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1776.

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An Impartial Review of New Publications,

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ARTICLE XLVII.

though now they are Protestants, yet Popery Hifory of the Province of Moray, Atill prevails in their lands, within this proby obe' Rev. Mr. Locblan Sbaw.jos.6d. vince : particularly in Glenrinnis, Glenlivat, Donaldson.

and Strathavon. I remember when a seminary, Mr. Shaw bath here given a very accurate or academy of priests, was openly keptin account of both the ancient and modern state Glenlivat, where the languages, philosophy, of the province of Moray, whose utmoft ex- and divinity were regularly taught : and a tent in length is 62 Scottish, or 104 English draught of the most promising boys was sent to miles, and the breadth about 38 Scottish, or France, who returned home priests and jesu57 English miles, and the number of inha- its. I am not certain, if such a seminary bitants 69 213. Any person wanting to be is now kept up there; but a Popish meetingacquainted with the number of parishes, the house continues ; and at high mass, 600 moft remarkable scats, the principal families, people or more convene to it. To conclude and heritors in this district, may here have this account, in Glenrinnis, Glenlivat, and full information. There are some pleasing Strathayon ; in Abertaf, Glengary, and observations in his description of the natu- Achadrom, and in Strathglass, there are, in ral, civil, and military history of this pro- my opinion, at least 3oco Roman Catholics. vince, the plains of which he says have 40 It may not be improper here to observe, days fair weather more in the year than any the happy increase of Christian knowledge other county in Scotland. The following since the Revolution, by means of the extra&t from his ecclefiaftical history of the early education of youth. All the parishes province we present to our readers.

in this province, excepting three or four, “ The favour showed by our kings to Ro have now schools erected in them according man Catholics, ever since the Reformation, to law: and some society schools are settled, is well known. King James VI, did not dis. where Popery prevails, or the extent of semble, that he would meet them half way ; parishes requires.' his son, though called a zealous Protestant, XLVIII. An Account of the Weatber and protected, employed, and encouraged Pa. Diseases of South Carolina, by Lionel Chalpists, during his unfortunate reign. King mers, M.D. of Charles Town, Soutb Carolina, Charles II. was known to be, and died, a 2 vols. 6s. Dilly, Roman Catholic ; and his brother openly These volumes are the work of a gentleprofessed that religion. Notwithstanding the man eminent in his profession, and abound influence and example of those princes, very with much medical knowledge. He bath few in this province except the dependents on stated a number of cases, and mentioned those the family of Gordon, and the M'Donalds methods of cure which he found to be most and Chisholms, have been seduced into por successful in his many years practice. pich errors. Among the Highland clans, che As to the natural history of South Caros Frasers, Mac Intoles, Grants, M'Phersons, lina, our author observes, the coast is so low M'Gilliwrays, scarce any Papists are to be and flat, that it cannot be seen at the diftance found. Even in the county of Budenoch, of more than seven leaques, but about so though all are either vassals or tenants of the miles from the More the land becomes more duke of Gordon, there are few, if any, of unequal, and confifts of spacious levels, inthas religion. This has been owing in a terspersed with easy rilines, which gradually great mealure to the gentry and chiefs of advancing in beight towards the west, termiclans, who early embraced the Reformation, nate in a range of lofty mountains, that form and both encouraged and promoted it in their as it were a chain, which runs throughout lands.

the continent of North America, at the dise The M'Donalds of Glengary, never that tance of about 300 miles from the sea coast. I know, were reformed. The gentlemen of Many rivers arise from the mountains, that name have their fons educated in the which are liable to inundations, swelling Scots colleges abroad, especially at Doway: Sometimes 20 feet in perpendicular height in and they return home, either avowed or the space of twelve hours—where the land is concealed Papifts. In the year 1726, in all lower, the water drowns the country fos Glengary and Achadrom, which may confist miles, yet so prolific are the lands by it, that of 800 fouls, I could find very few Prote- if one crop is lost out of three, the planters Itants. Since that time, they have not be- are recompensed. The common increase from come much better ; but have diffused their good land is about 89 bushels of rough rice errors into the neighbouring countries of per acre, which, when cleaned, yield 2000 Abertaf, Glenmoristori, and Suachglass, pounds weight, or four barrels fit for mare

The most noble family of Gordon, till ket, besides a large quantity of broken rice of late, were Roman Catholics ; and ale for the negroes, April 1776.

IS

Thc The foil of this country is very various ; should we add the exuberant transpiration for wiihin inenty miles of the sea, it is gene- from the soil, and the abundant perspiration taily light and landy : but far from being from vegetables of all sorts, which cvery ivferuile. Tiis, however, is to be under- where cover the ground, the reason will dood of ihe uplands only; for in many other plainly appear, why our climate should be places the mouid is.as rich and deep as can very moist. And that it is so, will be clearly betcond any where. But, even in the most seen from the rain that fallo at Charlestowna barren lands, vegetion is fo lexurint when which at the medium for ten years, was 42 the weather is howery, that a plentiful in- inches annually. Grease is reaped from them. On the ciher XLIX. Tbe Lufiad, or Discovery of Irhand, fuch moist weather is productive of dia, an Epic Peem, translated from rbe oriinnumerable niuliuces of chuic reptiles and gival Portuguese of De Camoens, with Notes, intoets, that require standing water for their 'Sc. by William Julius Mickle. 11. ss. Evans. ova to hatch in ; lome of which are very • It is with great plealure we review the troublesome tu che inhabitants ; more espea present performance. The Lusiad of Camocially at night, unless they be locured from ens has long been an object of admiration to their stings, by surrounding the beds with the world of genius and taste. But we apgauze pavilions. But, the heat of the fun prehend that to most persons the admiration is to great when the leaton is dry, and the has been an ignorant acquiefence in the opi. earth becomes so parched, that no seed which nion of a few. They have admired as at a dira is fown will grow ; and those things that tant planet, luminous indeed in the heavens, , were thriving and promis«d well before, may but of whole grandeur and beauty they had at luch times be destroyed or yield but little. no distinct ideas. Fanshaw by his tranllaIn this respect however, rice seems the most tion furnished our coun:rymen with a telejuardy of all plants, for it will recover when scupe, through which this illustrious planet the rains fetin, even after it had been burnt might be viewed to some advantage ; but it down to the ground.

was referved to Mr. Mickle, to produce a Further back in the country, the uplands more pure and perfect work. The Luliad very generally have a good loil; and the fer- has been thus characterized by a gentleman, cility of thele that are low, is thought to be eminent in the House of Commons in these inexhaufible. Even the very mountains are cur tumultuous and interesting times.“It hath covered with a fine verdure of lofty trees, ex- (says ne) an ardent sp:rit of military honour cept in some few places, where the summits -a delicate ipirit of gallantry, and admiraconsist of naked rocks; amongft which is tion for the fair sex, and a manly spirit of lime-stone or marble of different colours. true patriotism; in these it is unequalled by But, except in one river, a Stone larger than any poem." In justice to the ingenious a pebble is not to be tound any where within translator, it must be observed, that the fpitwenty miles of the lea, filling afide those rit of liberty breaches through the introthat have been brought hither as baltait tor duction, where the evil consequences of tythips.

ranny are most strikingly displayed in the fate I doubt not (lays the anibor) but Sourb Ca- of the Portuguese Governors of India. We rilina produces all sorts of metals

. Gold, liver, also see in it that the Portuguesc degenerated copper, iron and lead have already been disco- in proportion as their monarchs advanced toveted. We allo have antimony, alum, talk, wards depotism, till Spain made an easy black-lead, marle, and very fine white clay, prey of their feeble kingdom. Rapin, the which is fit for making porcelain. I likewise critic, perceived the high military honour bave seen emeraids, that were brought from of ine Lufiad ; but inftead of giving it the the country of one Cherokee Indians, which praise which it deserves on that account, the when cut and polisher, tell nothing short of cold blooded writer condemns it. “ Ca. Those which are iinported from India in lur- moens (says he) thought of nothing but to Tre; and rock crypial abounds in several express the pride of his nation; and the places.

Spirit of his poem is like it, fier et fafteux, When the English first took prffeffion of fierce and disdainful.” A generous mind this country, excepting Sarunabs (which must feel indignation at such a mean remark. are plains naturally without crees) and some The discovery of India, which is the great linall openings, that were here and there made story of the Lufiad, is an event of such magby the Indians, ine whole was one continued nirude, and of conscquentes so important to forest ; and perhaps, one twentieth pari of it Europe, especially to Great Britain at this is not yet cleared and culrivaled.

very sime, that the poem cannot fail to exFroin the surfaces, inerefore, of so many cite universal curiosity; We cannot at prelarge rivers, and numerous collections of fent give any extracts from it, but only obItanding waters ; luch quantities of funk, ferve, that as it abounds with the various fendy and marshy lands, and the vast Atlan. kinds of poetical excellence, there are tranf. tic ocean that borders on our coast, it may fused in an admirabie manner by Mr. readily be inferred, that excesive exhalations Mickle; he seems to have bestowed particu. must be made in this fullry climate : to which lar pains in the ftudy of imitative and sen.

timental

A. D. 523.

1776. Hunter's Refieftions on Lord Chesterfield. 215 timental harmony, in which he has been thus led to commence author; and, very very successful; and

upon the whole thanks forely to express his indignation and conare due to him for having made so valuable tempt of a writer, who, great and shining an addition to our polite literature.

as his abilities were, bath disgraced, by apL. The History and antiquities of Winplying them to poison the morals, to banith abefter, 2 vols. 63. Crowder.

ibe sublimest virtue, to extinguish the most The origin of this ancient city is by fome salutary truths, and to exterminate the moft placed so early as Sg2 years before Christ. We important intereits and the fincerelt happiness are told that the present walls were erected of mankind." A. D. 341, and that the castle, of which Though Mr. Hunter condemns his Lord. Some vestiges remain, was built by King nip as an author, he allows him as a writer Arthur

Winchester also to be florid and ornamental; and his style claims the being incorporated by a charter, highly polished and musical: he was a man and governed by a Mayor, &c. first in the of wit but no realoner- with delight we kingdom, and 22 years before London. Our listen to the syren long, though we rejret author says, “in the year 1363, commen. the subject and inatter with scorn. His lordced the gradual decline of the ancient ship had an extensive knowledge of the city of Winchester; for in this year, the weaknesses and viccs of human nature, but wool manufactory, which had then nearly of its dignity, moral perfections, and divine arisen to its full pisfection, was, by the capacities, he had no experience, and an. King's command, removed from hence to pears to have had no conception. In poliCalais, to the great impoverishment of this rics, so far as an art not connected with, city, and injury of the factors, who had no: founded on virtue, truth, and conscience, expended enormous suns in creating new he was a great proticient, So obnoxious is buildings and other proper and neceffary con- his moral sharafler, our author thinks it is veniencies for that business. Some time af- difficult to view him in any light without ter the removal of the Daple, followed the fonie oegree of censure or prejudice. His Speedy decline and dilulusion of the cloath system of ethics is void of all sincere love ing manufa&ories, and of all the other com- to God or man, and is truly a system of mercial and extensive branches usually car- sell-love. ried on in this city, which were in the " His four volumes may be entitled, An course of a few years either neglected or se- entire Code of Hypocrisy and Dilimulation; moved. These misfortunes being followed by containing the Enige, the artifice, the craft, continual migrations, whole streets were at the virtue, or the lemblance of virtue, with length deierted, and left uninbabited; nu. all the external accomplifinenis necessary to merous houses tumbled down for want of form whe character of the complete courtier. ienanis ; churches meuldered away for want The chriftian, or, in other words the fincere of purishioners to maintain their incumbents, moralist, will look upon the noble lord, and to keep them in repair ; the navigation with all his wit, his genius, his elegance and became neglected and choaked up, and the penetration, as a little, a frivolous and 111appearance of trade and commerce, once lo perficial man ; enprofied by selfishnels, tamous in this city, totally vanished, and vanity and ambition; and in order to gratify gave place to adveility and depopulation; these pasions, a devout conformist to the whch is at this time too vilible. from the world, its fashions and follies; - regardless great extent of garden and waste ground of the interests or miseries of mortality, but within the walls of the city, besides the loss so far as he may reap advantage from them, of almost all its suburbs."

and profit by the follies or frailties of manBefore the Reformation, ihe bishopric of kind." Wincheter paid to the Pope for first fruits “ One important lesian, which we may, 1200o ducats, and it is now esteemed one of however, learn from the letters before us, the richest in the kingdom.

is bis : That noble birth, great natural LI. Reflections critical and moral an the abilities, a polite education, and much read. Letters of the late Earl of Chefierteld. By ing and seletion, uninduenced by religious Tbomas Hunter, M. A. 44. Cadeil.

moives, and directed to ro rcligious end, Our author thus apolop zee for his refer- render the posiflor a poor and contemptible tions : « Lord Chifterfield's Leisers were first creature, a faithless friend, a talie patriot, taken up as an annuse mest tu deceive the an immoral philofoplier; and in reip. At tu pefling mumenis. They were, indecd, amu- the iruett viriue, the Tuolimatt knowledge, ling, but luon appeared alarming. The and the most important privileges of our Isader found bis faith, his virtue, his un- nature, leave him poor and milerable, and derstanding insulted; and the sentiments of blind and naked ; and, in point of real the just and good in all ages and nations of dignity, rank him lower than the lowest of the world who were favoured with almiit the firvants of the carpenter's fon.” any degree of light, oi truth and science, up. We moet also with some excellent reflecpored and contradicted, by our well-bred and tions on Voltaire, whom Lord Chestertieid ourtly philosopher. The inte seader was so highly commended and our author will

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not allow his Lordship “ the honour of O stretch again thy saving hand, being a chriftian”, though he thinks him In mercy to this groaning ille! to have been a pra&ical raiher than a specu. No common ills thine aid demind;Jative unbeliever.

Corruption triumphs in her spoil; LII. AnEjay towardsestablishing tbe Melody Fierce discord hurls her torch on high ; and Measure of Speecb to be expresied and per. Nor publick weal nor social tie petuated by peculiar Symbols. jos. 6d. Almon. Can fix the fordid mind;

This essay hath merit, and many of the Ambition breaks laws feeble chain, writer's observations are new and judicious. Swol'n lux’ry leads her bloated train, He observes that “ the puzzling obscurity And ruin Atalks behind ! relative to the melody and measure of speech

II. which hath hitherto existed between modern Beyond the rough Atlantic tide, critics and ancient grammarians, hath been Inspir'd by virtue and by thee, chiefly owing to a want of terms and cha. Thy junior fons ftili dare be free ;racters, sufficient to distinguish clearly the Nor e'er shall subtle fraud divide several properties and accidents belonging The gen'sous band. O, while the tempeft to language, such as accents, emphafis, low'ss,

[are ours! quantity, pause and force. Instead of which Reflect our cause is one ;-that freedom's foes eight terms they have generally used only

JII. two, accent and quantity, with some loose Peace to thy shade, lamented king; hints concerning pauses.'

Great Brunswick, second of thy race In like manner, there ftill exifts another Call'd England's happy throne to grace, defe&t in literal language, of a similar kind; What time fair freedom made each valley that is, there are in nature, neither more,

ring. nor less, than seven vowel sounds, besides From the cold tomb could't thou arise, diphthongs í for which seven, the prin- How would this prospea blast thinc eyes, cipal nations in Europe use only five cha- And drive thee back in wild affright! racters (for the y has, with us, no sound For lo! fierce ifluing from their native diftinct from the i) and this defect throws

north,

[let-forth; the orthography and pronunciation of the The fowling furies murd'rous storms whole into uncertainty and confusion. Glut Gallia's great revenge, and spread vile

In order to distinguish what are vowels, Nav'ry's night! and what are not, let this be the definition LV. Variety, a Tale

for married People, is, of a vowel sound; viz, a fimple sound capa

Dudley. ble of being continued invariably the same, The persons for whom this agrecable tale for a long time, (for example, as long as the is designed, will read it if in good temper breath Jaits), without any change of the with great pleasure. The married couple organs, that is, without any movement of here described were fiift the throat, tongue, lips, or jaws.

life, the reason was, diphthong found is made by blending two We live, ny dear, too mucb rogerber, vowel sounds, by a very quick pronunciation, They then tried a city lite : into one."

« Behold us now, diffolving quite LIII. The Breatbings of Genius. Being,

" In the full ocean of delight; a Colletion of Poems, to wbicb are added “ In pleasures ev'ry hour employ, Eljays, Moral and Pbilosopbical. By Eliz. “ Immers’d in all ihe world calls joy, Gildings, 2s. 6d. Wilkie.

i Our affluence easing the expence The poems are scarcely par: the essays Of splendour, and magnificence. have merit: but we think they will not “ Our company, th' exalted fet please the public so much as the lady and “ Of all that's gay, and all that's great ; her reverend coadjutor seem to have been “ Nor happy yet !- and where's the wonder? pleased with them. However, she is cer- “ We live, my dear, too much afunder". fainly right in devoting those hours to read. LVI. Tbe "Bard, a Piridaric Poem, By ing and composition, which too many of her Mr. Gray. Translated into Latin Verse, sex spend in studying the modes of fashion, wbicb is prefixed á Dedication to ibe Genius in adjusting the ceremonies of visits, or ftill of Ancient Britain,

Is. Bew. more infipid, cards.

The translator may be ranked with some LIV. Ode for tbe Year 1976, 1s. Almon. of the first of classical bards.

Far beyond the poet laurcai's both in senti- LVII. A History of the Island of Anment and poetry. It begins

glesey, from its for A Invasion by the Romans, J.

until firully acceded to the Crown of England, Cenius of Albion! whither art thou fled ! To wbicb are added, Memoirs of Owen Thou, who was wont, at freedom's call, Glendower. 35. Bew. to rile,

[rected eyes, Anglesey is at present, according to our With thund'ring voice, and heav'n-dić author, in a very flourishing state: though And mock th' oppreflor's sage, or (mite the not more than 90 miles in circumference, it

haih seventy-four parishes and four principal

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ed of a country

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1776.

potatoe, than

Review of New Publications.

213 market towns. In the year 1770 upwards every purpose intended by the new bill. But of 90,000 buhels of grain were exported some of the best laws are almost quite difre. from its several harbours, and the quantity garded, as one, that ordered those who receive is encreasing yearly from the great improve. ed parish relief to wear a badge on their ments in hufbandry carrying on. The ille right shoulder. This would spür them on fends annually from 12 to 15,000 head of to industry and sobriety, and prevent them cattle, as well as a great number of theep from imposing on pasiengers and house-keepand hogs, to the English markets and the ers, as paupers and beggars. If any regunumber of inhabitants so far back as the lation be made, the appointment of an inmiddle of the last century, was computed Spector to oversee a certain number of parito be 12,000 ; fince that period population thes-to examine the lists of the poor-to see bath made considerable advances by the they regularly wear the badge-to provide register books, and which is attributed them with proper work, &c. might be very chiefly to the people's living more on the beneficial.

on salted herrings which formerly was iheir principal food.

LXI. Obfervations on tbe Bill intended to LVIII. Obfervations on ibe Case of Miss and Employment of obe Poor, by Ricbard

be offered to Parliament for tbe better Relief Butterfield. 15. Williams.

is. Cadell, This pamphlet is calculated to thew the Burn, LL, D. hardships the has unjustly sustained, and the

We hope that the legiNature will attend necefiry of prosecuting her right in a court

to these observations ; we also think that of justice. Her case is truly a pitiable one, our author's scheme is the beft: instead of and it seems that when Mr. Scan made one large enormous grand building to contain his will, he was under the influence of an an immense family, let several small houses erroneous persuasion, if not in reality non be built contiguous so as to receive sepa. compos animi & voluntaris. And her advo. rate families; with rooms or apartments cate thinks that a will obtained by false in. therein, some more, some fewer, some larger, finuations ought to be exploded.

some smaller, according to the number and LIX. Speculations and Conje&tures on tbe circumstances of a man's family, that may Qualities of tbe Nerves, by Samuel Musgrave, be brought to be lodged there. This is the M. D. 25. 60. Payne.

least expensive may be done gradually According to Dr. Musgrave, the nerves

will promote health, and prevent contagion have more powerful qualities, and produce and not infringe the connubial state, or greater effects on the human frame than has prevent population. generally been supposed. His speculations are LXII. The Rights of Great Britain afworthy the attention of the faculty, and the serted against ebe Claims of America. is. 61. following paragraph we submit to our readers: Cadell.

“ Hence also we are furnished with the so- This pamphlet is of ministerial extraction, lation of a phænomenon, of which no fa. and countenanced and spread by all the votatisfactory account has hitherto been given, ries of administration. The contents are to wit, ihe great swelling of the body that plausible,admirably calculated to bewilder the sometimes comes on after eating muscles. weak, and impose on the ignorant. Those It is at least posible that the nerves of the however who are acquainted with the rise Atomach may be so powerfully ftimulated and progress of the conteft, will easily detect by the juices of that animal, as to commu- the writer in advancing as facts, what had nicate the irritation to every part of the no existence. Among other affertions, we Syftem, which, ac, ording to the doctrine meet with the following, " the most splenhere laid down, would, in every part, pro

did actions in the last war happened after duce a constriction of the veins; the conse- Mr. Pitt's resignation. Our merchants find quence of which must be an universal swels themselves incapable of fulfilling their comling. I am not now enquiring to what cir. millions from foreign states--the national cumstance the innocence of muscles at one stocks fuffer neither Auctuation, nor fall in time, and their hurtfulness at another, is the price. The destruction of the tea at owing. Yet I cannot pass by fo remarkable Boston was the deliberate act of a very great a phænomenon without offering my con- majority of the inhabitants - the bill for jecture, that this difference arises partly suspending the trade of Boston was conditiofrom the different sensibility of different nal on repairing the damage to the Eaft India ftomachs, and partly also, from the more or Company. The alteration in the Governless vigorous state of the filh ; the juices of ment of Massachusett's Bay, is no more than that, which is in the fullest health, being putting the inhabitants on the same footing probably the most rich and stimulating, and with the other colonies-No other form of therefore the most noxious.

Government could have been established to LX. Tboughts on the presene State of tbe suitable to the disposition of the Canadians, Poor, and the intended Bill for ebeir fartber the tenures of their property, and the toleraRelief and Employment. is. Bew.

tion of their religion, as the Quebec act. This writer thinks that the laws now in The Americans aim evidently at a total inforce, it put in execution, are sufficient for dependence in all matters. That they might

openly

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