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206 Remarks on the new Bill for the parochial Clergy. April If not-the King, starting with rage, He who will not execute the duties of interrupted him, if not what if a king cannot long have good subjects. not, resumed the nobleman, in a firm Remember from this day, you have tone, they will look for another and a nothing more to do with Alonzo the better king. Alonzo, in the higher sportsman, but with Alonzo the King transport of paflion, expressed his re- of Portugal. His Majesty was as good sentment, and halted out of the room. as his promise, and became, as a warIn a little while, however, he return. rior_and a politician, the greatest of ed calm and reconciled. I perceive, the Portuguese monarchs. laid he, the truth of what you say.

To the. EDITOR of the LONDON MAGAZINE. SIR, VINDING that a bill (moved for I assert that in the vast multitude of

, , by Mr. Skinner) for the relief of great numbers of worthy clergymen parochial clergy, and the repairs of are suffering. very material defraudatheir houses, is ordered to be brought tions of their eitablimed right, a coninto the house next session. I cannot fequential contempt from many of diveft myself of a very earnest desire their parilhioners, and a probarle deof being informed, even thus early, jection of spirit in the want of that what is the mode of relief intended ; support, wbich it is likely this parlia. in other words, what are the cases of mentary relief will yield them. And distress or difficulty to which this re- since difficulties of this kind, like all lief is intended to be applied ? Would objects of national regulation, ought Mr. Gilbert or Mr. Skinner, or any to be made very notorious, the Itream of their friends, he so generous as to of their propagation cannot be con. open to the public their views -in this veyed in a more extensive channel benevolent design, I rest assured that than in that of your useful magazine it would produce discoveries of very --I have only to add as a motive of extraordinary perplexities in the vica- regard from the public, that in the sial rights of the Church ; which, evangelical vineyard none are more partly through the prospect of ex- profesled labourers than the parochial ireme inconvenience in their redress, clergy, and of these none have more and partly through the indigence of reason to murmur against the diftri. the incumbents concerned, have bution of the wages than the country defeated the benefit of the establish. vicars, in the rank of whom stands ment itself.

Your suffering correspondent Pardon my confidence, Sir, when Somerset.




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able writers who daily manifest and to the great disadvantage of matheir endeavours to rectify public nufactory I have found, that by the evils—I have been long surprised that custom of enclosing commons, in none have tendered their services to three small counties only, there is a ftop a very great and fashionable par- decrease of upwards of thirty thou. ljainentary grievance, I mean that of sand Meep, compared with the numenclosure. This, Sir, is now become bers kept as before the inclosure one of the greatest national evils. If scheme took place ; exclufive of the we can suppose the woollen manufac- summer feeding sheep purchased in tory a blessing, the practice of enclo- Scotland, afterwards shorn and fed in fure must be a curse to the kingdom. those counties. The counties to I have carefully traversed through which I allude are Cumberland, Weft


1776. On Enclosures-Queries to Mr. Jebb.

207 moreland, and Durham. What a ed for want, had it not been for diminution in the growth of wool is the benevolence of the Liverpool and here in only three counties ! Tould it Bristol merchants. be said “that the price of wool is not The poor inhabitants of Bristol much advanced within the last ten finely, picture their gratitude in the years," I only reply, that I hope men unanimous election of Henry Cruger, are not so devoid of understanding or Efq; to be one of their representatives public spirit, as to wilh any article in in Parliament, in return for his humanufactory to advance in price, from manely providing for, and liberally any other reason than an increase of feeding them with American corn, the demand.

during the last spring, and by thac It is not at all surprizing, consider. means faving the lives of some thouing the price of corn, that the inclo- sands'of his Majesty's subjects. sing scheme became so fashionable; During my enquiry into the state of nor am I astonished at the ease with the importation of American corn at which the bills to eneourage enclo. Bristol, I had an opportunity of consures passed through the House : But versing with several gentlemen, nato the public it must appear surprising tives of different provinces of Ame. that the many vast enclosures thould rica, who all agreed in affirming that not, by this time, have sufficiently extensive country in general to be fine supplied our markets with corn; in- ly adapted for the growth of corn, tead of this baving in the smallelt de- and by its overplus providing for the gree tended to lower the price, corn wants of this kingdom, should we daily and yearly becomes dearer. grow no corn at all ; and that part of

I have been at the trouble of taking America which belongs to the Crown a survey of most of these enclosures, of Great Britain, is of such amazing and I have found much the greatest extent, that it is impossible a bad seapart of them nọt naturally adapted for fon can affect more than a part, when producing any material quantity of it may, and often has affected the corn-and the better old ground ad. whole of this island. joining to them is neglected, besides On one hand, the present Parliament the benefit lott to some thousands of seem to be adopting this plan, by palpoor cottagers, and other useful mem- sing bills to restrain the Americans bers of society, by enclosing the an- from fishing and naval commerce, cient commons. This being the case thereby putting them under the newith relpect to enclosures, it may not ceflity of applying themselves to agribe improper to point outwhere the in- culture. But on the other hand, enhabitants of this kingdom are to liave closing bills are almoft daily passing their corn for bread, as I have taken both Houses, and little or no notice is some pains to inform myself in this taken by either of the woollen manu. particular.

factory, which looks as if the mem I find that Liverpool and Bristol, bybers were not well informed of these importing corn froin America the latt necessary matters. year, have in a great measure sup- From this rough draught I hope ported and maintained the inhabitants some more able hand will take up the on the western side of this kingdom, argument; every information in my particularly the counties of Stafford, power, which shall be thought necefWorcester, Gloucester, Somerset, and lary on fo interesting a subject, thall Wilts, with great part of Wales, the be communicated with pleasure. inhabitants of which must have perin



the liturgy of the Norwich muit naturally attract Anglican Church. the attention of every serious Chrif- Blešted Virgin may as well be adored clin in this realm. He is persuaded as her Son. that the Supreme Cause of all things 24. Doth he believe her assumption ? - is not merely in elence, but also in Qu. Doth he believe her to be a PSsson one, and therefore hath nholly. Geddels ?



TOT having an opportunity of and violet, will compose a green and

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menrs, hould esteem it a favour if purple, according to prop. 4. of the any of your philosophical correspon. fecond part of the same book). dents would try them, and inform me 2. Whether the middle of the of the event as soon as he convenient. green, and extremities of red and vio. ly can in your useful miscellany: The let (or all the green and all the red obligation shall be thankfully acknow. and violet) compose white, or what ledged in a work foon to be published. colour do they compound?

3. Taking the green entirely out LET the rays of light be separated ofthe beam, what colour do the other very carefully by refraction according rays (red, orange, yellow, blue, indigo to the directions given in prop. 49 and violet) compound? and whether parts, book i of Sir Thiac Newton's a white may not be made without the optics, then try, 1. wliether the mid- green, only by adding a proper quandle of the yellow and blue will com- tity of yellow and blue to what were pole a green like the iniddle of the in- before in the beam, or which is the icrmediate pritinatic one; and to what fame in effect by diminithing the extent of the spectrum the colours ta- quantity of the other rays (red and ken at equal distances beyond the violet) in a due proportion. middle of yellow and blue towards red


SIR, I like me parecenio vs ucuntb cervicaing properleplements the ice the fableones

. waiter, upon a construction entirely which is placed the first course, or new; and with many appendages service ; underneath this table is a liitherto unattempted in a thing of contrivance for fixing a fufficient num. this nature.

ber of knives and forks, and in the The excuse for offering it to the centre are castors for oil, sugar, &c. public, arises froin the proof I have B. The second table for patry, jel. had of its utility, which I have re. lies, &c. and underneath which are peatedly experienced in my own smaller knives and forks, spoons, &c. house. I have had the satisfaction by C. The third table furnished with this means of furnishing a few friends glasles of two fizes, diftinguished by at table with whatever they miglit particular marks upon each to prevent want, without giving them the trou. any disagreeable exchange. • ble of asking for it. It may yet ad. Upon ihe centre of this table is sup. mit of improvements, but think it ported a large handsone vase, D. made well calculated to set at liberty a train to contain a sufficient quantity of of gentry, who might be much better malt liquor, which is conveyed froin ennployed, than in landing at our el. thence through the pedeital to cocks bows, and listening to our table con- fixed therein, and is divided in such versation. The following is a short a manner, as to convey ale to one side explanation of it.

of the pedestal, and beer to the other : It may in the first place be necessary lould any one of the company prefer to observe, that after the cloth is laid wine or water, it may be easy to sup. upon a large round table, this service ply them with either, without work. is to be placed in the centre, and by ing miracles for that purpose, as this cach part of it turning easily round, upper table may be made sufficiently it brings forward in fuccellion what. capacious to bold decanters of both. ever is placed upon it, and enables The vase moves round with the up: every person at table to partake of the per table, and on the reverse sides of dith he chules. The table is supposed the pedestal are chandeliers for wax to be sufficiently large to admit of a ne- candles, which may be taken off when cessary supply of clean plate;,&c. being the service is used by day-light. let upon it, and underneath are fixed Litchfield.

J. W. * Diameter of A. 3 feet -- of B. 2 feet-of C. 20 insbes,

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