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into the right way. Alas! that so about their wagers, they would not many Mould set their hearts upon va- scraple to confirm by an oath. They nity, so many upon riches ! caftyour are making mouths at me, and thakeyes around, and beliold how eager ing their heads; I dare say they are they are about the mammon of un- enipty enough if the truth righteousness; I see some among them, known: I'll expound a difficult palwho ought to set better examples, sage in scripture with any of them for Cambridge divines, deacons and - but hold, I was very near exceeding priests, nay, there are doctors also, the bounds of propriety, this would Tportingly inclined, holding out the be preaching of contention; the servant King's image and superscription ; and of the Lord mult not so strive, and I suppose, if any dilpute should arise therefore.--I'll bethink me of my text.

To the EDITOR of the LONDON MAGAZINE.

SIR,

Yid

OUR giving the following cri- Further, it is used to identify, or

ticism on Matth. xxiii. 23. a express the sameness of a thing:place in your very reputable Maga- John xiv. 12. “ He that believeth on zine, will ob your humble servant, me, the works that I do fall he de

F. aljo, (naxeivos TOMTE).—Matth. xx. 4. NOTWITHSTANDING the trans. Κακειο οις ειπεν, to thole fame perfons he lators of the New Testament into our said, go ye also into the vineyard.” It language have, perhaps, done as much may now be seen how the text should justice to the text as has been done have been translated, viz. thus, These to it in any other language ; yet they things ought ye to have done, and not seem to have very unreasonably ren

bave omitted them. The things not to dered Matth. xxiii. 23. “Wo unto bave omitted, are the things which you Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites ; ought to be done, and can have no for ye pay tithe of mint, anise, and reference to the tithing of mint, a. cummin, and have omitted the weigh- nise, and cummin. No such reference tier matters of the law, JUDGMENT, could possibly have place ; fince that MERCY, and Faith: these ouglit yé tithing was not of divine, but of huto have done, and not 10 leave the man appointment. By the Mosaic other undone." It is the last sentence law, only corn, wine, and oil, were I have mine eye upon, xereive pen apua titheable; our Lord could not then say, svai. Now there is no Greek word that they had any obligation to such that can here express that term, the superstitious observance. He, on the other, for xaxeire is never fo rendered contrary, condemned an unlording in any other text but this, which the commandment by their traditions ; both Matthew and Luke mention, and their teaching for doctrines the though we meet with the word twen: commandments of men ; therefore to ty-three times in the New Testament. suppose him capable of such a declaraIt most usually illustrates and en- tion, would have reflected upon him forces what has been just said, in the greatest dishonour. Mar. xii. 4. where it is distinguished Thus, I trust, the mistranslated text from mais alter, the other. Again appears to great advantage, in its gehe fent another servant, and even at

nuine point of light, and a greater him they caft stones (xaxelvon 20€ ce are dy pleature cannot well be desired than TES) and so v. 5: maneno a Trinleware that of paying respect to the sacred Luke xx. 11. He sent another servant, canon ; for whatever the cavilling HIM (xexeirov) they beat likewise.- sceptic may say, no man did ever John vi. 57. As the living Father hath Speak like Jesus Chrif-Authority holds sent me, and I live by the Father, so out her scepter in all his teachings; he that eateth me, even be (varsivo:) and he who does not reverence Jelus, Thall live by me. - John X. 16. bas not yet learnt how to reverence Other heep í bave which are not of bimself : nor does he know what it is this fold, THEM ALSO (*«*£6;) I must to live.

For

1776.

35

For the LONDON MAGAZINE. R. Zubly (an eminent clergy. restoring and perpetuating the tran. lately sent the following addrejs to my station have nothing to offer but Lord Dartmouth, on American af- hints and withes; lhould these be be. fairs--wbich an old correspondent neath your notice, or stand in need of hopes you will insert in your luable forgiveness, muy fincere wish to conrepofitory.

0. tribute any thing towards a just, hap.

py, and perpetual connection between To the Right Honourable William Earl a parent state, and an infant country, of Dartmouth.

growing apace to the most astonishing My Lord,

importance, must be my only apology. YOUR lordchip's appointment Pulchrum es bene facere reipublica, fed to be secretary of state for the Ameri- & bene dicere non eft abfurdum. can department, by numbers that re- The question, my lord, which now spected your lord inip's religious cha. agitates Great Britain and America, rader, was looked upon as a very pro. and in which your lordship has taken vidential and happy event. Your pa- such an active part, js, whether the tronizing religious undertakings, con parliament of Great Britain has a firmed the general opinion ; and we right to lay taxes on the Americans, were happy in the expectations of your who are not and cannot there be relordship's conscientious regard to justice presented ; and whether the parlia. and equity, as well as to the civil and ment has a right to bind the Amerireligious liberties of this great conti- cans in all cases whatsoever? What. nent ; we expected the cause of liberty ever may be said, or whatever the good and religion would meet with the people in great Britain may believe, strongest support under your admini. this is the whole fubject of the dir: ftration, and in your lordship would pute. All the leverities hitherto exever find a constant and successful ad. ercised upon the Americans, professedvocate with your royal master. ly have no other view than to enforce

Unbappily' during your administra- such a dependance; and nothing less tion, measures have been pursued ve. than a claim, destructive of all natury contrary to American hopes; and ral and nation liberty, could possibly we easily conceive your lordship may have united all America in a general think it not less itrange that many opposition, or have aroused them to. friends of religion in America Mould join all like one man in their common be so unealy under laws which bad defence. Let a declaratory bill be your lordship's concurrence and ap. pafled, "that any law and ulage to the probation.

contrary not withitanding, America is It is to the man and to the Chris. entitled to all the common rights of tian I wilh to be permitted to address mankind, and all the bleslings of the myself : your lord thip ranks among Britit constitution, that the sword the highest subjects, and has a large shall never be drawn to abridge, but share in all public measures; but an- to confirm her birthright," and the xiety for what may distress, and zeal storm instantly becomes a calm, and for the welfare of the empire, can be every American thinks himself happy no crime even in the meanest; and to contribute to the necessities, dewhen a house is once in flames, every fence, and glory of Great Britain, man is inexcusable, or mult at least be to the utmolt of his strength and fo in his own breast, that does not con- power. tribute whatever he may think in his Torbind them in all cases whatro. power to their being extinguished. ever," my lord, the Americans look 'The eff:ets of the present measures upon this as the language of despoare visible, and it requires no sagacity tism in its utmost perfection. What to foresee what may be the conse- can, say they, an emperor of Morocco quence, should they be continued. : pretend more of his llaves than to Your lordship may do much towards bind them in all cases whatsoever ?

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36

Dr. Zubly's Address to Lord Dartmouth

Jan, Were it meant to make the Americ you as a forward inftrument of their cans hewers of wood and drawers of oppression ? water, were it meant to oblige them I know, my lord, that this is not to make bricks without Araw, were courtly language, but your Jordship is it meant to deprive them of the en- a professor of religion, and of the joyment of their religion, and to esta- pure, gentle, benevolent religion of blith a hierarchy over them fimilar to Jesus Christ : the groans of a people that of the church of Rome in Cana- pushed on a precipice, and driven on da; it would, say they; be no more the very brink of despair, will prove than a natural consequence of the forcible; till it can be proved that right of binding theni (unseen, un- any power, in whose legislation the heard, unrepresented) in all cases Americans have no part, may at pleawhatsoever.

fure bind 'them in all cases whatsoever; My lord, the Americans are no till it can be proved that fuch a claim idiots, and they appear determined does not constitute the very effence of not to be faves. Oppression will lavery and despotism ; till it can be make wife men mad, but oppressors in proved that the Americans (whom in the end frequently find that they were this view I can no longer cali Britons) not wise men : there may be resources may, and of right ought, to be thus even in despair sufficient to render any bound ; abhorrence of such assertions set of men strong enough not to be is only the language of truth, which bound in all cases whatsoever.

in the end will force its way, and rise Grievous is the thought, my lord, superior to all the arts of fallhood and that a nobleman of your lord thip's cha- all the powers of oppression. racter Nould be so zealous to make | Right or wrong, my lord, “ in all war, and to imbrue his hands in the cases whatsoever, but more especially blood of millions of your fellow-sub- when the fate of nations is concerned, jects and fellow.christians. Pray, my are words of infinite moment. Your jord, is it possible that those, wilo at lordship doubtless believes that the three thousand miles distance can be weighty alternative muft have very fo. bound in all cases, may be said to lemn and different effects here and have any liberty at all 'Is it nothing hereafter ; but waving the right or in your lord ship's eye to deprive fo wrong of this vile unhappy dispute, considerable a part of the globe of the let me entreat your lordship's attenprivilege of breathing a free air, or to tion to consider at what an infinite' fubjugate numbers and generations to risk the present measures most be pur. Navery and despotism? Can your sued, even were it not demonstrable lordship think on these things without that they are in the highest degree horror, or hope they must be produc. wrong, cruel, and oppreflive. tive of any thing but detestation and The bulk of the inhabitants of a disappointment? Your lordship be. continent extending eighteen hunlieves a supreme ruler of the earth, dred miles in front on the Atlantic, and that the small and great must and permitting an extension in stand before him at laft: would your breadth as far as the South Sea, look lordship be willing, at the general upon the claim, to bind them in all meeting of all mankind, to tike a cases whatsoever, as unjust, illegal, place ainong those who destroyed or and detestable : let us suppose for a ensaved empires, or risk your future moment that they are grossly mis. ftate on the merit of having, at the taken ; yet an error imbibed by mil. expence of British blood and trea lions, and in which they believe the sure, taken away the property, the all of the present and future genera- :: lite and liberty of the largest part of tions lies at stake, may prove a very the British empire ? Can your lord: dangerous error ; destroying the Ametip think those that fear the Lord ricans will not cure them, nor will will not cry to him against their any acts that condemn to starve or be oppreffors ? and will not the father of miserable, have any tendency to permankind hear the cries of the oppref- fuade them that these acts were made fed? or would you be willing that by their friends. The people in Eng. their cries and tears should rise against land are made to believe that the

Ame.

1776. on the American Contest and its Effeels. 37 Americans want to separate from and without the least previous warnthem, or are unwilling to bear their ing, as it has thewn what the inhabi. part of the common burden. No tants are indiscriminately to expect, representation can be more false ; but, will in history Itand as a lasting monumy lord, a nation cannot be milled al- ment of such wantonness of cruelty as ways, and when once the good peo. nations not remarkable for humanity ple of Great Britain get truer notions would be ashamed of. of the matter, they will naturally The destroying of the New-Engwreak their resentment on those by land fishery laid all those who were whom they have been grossly milin. deprived of their bread and occupaforined or wretchedly deceived. tion at sea, under an absolute necer

Review, my lord, the effects of the fity of seeking it in the American present measures; the past and present army, and the sense of the injury done will inform your lordship of what may them will doubtless exert itself in the be to come.

day of battle. With an unparalleled patience did The endeavour to stir up popish the Bolonjans bear the annihilation Canadians and favage Indians againft of their trade, the blocking up of their the colonists has been productive of the barbour, and many other distresses, taking of the important pass of Ticon. till at Lexington an attack was made deroga, which has been effected withupon their lives, and then they gave out the loss of a fingle life on either Luifficient proof that their patience was fide. not the efect of timidity, but of pru. Detaining the inhabitants of Bordence and an unwillingness to Thed ton, after they had, in dependance on British blood. This attack convinced the general's word of honour, given all America that the British ministry up their arms, to be starved and and troops were athirst after their ruined, is an action worthy of the blood; and the behaviour of both par. cause, and can only be equalled by the ties on that day, and in many little distresses of Proteftantsdriven under the skirmishes fince, must convince all the walls of Londonderry; at which even world that in the cause of liberty the a James relented. Americans are not afraid to look re- Proposals publicly made by minigulars in the face, and that in an un- Iterial writers relative to American just and oppressive service British domestics, laid the southern provinces troops are far from being invin- under a necessity of arming themcible.

selves ; a proposal to put it in the The burning of the innocent town power of domestics to cut the throats of Charles-Town, after it had been of their mafters, can only serve to left by its inhabitants, is a piece of cover the proposers and abettors with such wanton cruelty as will fix an everlasting infamy. everlasting disgrace on the British The Americans have been called arms. In the long civil war in Great" a rope of sand;" but blood and sand Britain nothing of the kind was at- will make a firm cementation; and tempted by either party, and this enough American blood has been albarbarity cannot fail being condemned ready fhed to cement them together by all civilized nations.

into a thirteenfold cord, not easily to be If at the battle on Bunker's Hill the broken. Americans have been surprized, supe- My lord, the violence of the preriority has cost the regulars dearer sent measures has almost instantane. than the Americans what is called oully created a continental union, a their defeat; one or two more such · continental currency, a continental defeats of the Americans would for army, and before this can reach your ever put it out of the power of the lordihip, they will be as equal in difpresent regular army to gain a vic- cipline, as they are superior in cause tory.

and spirit to any regulars. The most The rejecting of the New-York pe- zealous Americans could not have tition has effectually silenced all those effected in an age, what the cruelty and who pleaded for, or hoped any good violence of adminiftration has effecfrom, petitioning. The cannonading . tually brought to pass in a day. of that town in the dead of the night, The regular army employed on this

errand, errand, with four able generals, now Admit, my lord (for fuppofitions lies no better than besieged within now become probable in proportion of the ruins of Charles-Town and Bor- their being astonishing and violent) ton, unable to procure the necessaries that a British fleet may effectually of life, obliged to import their bread guard every harbour, river, creek, or from Europe, and fuel from Canada, inlet on the American coast; admit pining away with disease, and afford- allo that her troops destroy every ing daily martyrs to cruelty and arbi- town, village, or hut along the sea trary power, while every day adds to more; what then will be the contethe improbability of their ever obtain.. quence? Why, my lord, it will be ing those unhappy ends. A strange the destroying the property of thousituation for a British army!

sands in Great-Britain, and of a few Restraining the trade of the colo- on this side of the water, whom your nies, will effectually annihilate_all lordfhip calls your friends: perhaps their trade with Great-Britain. The the attempt may not fucceed ; but numbers that crossed the Atlantic, or fuppofing it mould, the Americans, re-exported American commodities injured beyond a possibility of reparafrom Great-Britain ; the manufac- tion, and irritated to the highest deturers that wrought for America, or gree, will retire where they are inacworked up their raw materials; will cellible to troops and thips ; instead of now be at full leisure to know and trade and navigation, you will have a feel' whether the American ade be delolate lea coait; the trade of Amean object of any importance, and how rica will be lolt, and with it the finews much the nation is obliged to a mi- of war: and, my lord, in the natuniltry that has so effectually laboured ral course of things America, in less its destruction.

than half a century, will contain more The present dispute has made every inhabitants than Great Britain and American acquainted with, and at. Ireland ; and that period, my lord, is tentive to, the principles of the Bri- not fo far distant to put the present tishconstitution : in this respect, as well treatment entirely out of rememas in a strong sense of liberty, and the brance. America and Great-Britain use of fire-arms almost from the cra- joined in arms together, may grow dle, the Americans have valtly the confident against the world belides ; advantage over men of their rank al- but if Britain continue her arms most every where else. From the con- against America ; if her troops can be ftant topic of present conversation, persuaded to go on against their breevery child unborn will be imprefled tbren and friends ; if they will destroy with the notion : it is slavery to be the last asylum of liberty, and a counbound at the will of another in all try which has saved lo many thoulands cases whatsoever ; every mother's from starving at home; the Amerimilk will convey a deteftasion of this cans will fight like inen who have maxim. Were your lord hip in A., every thing it stake : the mercenaries merica, you might see litile ones ac- with bayonets at their backs, and at quainted with the word of command the rate of fix.pence a day, if they before they can distinctly speak, and are once defeated, whence will they be thouldering the resemblance of a gun refupplied? If they return to Britain before they are well able to walk. victorious, they will be fit instruments

When millions of free people at to promote that Navery at home which once turn their thoughts from trade, they have been successful in fastening and the means of acquiring wealth, (probably for a very little while) on to agriculture and frugality, it mult their fellow-subjects abroad. cause a molt sensible alteration in the In times of public confufion men of ftate. My lord, this is the case at all parties are sometimes carried furpresent in America ; every new act of ther than they intended at first setting violence will strengthen and confirm out. History and the knowledge of the spirit that taught them the neces. human nature Dould inform your sity of being frugal ayd virtuous, that lordship how much it is againit all they might remain free and becume found policy to secure or itrive for invincible.

punctilios at an infinite risk,

The

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