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Or, GENTLEMAN's Monthly Intelligencer.
For JULY, 1776.
An Account of the Chief of the Mohock Oni new Peerages, with a Bon Mot
369 Grievances to the Clergy in
care of Description of a new Academy at Paris 376 . Tithes
341 Addreis 10 the Ladies on the Danger of their A Plan to relieve Country Vicars from Tiche
Obfervations on the carly Úse of WriParliamentary History, on a new and im
372 proved Plan
343 Thoughts addreffed
tó Soame Jenyn!, Anecdote of the celebrated Andrew Mar. Esq.
Observations on some exceptionable Partages Members chosen and returned in Parliament in Mr. Jenyns's View of Chriftianity 374 during the loft Sellion
375 Lord Chesterfiela's Thoughts on the Consti Account of some Egyptian Symbols
377 Rational Principles of Government 355.
Impartial Review of new Publications
379 Scenes and Ceremonies at Rome
George Horne's Commentary on the Book Ceremony of the Pope's washing the Pilgrims of Psalms
Hawes's Examination of the Rev. Mr. John En on Impudence
359 Wesley's Primitive Physic Collection of holy Popith Rites 361 The Patent, a Poem
383 Letter from Mr. Alderman Wilkes to the Observations on Liberty
384 Committee for equiring into the State of List of new Publications
ibid. the City Cafn
Verles on May
written extempore in a Grove” 387 Mayorally
365 Monthly Caronologer
LONDON, printed for R. BALDWIN, at No. 47, in Pater-nofter-Row,
and stitched, or any fingle Volume to complete Sets.
PRICES of STOCKS, &c. in JULY, 1776.
Conf.. | 1758
Prem. Disc. Tick, Deal. London 82
831 83 $ 83 $
82 82 82 82 82 82
86 86 86 86 86 86
141 141 141 141 147 Sunday
II 13 Il 13 11 13 IL 13 II 13 11 12
W ose o SW
61 SW Rain
2 2 2
32 32 32
11 13 ol-
141 X41 141
80 79 79 81 79
AVERAGE PRICES of GRAIN, by the Standard WINCHESTER Bushel. Wheat. Rye. Barley, Oats. (Beans,
Wheat. Rye. ¡Barley. Oats. Beans,
Wheat. Rye. Barley. d. d. d. s. d.
d. 4 6 3 3 3 6 1813 9 North Wales 5. 2
17 Scotland 4 o.
2 3 8 3 4
1 South Waics 31 3 7 2 10
Oats. (Beans, s. d. s. d. 17
PARLIAMENTARY HISTORY. An Abstrait History of the Proceedings of the second Sefion of the fourteen?b Par.
liament of Great Britain. Continued from our Magazine for the Montb of June laf, p. 296.
HOUSE OF COMMONS.
best bargain in our power? On the first *HIS day the minister moved, that of those points I shall not trouble the
the treaties entered into between House, because I fatter myself, I have his majesty and the landgrave of eltablished already the ground of neHesse-Caffei, duke of Brunswick, and ceflity; and as to the terms, though the hereditary prince of Helle-Cafel, they were much more severe, it fol. be referred to the committee of sup- lows, that we must have acquiesced in ply. He pressed the neceflity of redu. them. But the fact is, we have fufcing America to a conftitutional state fered nothing on that account; for of obedience. That neceffity being we have them substantially on the same once granted, the propriety of the terms as in former times; and even if measure of taking foreign troops into we had not, we till have them infiBritish pay might be limplified, and nitely cheaper than home levies, par. discussed within a very narrow com. ticularly when we consider, that the pass. The first question that would half pay lift would be so heavily burnaturally suggest itself on such an oc- dened hereafter on a reduction ; for casion is, Can we procure home levies suppose we were to raise no more than fufficient to carry on our intended twenty five new battalions, the nation: operations against America ? This I as soon as the present troubles subsided am afraid must be answered in the would be obliged to provide for this negative, said he ; the bounty has numerous corps of reduced officers; been railed, the standard has been an expence much greater, I wilt venlowered, but recruits are not to be ture to add, than can possibly happen had upon any terins. New levies have by any pecuniary engagements, which been raised both in the North of this we have bound ourselves to by these kingdom and in Ireland ; his, if at treaties. The laft confideration is, all to be avoided, I Mould have never Whether this measure will enable this consented to; because, after the re- country to bring its rebellious sub. storation of tranquillity, they will re- jects back to a proper sense of their main a burden on the establishment. duty? It is true, the events of war But fuppofing none of those difficul are uncertain; but I believe there is ties attended; that recruits were plenty, no person in this House, who is not that our regiments were completed, firmly persuaded, that the whole upi. or might have been completed at ted Atrength of America will not be able home; the next question would be, to oppose the force meant to be sent whether raw unuif.iplined troops, out early this spring: I truit, how. who had never seen service, would an- ever, there will be litele occasion for swer as well as tried veterans ? so that any actual tryal, for I have the strongtaking this question in either light, est and most confident hopes that A. that we could procure home levies, or merica will submit, as soon as the is we could not, the present treaties will, convinced that Great Britain is deterI dare say, be found to be well sup- mined to act with resolution and ported on principles of found policy vigour. and national expediency. The next This was a very late night, the point is, Whether the terms on which Houle not rising till half after two the those treaties are formed, are advan. next morning, when the question betageous? Here again two questions ing put, the House divided, ayes 242; present themselves. Has the measure noes 88. of hiring those troops been dictated The principal objection againft the by neceflity ? and have we made the treaty was, that the war with Ame.
rica being unpopular, administration, refiftance, must be answerable to their in order to carry their schemes of def. country for all the consequences. I potism into execution, were obliged with to enter my proteft once for all, to have recourse to foreigners for af. that I shall always think our Amerifistance. The necessity of the war was can fellow subjects have been driven denied, and as a proof that it was not to resistance in their own defence, and carried on with the concurrence of in support of those very claims, for the people, the minister's own words which we ourselves have successfully were quoted against him, that every taken up arms' in former times ; to means had been tried to raise home le- rescue us from the violence and tyran.vies, but to no purpose. The next nical pretenfions of the House of material point controverted, was, the Stuart. These rights are the giving comparative cheapness of foreigners and granting freely our own property, and home levies. This part of the and the security of charters. Let us debate was laboured with great in- do to them as we have done for our. dustry by the gentlemen in opposition, selves; and it is all that they alk. I several of them proving that every am convinced that the nation will thousand Germans taken into Brititti some day or other fee the justice of. pay, befides the expence of transports, their cause, when the anger of the would cost the nation as much to the present unfortunate disputes is a little full, as fifteen hundred natives. The abated ; and when many misrepresen. last point was merely speculative, tations which are studiouly circulated whether the force now intended to be by ministry, are cleared away. There voted, with the twenty five thousand fore for the prelent, I will suípend men destined early in the fellion to this part of the argument, and confine. ferve in Awerica, would be sufficient my objections to this measure of the to effect a conquest. This being for foreign troops, to the impolicy and the greater part rather a defultory impracticability of the meatures; being animated conversation, than a regu- always underttood, that I have enterlar debate; we cannot better conveyed iny protest against their injustice. the sense of both parties, than by gi- The public have been artfully and imving a speech of one of the gentlemen perceptibly led into these meafures. in opposition, as a contrast to that of We were told at first, that the discone. the ministers.
tents were only adopted by a few Mr. D. Hartley. In the course of factious persons in America ; that the our debates upon American measures, body of the people were totally averse I frequently hear the terms of rebel- to these measures of resistance ; and, lion and rebels made use of, which I that a very little exertion from this. shall never adopt; not only because I country, and a very inconsiderable would avoid every term of acrimony,' expence, would reftore the public which might encrease the ill blood be tranquilliry. Many of us from this tween us and our fellow subjects in fide of the Hvuse, bave, from time to America, but likewise, thinking as I time, endeavoured to uncover those do, that the ministry of this country fallacies, having too truly foreseen have been in every ftage the aggreflors. and foretold the endless ill confe I never will, as a whig of Revolution quences of the ministerial plans in A. principles, confound terms so funda• merica. I myself told you in this mentally the reverse to each other, as very place, not inany months ago, defensive refiftance in the support of from very certain information, that A. - constitutional rights, with unprovoked merica would not only not recede upon
and adive treason. The Colonies the articles of arbitrary taxation and have been condemned unheard. If surrender of charters; but that they you would have condescended but to would turn out before last Midsummer have heard their petition, you would a body of 50,coo men in arms. This have found that all that they request. prediction was at that time treated by ed has been to be restored to the hap- the House with laughter; yet it has py state of harmony, tranquillity, and proved but too true. What conficonftitutional dependence, existing in dence then can we have in future mi1763. Those ministers who bave so nifters, who are so grossly ignorant madly driven them on to unavoidable and deceived; or who conceal the 4
true state of things from this House to pay an hundred years purchase for and the public, perhaps with no better the possibility of a revenue from A view than to trepan them insidioully, merica, Who would give that price and by gradual fteps into the support even for a certainty? But it is conof their
own desperate and fanguinary tended that all this armament is only designs? The public revenue being a a mode of making peace with dignity ; fubject upon which I have, at times, that the Americans will be, awed into bestowed fome pains, and upon which submission; and that commissioners I have fometimes troubled you, I am are to grant pardons and to make fure that this House will do me the peace.
This is the insidious pretext of justice to recollect, that I have incer- the present year ; for what powers are santly remonstrated to them on the given to the commillioners ? None but enormity of the expence which these to grant pardons, if the Anericans measures would entail upon the pub- will lay down their arms upon unconlic, even to the hazard of public ditional submiffion. This is an insult bankrupicy, if foreign war should over- upon them and upon us. Did they take us upon the heels of this civil take up arms to obtain pardon, or to conteft. The ministry, in whom a obtain redress of grievances ? You majority of this House seem to put un. have condemned them unbeard; you bounded confidence, have for a time have subverted all their civil rights; fmothered these mischiefs; they have you pension their judges; you garble kept all matters of expence out of their juries ; you controul the fire defight, and have endeavoured to lull bates of their asiemblies, you confilthe public to inattention, by convey- cate their charters, you take their proing to them that very little matters perty by violence from them; and would do. No fuch words as taxing when they petition or complain, you and funding have been whispered; tell them these are pretended griebut taxing and funding must come ; vances which
they seek redress of unand that toon too. You cannot do der arms. Give them redrels and this very year without. I have again they will lay down their arms, and and again lated to this House, and to gladly receive pardon and general obthe noble lord (Lord North) that the livion. If parliament had enabled debts and expences incurred, and the commissioners to offer redress of such as will be incurred in this year's grievances, I Should not have called campaign, çannot come to a less sum the appointment of them a mere prethan ten millions. The army extra- text; but you have expressly tied ordinaries and navy debt, incurred in their hands. Neither can the Amerithe 'latt year, must be enormous ; cans put any trust in any supposed in. those which will farther be incurred in tensions of the minittry for peace, the present year must be immense and General Burgoyne (vys, in bis letter boundless; I might almost fay incom- to General Lee, that after what har putable. Let the noble lord deal in- passed, the Americans inay rest in full genuously with the public, and by the confidence, that this country would allittance of all his lights let him in- never think of taxing them again ; form the House, what expences he is and indeed that inference would seem providing for them. Dues he intend reasonable if we did not hear the conto lay any new tax this year? Does he trary asserted and supported almost in pay off any of the navy debt? Does he every day's debale in this Houle; and propose the payment of the civil lift, particularly by the noble lord (Lord with an auginentation to the establish: G. Germaine) who has lately been adment of it? What will the noble lord vanced to the head of the American ftate, as the probable expence of the department. The nobile lord at the intended campaign? Let the country head of the Treasury, feldom holds gentlemen know what endless expences the same language and opinion long they are to encounter, and to mortgage together. Sometimes he is ready to their estates for. There are some gentle. dispense with taxation, and wishes to men who profess that they enter into God that all things were reftored to this war to obtain a revenue from A. the state of 1763. if he has personally merica, but still not at any price. Gold any dispositions to moderation and may be bought too dear, if they are lenient ineasures more ihan his colJuly 1776.