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Aurora, like Juno fair, bewitching softer than oil, were sharper than a as Venus, and as Pallas bespeaking. two edged sword. Her reproofs were She was called Moderation. When disguised, and yet had their wishedthe spoke, charms innumerable issued for end, and her admiration was as from her lips. Her voice was more distant from flattery, as the north is tuneful than Cytherea's, and her fic from the south. Her observations gure more graceful than Melpomene's. gently passed through the passions, Her, Sincerity (after a little time spent flowly did by the gale, but impercepin courtship) married. She was the tibly stuck in the heart, where they means of recovering his lost credit worked with unremitting ardour. She She by her soothing language effected was too excellent to be copied. She more than he could ever do by his has a sister of illegitimate birth, known sharp expressions; and by her tales by her fantastic habits, and who is aland Songs of wars and warlike men, ways most inclined to Thew her kindof heroes and of gods, luiled the pal- nels when the means to deceive. It is fions of those, whom Sincerity alone said that the true Politeness, being could never overcome ; dissipated displeased with the admiration bestowtheir hate, and attracted their admi, ed on the false one, took fight from ration, infomuch, that when she had the town of her nativity, with an indone speaking, they listened as though tent to live in some recluse part of the the spake. This couple were blefied world, but it is very well known that with a daughter whom they named this intent has been frustrated, because Politeness. She is the same with Como she is a constant attendant on some of plaisance or Civility. Her they care the most distinguished persons, and in fully educated ; the inherited the vire the most noble companies, in this tues of her parents, joining her fa- kingdom; and to its honour be it fpother's austerity with her mother's soft. ken, that those persons who are in the ness and compassion. She was uni. highest situations in life, are her great'versally admired. Her words, though eft patrons.



Ob. Dec. 2. {ÆR: 61707.


HERE are a number of epitaphs in

Stone, in full expectation
the cathedral church of Salisbury, the

however of a building with moft curious of which are here selected for

God eternal in the heavens. the entertaininent of your readers.


, 68.
TO the memory of Mrs, Mary Cooke, wife
to the right honourable colonel

Anno Dom. 1664, Julii XI.
Francis Cooke, of Great Chithil, in Ageto mox languidi mitis tamen guftate
Eliex, dau nter of Adgustin Mervin

anima fortis eft dormit corpus Sonne to John Mervin, of Perworth, Sepelitur ... conjungentur ambo, Esqr. who died, 21 Sept. 1642.

die noviflimo .. iliæ glorificentur What duties moft commend à virtuous wife

in bac fpe
"To God, to husband, and to parents due; requiescit Elizabetha Johannis Wilson
Those (fame reports) he practised all her

vixit conjux

And bids pofterity believe it true,

And that her dowries and sweet guiftes of


Virtutes dilecta deo quamvis celebrare To her leave praise, to her’s leave griefe behind;

cujusque tuas monuit, faxa One lone thee had, which was to her so dcere,

ipla loquentur That while thee gave him life, the dead lies Hoc tumulo et quanquam non ftarent ære poheere.


Auro nec gemmis, subter gemma eft pretiosa.
IN memory of
Thomas Glover, architect,

Now that my soule her ... hath enjoyed who having erected many

And that my corps by, ... is here layd ftately, curious, and artfull

Let every friend wipe, cleanse, and make edifices for others, himielf is

dry here lodged under this single Every salt teare from every kindest eye :

I am

* Sic, Orig.

I am but Neeping resting in my bed,

inftru&ing young ladys Sleeping I say in Christ, I am not dead;

and gentlewomen. Yf any thinke me dead, think as he list, I am not dead in fin, but died in Chrift.

Underneath are laid Full of God's grace fulfilled, with love, faith,

The earthly remains hope,

Of a virtuous and good woman, His foul ascended is above heavens cope ;

Bleft with a clear head So Necping, neep in joy, in lasting peace,

And an honest heart, Here none disturb our Time, till Time !hall

In life and death ceale,


A true Chriftian ; And Christ shall raise our bury'd bones and

Such was Unto the Resurrection of the juft.

Amy Hele,

Wife of Ri. Hele, M. A.
Here lies the body of Mrs.

Prebendary of this church.
Ann Dear, widow, who

She died
died Wednesday the 27th

On the sgth of May of April, Anno Dni. 1720,


aged 71 years.


The moft famous mistress

Here also are buried
in the West of England

Two of her chiidren, for well educating and

who died infants.


LATE author * hath assured us, " The northern nations had not A

that asasination loses ground in that continued possession of Portugal, Portugal; but at the same time he be which they had of their other conlieves it is owing to a greater de. quests ; for they were interrupted by pravity of manners. On being desired the Moors, who in their turn again io explain so great a paradox, he offers were dispostesled of it ; so that their the following vindication of his customs and manners had not time to countrymen-which probably will at take root; and as a proof of it, duel. tract the notice of some of your in- ling is to this day little practised among genious correspondents.

us, which is evidently a Gothic in

O. ftitution. “ MOST nations trace their ancef " It follows then that the power tors froin remoteít time.- Jubal the son which individuals aflume among us' to of Japhet, they pretend was the do justice to themselves, is derived from first wino peopled our country-how- the first inhabitants of Portugal, the ever, without entering into difqui- Greeks and Romans; and has been fitions which are only an additional handed down to their posterity, notmark of the vanity of mankind, I will withstanding the different revolutions confine myself merely to what may be that have happened. ascertained with some degree of truth " It is no doubt happier for a peo- The Greeks, Phænicians, and Car- ple to remit all, their animosities into tiiaginians, are the first people spoken the hands of others, than to decide o: as the inbabitants of Portugal; and them themselves; but as neither morals the various antiquities which are to be nor legislation have yet arrived to met with, corroborate history in this that perfection, is it not absurd, as particular :-after them came the Ro- with you, for a man to put himselt on mans, who remained in possession of the footing with one who has violated it till the decline of their empire ; every principle of honour and equity, when the Goths, Hung and Vaidals and not only expose his life, but often made those famous revolutions in Eu. fall a victim to the villain who deserves rope. - Whatever then were the cul. to lose it?-- These are the arguments ioins and manners to this period, they which we use. However, what has were fuch as were authorized by the been the great cause of assassination moit enlightened people at that time in among us, is jealousy ;-but now the the world.

intercourse and communication is

grown * Adventures of Alonzo.

grown fo great, that a man sees it and women live in general with each would be an endless talk to punish the other, though they are still confidered infidelities of the other sex-We there. by those who have not been among fore begin to imitate the manners of them as the faine jealous kind of peoour neighbours, and are satisfied with ple they were about an hundred years making reprifals on each other-You ago. They copied from the French have all been in Spain ; and I am per- the French taught the Italians, and suaded you must have observed with we shall soon be equal to either.” surprize the familiarity in which men


To the EDITOR of the LONDON MAGAZINE. SIR, THE following is a conversation to him fix years pay; and, besides,

between some Portuguele gentle- he claimed the value of a mule, which men on their prime minister, &c. had been pressed from him during the

“ Our minifter, said one, has been war, for his majetty's service. He always found implacable-he would set forth his claims in a petition to sooner pardon an indignity to the king the king, which he presented bimself. than disrespect to himself ; for you - After waiting fome days in fruitknow his majesty leaves his honour less attendance, he presented another, to the arbitration of his excellency ; which the king likewise received, and and a happy use he makes of it!" gave to one of his suite. However, " True, (replied an officer) and for as this met with the same fate as the my part, I can never reflect but with first, he determined to present a third ; indignation, that so honest a man as but the king recollecting the man's the king lould suffer bimself to be face again, pushed it on one side, and treated with so much contempt ;

said to him, “ Fellow, why do you for what can more debase majesty than plague me thus with your petitions ?" to be hut up in a cage whenever he -The old soldier was obliged to regives audience, and receive the peti. tire, but sullen and thoughtful, thus tions of his subjects, only from third he reasoned with himself." I have hands ?-Would it not be more noble served the king the best part of my and more manly in a prince to expose life-I am now cld, and he owes iné himself to the rancour of his people, money-yet he not only refuses to pay and even meet death at their hands, me, but treats me with contempi than live on such vilifying conditions? I will have satisfaction.”

- But the truth is, his majetty has no “ Accordingly be provided hinself need of such apprehensions, and it is with a long itout stick, with which be only to encreale his power over him, was resolved to give his nsajesty a drub. by creating in him such a jealousy and bing the next morning as he went distruct of his subjects Gentlemen, a-hunting ;-he therefore planted him(continued the major) I was upon self very composedly at the park guard in the palace of Villa Viciold, gate; and just as his majesty passed the day the king was attacked by that through, he fell most heartily upon madman, which has occasioned to him; and if he had not been imniemuch noise ; and I will relate to you diately seized, he would probably all the circumstances of that affiir; have brought the king to the ground. for it is not necessary to mention that –The attendants in their fury would it was this adventure that gave the instantly have dispatched bin, if they marquis a pretext for persuading the had not been prevented by the king, king to submit to the indignity that who called out to them to spare his bas beco mentioned.

life. He was ordered into strict cul“ This madman, then, (for though tody; and, soon afier, all his friends he was not a lunatic, be deferves no and relations, and those with whom other name) after serving the greateit he had any intimacy or acquaintance, part of his life as a soldier in the ar were sent to prison, in order to find tillery, was discharged as unfit for fer out who it was that had instigated vice. The king remained in arrears lumn to lo saih an aélion ;-but ail

their enquiries proved fruitless, and What became of the poor fellow it did not appear that he had any ac. afterwards, God knows ;-but the complices, but had acted merely from army owe him, at least, this piece of a principle of taking satisfaction for service, that some time afterward their the injustice the king had done him. arrears were paid."


Dr. Price's State of the National Debte Annual Income-Annual Expenditure Sinking Fund -Taxes and Scheme for a quick Reduction of the public Debt.

Account of the NATIONAL DEBT. THE amount of the capital at the Bank, South Sea, Principal. Interest,





See the particulars in an account by R. Helm, at

Stock Exchange, corrected for January 5th, 1775. Deduct 424.50cl. consol. annuit. 246,300l. reduced;

161,6501. Old S. S. annuit. 124,2001. New S. S. annuit, and 43,350), annuit. 1751, making in all a

6. million of the 3 per cents, paid off in 1775;

and the remainder will be

124.056,454 4.317,870 Annuities for 99, 96, and 89 years, granted in King William's time. Supposing 18 years to come of

these annuities, their value will be (reckoning the
interest at zi per cent.) 13 years purchase, or nearly 1.801,179

136,453 Annuities for lives, with benefit of survivorship, in

King William's time, supposed worth four years
N. B. The benefit of survivorship is to be continued
till the annuitants are reduced to seven; and they are
not yet reduced to this number

7,567 Annuities on lives, with benefit of survivorship, grant. ed Anno 1765—valued at 20 years purchase

10,800 Annuities for two or three lives granted in 1693. Also

annuities on single lives 1745, 1746, 1757. The original amount of these annuities, taken alí together, was near 130,000l. They are now reduced by deaths to about 80,000l. I have valued them at 10 years purchase

800,000 80,000 Long annyity for 99 years 1761-The value of this

annuity is in the Alley about 2 51 years purchase; but the remaining term is really worth 27 years purchase

6.702,750 248,250 Unfunded Debi, consisting of Exchequer Bills (1,250,000l.)

Navy debt (1,850,cool.) and Civil lift debt, fupposed 500 oool. The interest is reckoned at no more than 2 per cent.


90,000 Total of the National debt in 1775

137.001,451 14.880,680 I have given the Navy Debt as it charging the arrears and debts then was about a year ago. It must be now due on the Civil List. greatly increased. - The Civil Liit By an act of the first of Georgell, the Debt has been given by guess. It is Civil List was to be made up 800,000l. generally reckoned not to be less than whenever, in any year, the duties and the sum I have specified ; and it is also revenues appro; riated to it fell fhort expected, that the Civil List income of that fum. The clear produce of will be raised to 900,000l. per annum these duties for 33 years, or from Mid

In 1769 the fun of 513,5111. was summer 1727, to Midsummer 1960, granted by parliament towards dir. was, according to a particular account

in 4

in my possession, 26.182,9811. 175. 6d. expences of the present year, will inor 795,2421. per ann. They fell fhort, crease this debt considerably. therefore, taking one year with ano. Drawing out, embodying, and mainther, more than they exceeded. taining the militia in the last war, coit In 1747, they had been deficient for the nation near half a million per ann. seven years together; and the whole - We cannot reckon upon a less exdeficiency amounted to 456,7331. 165. pence in doing this now. Add to it —which, in conformity to the act I pay for foreign troops, and all the have mentioned, was made good to extraordinary expences of our inhis majesty out of the supplies for that creased pavy and army, transport year. In 1729 also, 115,000l

. was service, recruiting service, ordnance, granted out of the supplies for the like &c and it will be evident that the reason.-This is all the money, re whole expence of this unhappy year ceived by his late majesty from par. must be enormous.But I expect that liament, towards supporting his house care will be taken to hide it, by fundhold and the dignity of his civil govern- ing as little as possible, and that for ment; or 810,7491. per ann. I have this reason it will not be known in its thought proper to state this matter to full magnitude, till it comes to appear particularly here; because accounts another year under the articles of navy grossly wrong have been given of it. debt, extraordinaries of the army,

The amount of the national debt, transport bills, ordnance debentures, it has appeared, was last year 137 &c. making up a vast unfunded debt millions.-The great deficiencies of which may bear down all public credit. last year, added to the extraordinary

State of the NATIONAL ACCOUNT in 1775.

Customs in England, being the medium of the payments into the £.
Exchequer, for 3 years ending in 1773

2.528,275 Amount of the Excises in England, including the malt tax, being the medium of 3 years ending in 1773

4.649,892 Land Tax at 35.

1.300,000 Salt Duties, being the medium of the years 1765 and 1766

218,739 Duties on itamps, cards, dice, advertisements, bonds, leases, indentures, news-papers, almanacks, &c.

280,788 Duties on houses and windows, being the medium of 3 years end. ing in 1771

385.369 Post Office, seizures, wine licences, hackney coaches, * tenths of the clergy, &c.

250,000 Excises in Scotland, being the medium of 3 years ending in 1773 95,229 Customs in Scotland, being the medium of 3 years ending in 1773 68,369 Inland taxes in Scotland, deduction of 6d. in the pound on all

pensions, salaries, &c. casual revenues, such as the duties on gum-senega, American revenue, sale of lands in the ceded illands, &c.— These are little articles, and I have supposed them to amount to as much as will make the whole revenue ten millions per ann. tho'it is almost certain they cannot produce so much


Total £. 10.000,000

The annual medium of the payments of the Customs, therefore, has been into the Exchequer from the Customs given rather too high. in England, for the last five years, has The produce of the Excises in Engbeen 2.521,7691. - In 1774 this land has been higher in 1772 and 1775 payment was 2 547,7171.--In 1775, than in any other two years ; but the it was 2.476,3021. - The produce average of any three successive years, Feb. 1776.

N These branches of the revenue produced in 1754 210,2431. I do not know how musb they bave produced lately ; but I believe I barve eslimated them at the big befi.


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