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547 CLIX. Honda Angel-cynn an ;or,a com- yet lower, even unto the inferiour artificers plete View of the Manners, Cuftoms, Arms, and most fermers, who have learned also to 'Habits, &c. of the Inbabitants of England, garnish their cupbords with plate, their from ebe Arrival of tbe Saxons to the present beddes with tapistry and filke hanginges, Time; with a foort Account of the Britons, and their tables with fine naperie, whereby during ibe Guvernment of the Romans. By the wealth of our countrie doth infinitely Joseph Strutt, Autbor of tbe Regal and Ec- appeare. Neyther do I speake this in reclefiaftical Antiquiries of England. Vol. III. proach of any man, God is my judge, but to il. iis. 6d. Payne,
thew that I do rejoyce rather to see how God Our author in this, as well as in the pre- hath blessed us with hys good giftes, and to ceding volumes, hath displayed great industry beholde howe that in a time wherein all and abilities. He is well versed in antiqui-- thinges are grown to moft excessive prices, ties, and hath (pared no pains to make his we do yet finde the meancs, to obtayne and subject as entertaining and perfect as possible. atchieve such furniture as heretofóre hath From the following extract, our readers will been unpoffible.” Stow observes, in his observe the price of provisions in this king- Chronicle, in the life of King James the dom about the year 1350.
First, « Cusheng, and window pillowes of • In the reign of Edward the Third it velvet, and damask, &c. in former times was enacted, by proclamation, that no poul- were only used in the houses of the chief terer should fell one of the best Swans for princes, and peers of the land; though at more than four shillings, and that he should this day those orna:nents of estate, and other fell the porcelle (porcellus a sucking-pie). princely furniture, be very plenteous in most for eight-pence, the best ewe for fix-pence, citizens houles, and many other of like the best capon for fix pence, the best hen for cfaie.” four-pence, the best pullet for two-pence CLX. A Supplement to Dr. Swift's Works; halfpenny, the best pouryn (pouffin a young being a Collection of Miscellaries in Profe and chicken) for two-pence, the best conyuge Verse, by the Dean, Dr. Delary, Dr. She(perhaps coney) or a peel for four-pence, the ridan, and orbers, bis intimate Friends. Witb best teal two-pence, the best siver mallard Exploratory Notes, and an Index, by ibe five-pence, the beat mailard of the fyns three. Editor. 7s.6d, Conant, pence, the best (nype one penny, four allowes The poetical pieces are truly Swiftean, (alcuettes, larks) one penny, the best wood- bumorous and satirical. Those of a political cock thrée-pence, the best partridge five- caft, are tinged with prejudice and spleen pence, the best plover three-pence, the best against the Whigs, and notorious partiality pheasant one Milling and four-pence, thir. for the administration under Harley and Boa teen of the best thrushes fix-pence, twelve lingbroke, who appear to have uted him raeggs one penny, (welve small birds one pen- ther as a tool, than a real friend. His irony, the best curbi (corbeau a raven, or a cur- nical essay on Collins's discourse of freelew) ten-pence.”
thinking, is the best piece in the collection, li seems that the taste for expensive furni- of which we shall select a specimen. ture, chiefly began to prevail generally among “ How can a man tbink at all, if he does the people in the reign of Queen Elizabcih. not think freely? A man who does not eat A writer of that period says, "Now the fur- and drink freely, does not cat and drink at niture of our houses is growne, in maner even all. Why may I not be denied the liberty to passing delicacie: and herein I do noi of free-seeing as well as free thinking? Yec Spcake of the nobilitie ana gentrie onely, nobody' pretends that the first is uniawful, but even of the lowest forte that have any for a cat may look on a king; though you thing at all to take to. Certes in noblemens be near-lighted, or have weak or sore eyes, houses it is not rare to see abundance of ar- or are blind, you may be a free-seer ; you ras, riche hangings of tapistry, llvor vessell, ought to see for yourself, and not to truft to and so much other plate, as may furnish a guide to chuse the colour of your stockings, Sundrie cupbordes, to the lumme often times or save you from falling into a ditch. of a thousand or two thousande pounde at the " In like manner, there ought to be no leaft: wherby the value of this and the reaft refraint at all on ebinking freely upon any of their fuffe doth grow to be inestimable, propofition, however impious or absurd. Likewise in the houses of knightes, gentle. There is not the least hurt in the wickeuift men, marchauntmen, and some other weal- thoughts, provided they be free; nor in tell. thie citizens, it is not geson to beholde ger ing those thoughts to every body, and endea nerallye their great provision of tapistrie, vouring to convince the world of them; for Turkye worke, pewter, brasse, fine linen, all this is included in the doctrine of freeand therto coftiy cupbordes of plate woorth thinking, as I shall plainly shew you in what five or fixe hundred pounde, to be demed by follows; and therefore you are all along to estimation. But as herein all these fortes understand the word free-thinking in ihis doe farre exceede their elders, and predeles. sense. fours, so in time past, the costly furniture “ If you are apt to be afraid of the Devil, tayed there, whereas now it is descended think freely of him, and you destroy him and
4 A 2
his kingdom. Free-thinking has done him CLXI. A comparative Viewo of the several more mischief than all the clergy in the Metbodes of promoting religious Ir.firu&ion, world ever could do; they believe in the De- from tbe earlieft down to ibe present Tisk; wil, they have an interest in him, and there- from which the superior Excellence of that res fore are the great supports of his kingdom. commended in tbe Christian Inftirutes, partie The Devil was in the States General before cularly from ibe Illuftration of Scripture Hijthey began to be free-tbirkers: for England tory and Charafiers, is evinced and demorand Holland were formerly the christian ter- frated. By Duncan Shaw, D. D, 2 vols. ritories of the Devil. I told you how he left 1os. Richardson. Holland; and free-tbinking and the Revolu. A valuable performance. The author bath tion banished him from England; I defy all accurately and judiciously traced the history the clergy to shew me when they ever bad of religion from the beginning, to the eftasuch success against him. My meaning is, blishment of Christianity. The early corthat to ibink freely of the Devil, is to think ruption of religion, he attributes in a great there is no Devil at all; and he that thinks measure to the flights of the poets, justly ob. fo, the Devil is in him if he be afraid of the serving " They were the divines, and as such Devil.
employed to fing the praises of their gods, “ The priest tells me, I am to believe the and inftruct the people in religion. In the bible; but free-thinking tells me otherwise prajses of their gods, ainple scope was affordin many particulars. The bible says, the ed to their poetic fancies. Under pretence Jews were a nation favoured by God; but I, that the subject was too sublime to be treated who am a free-thinker, say, that cannot be, in a plain and common ftyle, their compobecause the Jews lived in a corner of the fitions, which were generally in verse, were carth, and free-tbinking makes it clear, that enriched with all the ornaments and imagery, those who live in corners cannot be favourites that could serve to exalt their ideas of the of God. The New Testament all along as- gods, or give beauty and grandeur to the de. serts the truth of christianity; but free- fcriptions of their chara&ters. And thus, in thinking denies it: because chrißianity was process of time, their divinity became concommunicated but to a few; and whatever is verted into a perfect mythology: and the communicated but to a few, cannot be true; history they meant to convey down to aftere for that is like whispering, and the proverb ages, is loft in fable.” says, “ that there is no whispering without The best method of promoting religious Iying."
instruction, our author maintains, is Preacb« The design of his piece is to recommending, with the delineation of scripture chafree-thinking ; and one chief motive is the racters; and for this we have the appointment example of many excellent men who were of and example of Christ. He ably points out that feet. He produces as the principal the defect of all oi her methods, as romanpoints of their free.ibinking; that they de. ces, novels, &c. and as to the stage, be renied the being of a God, the torments of marks : “ If we consult the opinion of the hell, the immortality of the soul, the Tri- more sober and thinking part of mankind up. pity, Incarnation, the History of the Crea- on the subject of the stage, in the several pe. tion by Moses, with many other such "fa- riods of its existence, or observe the effects bulous and blasphemous stories,' as he judi- produced by it, we can from neither entertain ciously calls them: and he asserts, that who- a very high opinion of its importance to the ever denies the most of these, is the com- interests of virtue." pletest free-tbirker, and consequently the CLXII. A Four Monibs Tour through wiseft and most virtuous man.
France, 2 vols. gs. Kearlley. ". The author, sensible of the prejudices A fenfible and entertaining description of of the age, does not directly affirm himself the most capital places in France, enlivened an atheist; he goes no further than to pro- with many anecdotes, and hath the marks of nounce that atheism is the most perfect de- being faithfully given. gree of free-tbinking ; and leaves the reader His observations on the Cabinet at Chan. to form the conclufion. However, he seems tiliy, and our British Museum, are worthy of to allow that a man may be a tolerable free- particular attention. tbinker, though he does believe a God; pro. “ But I must not forget to mention the vided he utterly rejects Providence, Reve- Cabinet, which has lately been fitted up in «lation, the Old and New Testament, Fu- the palace, for the reception of a choice col. • ture Rewards and Punishments, the Im- lection of fossils, presented to the Prince by • mortality of the Soul,' and other the like the King of Sweden. Almost every beauty impossible absurdities. Which mark of sum of the mineral kingdom is here displayed in perabundant caution, sacrificing truih to the great abundance, with all its exquifite divers Superftition of priests, may perhaps be for- fity of colours, spars, and precious ftones, given, but ought not to be imitated by any ftudded by chance in lumps of rich ore, lo as who would arrive (even in this author's to have as fine an effect, as the hand of art is judgement) at the truc perfection of free capable of giving. There are also other sasbinking,"
tural productions of various kinds : but such
o Saint Patrick, the patron and tutelary The following is his account of a French faint of Ireland, was born about the middle diversion :
of the fourth century. In his Life I find it “ Among the public spectacles, I must recorded that he daily rehearsed the whole not forget to tell you of one, that I little ex- psalter, with a great number of prayers, and pected to have seen in France: I mean bull. that he mortified himself by “ saying every baiting, and that more inhuman than even night fifty psalms in water." He is said to an English butcher can well conceive. The have been canonized for having illustrated place appointed for this polite diverfion, is a the Trinity by the comparison of a thamImall amphitheatre built of wood. Around rock, or trefoil. And in honour of this the arena, in the ancient manner, are the apople, Paddy is the popular chriftian name caves and dens for the beasts of combat; and of the Irish. The name of Teague is like. over these are the boxes and galleries for the wise very common; it is derived from ThaSpectators. As this spectacle was announced deus." by printed papers, Mr. and I had the In an Appendix to this Tour, the author curiofity to see how it was conducted : as the bath given many excellent hints to travellers, French bestow very liberally on the English, particularly the following: the title of a cruel nation, on account of the " If a traveller will but reflect, that how. fondnels the common people discover for this, ever elevated his rank, however respe&able and some other diversions of the same fort. his connexions, or however great his fortune It begun with various combats of wolves, may be in his own country, when he is an bears, and wild boars, with maftiffs ; but ihe broad he stands only on his own ground, of. bull was reserved as a finishing stroke to lati- ten without any poffibility of claiming any ate the cruelty of the spectators. It was not friends or protectors; he will then be ienfis long before ours was sufficiently glutted. The ble of the necessity of meriting friends and animal, in springing to the first dog that en- protesters among the natives, who may occatered, bruke off his horn, close to his head, rionally prove of infinite service, notwithagainst the wall. He was then delenceless: ftanding their inferiority, and who are some
times willing to forgive any little inadver- tle, makes them too much prejudiced in fa'tencies to foreigners, rather than to their vour of their country, and one another. They
EXTVA Defcription of Killarney. zs. ry; they polers defign and crafi, though 10 Dodsley.
deep penetration; and are honest, and coura. A pleasing, as well as general sketch of geous. As to temper ; active, and enthusthe confines of the lakes, their bays, and the aftic in bufiness, persevering and liberal, af. several islands in Killarney. The describer fable and familiar; and, notwithstanding a observes, that
roughneis in their outward deportment, they * The most magnificent view of the Great are peculiarly poffeffed of the art of perfua"Lake and its environs is that from the Yele fion. They spend moft of their time in
how Mountain, about two miles to the North- reading, ftudy, and thinking; and you find ward. The eye pafing over a rich valley, few of the common people very illiterate, meets the lake in the center, with the Eagle's though the firft of their literati ace so great Nest, and the other mountains which streceh scholars. They have little invention; and to the upper lake, behind it : on one fide are
are no poets. Wit and humour are not Glena, Tomé, and M‘Gilly Cuddy's Ricks, known; and it rarely happens that a Scotchwhich lose themselves to the Westward; on man laughs at ridicule.” the other, Turk, Mangerton, Glanficfk, and We hardly know whether the writer is se. the Paps, in the opposite direction; all toge- rious or ironical in the following passage : ther forming a range of more than twenty “ The Scorch language bas ene beauty, miles. The waving outline of these moun. ' in which it greatly excels the English, and tains is uncommonly beautiful: the lake is in which also it conforms to the Italian; happily placed in the centre; and there is that of diminutives, which are created at a degree of unftudied regularity in the whole, pleasure, and expressed in one word, by the which, added to the majesty of the fingle addition of a letter of Tyllable: thus, they parts, makes a noble, regular, and friking fay " manny, doggy, catry," for a little man, picture.
dog, or cat; “ wifey," for a little wife ; and "" To those who would have a perfect if it was nécessary to speak of an inanimate knowledge of the lakes, the top of Turk is thing, they do it also in the same manger; the best station. From thence they appear as
as, a buckley, knifey, booky, bouley,' diftin&tly, as if delineated on canvas; but for a little buckle, knite, book, and house. the minuter beauties are loft by the height of I need not tell you how emphatical this the mountain, and at beft a prospect from makes their tongue, and whai an improvesuch an overtopping eminence, is better cal- ment it is on ours. But their pronunciation culated for the ichnographift, than the man and accent is far from being agreeable: it of taste and fancy."
gives an air of gravity, sedateness, and in. CLXV. Letters from Edinburgh; written portance to their words; which, though of in ibe Years 1774 and 1775. 55. Dodsley. use fometimes in an harangue or public dis.
These Letters contain observations on the course, in common conversation seems dull, diversions, cuíoms, manners, and laws of heavy, ftupid, and unharmonious. On which the Scotch nation; but the observer confesses
account I scarcely ever heard a Scotchman tell he relided only fix months in Edinburgh. He
a good story in all my life; for, notwith." censures Dr. Johnson for bis illiberal remarks standing he might put in all the circuondanon the Scots; and yet in many places he fol.
ces to work it to a point, he would be sure • Lax's his iteps, and sometimes exceeds him.
to spoil it by his deficiency in manner, and We shall present our readers with his charac
remove the iting, which ought to tickle the ter of the Scots.
imagination of the hearer, by appearing na * The gentlemen of this nation (pardon to feel it himself.” my iin pariialliy) are infinitely better calcu
CLXVI. The Fligbt of Freedom, a Fraga lated for an areable focicty than English- ment. Is. 60. Williains. mon; a: they have the spirit of the French
Our poet will have it that Freedom hab without their grimace, with much more
taken her flight from England to America Scacsing, and more modefiy, mixed with that CLXVII. The Frolics of Fancy, ax Epilk philosophical refervi, lo diftinguishable in to a Friend. By Rowley Tbomas. is, Riour countymon. They are extremely fond
chardson. of jovial company; and if they did not too Good for little-deftitute both of invesoften facrifice to Bacchus the joys of a vacant tion and sense. hour, they would be the most entertaining CLXVIII. Clifron, a Poem, is Initater people in Europe : but the gocdness of their of Spenser. 2s. Robinson. uine, and the severity of their climat, are
In praise of the place from which it is isjadeed some excuse for them. In other plea. tituled, and the poetry about par. sures they are father temperute, careful, and CLXIX. Poems on various Oceafiers. By parfimonious though avarice is feldom known Samuel Bentley. 6s. Stevens, amon tihem ; nor is any vice carried to a Mr. Bentley hath great room to improve, great excess. Their prids, which is not lito as have the authors of
Poetical Essays in October, 1776. 551 CLXX. Sbenstone ; or, obe Force of Bea Metallurgic Chymistry; being a Systemas nevolence : a Pcem. 25. Newbery. And tical Treatise of Fofils, and all kinds of
CLXXI. Sylve; or, a Colle&tion of Minerals, Theotetical and Practical. TransPoems. By a young Gentleman of Cbicbefter. Jated from the original German of C. E. 28, 60, Hawes,
Gellett, 6s, Becket. CLXXII. Tbe Trutb of tbe Christian Reli
N O V E L. gibn, a Poem, founded on a celebrated Work of Grotius. Ry Cbarles L'Ofte, M. A. Memoirs of the Life of Miss Sophy Stern55. 3d. White,
heim. Translated from the German of the Miserable poetry, as is
celebrated Mr. Welland. By E. Harwood, CLXXIII. Abounding Grace, a Poem. D.D. 2 vols. 55. Becket. Is. 6d. Harris.
MISCELLANEOUS. PUBLICATIONS THIS MONTH Letters written by the late Pope, Cardinal
Besides i bose that bave been reviewed. Ganganelli, to fome of the moft diftinguished AMERICAN AND POLITICAL.
Political and Literary Characters of the preETTERS on the American Troubles. of his life, 2 vols. 5s, Becket.
sent Age. To which are prefixed, Anecdotes LM. de Pinto. 13. 64. Booley. An Oration delivered at the State House Life; for the use of the British 'Youth.
The Preceptor, or Counsellor of Human in Philadelphia, on Thursday the ift of Auguft, 1776. By Samuel Adams, one of the Containing sele&t Pieces in Natural and Mo: Members of the General Congress. is. John- Compiled by John Ryland, M. A. 35. Diliye
sal Philofophy, History, and Eloquence, &c. fon. H I STORY.
RELIGIOU S. Remarks on the two laft Chapters of Mr. Psalms and Hymns for Public and Private Gibbon's History of the Decline and Fall of Worship. Collected (for the most Part) and the Roman Empire; in a Letter to a Friend, published, by Augustus Toplady, A. Bi Vi. Is. 6d. Payne.
car of Broad Hembury. gs. Dilly, MEDICAL.
A Letter to Soame Jenyns, Esq. occafionAn Answer to Dr. Lettfom's Pamphlet, ed by an Affertion contained in his view of entitled, Observations preparatory to the use the internal Evidence of the Christian Reli. of Dr. Myersbach's Medicines. is. Almon.
gion. By G. U. 18. 6d. Davics,
POETICA L ESSA Y S. The famous Speecb-maker of ENGLAND, or Which, here I aver, BARON ( atias BARREN) LOVEL's Charge, Are better by far
[fea: at ibe Alizes at Exon, April 5, 1710.
Than them all put together abroad and beyond (From the Supplement to Swift's Works.)
For I ne'cr read the like, nor e'er shall, I fancy.
The laws of our land
Don't abet, but withstand,
Inquisition and thrall,
And whate'er may gall
And fire withal
And sword that devours
Wherever it fcowers.
They preserve liberty and property, for which
men pull and hale so, Gentlemen of ibe Grand Inquefl,
And they are made for the support of good
government allo. HER Majesty, mark it,
Her Majesty, knowing Appointed this circuit,
The best way of going For me and my brother,
To work for the weal of the nation, Before any otber;
Builds on that rock, To execute laws,
Which all forms will mock, As you may suppose,
Since Religion is made the foundation. U pon such as offenders have been :
And, I tell you to boot, the
No promotion to give But hold - first and foremoft I muft enter a
To the best man alive,
In church or in state, clause, As touchin' and concerning our excellent laws;
(I'm an instance of that)