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An Impartial Review of New Publications,
ARTICLE XLVII. though now they are Protestants, yet Popery THE Hifery of the Province of Moray Atill prevails in their lands, within this
proby the Rev. Mr. Locblen Sbaw.jos.6d. vince : particularly in Glenrinnis, Glenlivat, Donaldson.
and Strathavon. I remember when a seminary, Mr. Shaw bath here given a very accurate or academy of priests, was openly keptin account of both the ancient and modern state Glenlivat, where the languages, philosophy, of the province of Moray, whose utmost ex and divinity were regularly taught : and a tent in length is 62 Scottish, or 104 English draught of the most promising boys was sent to miles, and the breadth about 38 Scottish, or France, who returned home priests and jesu57 English miles, and the number of inha- its. I am not certain, if such a seminary bitants 69 213. Any person wanting to be is now kept up there; but a Popilh meetingacquainted with the number of parishes, the house continues ; and at high mass, 600 moft remarkable scats, the principal families, people or more convene to it. To conclude and heritors in this diftrid, may here have this account, in Glenrinnis, Glenlivat, and full information. There are some pleasing Strathavon ; in Abertaf, Glengary, and observations in his description of the natu Achadron, and in Strathglass, there are, in ral, civil, and military history of this pro- my opinion, at least 30co Roman Catholics. vince, the plains of which he says have 40 It may not be improper here to observe, days fair weather more in the year than any the happy increase of Christian knowledge other county in Scotland. The following since the Revolution, by means of the extract from his ecclefiaftical history of the early education of youth. All the parishes province we present to our readers.
in this province, excepting three or four, « The favour showed by our kings to Ro- have now schools erected in them according man Catholics, ever since the Reformation, to law : and some society schools are settled, is well known. King James VI. did not dis. where Popery prevails, or the extent of Semble, that he would meet them half way; parishes requires." bis son, though called a zealous Protestant, XLVIII. An Account of sbe Wearber and protected, employed, and encouraged Pa. Diseases of South Carolina, by Lionel Chalpists, during bis unfortunate reign. King mers, M.D. of Charles Town, Soutb Carolina, Charles II. was known to be, and died, a 2 vols. 6s. Dilly. Roman Catholic ; and his brother openly These volumes are the work of a gentleprofessed that religion. Notwithstanding the man eminent in his profession, and abound influence and example of those princes, very with much medical knowledge. He bath few in this province except the dependents on stated a number of cases, and mentioned those the family of Gordon, and the M'Donalds methods of cure which he found to be most and Chiholms, have been seduced into po- successful in his many years practice. pich errors. Among the Highland clans, ihe As to the natural history of South Caros Frasers, Mac Intoshes, Grants, M'Phersons, lina, our author observes, the coast is so low M'Gilliwrays, scarce any Papists are to be and flat, that it cannot be seen at the diftance found. Even in the county of Budenoch, of more than seven leagues, but about go though all are either vaffals or tenants of the miles from the More the land becomes more duke of Gordon, there are few, if any, of unequal, and confifts of spacious levels, inthas religion. This has been owing in a terspersed with easy risings, which gradually great measure to the gentry and chiefs of advancing in beight towards the west, termiclans, who early embraced the Reformation, nate in a range of lofty mountains, that form and both encouraged and promoted it in their as it were a chain, which runs throughout lands.
the continent of North America, at the dife The M'Donalds of Glengary, never that tance of about 300 miles from the sea coast. I know, were reformed. The gentlemen of Many rivers arise from the mountains, that name have their sons educated in the which are liable to inundations, swelling Scots colleges abroad, especially at Doway: Sometimes 20 feet in perpendicular height in and they return home, either avowed or the space of twelve hours- where the land is concealed Papifts. In the year 1726, in all lower, the water drowns the country for Glengary and Achadrom, which may confist miles, yet so prolific are the lands by it, that
of 800 fouls, I could find very few Prote- if one crop is loft out of three, the planters • ftants. Since that time, they have not be are recompensed. The common increase from
come much better ; but have diffused their good land is about 89 bushels of rougă rice errors into the neighbouring countries of per acre, which, when cleaned, yield 2000 Abertaf, Glenmorisori, and Strathglass, pounds weight, or four barrels fit for mare
The most noble family of Gordon, till ket, besides a large quantity of broken rice of late, were Roman Catholics; and ale for the negroes, April 1776.
The oil of this country is very various ; should we add the exuberant transpiration for wiihin twenty miles of the sea, it is gene from the soil, and the abundant perspiration raily light and landy : but far from being from vegetables of all sorts, which cvery i. síeruile. This, however, is to be under where cover the ground, the reason will dood of ihe uplands only; for in many other plainly appear, why our climate should be places the mouid is.as rich and deep as can very moist. And that it is so, will be clearly betcond any where. But, even in the not seen from the rain that falls at Charlestown, barren lands, vegetuiron is to lexuriant when which at the medium for ten years, was 42 the weather is thowery, that a plentiful in- inches annually. Grease is reaped from them. On the ciher XLIX. The Lufiad, or Discovery of Irhand, fuch moist weather is productive of dia, an Epic Peem, translated from the oriinnumerable niultices of ihuic reptiles and gisal Portuguese of De Camoens, wirb Notes, infects, that require standing water for their '&c. by William Yulius Mickle. 11.1s. Evans. ova to hatch in ; lome of which are very * It is with great pleasure we review the troublesome to the inhabitants ; more espeo present performance. The Lusiad of Camocially at night, unleis they be iccured from ens has long been an object of admiration to their stings, by surrounding the beds with the world of genius and taste. But we apgauze pavilions. But, the heat of the sun prehend that to most persons the admiration is so great when the reason is dry, and the has been an ignorant acquiesence in the opiearth becomes lo parched, that no leed which nion of a few. They have admired as at a disa is fown will grow ; and those things that tant planet, luminous indeed in the heavens, , were thriving and promisd well before, may but of whole grandeur and beauty they had at luch times be destroyed or yield but little. no distinct ideas. Fanshaw by his tranlla. In this respect however, rice seems the most tion furnished our coun:rymen with a telešvardy of all plants, for it will recover when scupe, through which this illuftrious planet the rains fet in, even after it had been burnt might be viewed to some advantage ; but it down to the ground.
was refcrved to Mr. Mickle, to produce a Furiher back in the country, the uplands more pure and perfect work. The Lufiad very generally have a good loil; and the fer has been thus characterized by a gentleman, tility of thele that are low, is thought to be eminent in the House of Commons in there inexhauftible. Even the very mountains are our tumultuous and interesting times.“it hath covered with a fine verdure of lofty trecs, ex (says he) an ardent spirit of military honour cept in some few places, where the summits -a delicate spirit of gallantry, and admiraconfift of naked rocks; amongft which is tion for the fair sex, and a manly spirit of Timeoftone or marble of different colours. true patriotism ; in these it is unequalled by But, except in one river, a ftone larger than any poem." In justice to the ingenious a pebble is not to be found any where within translator, it must be observed, that the fpitwenty miles of the sea, ferring afide those rit of liberty breaches through the introthat have been brought hither as ballait for duction, where the evil consequences of tyo thips.
ranny are most strikingly displayed in the fate I doubt not (lavs the anibor) but Soutb Ca of the Portuguese Guvernors of India. We rulina produces all sorts of metals. Gold, Silver, allo see in it that the Portuguesc degenerated copper, iron and lead have already been disco. in proportion as their monarchs advanced tovered. We allo have antimony, alum, talk, wards de potism, till Spain made an easy black-lead, marle, and very fine white clay, prey of their feeble kingdom. Rapin, the which is fit for inaking porcelain. I likewise critic, perceived the high military honour have seen emeralds, that were brought irom of ine Luhad ; but inftead of giving it the the country of ine Cherokee indians, which praise which it deserves on that account, the when cut and polished, teli nothing sort of cold blooded writer condemns it. “CaThose which are inported from India in lur moens (says he) thought of nothing but to Tre; and rock crypial abounds in several express the pride of his nation ; and the places.
Spirit of his poem is like it, fier et fafteux, When the English for it took prffeffion of fierce and disdainful." A generous mind this country, excepling Savaraks (which must feel indignation at such a mean remark. are plains naturally without crees) and some The discovery of India, which is the great Arnall openings, that were here and there made ftory of the Lufiad, is an event of such magby the Indians, the whole was one continued nirude, and of conscquentes so inportant to loreft ; and port.aps. one twentieth pari of it Europe, especially to Great 'Britain at this is not yet cleared and cultivated.
very time, that the poem cannot fail to ex. Froin the surfaces, inerefore, of so many cite universal curiofiiy. We cannot at prelarge rivers, and numerous collections of fent give any extracts from it, but only obstanding waters ; luch quantities of funk, 'serve, that as it abounds with the various fenoy and marshy lands, and the valt Atlan. " kinds of poetical excellence, there are tranf. tic ocean that borders on our coast, it may fused in an admirabie manner by Mr. readily be inferred, that excesive exhalations Mickle; he seems to have bestowed particumust be made in this íuitry climate : to which lar pains in the ftudy of imitative and sen.
A. D. 523.
timental harmony, in which he has been thus led to commence author; and, very very successful ; and upon the whole thanks freely to express his indignation and.conare due to him for having made lo valuable tempt of a writer, who, great and thining an addition to our polite literature.
as his abilities were, bath disgraced, by apL. The History and antiquities of Win. plying them to poison the morale, to bunich abefter, 2 vols. 63. Crowder.
The sublimest virtue, to extinguish the mort The origin of this ancient city is by fome falutary troths, and to exterminate the most placed so early as 892 years before Christ. We' important interents and the fincerelt happiness are told that the present walls were erected of mankind." A. D. 341, and that the castle, of which Though Mr. Hunter condemns his Lord. Some vertiges remain, was built by King hip as an author, he allows him as a writer Arthur
Winchester also to be Norid and ornamental; and his style claims the being incorporated by a charter, highly polished and musical: he was a man and governed by a Mayor, &c. first in the of wit but no realoner- with delight we kingdom, and 22 years before London. Our listen to the syren long, though we reject author says, “in the year 1363, commen. the subject and matter with scorn. His lordçed the gradual decline of the ancient ship had an extensive knowledge of the city of Winchester ; for in this year, the weaknesses and vices of human nature, but wool manufactory, which had then nearly of its dignity, moral perfections, and divine arisen to its full pisfe&tion, was, by the capacities, he had no experience, and ap. King's command, removed from hence to pears to have had no conception. Calais, to the great impove oment of this tirs, so far as an art not connected with, city, and injury of the factors, who had no: founded on yirtue, truth, and conscience, expended enormous funs in creating new he was a great proficient, So obnoxious is buildings and other proper and necessary con his moral character, our author thinks it is veniencies for that business. Some time af. difficult to view him in any light without ter the removal of the Gaple, followed the some degree of censure or prejudice. His Speedy decline and dillulu:ion of the cloath system of ethics is void of all fincere Jove ing manufa&ories, and of all the other com to God or man, and is truly a system of mercial and extensive branches usually car. sell-love. ried on in this city, which were in the " His four volumes may be entitled, An course of a few years either neglected or se entire Code of Hypocrisy and Difimulation; moved. These misfortunes being followed by conta ning the finepe, the artifice, the craft, continual migrations, whole streets were at the virwe, or the iemblance of virtue, with length deierted, and left uninhabited; nu all the external accomplishinenis neccfiary to merous houses tumbled down for want of form ihe character of the cornplete courtier. tenants ; churches mouidered away for want The christian, or, in other words the fincere of purishioners to maintain their incumbents, moralist, will look upon the noble lord, and to keep them in repair ; the navigation with all his wit, his genius, his elegance and became'neglected and chooked up, and the penetration, as a little, a frivolous and suiappearance of trade and commerce, once lo perficial man ; enprofied by selfishnelt, famous in this city, totally vanished, and vanity and ambition, and in order to gratify gave place to adveility and depopulation; these pasions, a devout conformist in the whch is at this time too visible. from the world, its fafrions and follies ; – regardless great extent of garden and waste ground of the interests or miseries of mortality, but within the walls of the city, besides the loss so far as he may reap advantage from them, of almost all its suburbs."
and profit by the follies or frailties of manBefore the Reformation, ihe bishopiic of kind.” Winchester paid to the Pope for first fruits « One important lesion, which we may, 12000 ducats, and it is now esteemed one of however, learn from the letrers before us, the richest in the kingdom.
is bis: That noble birth, great natural LI. Reflections critical and moral on the abilities, a polite education, and much reád. Letters of the late Earl of Chefierfelt. By ing and scfiction, uninfluenced by religious Tbomas Hunter, M. A. 45. Cadell. motives, and directed to co religious end,
Our author thus apolop zee for his refer render the posiflor a poor and contemptible tions : " Lord Chefterfield's Letters were fine creature, a laithless friend, a talle patriot, taken up as an amusement tu deceive the an immoral philofopher; and in reip. A to paffing moments. They were, indecd, amu the irueft viriue, the qvolim ft knowledge; ling, but fuon appeared alarming.
The and the most important privileges of our reader found bis faith, his virtue, his un noafure, leave him poor and miserable, and derslanding insulted; and the sentiments of blind and naked; and, in point of seal the just and good in all ages and nations of dignity, rank him lower than the lowest of the world who were favoured with almift the fuivants of the carpenter's son." any degree of light, or truth and science, up. We meet also with some excellent reflece pored and contradicted, by our well-bred and tions on Voltaire, whom Lord Chesterfield ourtly philosopher. The unire seader was so highly commended and our author will
E e 2
not allow his Lordship “ the honour of O stretch again thy saving hand,
In mercy to this groaning ille!
Corruption triumphs in her spoil;
This essay hath merit, and many of the Ambition breaks laws feeble chain,
[are ours quantity, pause and force. Instead of which Refle&t our cause is one ;-that freedom's focs eight terms they have generally used only
II. two, accent and quantity, with some loose Peace to thy Shade, lamented king; hints concerning pauses."
Great Brunswick, second of thy race In like manner, there ftill exifts another Call'd England's happy throne to grace, defeat in literal language, of a similar kind; What time fair freedom made each valley that is, there are in nature, neither more,
ring. nor less, than seven vowel sounds, besides From the cold tomb could't thou arise, diphthongs í for which seven, the prin How would this prospect blast thinc eyes, cipal nations in Europe use only five cha And drive thee back in wild affright! sacters (for the y has, with us, no found For lo! fierce ifluing from their native distinct from the i) and this defe&t throws north,
[let- forth; the orthography and pronunciation of the The fowling furies murd'rous forms whole into uncertainty and confusion. Glut Gallia's great revenge, and spread vile
In order to distinguish what are vowels, Nav'ry's night! and what are not, let this be the definition LV. Variety, a Tale
for married People, is, of a vowel sound ; viz, a fimple sound capa
life, the reason was,
« 'Behold us now, diffolving quite
In the full ocean of delight;
s Our affluence easing the expence
Is. Bew. more infipid, cards.
The translator may be ranked with some LIV. Ode for obe Year 1976, 15. Almon. of the first of classical bards.
Far beyond the poet laurcai's both in lenti. LVII. A Hißory of the Island of Anment and poetry. It begins
glesey from its for A Invasion by the Romans, J.
until firully acceded to the Crown of England, Genius of Albion! whither art thou Aed ! To wbicb are added, Memoirs of Ower Thou, who was wont, at freedom's call, Glendower. 35. Bew. to rise,
[rected eyes, Anglesey is at present, according to our With thund'ring voice, and heav'n-dis author, in a very Aourishing state: though And mock th' oppressor's sage, or smite the not more than go miles in circumference, it tyrant dead!
haib seventy-four parishes and four principal 5
market towns. In the year 1770 upwards every purpose intended by the new bill. But of 90,000 buhels of grain were exported some of the best laws are almoft quite difre. from its several harbours, and the quantity garded, as one, that ordered those who receive is encreafing yearly from the great improve ed parish relief to wear a badge on their ments in husbandry carrying on. The ise right shoulder. This would spur them on fends annually from 12 to 15,000 head of to industry and sobriety, and prevent them cattle, as well as a great number of theep from imposing on passengers and house-keepand hogs, to the English markets and the
ers, as paupers and beggars. If any regu. number of inhabitants so far back as the lation be made, the appointment of an inmiddle of the last century, was computed spector to oversee a certain number of parito be 12,000 ; fince that period population thes-to examine the lifts of the poor-to see bath made considerable advances by the they regularly wear the badge--to provide register books, and which is attributed them with proper work, &c. might be very chiefly to the people's living more on the beneficial. potatoe, than
on salted herrings which formerly was iheir principal food.
LXI. Obfervations on the Bill intended 10 LVIII. Observations on ibe Case of Miss and Employment of ibe Poor, by Richard
be offered to Parliament for tbe better Relief Butterfield. 19. Williams.
is. Cadell, This pamphlet is calculated to sew the Burn, LL, D. hardships the has unjusly sustained, and the
We hope that the legiNature will attend necefi:y of prosecuting her right in a court to these observations; we also think that
1 of justice. Her case is truly a pitiable one, our author's scheme is the best: inftead of and it seems that when Mr. Sc-n made one large enormous grand building to contain his will, he was under the influence of an an immense family, let several small houses erroneous persuasion, if not in reality non be built contiguous so as to receive sepa. compos animi & voluntaris. And her advo rate families; with rooms or apartments cate thinks that a will obtained by false in. therein, some more, some fewer, some larger, finuations ought to be exploded.
some smaller, according to the number and LIX. Speculations and Conje&tures on tbe circumstances of a man's family, that may Qualities of tbe Nerves, by Samuel Musgrave, be brought to be lodged there. This is the M. D. 29. 60. Payne.
least expensive may be done graduallyAccording to Dr. Musgrave, the nerves will promote health, and prevent contagion have more powerful qualities, and produce and not infringe the connubial state, or greater effects on the human frame than has prevent population. generally been supposed. His speculations are LXII. The Rights of Great Britain afworthy the attention of the faculty, and the serted against tbe Claims of America. gs. 60. following paragraph we submit to our readers: Cadell.
“ Hence also we are furnished with the so This pamphlet is of minifterial extraction, lation of a phænomenon, of which no fa. and countenanced and spread by all the votatisfactory account has hitherto been given, ries of adminiftration. The contents are to wit, the great swelling of the body that plausible,admirably calculated to bewilder the fometimes comes on after eating muscles. weak, and impose on the ignorant. Those It is at least possible that the nerves of the however who are acquainted with the rise tomach may be so powerfully stimulated and progress of the contest, will easily dete& by the juices of that animal, as to commu the writer in advancing as facts, what had nicate the irritation to every part of the no existence. Among other affertions, we fyftem, which, ac.ording to the do&rine meet with the following, “the most fplenhere laid down, would, in every part, pro. did actions in the last war happened after duce a constriction of the veins; the confe. Mr. Pitt's resignation. Our merchants find quence of which must be an universal swel themselves incapable of fulfilling their comling. I am not now enquiring to what cir- millions from foreign states--the national cumstance the innocence of muscles at one stocks suffer neither Auctuation, nor fall in time, and their hurtfulness at another, is the price. The destruction of the tea at owing. Yet I cannot pass by lo remarkable Boston was the deliberate act of a very great a phænomenon without offering my con majority of the inhabitants - the bill for jecture, that this difference arises partly furpending the trade of Boston was conditiofrom the different sensibility of different nal on repairing the damage to the Eaft India ftomachs, and partly also, from the more or Company. The alteration in the Govern. less vigorous state of the fish ; the juices of ment of Massachusett's Bay, is no more than that, which is in the fulieft health, being putting the inhabitants on the same footing probably the most rich and stimulating, and with the other colonics-No other form of therefore the moft noxious.
Government could have been established so LX. Tboughts on the present State of the suitable to the dispofition of the Canadians, Peor, and the intended Bill for their fartber the tenures of their property, and the toleraRelief and Employment. Is. Bew.
tion of their religion, as the Quebec act. This writer thinks that the laws now in The Americans aim evidently at a total inforce, it put in execution, are fufficient for dependence in all matters. That they might