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1776. Review and Lift of New Publications.

47 victims to the consummate and wicked artifi- The History of Lady Anne Neville, Sifa ces of Mrs. Rudd.

ter to the great Earl of Warwick. 2 Vols. 6s.

Cadell.
PUBLICATIONS THIS MONTH

POLITICAL.
Befides ibose ibat bave bein reviewed,
HISTORY.

Some Reasons for approving of the D-aa
ETTERS and Journals written by the

of Gloucester's Plan of separating from the late Mr. Baillie, principal of the Uni

Colonies; with a Proposal for a further Imveriity of Glasgow, including the historical provement. 63. Conant, period from 1637 to 1672. 2 Vols. 103. 60.

Observations on the Bill intended to be of Bockland.

fered to Parliament for the better Relief of MISCELLANEOUS.

the Poor. By Richard Burn, LL, D. is, Observations on the Night Thoughts of Cadell. D:. Young; with occasional Remarks on

RELIGIOUS and SERMONS. the Beauties of Poctical Compo&tion. By Courtney Melmoth. 45. Richardson.

God's Controversy with the Nations; adMEDICAL,

dressed to the Rulers of Chrifteirdom. By T. A fort Account of the present Epidemic Hartley, M. A. Is. Conant. Cough and Fever. In a Letter to Dr. de la Sermons By the late Reverend Mr. EdCour. By W. Grant, M. D. 60. Cadell. ward Sandercock. 55. Nicoil. N O V E L S.

Joy in Heaven, and the Creed of Devils, Emma; or, the Child of Sorrow. 2 Vols. Two Sermons. By Auguftus Toplady, A. B. 6. Lowndes,

Is. Vallance.

For the LONDON MAGAZINE.

THE BRITISH THEATRE.

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January 23•

pleasing airs, tender sceries, and amorous HOUGH we gave some account of the embarras. Were old Dennt to again revisit

new comic opera, called the Duenna, the pit of Covent-Garden play-house, he in our Magazine for the month of December would forgive the improbable incident of the laft, p. 610. the very favourable reception change of clothes between the Duerna and this piece has met with from the public, for Louila, which is the point on which the the 35thtime last night, has induced us to at- whole business of the opera depends; and tend to some particulars, which, we flatter join in the laugh, in spite of Aristotle and ourselves, may not be unacceptable to our Boslu; or in the last scene, though Handel readers, but which did not come within our might think very little of the composer, he plan on a first representation.

would poftpone the enjoyments of the table, The success of this opera as a musical en- and wait for balf an hour to see little Isaac, tertainment, would have been very doubtful; taunted with a repetition of his boasting exbut for the very uncommon and distinguished pressions of bis own superior art and cunning, fupport it received from the richness of the by his intended father in law, and his very plot, the strong and natural connection and amiable spouse. fucceffion of incident, the dro'lery and con. But while truth urges us to give a faithtrait of fituation, and the humour, of the dia- ful teftimony, the delires us to conceal nologue. Several of the airs are Scotch or thing, nor sacrifice her cause to any motivos Irish ; and some of them would have had a of partiality, improper tenderness, or false much happier effect, if they had been sung delicacy ; the Duentia bas its defe&s, though in their native ftile.

they may be concealed or softened by its ac. To judge of the Duenna by the rigid rules knowledged merit ; we repeat again that we of criücism, as a regular dramatic compose do not wish to try it by the laws and ordinantion, would not be acting candidly. The ces issued by that great legislator the stagyrite; author, by making choice of this species of but this does not preclude us from pronouncwriting, has given no sender proof of his ing judgment on errors of a Jeffer nature, knowiedge of the taste of the town, and of which the author migbe by very little indulthe dearib of good comic players; as well as try and attention have avoided. To swear the advantages he must derive, by uniting ore ro!undo on the parade, the Si James's cofthe lovers of comedy and musick io his fae fee house, at Arthur's, Almack's, or the vour. By this means the Duenna has escaped scavoir vivre, may be very graceful during a the cenfures it mighe have been liable to on run of ill luck, but it does not found so well either hand. To the former it presents plot, on the stage. A little double entendre is preity humour and character; to the latter, many enough, but gross allusions favour 100

Itrongly

strongly of the hot-beds in the neighbourhood • so aukward as players, that the greatest favour of the piazza, and a lady of quality may ima- we can fhew them is, to pass them over gine scolding her servants and dependants fub filentio, left on cafting up the sum total, may conduce to her health by opening her the balance fhould apppear confiderably lungs, but people of that rank always like to against them. hear that species of oratory confined entirely to their domeftic retirements,

Jan. 15.

ON Saturday evening Ben These hints are merely suggested to the au

Jonson's comedy of the Silent Woman thor, that he may avoid such wanton viola.

altered by Mr. Colman, was revived at Drurytions of propriety, when he thall next think Lane. This comedy was csteemed by his proper to write for the stage : his expressions cotemporaries one of the best, and by that might besides be frequently better chosen, and great genius and incomparable judge, Mr. the humour, though generally arifing from Dryden, one of the most perfect models of character and situation, has not much no

dramatic composition, then extant in the velty to recommend it : neither can we see English language. Ben was well acquainted what purpose the bacchanal vespers of

with the Greek and Roman Drama, and had the order of St. Anthony can possibly answer of the ancient critics, and the rules they elta

studied with great attention the commentaries we will venture to say, they are not founded in fact, nor supported by probability, and we

bijthed. He has given frequent proofs of may presume that the auibor by his education,

this in almost all his plays, but in none more or his habits, is not disposed to adopt the

than in the one under consideration. Yet opinion of that pious reformer, Mr. Pain,

from his strong conception of the ridiculous that popery is daily gaining ground in this in life, his high colouring, and finished likecountry. Such a scene might have a very nesses, it is more than probable, he would proper effect towards the latter end of King have fuccceded better in this species of wriCharles, or during the reign of James the ting, had he consulted bis own genius more, Second, but at present, we think this pious

and attended lels to the documents of those fraud totally unnecessary. It now appears as

who have vainly attempted in vague phrasesand an excrefcence shot out by the excess of the loose floating ideas to embody into a system author's zeal, or the exuberance of his in- of dramatic laws, what, from their nature and vention; it may indeed fit any other play as mutability, can never be fixed or realized. well as the Duenna, when the scene is laid Shakespeare, if he knew those bonds, broke in a popith country

them ; if he did not, he proved how much Very little is trusted to the ability of the genius is superior to art. We would not be performers, except the chara&ters of Isaac here understood to sanction the reveries of the Jew, and the Duerna. To enter into a distempered brain, or the frotny ebullitionis a full view of the excellencies of Mr. Quick, of a luxuriant fanciful imagination and call in the character of Isaac, would much ex

Ibat nature.

Man is the subje&, bumane ceed the limits we have prescribed to ourselves. nature is consequently the source we must It is enough to say, that he plays it in the

draw from. To describe the human heart, full spirit the author wrote ; he is not only

as actuated from within, or affected from animated, humourous, and characteristic without, and Atmp it of its various coverings; throughout, but he is perfectly cbafte and to analyse and mark the human mind in its correct, and it is doing him but common innumerable operations; to connect those justice to observe, that the managers, the au- with the manners, habits, humours, and pre- , thor, and the public stand equally indebied to vailing follies of the times, are the true quahim for their success and entertainment, lifications of a dramatic writer. Ben Jon.

Mrs. Green is little inferior in the part of son was certainly poflefled of those talents, the Duenna, to her disappointed enraged lo- but he as certainly sacrificed too much to the ver. The first scene between Isaac and his opinion of others, and the prevailing taste of lovely Enamorata is not only one of the most the age in which he wrote. On the other Bau hible and entertaining, but one of the hand, he too frequently indulged his genius, best played we ever saw,

and gave way to the impressions he received Mrs. Mattocks as usual sung agreeably, at an early period of his life. As a modern and performed the part of Louila with her author juniy observes, “his wit was some. uual spirit and judgment.

times low, and his humour excessive;" lo Mr. Leoni made up for his want of every that while his rigid notions of the Drama thing else, by linging in a manner sufficient for bad him to draw with a masterly hand afto create jealousy and envy, in the breafts of ter the models which nature daily presented, some of the most celebrated cafirati at the his juvenile habits led his attention to obHaymarket,

jects not always the best selected, or worthy Mr. Willon acquitted himself extremely of his pen, Ben was befides a pedant, as well in Don Jerome; he should endeavour to well as a scholar, and like his cotemporary correct the convollise motions and unnatural Cervantes, was tinctured with the very folly Drugs in his arms and thoulders. The reft which was the fixed object of his role pointed were so tame and unerima:ed as Ingers, and ridicule.

Thele,

1976.

Critique on the Discovery.

49 These, we take it, were some of the chief tivated and neglected, with here and there a reasons, that Jonson's plays do not bear the flower hidden or choaked up by weeds. The high reputation they did for almost a century audience are taught to expect a discovery by afrer they were written ; and will remain, we the name, but that is all they are permay venture to predict, an insurmountable mitted to know, till the laft act; when quite bar to their ever recnvering their former re- tired and jaded by a succession of dull uninputation, except where indeed they happen teresting scenes, one trial more is made of to be uncommonly well-supported in the re- their patience, by crowding all the business presentation ; which, truth compels us to say, into the last act; which we do not hesitate was not the case on Saturday evening. Ano- to pronounce, one of the most provokingly ther cause why the works of Jonfon and the disgusting we ever remember to have seen ; writers of that age will always be cooly re- but in which, the authoress is prodigiously ceived, by a great majority of the young and lavish of her favours. To Lord Medway, old folks, which usually frequent our Theatres, an old profligate nobleman, the gives a foris, being totally ignorant of the prevailing tune ; to his son, the Colonel, a fortune and manners of the court and city, in the reign a wife ; to Mrs. Knightly, a young rich of Elizabeth and James. This may be rea- widow, and the beroine of the piece, a fool. dily conceived, when even the rústicity of in old man for a {poule ; to Louisa Medway, Sir Francis Wronghead is almost become ob. a fortune and a husband, and to Miss Richly, folete. There are very few members, if any, a fortune and Colonel Medway. This is all in the House of Commons, if they were to fit eff:eted by the mere powers of magic ; it now for the picture, would give a tolerable nor, by powers as wonderful and improbables likeness, though we are pe-feetly satisfied that is, by Lord Medway's being the father that Vanbrugh copied faithfully from nature, of Mrs. Knightly. His lordship, to bring and clothed his portrait with manners about this strange catastrophe, is sent to Por and habits really existing in the reign of tugal to debauch a young lady. The young George I.

Jady brings forth a child ; this child is Mrs. Mr. Colman seems to have executed his Knightly; and Mrs. Knightly marries Sir plan very haftily. The play in its present Anthony Branville, a crazy humorist, old form, is in our opinion unikilfully murilated, enough to be her grandfather. Sir Anthony's and disfigured. It is neither Ben Jonson's, nephew, who remains behind the scenes to nor Colman's ; but remains of the doubtful this minute, receives a fortune from his ungender. The parts were not judiciously caft, cle, and gives his hand to Louisa Medway, and the transposition of the scenes, so highly Mrs. Knightly gives her fifter, Miss Richly, extolled by the critics of the day, is far from half her fortune; and in short, every one is being intitled to the commendations fo la. amply provided for, but poor Lady Flutter, vithly bestowed on it.

who is destined to spend the remainder of

her days with a passionate, pofitive, brainJan. 16. LAST night, a young gentle less coxcomb. The play notwithstanding its man (a Mr. Webiter) made his first appear. numerous defects is not without a consideraance at Covent Garden, in the character of ble deal of merit. The character of Lady Young Norval in the tragedy of Douglas. He Flutter is well delineated, and touched in was uncommonly well received, for a first some places by a very delicate and masterly appearanie, and seems to be possessed of great band ; so is that of Lord Medway, in a rés merit. His talents at the first blush cer-condary degree; but it has less r.ovelty. Sir tainly will secure him a firft place, as a le- Anthony Brainville is out of the common cond rate actor ; and if feeling and extent of style, yet the character is far from being imvoice, easy action, and grace of deportment probable or ill conceived. There is not indeed should come to his aid, he will become a one ill drawn character in the piece ; the most valuable acquisition to the ftage.

great fault is, that they seem scarcely to bear

the least relation to each vther, and that in Jan. 22 A comedy called The Discovery the conclusion, they are all made happy, written by Mrs. Sheridan, which has been and connected by the tendereft tyes, at the very properly Jaid aside for several years, will, grace and mere motion of the authoress, was on Saturday night last revived at Drury. by the creative powers of antecedent procrealane. This piece resembles a garden uncul.

tion,

P O E T I C A L E SS A Y S.
In Praise of Good LIQUOR.

II.
1.

My joys all center in a bowl, HE ancient sages boldly speak,

Weil fild with saucy grog, THI in praise of Adam's ale,

And when 'iis out I loudly bawl,
But all their praire to me seems weak:

Come fill it up you dog.
So none will e'er prevail.
Jan. 1776.

H

III. My

ON coaft

50 Poetical Essays in January, 1776. III.

But now we bring him forth with dread and My lazy hours I freely (pend,

doubt, Without one grain of sense,

And fear his learned socks are quite worn out. I crack a joke with every friend,

The subtle Alchemist grows obsolete,
And thus I use my peoce.

And Drugger's humour scarcely keeps him
H. L, M. Sweet,
To-night, if you

will fcast your eyes and ODE for the New Year, Januarỳ 1, cars,

1776. Written by William Whitehead, Go back in fancy near two hundred years; E/?; Poet Laureat.

A play of ruffs and farthingales review, N the white rocks which guard her

Old English fashions such as then were new! ,

Drive not Tom Otter's bull and bears away ; Observast of the parting day,

Worre bull and bears disąrace the present day. Whose orb was half in ocean loft,

On fair collegiates let no critics frown !
Reclin'd Britannia lay.

A ladies club ftill holds its rank in town.
Wide o'er the wat'ry waste

If modern cooks, who nightly treat the pit,
A pensive look fhc caft,

Do not quite cloy, and surfeit you with wit,
And scarce could check the rifing figh,

From the old kitchen please to pick a bit ! And scarce could stop the tear, which trem

If once with hearty stomachs to regale bled in her eye.

On old Ben Jonson's fare, tho' somewhat

ftale, « Sheathe, Theathe the sword, which thirfts for blood,

A meal on Bobadil you deign'd to make, (She cry'á) deceiv'd, miftaken men !

Take Epicæne for his and Kitely's sake!
Nor let your parent, o'er the food,
Send forth her voice in vain.

A PASTORAL ELEGY on tbe Deatb of the
Alas! no tyrant she;

late George Lord Lyttelton,

1. She courts you to be free : Submiffive hear her soft command, Norforccunwilling vengeance from a parent's Lave mid your Springs, or round your vallies

rove, hand.”

play,

[grove, Hear her, ye wise, to duty true,

Shed all your sweets, despoil each fragrant And teach the rest to feel ;

In balmy ruins shroud your shepherd's clay. Nor let the madness of a few

Mourn, widow'd Graces, every pleasure fled. Distress the public weal !

E’en Virtue mourns, for Lycidas is dead. So Thall the opening year assume

Il. Time's faireft child, a happier bloom ; That Lycidas, who whilom used to lead The white-wing'd hours shall lightly move, Your sportive train to wind the mazy Atream; The sun with added luftre fhine !

Who lov'd your steps o'er Hagley's Jawn to • To erris human.”—Let us prove,

tread,

[gleam. “ Forgiveness is divine !"

And pierced each grove with your enliv'ning

Mourn bapless Thades, decline cach flower PROLOGUE

its head, To be reviv'd Comedy of EPICOENE ; or

The pride of virtue, Lycidas is dead.

III. tbe SILENT WOMAN.

That Lycidas, by every muse adored, Written by GEORGE COLMAN. Whose liver harp to often tuned their praise; Η

APPY the soaring bard, who boldly Whole fix'd attention liberal arts explored ;
wooes,

Who did to wisdom lafting trophies raise.
And wins the favour of the Tragic Muse ! Mourn, Muses, mouin, the gentlest spirit
He from the grave may call the mighty dead, fcd,
IA buskins and blank verse the ftage to tread; Mild Wisdom mourne, for Lycidas is dead.
On Pompeys and old Cæsars rise to fame,

IV.
And join the poet's to th' hiftorian's name. That Lycidas, whose noble bosom glow'd
The comic wit, alas ! whose eagle eyes With patriot fondness for his country's weal ;
Pierce nature thro' and mock the times dif- He, from whose lips perfuafive reason flow'd,
guise,

Whose polith'd truths could rapt attention
Whose pencil living follies brings to view,

steal.

[fled. Survives those follies, and his portraits too ; Mourn Britain, mourn, the firmeft patriot Like ftar gazers deplore his luckless fate, Bright Honour mourn, for Lycidas is dead, For last year's almanacks are out of date.

V. “ The Fox, the Alchemist, the Silent Wo- That Lycidas, whose gentle nature felt

(man." The pains and forrows that were not his own; " Done by Ben Jonson, are out-done by no Who ne'er denied when trembling anguilla Thus lay in rough, but panegyric rhimes,

knelt, The wits and critics of our author's times, But paid with ready joy the sacred loan.

Mourn,

man,

JI.

POETICAL Essays in- JANUARY, 1776. 51 Mourn, Mercy, mourn the tend'reft spirit MERCURY. Mr. Du Bellamy. fied.

RECITATI V E. Soft Pity mourns, for Lycidas is dead,

Wrapt in surrounding clouds and roaring peals, VI. That Lycidas by ev'ry science hail'd,

Signs of Jove's wrath, his deputy I come,

To punish proud presumption. Seize that Whofe ftedfaft virtue faction ne'er could

wretch, blame, In whose bright heart religious truth prevaild, The torments due to those who dare invade

And drag bim to the rock, there to endure The brighteft trophy in the faireft fame. Huth then thy plaints, thy penfive Strains Olympian realms, and aim at power supreme. give o'er;

AIR, to PANTALOON and WIFE, For Lycidas now shines-to set no more.

I.

Ye vain lilly elves, who absurdly affright
SONGS in the new Pantomime,

From your home and your bosoms connubial

delight, PROMETHEUS. Mr. Mabon. The heart, ye have chose, never idly distress, RECITATIV E.

But, that each may be happy, let each try to

bless. THwhom I have fashion's from terreftrial Thou, husband, no longer with rigorous sway, clay,

Make her temper and pride with reluctance And (daring Jove's dread wrath) have ani.

obey, mated

But with smiles and good humour prevail on With pure Phæbean fire, attend my words,

her mind, And, by obedience, own my forming.care, For the will be faithful, if thou wilt be kind, AIR.

III.
J.

And, thou filly woman, ne'er giddily range, Be but constant in duty to me,

For pleasures at diftance, and hunt afier The heir of my wealth Malt thou be

change ;

i My heir and my best beloved son.

Thy best of enjoyments at home thalt thou From Prometheus thy birth

find, Givs thee power upon earth,

Be thou only faithful, and he will be kind, Then away, and the world is thine own. Tho' Cupid and Hymen the altar attend, II.

The bliss, that will last, on yourselves muft: Some exquisite fair if thou find,

depend. 'Tis love must inspirit thy mind,

CHORUS.
The sun gives the motion alone,
The play of the heart,

Thus, man with impious deeds weigh’d. Love alone can impart,

down, Then away, and the world is thine own.

In vain, to shun his penance tries :

Chain'd like Prometheus to the rock,
COUNTRYMAN, Mr. Reinbold,

A prey to endless torments lies,
AIR.

While conscience, with unceasing smart,
1.

Shall, vulture-like, devour his heart,
Hark the sprightly notes invite,
Mufic calls us to delight;

THE DU E N N A;
See the maids in measures move,
Winding like the maze of love,

or, DOUBLE ELOPEMENT.
Love and active youth advance,
Foremost in the bounding dance.

A new Song, to an,old Tune.
II.

1. On each glowing cheek is spread

N days of Gay, Rosy Cupid's native red;

They fing and say, Every maid to crown his bliss,

The town was full of folly ; Gives her youth a willing kiss;

For all day long, Such a kiss as might inspire

Its sole fing-song
Thrilling raptures- soft defire.

Was pretty, pretty Polly.
III.

II.
Let not pride our sports restrain,

So, now-a-days, Banith here the prude disdain;

As 'twas in Gay's, Think, ye virgins, if you're coy,

The world's run mad agen-a ; Think ye rob yourselves of joy ;

From morn to night, If you should ioo long deny,

Its whole delight Love and beauty both will die,

To cry up the Duenna.

ļII. One

H4

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