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once.

1776.
The Bricish Theatre.

565 suites, composed of players, fingers, dancers, most Aretch of infolence and ingratitude to Scene-painters, pantomimes, news-paper

the Town, not to be forgiven upon any other critics and news-paper-printers on the other. condition, but'a moft facere and penitent reso

Let us see then how Messrs, Sheridan and Jution, never to be again guilty of the like Co. performed their promises ; of which by offences againft their lovereign lord and paythe bye they were extremely liberal. They master the Public. presented us alternately almoft, the Maid Empty benches, and the filent contempt of the Oaks and the Christmas Tale, altered and desertion of the town, seem to have from Mr. Garrick, till nearly the middle ele&rified the manager in some degree, the of the month ; two of the vileft compositions, effects of which, it is plain, have operated on taking them in their different ways, that the players too; but we would wish to remind ever disgraced an English ftage; and to com- this gentleman, that it is much easier to pleat the whole of these repeated scenes of displease ten established customers, than mummery, nonsense, and absurdity, the make one new one.

The public have been mere animal agility of a swarm of foreign fo repeatedly difappointed,' in some of their caperers, was thrown in, in order to make most favourite plays, favourite chara&ers, this managerial quackism pass unnoticed. and favourite players, that it will be some The Buffos and Buffas; the serious Castrati time before they will be persuaded to give. and inoculated Signora:; the Ballet-masters the necessary credit to a Drury-lane play bill. and the whole skipping, Spinning, and ca- On the whole, reformation is not effected at pering tribe at the Hay-market, were emu

Mr. Sheridan, if he means to related and out-done in their own way, on the claim his company, to fix his authority on once claffic stage of Drury Lane. If any solid grounds, to discharge his duty to the play worth seeing was announced, the pub- public, to his partners, and himself; he will lic were disappointed ; and that so repeatedly, learn to act with impartiality and firmness; that dull on many occafions, and forgiving to encourage new performers of both sexes; on almost every occafion, as the Town is, to keep the veterans to their duty, at the same it manifefted its cool, determined resent time granting them every indulgence, due to

The company was obliged to play their respective ranks and merits that may be to empty Boxes, or to Pit and Gallery, filled consistent with the government and prosperity with orders. From one extreme, people are of his little republic. He will attend parti. apt to run into the other, or rather an im- cularly to the talents of the performers; he patience to get rid of an embarrassinent, or will examine their different turns, forts, and å fudden rage for reformation, is nothing dispositions; and will cast his plays accordmore than a continuance of the same bad ingly. If he be not a judge himself, for it is conduct which rendered such hafty and not every play-wright that is a judge of good perhaps ill-cimed exertions in some measure acting, let him call in the affittance of others; necesiary. Meffrs, Sheridan and Co. either but above all things, let it not be an under found themselves on the opening of the manager or player. Let him frequently reTheatrical campaign, at the head of a view his second and third rates, and learn very ungovernable undisciplined corps, whether they may not be deserving of a seat or by their total ignorance or mismanage on a higher form; and above all, if any of ment they shortly rendered them so. If by his performers should neglect, evade, or re. any improper partiality, Green-room cabal, fuse to do their duty, so as to make an appeal &c. the manager disgusted two of his capital to the town necessary, let him reconnoitrethe performers, so as to render them indifferent, ground, look forward to the probable confe. and carelels of their duty, his partners have quences, and making a fair and full estimate great reason to be displeased; if on the other of the whole to be urged on either side of the hand, Mrs. Yates and Mr. Reddish, who question, be so well prepared, that when the are employed by them, and are in fact the Town come to decide, he may be sure of vic. servants of the public, either capriciously or tory; for every doubtful conteft in which the maliciously neglected their duty, they thould cause of difference is rather smothered up or have never been permitted to appear before compromised than actually determined, is to a London audience, till they made a most the manager in its consequences a virtual explicit and ample atonement. The matter is defeat. now over, we ihall therefore lay little on the The managers of Covent Garden have subject ; but what our duty renders necessary. been more fortunate; but though they escaHas the manager of Drury Lane given timely ped having any difference with their performnotice, either as to revived plays or stock piecesters, every thing now said applies equally to If he has, he is certainly the most patient them. Catley in the beginning of the man alive, if he has not, then be has been month, the Duenna, that great favourite of alonc bis own enemy and felf-tormentor.- the town Mrs. Barry, and foine other cir. Mrs. Yates's apology was however ridiculous, cumstances, have filled Covent Garden Reddish's was shameful, and both a mani- house, much oftener than the other; bot in ich injustice to their employers and the uc- every other respect, the plays there have

ments.

been

THE

been in general as badly selected, and as in- heartily, at the very inftant the Bafhaw or. judiciously cast as at the other. It indeed may ders his head to be knocked off with a blow be said of the stage, we hope with more truth, of a scymetar, or ftrangled, we do not pofitively as our violent patriots bave often said of the recollect which, dation, that it is on the brink of ruin if not

Three or four of the airs are worthy of a already totally undone.

beper fare, than to be tacked to such an heap So much for managers and players, let us of nonsense and absurdity. Miss Dayes, tho' now pay a little attention to authors; those seldom taken notice of on any occafion, we do not find to be very numerous in the acquitted herself extremely well. Mits course of this month. The only two pro. Brown was very well in one ais, but her ductions brought forward, were the Seraglio manner is disgusting to a great degree, when and the Double Valet; for the sake of method me does not expect the plaudits of the auwe shall give them precedence according to dience. Miss Wewitzer has an agreeable thcir seniority

person; but her voice, though sweet and

iender, has neither melody or variety is it, COVENT GARDEN,

nor is capable of exertion. November 14.

Reinhold, who is rather a favourite, was

but poor. Mattocks on the other hand, who E fable of this strange mixture of sound generally disgusts the remarker, acquitted

and absurdity (the Seraglio) however himself in the peacock frut of the Bathaw fimple, is so broken and entangled through with as good a grace as his native aukwardness The total ignorance of the author, of the would permit. known and eftablished rules, not of the Leoni was very great in his two songs, par. drama, but even of the occult science of tto- ticularly in the lat. He certainly fhakes sy telling, that it is impossible, unless a pero with more judgement and ease, than any fon be in the secret, to even guess at the au- performer in either House, or even than any thor's meaning. The events are as discon- performer in the Haymarket, Rauzzini not nected and are rendered as unintelligible, as it excepted. is poffible to conceive, tbough each of the We proposed to give an account of the new twelve characters had been written by diffc. farce, called the Hotel, which was repres rent persons, residing in so many different sented at Drury Lane on the 21st, and a few countries. The characters are thus persona- ftri&tures on Mrs. Melmoth, the new actress ted.

who came out at the same theatre, on the Abdallah (a Turkish Bashaw) Mr. Mat. 25th ; but the intended length of those two tocks. Frederick, Mr. Leoni. Recf, Mr. articles, in which it will be demonstrated Reinhold, Goodwili (a Fisherman) Mr. clearly, that the news-paper critics, along Dunjali. Venture, Mr. Quick. Williams, with the countenance of Tom King, base Mr. Thompson. Hassan, Mr. Paker. Lydia, been the fortunate puffers of the farce; and Miss Brown. Polly, Miss Dayes. Curtis, that the same worfeipful fraternity bave enMrs. Green. Elmira, Miss Wowitzer. deavoured to pay their court to certain itage

The scene opens with a view of Goodwill's heroines, by their ill. natured and ill founded cottage, by the sea-side near the Scraglio. criticisms on Mrs. Melmoch ; for as far as Polly makes her appearance, in this cottage, we could judge on a first appearance, the is in queft of her father, who he was inform- poffeffed of all the essential qualities necessary ed was carried into captivity, and is a llave in to conftitute a great actress, and fcat her on Algiers to the Bathaw. Frederick in the the first form. She is both a fine and elenext scene, comes in quest of Lydia, who is gant figure. Her voice is strong and clear, likewise a Nave, and is resolved io carry her and by management may be rendered harmo. off or perish in the attempt. Here intrigue nious. Her pronunciation is distinct (the in. upon intrigue, scene upon scene, and impro- feet tribe of news-paper citics say too much bability on improbability ensues, till the so, which is a fault that may be easily got the mind bewildered and fatigued, the patient better of) and the seems to possess a dignity of audito: either falls into a gentle Number, or if deportment, a'Arength of conception, and lui. he has ears, let him hear Leoni in his last cable degree of feeling, that we have never Song, and Mr. Fisher, in his accompany- yet observed in a first appearance, on a Lon. ment-ex pede Herculem. Mr. Reinhold, don stage, in the course of fixteen years obseralamode the Haymarket, is made to ling very ration,

PARL A.

1776.

56

PARLIAMENTARY HISTORY. An Abstract History of the Proceedings of the second segion of the fourteenth

Parliament of Great Britain. Continued from our Magazine for the Month of
Osober last, p. 520.

HOUSE OF COMMONS.
April 24.

bebolding the most insulting, contempTHE THIS day the minister, according tuous sneers and grins overspread every

to notice given before the Easter bronzed countenance on the Treasury recess, submitted to the House a ftate Bench. If further particulars should of the nation; or, in the technical be sought from the minister's more language of the hallowed Chapel of able and weighty adversaries, relative St. Stephen's, his Lordship opened the to the state of Europe, or any other budget. This is always looked upon as matters deeply interesting to the naa day of triumph to the minister. His tion, he borrows his facts at pleasure, points are all gained, a tolerable beyond the possible power of detection, knowledge in the first four rules of at least for the present; he delivers his Dyche or Cocker, a reasonable portion opinions on those borrowed facts, with of affurance, a painted outside repre. a suitable gravity and command of senting the opulence, power, and countenance, till perchance tinding kindly disposition of the nation, unite himself interrupted in this grave arguin giving him an irresistible superiority mentative mood, he suddenly breaks over his opponents. if he be any way his bonds, grows wondrous and fardextrous at figures, he may repeat the catically witty, which throws all the same lum ten times over, under differ. House in a roar ; the occupier of the ent denominations; he may add, fub- money chair still continues to repeat tract, allow, and defalcaie ad infini- his de profundis without ceasing, the ium, without a pollibility of detection. members jump suddenly from their The very new debts he has contracted, seats promiscuously on the floor; and he may by a kind of financial bocus the whole exactly resembles a country pocus, take credit fur, as so much debt cock-pit, when the parties break in paid off. He may say, the nation is upon some dispute relative to the laws opulent, the lower orders of the peo. of the feathered warfare. This, genple happy, comfortable, and easy in tle reader, is a faithful sketch of what their circumstances, the middling in usually pasies on a budget das, when the enjoyment of the luxuries of life; the great interests of the empire, its that new taxes drawn from the body finances, co'nmerce, and the general politic, if well timed and judiciously laid disposition of the several great powers on, have frequently the same effect of of Europe, foould be submitted to the critical evacuations of the human body presentatives of the people. in fuli habits, and plethoric constitu- How far this description of the usual tions. In short, he may say any thing; opening of the budget may bear any who is to contradict him ? If any dir- fimilitude to what palied in the House contented brawler should rise in error of Commons on the 24:h of April laft, nett, or with a view to have his mouth does not bucome us to determine, our stopped, no matter which, and thould buliness being to report tacts, not to defire an explanation of this item, or create them. that round sum, the minister is per- At half after three o'clock, the haps repofing himself, and endeavour. Chancellor of the Exchequer role, and ing to catch his breatlı, after an ha- recapitulated on the leveral sums rangle of three hours; the House is granted fince the commencement of tired, fatigued, or disgusted, an im- the leflion in the committee of supply, patient murmur pervades every corner which he said arounted to nine milli. of it, the question is called for, and at ons ninety-leven thouland ouds, length the unfledged financier is obli- under the different beads of navy, ged to fit down as he rose, with the army, ordnance, navy debt to be paid additional mortifying circumstance of

off,

off, army extraordinaries, exchequer bargain, we must see what the lender bills, expence of coinage, deficiencies was actually to receive. If so, then of larid and inalt, deficiencies of grants, it would appear, that the seventy se. and miscellaneous articles. To this ven pounds ten shillings capital hock, he opposed the several sums voted in at three per cent. was worth no more the committee of ways and means, that day in the Alley, than fxty five consisting of land and malt produce, pounds seventeen shillings and fix. of linking fund, exchequer bills to be pence, which together with the three issued for the service of the year 1776, Jottery tickets, making thirty, four money in the hands of the pay-master pounds, ten fillings, Jeft a profit of general, duties unappropriated, pro. just seven shillings and lixpence, to the duce of sale of lands in the ceded subscriber, with a possible additional isands, and the French prizes. These proft, of what the three tickets would feveral sums, he said, amounted to se. bring more than eleven pounds ten ven millions one hundred and forty shillings each. thousand pounds. This would conse- To pay the interest on the two mil. quently leave a deficiency of one mil. lions one hundred and fifty thousand lion nine hundred and fifty.fix thou- pounds capital stock, thus proposed fand pounds, which deficiency remain- to be borrowed, that is, two millions ed yet to be provided for by Parlia. loan, and one hundred and ffty thou. ment. To balance this deficiency, it sand pounds premium, the annual inbecame necessary to borrow two inil- terest of which would amount to fixty lions, after which there would be a four thousand pounds, he proposed to surplus of fifty-nine thousand pounds lay the following taxes. to answer exigencies not foreseen at On four wheel carriages, an addi. present, or to make good deficiencies tional tax of twenty thillings each, of grants

which he computed would amount to To raise the two millions, he pro• seventeen thousand pounds per annan. pored that annuities Mould be granted On stage coaches, at five pounds at three per cent. per annum, on one each, amounting to iwo thousand million four hundred thousand pounds; pounds per annum, the number being and that the remaining fix hundred estimated at four hundred, though thousand pounds should be raised by thought to be much under-rated. lottery, the prizes arising in such lot. on deeds, or all writings to be tery to be funded and incorporated stamped, at one fhilling a ftamp. The into the two millions stock; each sub- Shilling laid on in the reign of the late fcriber of one hundred pounds to be king, was found to produce the latt entitled to interest for seventy-seven year 32,000l. he therelore imagined, pounds ten Billings, at the rate of that he might safely charge it with ihree per cent. per annum, and re• thirty thouland pounds. it might ceive besides three lottery tickets, produce more, but he thought he might which at eleven pounds ten shillings well venture to affirm it would not be each, would amount to thirty-four less. pounds ten Billings.

On news-papers one half-penny per The seven pounds ten shillings, he stamp, eighteen thousand pounds per faid, was by way of premium, which annum, the number printed being upwith the profit in the ticket, would warris of twelve millions the last stand the public in one hundred and year. twelve pounds; and if the tickets Cards and dice, fix-pence a pack on held at ine usual price they brought cards, and two and six-pence on dice, for several years back, would cost the fix thousand pounds per annum. public one hundred and fifteen pounds; Those different lums, he faid, but as the three per cents conlolidated would be found to amount to seventy sold at market for no more than 85 two thousand pounds, which would and a fraction, and the prizes in the leave a surplus, if the funds answered, lottery being to be funded, he did not of eight thousand pounds, to be car estimate the terms on which the present ried to the credit of the linking fund. loan of two millions was to be pro- The minister having mentioned the cured, according to the nominal value finking fund, opened his motion with now ftated. To judge properly of the a very circumftantial and detailed ac.

count

1776.

PARLIAMENTARY HISTORY.

569 count of the present fourithing ftate convinced him. He again enquired, if of that fund. He observed that the the decrease inthedebentures and drawpreceding feffion, it had been charged backs might not have contributed very with two millions, eight hundred thou: materially to the increaseof the sinking fand pounds, besides one hundred fund; but here again, he was agreeably thousand pounds paid to his majesty, disappointed, forthough the debentures for the purchase of Somerset-House. and drawbacks had decreased, they had Yet notwithftanding this heavy charge not decreased in any proportion suf. considerably more than had ever been ficient to balance the loss of our Amebefore laid on that fund, there was a rican trade. Still however, on fursurplus lying in the exchequer, at the ther enquiry, he found himself more end of the Christmas quarter, of seven- at a loss, it appearing on a narrow inteen thousand pounds, which was now spection, that it was not by the cufbrought to the credit of the ways and toms alone, that the fund came to be means. To this prosperous ftate, he so bountifully enriched, for it was the observed, it might be objected, that excises on inland and home consump: the present trouble in America, hav- tion, which had so very materially ing been foreseen, greater importa• augmented the revenue, the most clear tions might have been made from and convincing teftimony of the opuchat country, in the course of the last lence of the people, who were thus year than usual, which created a kind able to bear, with ease and comfort, of unnatural increase of the customs; such weighty burdens. but the very reverse, he assured the From this happy state of domestic committee, happened to be the cale; wealth, he said, he was warranted in as in the course of the last quarter, charging the sinking fund with the however unaccountable it might ap- sum of two millions nine hundred pear, the produce of the finking fund thousand pounds towards the expences on the 4th of the present month, was of the ensuing year, as he found it so found to be nine hundred and sixty rapidly on the increase. It appeared thousand pounds; so that the last five by taking the average of the two last quarters produce amounted to the years, the produce of that fund proalmoft incredible sum of nearly four ved to be two millions eight hundred millions, or three millions eight hun- thousand pounds, and in the three dred and seventy seven thousand last, two millions seven hundred thou

sand pounds and a fraction ; whereas Though this state of the finking the average produce of the last five fund might appear as the trade with preceding years, amounted to no more the colonies was of little or no conse than two millions five hundred thouquence to this nation, he did not mean sand pounds, or hardly so much ; and to draw any such conclufion from the previous to the breaking out of the premises. On the contrary, he was jate war, to not more than half that convinced of the great importance of sum. This led him to repeat, what that very valuable branch of com- he asserted at the outset, that our merce. It authorized him to draw an- commerce was inunense, our resources other conclusion, however, which he great, and our internal afluence betrusted would merit the attention of yond conception, for though the nathe House; it was the most irrefrag 7. tional debt was considerable, and our ble proof of the gitat op:lence, pri. burthens heavy, the trade finan, mevate affluence, public wealth, and a- chani, and labourer, lived in this mazing resources of this country. country in a manner in sinitely supe.

When these facts first came to his rior to those of any other in Europe. knowledge, he confefied he was afto. Look at the labourer, and examine nilhed. He suspected that the imports his food, raiment, his house, bis bedfrom America muit have been greater ding, and other furniture ; attend the preceding year, on account of the even to his little luxuries, and by intended non-importation from Great comparing him with men of the same Britain. He found to his great fur. class in Ireland, in any other part of prize, that was not the cause. The the empire, or in Christendom, and produce of the last quarter, long after it would lead demonstratively to this áll importation bad entirely ceafel, important truth, that although our Nov. 1776,

pounds.

4 D

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