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80 Anecdotes of the Gim-crack Taste of our Fatbers. Feb. ing. The most probable conjecture ported, while he applied the plaisteris, that they must at firit bave been ing and afterwards impressed the composed of separate materials, put figure. This is a question that retogether by piece-meal, and then mains to be explained. The short plaistered over with a cement, which, time that our voyagers continued when dry, consolidated into a hard upon the iNand, necessarily obliged fubstance, which every way assumed them to leave many things unobserved the colour and consistence of stone; which deserved notice among a peobut then as these people have neither ple, who by their situation, on a speck ladders nor scaffolds, nor any mate. of land, not more than 12 rials upon the iAand, by which such leagues in circumference, and at least contrivances can be constructed, the a thousand miles from any known question recurs, how the artist could land, may well be supposed to be ori. be suspended, or more properly sup- ginal."
Anecdotes of the Gim-crack Taste of our Fathers. I the presentmeentury, men mallinen N former times, and even down to equally wonderful from its difficulty.
He finithed a work of box wood, spect was paid to acrostics, and a num which represented all the mysteries of ber of such like difficult trifles, which the passion, and might be put into the are now justly disregarded as puerile. shell of a walnut. To him is like. This petty taste likewise gave rise to wise attributed a coach of the size of different pieces of penmanlhip, and a grain of wheat, within which were other efforts of manual industry, to be seen a man and woman, a coachsurprising from their extreme small man who drove it, and horses which ness.
drew it. These performances were In the fixteenth century, an Italian presented to Francis I. and to monk, named Peter Alumnus, com Charles V. prised the Acts of the Apostles, and Another artist constructed an ivory the Gospel of St. John, within the cir- chariot, which a fly covered with its cumference of a farthing:
wings, and a Dip also of ivory, with An artist, endowed with equal pa. its rigging complete, tience, presented Queen Elizabeth Paul Colomies tells us somewhere, with a bit of paper, of the size of a that he saw a goldsmith at Moulins, finger-nail, on which were written who had chained a living flea to a the Ten Commandments, the Creed, gold chain, which contained fifty and the Lord's Prayer, together with links, and did not weigh three grains. her majesty's naine and the date of the Madame de Sevigné likewise menyear; all the letters of it were easily tions, in one of her letters, that there diftinguilhed by means of a pair of was a man in Paris, who, as a masterspectacles, which this artist had him- piece, had constructed a chariot, felf constructed.
which was drawn by fleas. The The Iliad of Homer too, is to be Dauphin, on this occasion, asked the seen written upon vellum, and in so prince of Conti, his cousin, who it small a compass, that a nut-shell con. was that had made the harness, and tains it.
was told by him, with a smile, that Jerome Faba, an Italian priest, and it certainly must have been fome spider in a native of Calabria, exercised him the neighbourbood. self in another species of industry,
To the EDITOR of the LONDON MAGAZINE. SIR, 10
lent men, whose labours and spect of succeeding ages, from the virtues in former times juftly recom. false and scandalous imputations,
which mistaken, malevolent, or ig- latest in 1633, after Bedwell's death ; norant historians may have fixed upon which was nearly if not fully ten them, is a tribute to their memory, years before the death of Bishop Beand a service to the public that needs dell, who died Feb. 7, 1642. no apology. On this consideration it Upon the whole, Squire Burman is that I request a little room in your must bear to be told that he has perMagazine for the following parti- formed the office of an editor very culars.
ill, to suffer this fcandalous anecIn William Lilly's History of his dote to pass upon the reader's of Lilly's Life and Times, lately publihed, by Life, without a note of correctiona a Charles Barman, Esq. we have, at The very character of Bishop Bedell, p. 34, these words.
sufficiently known to every rolerable “ Mr. A. Bedwell, minister of scholar, might have satisfied him that Totenham-High-Cross, near London, Bishop Bedell was no more of an altro who had been many years chaplain to loger, than Lilly was of a bishop. If Sir Henry Wotton, whilst he was ain he was ignorant of Bedell's character, bassador at Venice, and assisted Pietro he was not fit to revile an historical Soave Polano, in composing and wri. compofition, giving accounts of many ting the council of Trent, was lately fingular events of that period in which dead; and his library being cold into this eminent bishop lived. Perhaps Mr. Little Britain, I bought among them
Burman's indolence only may be to my choicest books of Astrology." Now, blame, for it is remarkable, that al
1. It is well known, that the chap. most every error of the press, in the lain to Sir Henry Wotton, and the edition of 1715 of Lilly's Life in izmo. intimate friend of father Paul, was is faithfully copied in the octavo of William Bedell, tlie learned and ex 1974; as p. 24, line 16, 1625 for cellent bishop of Kilmore, in Ireland. 1665; and p. 58 line 17, Charles the He was never minister of Tottenham- Second, for Charles the First, &c. High-Cross, nor of any other place in But what shall we say for the Rev. England, but of a church at St. Ed. James Granger, the laborious commundíbury, and another at Horings. piler of four volumes octavo which he heath, in Suffolk, to which latt he has thought fit to call, “ A Biograwas presented in the year 1615. In phical Hilory of England ?" Will the year 1627, he was elected to the posterity believe that his critical and provoithip of Trinity College in Dub- orthodox genius could permit hiin to lin; and in 1629 was promoted to the write the following note.
" The See of Kilmore and Ardagh, and was most valuable of Lilly's altrological never afterwards in England.
books belonged to the excellent 2. It is so far from being true, or Bishop Bedell, whole life was written even probable that his library was by Bishop Burnet." Vol. iii. 132. For fold in Little Britain, that some time this information, le quotes Mi, before his death, he loft his library, William Lilly's own self, who appears which, with his house, and all that not to have known that ever there belonged to him fell into the rapa. was a Bishop Bedell. And then, the ,cious hands of the Irish' rebels, nor " excellent Bishop Bedell," excellent, was any thing saved from the havock for what ? only for the depth of his made of his books and manuscripts, but attainments in the noble science of his great Hebrew MS. which is ftill astrology! Of his other excellencies, preserved in the library of Emmanuel Mr. Granger seems to have bad no College, Cambridge, and a few other distinct idea; for had be read Bishop buoks which an Irishman, who had Burnet's book, wbich he cites on this been converted by the bilhop, going occasion, or Bedell's article in the among bis countrynien, brought to Biographia Britannica, which he the bishop, then confined by the rebels, quotes and pillages on other occasions, with other Proteftants of his diocele. he would have found, not only the
3. Lilly, as appears by bis own falsehood of Lilly's blundering acaccount at the bottom of the same count, but likewise that nature depage, made this purchase in Little ligned not Bimop Bedell for an aitroBritain, in the year 1632, or at the loger, if the intended Mr. G. for a Feb. 1776.
Biographical Historian. For the rest, ter with which in my hearing an inthe Hiltory has its merit, to which genious lady recommended it to the even its numerous errors and fiddle- perusal of an humble friend, viz. “ a faddles contribute, as they are quite pure goliping book." necessary to make up that just charac
A Letter from GENERAL LEE to GENERAL BURGOYNE.
Camp on Prospect Hill, Dec. 1, 1775 " DEAR SIR,
ready to embark for England, sent world and all pofterity, did they I cannot refrain from once more tres not reject it, for if it were admitted, paffing on your patience. An oppor. they would have nothing that they tunity is now presented of iminortali. could call their own. They would be zing yourself as the saviour of your in a worse condition than the wretched conintry. The whole British 'empire Naves in the West-India isands, whose itands rottering on the brink of ruin, little peculium has ever been esteemed and you have it in your power to pre. inviolate. But wherefore should I vent the fatal cataitrophe, but it will dwell on this ? Is not the case of Ireland admit of no delay. For Heaven's sake the same with theirs ? They are subavail yourself of the precious moment; ordinate to the British empire, they put an end to the delusion; exert the are subordinate to the parliament of voice of a brave, virtuous citizen, and Great Britain, but they tax themfelves. tell the people at home that they must Why, as the case is fimiiar, do not immediately refcind all their impolitic, you begin with them? But you know, iniquitous, tyrannical, murderous acts; Mr. Burgoyne, audacious as the mic that they must overturn the whole fran- nistry are, they dare not attempt it. tic system, or that they are undone. There is one part of your letter which I You ask me, in your letter, if it is confess I do not thoroughly underjudependence at which the Americans stand. If I recollect right, for I un. aim? I answer, no! the idea never fortunately have not the letter by me, entered a fingle American's head un- you say that if the privilege of taxing til a most intolerable oppression forced themselves is what the Americans it upon them. All they required was claim, the contest is at an end. You to remain masters of their own pro- furely cannot allude to the propositions perty, and be governed by the fame of North. It is imposable that you equitable laws which they had enjoyed mould not think with me and all manfrom the first formation of the colo. kind that these propositions are no more nies. The ties of connexion which or less than adding to a molt abominable bound them to their parent country, oppression, a more abominable insult. were so dear to them that he who would But to recur to the question of Amebave ventured to have touched them, rica's aiming at independence : do any would have been considered as the instructions of any one of their promoft impious of mortals; but these vinces to their representatives, or desacred ties, (the fame men who have legates, furnish the least ground for violated or baffled the most precious the suspicion ? On the contrary, do laws and rights of the people at they not all breathe the strongest athome, diffipated or refused to ac tachment and filial piety for their pacount for iheir treasures, tarnished rent country? But if ihe discards all the glory, and annihilated the import: the natural tenderness of a mother, ance of the nation ; these sacred ties, and acts the part of a cruel step-dame, I say) so dear to every American, Bute it must naturally he expected that and his tory administration are now their affections will cease; the minitry rending afunder.
leave them no alternative ; aut servire, “ You ask whether it is the weight aut alienari jubent; it is in human naof taxes of which they complain? I ture, it is a moral obligation to adopt answer, no, it is the principle they the latter ; but the fatal separation lias combat, and they would be guilty in not yet taken place, and yourself, your
single self, my friend, may perhaps their headlong career. If you labour prevent it. Upon the ministry, I am in vain (as I must repeat I think will afraid, you can make no impression; be the case) address yourself to the for, to repeat a hackneyed quotation, people at large ; by adopting this me
They are in blood thod, I am lo sanguine as to assure. Stepp?d in so far, ihal pould they wade myself of your success; and your pub
lic character will be as illuitrious as To return wou'd be as tedious as go o'er. your personal qualities are amiable to
all who intimately know you. By But if you will at once break off all
your means, the Colonists will long connexions with these pernicious men, continue the farmers, planters, and if you will wave all considerations but thipwrights of Great Britain ; but if the salvation of your country, Great the preient course is persisted in, an Britain may stand as much indebted' eternal divorce must inevitably take to General Burgoyne as Rome was to place. As to the idea of subduing her Camillus. Do not, I intreat you them into servitude, and indemnifymy dear fir, think this the mad rhap- ing yourselves for the expence, you sody of an enthusiast, nor the cane of must be convinced, long before this, a factious, designing man, for in these of its absurdity. colours, I am told, I am frequently “ I lould not, perhaps, be extrapainted. I swear, by all that’s lacred, vagant, if I advanced that all the thiye as I hope for comfort and honour in of the world would be too few to this world, and to avoid misery in the transport force fufficient to conquer next, that I moft earnestly and de. three millions of people, unanimously voutly love my native country; that I determined to sacrifice every thing to with the same happy relation to fubfist liberty ; but if it were possible, the for ages, betwixt her and her chil. victory would not be less ruinous than dren, which has raised the wide arch the defeat. You would only destroy of her empire to so stupendous and your cwn krength. No revenue can enviable a' height; but at the same possibly be extracted out of this countime I avow, that if the Parliament try. The army of placemen might be and people should be depraved enough encreased, but her circuitous comto support any longer the present Mi. merce, founded on perfect freedom, niftry in their internal scheme, my which alone can furnith riches to the zealand reverence for the rights of metropolis, would fall to the ground. humanity are so much greater than But the dignity of Great Britain it my fondness for any particular spot, seems is at stake. Would you, Sir, even the place of my nativity, that if in the heat of passion you had itruck had I any influence in the councils of a simple drummer of your regiment, America, I would advise not to hefi- and afterwards discovered it to be untate a single instant, but decisively to justly, think it any forfeiture of your cut the Gordian knot, now besmeared dignity to acknowledge the wrong? No with civil blood.
(lam well acquainted with your dispo" This I know is strong, emphatic fition) you would ask his pardon at the language, and might pass with men, head of your regiment. wbo are Itrangers to the fame which “ I fall now conclude (if you will the love of liberty is capable of light. excuse the pedantry) with a sentence ing up in the human breast, for a of Latin : “ Juftum est bellum quibus proof of my insanity; but you, Sir, neceffarium, et pia arma quibus nulla, you, unless I have mistaken you from nisi in armis, relinquitur spes." I most the beginning, will conceive that a sincerely wish you a quick and proman in his lober senses may possess sperous voyage ; and that your happisuch feelings. In my sober lenses, ness and glory may be equal to the therefore, permit me, once more, most. idea I have of your merits, as I am, earnestly to intreat and conjure you to with the greatest truth and affection, exert your whole force, energy, and your's, talents, to stop the Ministry in this
C. Lee." Mz
The Origin of Politeness. An Allegorical Tale. IN the filver age lived Sincerity the of a Bellona. Instead of covering
Tin of Truth, endowed with a soul their tables in the plain and healthfui capable of conceiving, rehning, en manner in which they formerly were, Jarzing, and exalting the ideas which with the fruits of Ceres, the libationis offerer spontaneous to his mind. He of Bacchus, the gifts of Flora and was content with a decent mansion; Pornona, they now spread them with neatness and elegance vied with each the poisons of a foreign name, the inother in the disposition of his furniture fipids of another clime, and the unand the regularity and decorum in palatable fruits of an enemy's vinewhich they were preserved -Tho' yard. To this way of life sincerity Do Corinthian pillars, no triumphal was much averse. When he beheld arches, golden doors, or marble foun their pageantry he took his head, tains, caug!t the eye, and sealted it when he was invited to their mansions with instantaneous delight; yet the he freely refuserl, and rebuked them well proportioned rooms, the cooling for their buisterous revelling with a grots, the refreshing breezes, and the look that spoke the serenity of his
Toft murmuis of a dittant cascade, temper. Their minds too grovelling feated all the powers of imagination, disrelished reproof; their actions being touched every string of noble senla 10 contrary to his, obliged him by his tion, detained the eye with continued freedom of speech to expose their foladmiration, and lulled all care to relt. ly, wbich cauled them tó mun and deSuch was the habitation of Sincerity. spise him. Thus the good man being --Minuful of his father's dictates, grieved at their blindness, and imacaptivated with the deeds af his pro gining that his advice and practice genitors, amused with viewing things might be too rigid ever to reclaim in their n.tural itate as they appear to them from their libertinisın, resolved, the diligent and iinparcial inquirer, it possible, to fix on fume expedient, intent to be of use to mankind-ic whereby lois severity might be temLentiments and advice hegave to others pered, and their voracity appealedi. resiilted from the dictates of his heart, After spending some mort time in deand that was truth itself. His fame liberating what plin to fix on, he at wa unbounded, it reached far and length determined to feek some lovely wie, insomuch that the venerable fair, whose native softnels miglit melt grey-headed fages frequented his grot, his heart, and whole velvet tongue and recounted to him the feats of the might teach him to convey his inftrucGods. The father's lillened with cions in such manner that they mould youthful attention to the indtructions be uterul; he fought not long. When which he gave their children for keep the piercing sun liad nearly finished ing their young minds tixed on good his diurnal round, and the cool breethings, and guiding their steps in the zes began to fan his fcorching fire, right way; and the young lilped his Sincerity as was usual went to take his fentiments, and echoed bis tales at evening walk ; and the Tweet retireevery brook. Though all the actions ment of a mazy wood enticed him to of Sincerity were goud, yet still was make it a partaker of his meditating there something wanting. The age tour: by the same enticement a dam. in which he lived had greatly degene. se! whole graceful mien bespoke her riter from that of his father, which fomething heavenly, and whole golwa: the golden one,
den locks in easy ringlets thaded the The nobjes in the time of Sincerity charms of her more lovely neck, was preferied magnificance of apparel, the attracted to enjoy the Tweet tranquillity splendour of villas, and a multitude of this folitary spot; chance directed of domeltics, to magnanimity of soul, each their course to take in the same the parcat of every virtue. Initead paths. When they met, Sincerity was of a lerérie placid look, the attendant not a little struck with the beauty of on ? 91 mind, they put on the mirth ter perion, and ibe sweetness of her vi a bacchanalian, and the phrenzy countenance, which was ruddy as