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1576. To the Ladies — The Danger of their Head-Dress. 371 discover my presumption and expose nothing which renders the fituation of my weakness in a molt conspicuous the ladies more dangerous in a form of point of view. How impertinent thunder and lightening than the present would it be, even to attempt to ad. fashionable head dress. A real fact will monih you, who possess the graces, prove the truth of what is above ad. the charins and beauty of the divini- vanced. ties! I am pleased with the loftiness It was the custom a few years ago, of your coifure; methinks it is emble for the Italian ladies to wear their matical of your sensibility and noble. head dress very lofty, and the false ness of soul ; although ill-natured part of their hair faftened on with iron people say, that so much exterior shew wire or pins; this metal is attractive ; upon the head, is contrived only to that is, it has the power to invite or hide the deformity within. I dený draw the lightening to it. There this polition, as groundless and falle. happened one day, in the year 1773 Let us for a moment consider the at Rome, a moft terrible form of reigning taste of a lady's education. thunder and lightening; a lady was Is the not early initiated into the standing at a window, a fath burst manners, principles and genius of the over the house, the iron pins in her times ? and can history point out bair attracted it on her head and set more modeft? She studies what is her wig on fire ; at the same time the most useful for an accomplikhed wo- received a violent shock, but suffered inan to know; speaks with a sweet no other harm than the loss of her curls. infantine jilp; moves gracefully in She would most certainly have been the dance ; penetrates into the refined killed, bad the not been near a leaden elements of dissimulation and dress, pipe which conveyed the rain from and, with a generous contempt, looks the building. Lead as well as water down on honeft fimplicity; which is will convey electrical effluvia. The confined to dull carth, utterly unable lightening flew from the pins in her to rise above the low delights of do- hair to the pipe, and was by that meltic duties.
means carried into the earth; this It is in the service of so much excel. circumstance, no doubt, saved the lalence my pen is now employed, not dy's life. to satirize, but to exibit the danger I mention this accident with a de. that attends the falhionable coiffure. sign to be serviceable, and if the At this time of the year, the air is ladies are determined to practise the full of electrical vapour, wbich is present mode, I humbly advise that continually attracted by the points of each, for her own safely, may have pins, or any thing of a metallie a conductor to her head. The ex: quality. Thus teaches philosophy: pence will be trifling. and experience thews that there is
To the EDITOR of the LONDON MAGAZINE.
invention of letters, written by the ledge of letters, and committed many late eminent profeflor Ward of Gre. things to writing. And it is the opiham college-rhis opinion inclined to nion of many learned men, that letters fix the use of them prior to the giving were not unknown to the people of the laws on mount Sinai; but the the antediluvian world. Pliny says, ingenious Mr. Bryant, in his “new literas femper arbitror Assyrias fuije. fyftem of ancient mythology," thinks But this was only matter of opinion ; that there was no writing antecedent and, as he, a professed geographes, to that period. Doubtless your rea. makes no diftinction between the Ar ders will be pleased to see the ar. syrians and Babylonians, who were guments used by both sides, on so in two very different people ; but intro. terelting a subject.
duces the former by mifake for the Mr. Bryant observės, “ that accor. latter ; we cannot pay much regard ding to Berosus, both Oanges and to nis notions in chronology. If the
3 B 2
people of the first ages had been por- with letters, the latter are more genefessed of so valuable a secret, as that rally received, and more abundantly of writing; they would never have used. For the practice of writing, or, afterwards descended to means less in other words, composing, depends perfect for the explanation of their upon previous reading, and example. ideas. And it is to be observed, that But the Cadmians, who brought the invention of hieroglyphics was letters to Greece, brought those elecertainly a discovery of the Chaldeans; ments only : and those much later, I and made use of in the first ages by believe, than is generally imagined. the Egyptians; the very nations, who Nor had the Helladians any tendency are supposed to have been possessed of to learning, till they were awakened the superior and more perfect art. by the A hatic Greeks, and the islandThey might retain the former, when ers, who had been sooner initiated they became possessed of the latter; in science. They had made a great because their ancient records were en. progress; while their brethren in the trusted to hieroglyphics ; but, had west were involved in darkness. And they been possessed of letters origi. this early knowledge was not owing nally, they would never have devia. to any superiority of parts, but to ted into the use of symbols ; at least, their
acquaintance with the people of for things which were to be published the East, and with the writings of to the world, and which were to be those countries; by which they were becommemorated for ages. of their nefited greatly. Composition depends hieroglyphics we have samples without upon science ; it was introduced in end in Egypt s both on obelisks, and Hellas together with philosophy. in their lyringes; as also upon their Anaxagoras of Clazomenæ brought portals, and other buildings. Every the learning of the Ionic school to mummy almost abounds with them. Athens : he was succeeded by Arche. How comes it, if they had writing so laus, of whom Socrates was a follower. early, that scarcely one specimen is Writing, I am fensible, was antececome down to us ; but that every ex. dent: but at this time it became geample should be in the least perfe&t neral. About this period, Theognis, character ? For my part, I believe Æschylus, and Pindar mone forth in that there was no writing antecedent poetry; and the ancient comedy was to the law at mount Sinai. Here the first exhibited. After which, wondivine art was promulgated ; of which derful specimens of genius were in other nations partook : theTyriansand every kind displayed. Sidonians first, as they were the nearest "'Another reason for this deficiency to the fountain-head. And when this seems to have been the want of such discovery became more known, even materials að are necessary for expedi. then I imagine, that its progress was tious and free writing. The rind very low : that in many countries, and leaves of trees, and tells from whither it was carried, it was but the seas, can lend but small assistance partially received, and made use of towards literature; and stones and to no purpose of confequence. The, Nabs are not calculated to promote it Romans carried their pretendons to much further. Yet these seem to Jetters pretty high ; and the Helladian have been the best means, that they Greeks still higher; yet the former could in early times procure, to mark marked their years by a nail driven down their thoughts or commemorate into a post : and the utmost effort of an event. The Chaldeans and BabyGrecian literature for some ages was lorians are greatly celebrated for their fimply to write down the names of the wisdom and learning: and they were Olympic victors from Coræbus ; and undoubtedly a most wonderful people; to register the priestesses of Argos. and bad certainly all the learning that Why letters, when introduced, were could arise from hieroglyphical represo partially received, and employed to sentations. They had, I make ino so little purpose, a twofold reason doubt, the knowledge of lines, by may be given. First, the want of which geometrical problems must be antecedent writings, to encourage illustrated : and they had the use of people to proceed in the same track. figures for numeration : but limagine, Where science is introduced together that they were without letters for ages.
1776. Ari Address to Soame Jenyns, Esq.
373 Epigenés said that the Babylonians, having this knowledge : at which time who were great observers of the hea- they were ingenious, and wise above vens, had accounts of those observa., the relt of the Sons of men ; but had tions for feven hundred and twenty no pretensions to literature properly years, written upon plinths baked in so called. For, I cannot help formthe fun. Epigenes apud Babylonios ing a judgement of the learning of 720 annorum observationes fiderum cofii. a people from the materials with libus laterculis inscriptas docet gravis which it is expedited, and carried on. au&or in primis. Qui minimum, Bero. And I should think that literature fus et Critodemus, 490 annorum. Ex must have been very scanty, or none quo apparet æternus literarum ufus. I at all, where the means abovemencan fee no proot from hence of the tioned were applied to. For it is imposeternity of letters, for which Pliny fible for people to receive any great contends : nor, indeed, do I believe, benefit froin letters, where they are that letters existed among them at the 'obliged to go to a fhard or an t oyster time of which he speaks. For if shell, for information ; and where they had been so fortunate as to have knowledge is consigned to a pantile. had for a long time there elements, As to the high 'antiquity assigned to they were too ingenious a people not letters by Pliny; it is impollible to to have used them to better purpose. give any credence to that author, who The Babylonians had writing among from 720 years infers eternity, and them sooner than most nations of the speaks of those terms as Synonyearth : but the years taken notice of mous." by Epigenes were antecedent to their
* Plinii Hift. Nat. lib. 7. p. 413. Some profix M. or Mille to the other numa bers, and make ibe fums 1720 and 1490.
+ Ofiracismus, Petalismus, Liber, Folium, Tabella, Latercula. . From wrin ting upon leaves and fells, came the terms Petalismus and Opracismus among the Preeks : from the bark of trees came Libri of the Latins.'
For the LONDON MAGAZIN E. Some Thoughts addressed to Soame Jenyns, Esq. on bis View of the internal Evin
dence of the Chriftian Religion, SIR, 14. AM one among those who are glad ted the one Lord. Indeed you own
to embrace you as a fellow chris. this, when you say, “ Christianity has tian, yet beg leave to make a few taught man the unity and attributes remarks on your View. Under your le- of the Supreme Being." cond proposition, you say, “ from this And altho’you speak of a trinity, book (the New Testament) may be ex. yet you have confefied it can be no tracted a system of religion intirely new object of faith, fimce " if taken in the with regard to the object."-pre extensive sense of an assent to the evisume this to be a capital mistake: for dence of things not leen, it comprehends the object is the same one God, the the existence of a God and a future God of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Ja. fate, and is therefore not only itself cob; the God, who at sundry umes a moral virtue, but the source from and in divers manners (pake in times whence all others must proceed ; for past to the fathers by the prophets, but on the belief of these ali religion and hath in these last days spoken to us by morality must entirely depend.". But his Son ; so that, unleis you will have as the trinity
. cannot be an object of it that the prophets were aforetime the faith, by your own definition, you object of worthip, you cannot conclude have been tempted to lay down ihis that the Son is; lince he with the pro- very extraordinary propofition, “ had phets was but a messenger and revealer this revelation been less incomprehenof the divine will. To us Christians, lible, it would certainly have been there is but one God the Father, and more incredible.” Which is surely the man Christ Jesus he has conftitu. to acknowledge the trinity to be among