope, and to receive at the hands of his

priests what they call sacraments, will be saved, must they not, should they be kind and benevolent

persons, deem it a duty and a charity to persecute HOW SHOULD PROTESTANTS MEET THE and torture protestants, if by that means they can AGGRESSION OF ROMANISTS?

compel them to be savedi. "Heretics,” says the

popish canon law, "are to be dragged to salvaA DIALOGUE.

tion, even when unwilling." “ It is useful for BY THE Rev. S. HOBSÓN, LL.B.,

heretics to suffer what catholics usefully inflict."

Hence it is evident that the tenets of popery make Incumbent of Butley, Suffolk.

those who implicitly receive them slaves to the

pope, and persecutors of all who will not obey the No. XV.-PART 2.

pope and partake of his sacraments, and, consequently, that rigid papists must be the enemies

civil and religious liberty. Address of Counsel for the Prosecution.

And, as to men who are naturally cruel, am

bitious, licentious, covetous, &c., but who wish IF further proof be needful to satisfy you, gentle to follow their propensities and yet obtain heaven men, that the church of Rome breathes a spirit of at last, popery makes large and tempting promises intolerance and persecution, I would refer you to a to nem, on condition that they will become perrescript of Pius IX., dated Sept. 5, 1850. A pro- secutors of protestants. Her canon law declares fessor of canon law in the university of Turin that “those who die fighting against the enemies having published a book in which he states that of the church of Rome shall not be excluded from “the church has only moral and religious influence, heaven” ş. Hence it was very common for her and should not use the power of the magistrate to pontiffs to gather men under their banners, for the carry out her views," the pope prohibited the purpose of exterminating heretics, by the promise. work “because,” the papal rescript states, “ he of an entire remission of all their sing. Will it be deprives the church of its exterior jurisdiction and objected that these promises were made on the coercive power, which were given to it to bring condition that such soldiers should die truly peniback into the ways of justice those who stray out tent and believing? I answer, no conditions of of them."

How friendly the pope is to religious this sort are specified. Pope Ionocent JII., we liberty may also be seen in the following extract are told by Matthew Paris, "enjoined princes

an allocution" of the same pontiff, relative to the concordat lately made with the queen of * Ibid, sess. xxii. c. i. 3. Spain : “You will perceive that the catholic reli- † Ibid, sess. xiv. cap. 2. gion, with all its rights, which it enjoys by its

"When in the Irish massacre," says lord Barrington, divine institution and the sanction of the sacred terms) with their passports in their hands, they only followed

" the papists murdered all the protestants (who yielded on canons, is simply, as heretofore, to flourish and be the example of that infallible council, which most religionsly dominant in that kingdom ; and every other burnt John Huss and Jerome of Prague, notwithstanding worship is altogether removed and interdicted." their safe-conduct. In truth, no protestant can depend for : With such evidence before him, the learned moment on popish power, wherever lodged. Did not our popishi counsel would not surely venture to speak of queen Mary promise the nation the continuance of their reli popery as a friend to civil and religious liberty, different faith, she would only exercise herself in private rith were not his eyes and ears and feelings and under her religion, and support her protestant subjects in their standing all under the potent speil of the old rights ? Did she not, when placed on the throne, pull off the magician of Rome.

mask, and did not Smithfield glow with the blaze of heretics! We do not, as my learned friend insinuates, con

The papists, it is well known, prefer Jews and Mohammedaus, demn popery on account of the language and has frankly owned that an inquisition in England is 80 abeo

pay, even heathens, to protestants; and Parsons, the jestit, deeds of individuals, but because its tenets are lutely necessary that withont that care all will slide and fall calculated to render all, who sincerely and without down again ; and had queen Mary lived to set up an inguhesitation receive them, persecutors and slaves. sition in England, as she designed, in all likelihood we had Only examine a few of those tenets, and you will been at this day as great popish bigots as any on the face of be convinced that such is their tendency. The God's earth. By God's blessing we are protestants ; let us Roman church teaches that none can be saved jesuits are attempting to get a footing in our island” (A Diswho do not submit to the pope, and receive at the suasive against Jacobitism, 1713). hands of his priests the papal sacraments which, What would lord Barrington have said had he lived in the according to ber doctrine, confer grace, ex opere present day, when jesuits, like an army of locusts, are peroperato, on the recipients*, and even on the spec- mitted to spread themselves over the land, and to inculcate

their abominable and destructive principles ? • Concil, Trid. sess. vii. can. 8.

$ Corp. Jur. Can., Caus. xii. qu. v. c. 46, et qu. viï, c. 9.

from

and other Christian people, for the remission of nals went in procession to church, and gave thanks their own sins," to enter into a crusade against to God that so many heretics had been destroyed ! the Albigenses (A.D. 1213). When men, there- As to the morality of Romanists and their revefore, are too indolent to think for themselves, and rence for religion, of which the learned counsel too vicious to give up their darling sins, it is no boasts, if this can be predicated of many of them it wonder that they listen to a church which pro- is certainly not owing to the principles which their mises them impunity for their evil deeds, and the church inculcates; it is rather owing to the fact inheritance of heaven at last, on such easy terms. that they have received higher and better instrucWe thus find that the most licentious and aban- tion than she is able or willing to afford them. But, doned individuals bave heen remarkably zealous with respect to multitudes of her most devoted for the church of Rome. The destruction of members, experience shows that they are neither heretics was an easy mode of removing the burden moral nor, in the best sense of the word, religious, of a guilty conscience. This will account for the although they are most degradingly superstitious. wholesale murders of protestants by Philip of “ My official duties," writes a chaplain of a Spain and Louis XIV. of France, and for the prison in London, "for the last fourteen years assassinations so awfully prevalent in Ireland, and brought me much into contact with the humbler for the apathy with which the popish peasantry classes of Roman catholics, as a very great prolook on the expiring victims, and for their readi- portion of the inmates of our prisons come under ness to screen the guilty parties from merited that description; and I have almost invariably punishment*. My learned friend intimates his found that their ignorance of scripture, and on dissent from my argument, and seems to deny that every subject of a spiritual nature, was most such principles are taught and sanctioned by his lamentable and almost incredible. Their percepchurch. But has not that church fixed her infal- tions even of moral duties are very obtuse; and lible seal of approbation on similar enormities, by the only species of knowledge in which they seem canonizing Pius V., who cursed queen Elizabeth, to be well instructed, and on which they place and instigated her subjects to revolt from her, and great reliance is, that they may confess their sins murder her and all her supporters ? Are not her to a priest, and obtain absolution, and by this members taugbt that he is a saint in heaven, to means remove every obstacle to their salvation. whose intercession they may profitably apply ?+ This is the only real substantial faith I have found This favourite saint of the Romish church was the in them; but as for the fruits of which Mr. monster who urged Charles IX., of France, to let Bennett speaks, self-denial, gratitude, love, no entreaties prevail upon him to spare his protes-or sanctity,' I look in vain for any traces of them tant subjects. The fruits of this advice were after- on my memory, in my intercourse with them”*. wards seen in the horrible massacre of 30,000 to

My learned friend may call this kind of know40,000 French protestants. You all know how ledge " reverence for religion” if he pleases, but the tidings of this dreadful event were received at he must allow others to give it a very different Rome. The pope Gregory XIII. and his cardi- He may also think that Mr. Oakley was

actuated by the deepest reverence for religion • Popish writers state that there are more atrocious crimes when he called upon his congregation to pray for perpetrated in protestant Englaud than in Ireland. But, even those who called the pope antichrist, by saying if this were true, can those crimes be traced to the doctriues five Pater nosters and five Ave Marias ! But what taught by the church of England ? They must know, if they have ever examined into the subject, that the teaching of our will any one versed in holy scripture think of a church gives no sanction whatever to crime or immorality. congregation of reasonable beings repeating after There would be neither murders nor immorality of any their priest five times a Latin prayer, and five kind, if men would follow the instructions of our scrip- times a Latin invocation to the blessed virgin ? tural church. But the crimes and vices of the Romanist may Prayer to the divine Saviour, and invocation to a be distinctly traced to the doctrines of his church. See, for instance, the notes appended to the Douay and Rhemish creature, in the same breath! Or what notion translation of the holy scriptures, published in 1816 under of religion is that which a certain young noblethe sanction of an Irish popish prelate :

man has got in his head, who, as the papers state, Matt. xiii, 29 : “Where evil men, be they heretics or other “ has been making his round of devotional pilance or hazard of the good (i. e., of papists !) they may, and grimages” at Rome? “Yesterday be visited the ought, by public authority, either spiritual or temporal, to be church of St. Peter ad vincula ; and at his request chastised or executed.”

the chains of the apostle (?) were placed on bis Acts xix. 19: "A Christian man is especially bound to neck, and afterwards on that of lady ----, and of burn and deface all heretical books; and therefore protestant the servant-man. He has ordered a silver cradle bibles, prayer-books,” &c. Deut. xvii. 12: "God was pleased to give to the church Bambino, in the church of Ara Cæli

, in the hope

to be made for the infant statue called the Santo panish with death such as proudly refused to obey their deci- that thereby an heir may be granted to perpetuate tou; and surely he has pot done less for the church guides the honours of bis poble house"! But let us see in the New Testament."

what "reverence for religion” and what state of Rev. xvii. 6 : “ The protestants foolishly expound this of morals the church of Rome bas produced in her Rorne, for that they put beretics to death, and allow of their own favoured Italy.. Amongst the educated the blood of saints, no more than the blood of thieves, man- classes the popish religion is considered generally killers, and other malefactors, for the shedding of which, by as a fable. And great must have been their conorder of justice, no commonwealth shall answer.

tempt for the credulity of the English nobleman to never wanting to carry into effect the altar-der.unciations of chains of probably some galley-slave, I have just

It is no wonder that after such teaching as this, agents are whose gift to the Bambino, and veneration for the popish priests against protestant landlords, clergymen, referred. 'Mr. Whiteside was present, three or scripture-readers, &c. &c.

See the bull of Clement XI. A. D. 1712, and Catena and four years ago, at the festival of this wooden Gabutius, De vit. et. gest. Pii V.

* Letter to “The Record,” April 3, 1851.

pame.

image of the infant Saviour. Afterwards, meeting / which prevails where conscience is silenced, reason an Italian gentleman of his acquaintance, he was fettered, and the understanding darkened. “The asked how he had spent the day? "I replied, common plea of these men,” says Dr. Croly, “ is

Witnessiug the benediction of the Bambino.' the ease of conscience in an infallible church ; as * Ah!' said he, laughing, (so you have seen the well might they talk of the energy of slumber, or Bambino-our little doctor! And what do you the vigilance of blindness. When once they steer think of him? He is a skilful physician! and into the trade-wind of Rome, requiring no skill so on, manifestly scoffing at the absurdity of the in the navigation, and exciting no anxiety for the popular belief." It is the same in Naples. On harbour, they move on over the ocean of error, asking a Neapolitan nobleman what was his belief shifting no sail and consulting no star, in alternate as to the miracle of St. Januarius, "The Neapo- | idleness and sleep, till they are, in the course of litan,” says Mr. Whiteside, “replied, without a nature, consigned the grave, and heard of do moment's hesitation : 'I believe it to be an impo- | more. There is no return." Such is the indolent sition, of course. “Does any man of your rank and dangerous tranquillity which Mr. Newman in Naples believe it? Not one,' he replied. would persuade men to seek, in exchange for the Permit me then to inquire, how do you justify labour of reading, marking, learning, and inwitnessing the imposture, and appearing to sanc- wardly digesting those holy scriptures which are tion what you know to be false? He coloured able to make men 66 wise to salvation through slightly, and then gave a reply never to be for- faith in Jesus Christ.” Bat it is necessary to his gotten by me: “Signor, you are a stranger, and “position" to speak in this way at present: yet, evidently unacquainted with the state of things in as he used very different language when he was this kingdom. There exists a compact between nominally a member and minister of the church of the government and the priests, each to support England, although holding secretly, and teaching the other in their abuses. The priests will sustain stealthilý popish doctrines to his unsuspecting the government so long as it sustains them; and, followers, his words will gain no credit with when this imposture is acted, it is part of the bar- thinking persons. “ Romanism,” said Newman gain that the king and the court shall attend.” in 1837, “is a mis-shapen development of the

The state of morals may easily be imagined in a truth; not the less dangerous because it retains country where such arts are countenanced by the traces of its genuine features and usurps its name, church. “With respect to morals," observes this as vice borrows the name of virtue. She is a gentleman, “notwithstanding the ceremonials of church beside herself crafty, obstinate, wil. religion are celebrated with frequency and splen- ful, malicious, cruel, unnatural, as madmen are; dour, Naples is admitted to be one of the most or, rather, she may be said to resemble a deprofligate capitals in Europe ; and, I grieve to moniac, possessed with principles, thoughts, and add, questions are sometimes put to passengers, in tendencies not her own-in outward form and in the streets of this brilliant city, calculated to make outward powers what God has made her, but a man start with horror” *

ruled within by an inexorable spirit, who is Mr. Whiteside also informs us that there were sovereign in his management over her, and most trials at Naples : “ Five of parricide, thirty-seven that, to deport to the colonies (!), are not dead yet, but, on the of conjugicide, twenty-one of murder of relations, contrary (as we say in Ireland) are alive and kicking; and let fifteen infanticides, nine for poisoning and attempts him know that, when I choose to address you under the saneat poisoning, one hundred and thirty-four for pre- tion of the church, I can command you to do what I please, meditated homicides, forty-six attenipts at murder, and that you will neither walk, nor drink, nor sing, nor dance

, eighty-nine involuntary homicides, four hundred nelly," can be truly a Romanist who is not so unlimitedly

but according to my pleasure." "No man,” says Mr. Couand eighty-two stabbings, many horrible crimes and without reserve. Conscience and the creed of Pius V. besides, one hundred and twenty-nine burnings are contraries, contradictories. To make a consistent, conof houses, seventy-five thefts, with murder, &c." gruous Roman-catholic, there must be unreasoning submission All these crimes perpetrated amongst a population in morals as in faith. Bellarmine’s inference from the Romannot exceeding that of Liverpool or Manchester! catholic doctrine is only the inference of common sense. That Surely, gentlemen, if fruits are the surest test of of all who believe it. The church' (that is, the baptized),

doctrine practically blots God out from the moral government the good or bad quality of a tree, popery must be says Bellarmine, 'is inviolably bound to believe that to be the upas-tree which produces misery and desola- morally good which the sovereign pontiff commands, and that tion wherever its malignant influence prevails. morally bad which he forbide. The conscience must be These lamentable facts are a sufficient answer to ready to be given up to another and for another, who is the assertion of " that learned and distinguished right to absolve from all individual responsibility, and

held to represent Omnipotence, who is held to have the ornament” of the Roman church, Mr. Newman, to whom obedience paid blindly is accounted the very that converts to popery "receive light for dark- highest practice of Christian virtue. Let him that desires ness, peace for warfare.” Peace! gentlemen ; to grow in godliness give himself up to a learned confesser, what kind of peace? That which the crouching and be obedieut to him as to God. He that thus acts is safe slave enjoys, so long as he promptly obeys every Lord will see to it that his confessor leads him not estray mandate of his despotic mastert: the peace (St. Philip Neri).”-A letter to the earl of Shrewsbury, by

Pierce Connelly, M.A. (formerly chaplain to his lordship). * Whiteside's “Italy in the Nineteenth Century," vol. ïïi., "No man's crime," observes the same writer, "is in secret

ever thoroughly applauded, or even quite forgiven ; but, with † The following extract from a late address to the Roman- another man to keep his conscience in the name of God (!), ists of Liverpool, by Dr. Cahill, will illustrate the kind of with absolution ready, or probability making absolution slavery to which members of the church of Rome are expected superfluous, or a 'director's warrant given beforehand (), to submit : “Tell him (lord John Russell), in words that audacity becomes a part of faith, and remorse a criminal miscannot be mistaken, that the priests are your magistrates, trust. A husband, a father, or a king, is struck dowu with and that their words are more powerful than an armed police; as steady a hand as any sentenced felon. The eighteen Reproclaim by your good order that the catholic (popish) bishops vaillacs go forth to their task with as firm a step as any Calwhom he attempted to disrobe, consume, annihilate, and, after craft.”

p. 85.

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