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GLEANINGS at OXFORD, 'N that genteel collection of periodi


“ I must condemn that taste where ingenious paper by Sir David Dalrym merit's drawn ple, who appeared lately as one of " In robes of e*mine, or in neeve's your correspondents. The fobject is of lawn," the practice of writing upon glass

Under the print from Mr. West's windows, so frequent in our inns;

celebrated picture of the death of gethe improvement of which he hu

neral Wolfe are the following lines : mourously recommends. I must confess that I am a very attentive student EXTEMPORE on the Death of General of these bofpitial lucubrations, but I

Wolfe. seldom find either instruction or en. “ All conquering cruel death more tertainment. However when I was hard than rocks, last at Oxford, I observed, not upon " Thou shouldnt have spar'd the Wolfe the glass windows, but upon the wain

and ta'en the Fox." scotting of one of the parlours of the Angel inn, the following little fallies death of a certain person).

In another hand (I suppose after the written with a black lead pencil. I

On the Author. copied them into my almanac, before the bousemaid's Gothic brush swept

“ Death undiscerning by fome ftrange them into oblivion, and they are very

abuse much at your service. If they shall be

« At length has ta'en the Fox; but

left the Goose." thought no bad entertaininent for your monthly guests, I shall be as

In another Hand. much pleased as one who in his walks

“ Tis strange, you say, that death's has picked up a good sallad, or a few

cold hand should pass agreeable fruits, and fees what he has

“ The Goose unhurt ; sweet fir, why brought home admitted to a place up

spare the Afs?" on an excellent table.

In another Hand. Under Mr. Strange's print of Apol

" An Als spoke Hebrew in Judea's lo rewarding merit, in which Apollo

land, 'is quite naked without even a leaf to

«'Which dull old Balaam could not cover what ought to be concealed (and

understand. ty the by the picture from which it is

“ Thro'all the land the Ass's praises taken hangs full in view at Lord

rung, Spencer's as a memento) there is this fly and just remark,

Thy greatest praise will be to hold

thy tongue."
“ Merit in return ought to make I am, fir, your constant reader,
him a present of a pair of breeches."

Ways and Means Extraordinary for 1776.
to discontinue every pension man for the future be paid by the

granted to gentlemen guilty piece. Let all such as read, or write, of grand or petty larceny, and to la. or vote, receive no further emoludies suspected of incontinence. ment, when they cease to be useful.

2. To diminish the number of par 4. To charge divorces according to liamentary boroughs, as they occalion the rank and riches of the parties. a double expence, first in purchasing s. To oblige every man who keeps the electors, secondly in purchasing a mistress to take out a licence, renew. the elected.

able every six months. 3. To drive away from our cathe. 6. To oblige all nabobs and pardrals every drone, fattening on the doned felons to wear a badge, whicb labours of the industrious bee. Instead may nevertheless be commuted for a of granting bishopricks, and other sum of money, enormous incomes for life, to such as 7. To confiscate the estates of all support the ministry, let every work- persons guilty of bribery at elections.



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PARLIAMENTARY HISTORY. An AbAra&t Hifory of the Proceedings of the second session of the fourteenth Par.

liament of Great Britain. Continued from our Magazine for the Month of March las, p. 128.

November 24.

out of town ; and that he had nothing Ther, the indemnity Litinstead favourite meafure of the coure

, and a third time; and a motion being king's friends; he refused to recede, made for leaving out of the preamble or give up a tittle of the doctrine, he the words, “ doubts having been en first so warmly maintained; and aftertertained of the legality of the mea wards defended himself on the bill's fure ;" and inserting instead thereof being lost in the other House, by the the following amendment, “ that the subterfuge, that it was the patriots measure of sending the Hanoverian who opposed it there, though it is troops to the garrisons of Gibralter well known, that except the noble and Minorca was not warranted by Marquis (Rockingham) who objected law, and was against the spirit of the to the preamble, on the grounds itaconstitution," a very warm and ani- ted in this day's debate, that every mated debate ensued, which continu, cabinet minister present, but the ed several hours, and the queition be- chancellor, spoke and voted for its ing put, the House divided, ayes 58, final rejection. noes 130.

November 27. Mr. Alderman OliThis point has been so often taken ver, in pursuance of notice given by notice of in the course of this publi- him a few days before, made the fol. cation, that we shall forbear to repeat lowing motion, “ that an humble ad. the fame arguments, as nothing ma dress be presented to his majesty by terially new was ofiered on either side. the House, requesting that his majesty But we cannot dismiss the subject en would be graciously pleased to impart tirely, without observing the address to the House, who were the original of the minister throughout his whole authors and advisers to his majesty, of conduct in this affair. When the the following measures before they country gentlemen first took the were proposed to parliament. alarm, he affected a great deal of For taxing America, without the firmness: the next day be gave way consent of its assemblies, for the puron the motion of recommitment of pose of raising a revenue. the address, and the other motion of For extending the jurisdiction of the -amendment ; (see this Magazine for courts of admiralty and vice-admiralty. January and February, lait) and pro For taking away the charter of the posed a bill of indemnity for the pur- province of Massachusetts Bay. pose of carrying the address in its ori. For restraining the American ginal form. After he had carried fishery. that favourite point, he again relap For exempting murderers froin sed, and did not take any one step in tryal in America. performance of his promise to his in

For transporting accused colonists to dependent friends, till reminded by England for tryal. them in the committee of ways and And most especially, for establishing means on the land tax. In the fur- popery, and despotism in Canada.” ther progress of the bill, be varied his This address, with the string of motone from firmness to concession, and tions which followed it, met with a from concellion to firmness, according very unluckyand unusual fate; for some to the points he had to carry, and of its friends moved the order of the the aspect and complexion of the day in order to get rid of it; and it's Houle, till at lengih finding that warmest opponents gave that motion those who disapproved of the bill were the negative ; and followed it by the April 1776.

previous * Lords Gower, Sandwich, Weymouth, and Stuffolk.

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previous question. Another still more in the reign of George I. were the extraordinary circuinttance happened most foul, illegal, and unconftitutional on this occasion; for the previous queso acts that were ever committed, if tion, though coming from that part of they were not amenable to the justice the House, was carried in the affir- of their country. The attack on Sir inative 156 to 16; and the main Robert Walpole towards the concluquestion being then put, it was re. fion of bis administration, 'was accord. jected by a majority of 163 to 10. ing to the fame doctrine equally illegal

The truth of the matter was, that and unjuftifiable. In truth the mithe immediate friends of the motion, nifter or any other cabinet councellor foreseeing its fate, withed to let it of either House of parliament, if lie país off, without a division; but the had a mind to propose the most odious friends of administration, feeling their and deitructive measure whatever, has great superiority, were determined to nothing more to do than to advise the reprobate it, and to load its author measure in the cabinet, submit it and few supporters, with the chame afterwards to parliament, and supof what they looked upon to be a port it there; and when offered to be disgraceful defeat.

questioned, laugh at his accusers, and That the present was a very im- tell them they were mistaken, for he proper time for the above mentioned was indemnified by the constitution motion is most certain; but we never itself, which has ordained that no can ag: ee with the reason assigned by punishment can be inflicted for any the gentlemen in opposition for their measure whatever that has been fancti. disapprobation of it, and in the end, fied by parliament. Surely, if this be voting directly against it, “ that no constitutional law, no man has sufferpunisment can or ought to be legally ed punishment or disgrace in this or constitutionally inflicted, for any country as an evil counsellor or advithing whatever done in parliament.” ser of his sovereign, from the reign of Those who urged this argument cer Richard II. to the present hour, who tainly mistook the terms of the mo has not been illegally, unconftitution, or betrayed the most gross and tionally, and cruelly persecuted. shameful ignorance of the conftitu The House then went into a comtion. They might have said, that nittee of supply, and came to the the motion was unseasonable or ill two following resolutions, which betimed; that it was extremely injudi. ing reported the next day, were cious to give their adversaries fresh agreed to without any opposition; but cause of triumph; and that for these a few strictures made by Captain reasons, it carried about it an air of Luttrell on an item in the account, the most romantic Quixotism, of the for the repair of the Dragon, which most frantic political Quixote ; to agi. he said had been stated in the estitate such a question in the present mates for three succeffive years, as state of things, but to impeach it on having 32,000l. laid out on her, tho' the ground of its being illegal and a single chilling had never been exunconstitutional, was a strain of ab. pended for the purpose for which it furdity or party treachery beyond was granted. One of the commisexample, and without apology. The fioners of the admiralty obviated the motion was not directed against the objection, by informing the House, enactors of those laws, but the advisers that nothing was more usual, than of chem; against the advisers of the granting money for one particular measures as members of the efficient purpose, and laying it out in a difor oltensible cabinet, not as members ferent manner under the same head of of either House of parliament. In expenditure. It made no effential diffort the most corrupt and profligate ference; it was fufficient that the mo. minifter that ever directed the affairs ney was applied to the general ferof this country, in the most profligate vice, and that the amount of the granti and corrupt times, might shelter him. and expenditure substantially corre. feif and triumph in tlie ruin of his fponded. The resolutions were, country with impunity, were this pa That 426,9041. 195. 6d. be granted triotic doétrine to prevail. Boling- for the ordinary of the navy for the broke’s and Ormond's attainder, and service of the year 1776. the attempt to bring Oxford to justice


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That 339,1511. be granted to his vince; and also, though the said relo6 majesty for buildings, rebuildings, and lution seems to require that the said repairs of lips, for the service of the offer should be a proportion according year 1776.

to the condition, circumstances, and November 29. This day the reso. fituation of such province, yet that lutions of the committee on the Nova the true meaning of said resoluScotia petition were reported. Those tion doth purport that any duties resolutions were looked upon as a fa. which this Houfe fall approve will vourite measure of administration, be accepted as a compliance with the and might have been productive of faid resolution, although no grounds the best consequences if an over-ruling for determining said proportion be power had not much about this time laid before this House; and also tho' gained an ascendency in the cabinet. the said resolution does seem literally There were however several matters to require that the said provinces do included in those refolutions, which make provision for the support of civil seemed to create great jealousy and government and the administration suspicion in the minds of those who of justice in such province, the same professed themselves friends to the doth not require that any other proconftitutional dependency of America. vision for civil government fhould be It was on tbis ground that Sir George made than what such province hath Yonge and Mr. Burke proposed the been accur.omed to make.' following resolutions, which severally December 1. The bill for prohibit. paffed in the negative.

ing all trade and intercourse with our “. That when the exigencies of the American colonies, was this day read state may require any further supplies a second time. from the province of Nova Scotia, The most material objections made then according to the prayer of faid to it in this stage, were founded in its petition of faid province, such requi. inexpediency, and injustice. It was Titions should be made as have been said to be inexpedient, because it formerly practiced in North' America, would teach America to open a comwhereby the said province may have munication and traffic with foreign an opportunity of the wing their duty nations. It was said to be unjust, beand attachment to their sovereign, cause the bill authorised an indiscriand their sense of the cause for which minate seizure and confiscation of the such requistions were made, by means vessels and cargoes of our subjects in of which alone his majelty can be that country, whether friends or foes, made acquainted with the true sense whether turbulent, disloyal, and reof his people in that distant pro- bellious; or peaceable, dutiful, and vince.”

obedient. If it were even proper to " That it appears to this House seize and confiscate the effects of the that the granting the powers to the people of America, wherever found colony of Nova Scotia of providing or to whomever belonging, another for the supply of the future exigencies very serious and important conseof government by the mode of requi. quence presented itself, and called for sition formerly used in America, was the most mature confideration. That the condition on which the said colony was the manner such a ineasure would did make the offer of granting the probably affect the mercantile interest revenue in their petition expresied." in this country. It was already well

" That although the terms of the known that our merchants had debts resolution of this House of the 27th of to a considerable amount, owing to February, 1775, relative to America, them in America. It was equally noseem literally to require that the offer torious, that we carried on a most therein mentioned should be made by lucrative and extensive commerce the governor, council and assembly, or with our colonies, very nearly in the general court of any province, the proportion of a third of the whole of true intent and meaning of the same our annual exports. If then we does not require any thing more in coupled those confiderations together, order to be accepted by this House, the bill seemed to be full of the most than that the said offer be made by the dangerous and fatal consequences. It house of representatives of such pro- would at once put a stop to all remit.

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tances from that country. It would, produce, They might even inform almost at one blow, cut off every ad. them of the conditions which they vantage derived froin a trade which it supposed would be acceptable to his was confefled even by the friends of majeity and his parliament. But they the bill, amounted to a sum little short could not proceed an inch further ; of four millions annually. But lup- nor engage for a single specific condiposing for argument's fake, that par. tion or concession, as a basis for fu. tial injustice, taken in a more com ture conciliation, without hazarding prehenfive light, is real justice, on the their lives and fortunes. If then this ground that the interests of the money was the utmost extent of the authority are to be advanced at the cost of a velted in the commissioners to be lent few; and that an object of such mag out under this bill, what would be the nitude as compelling America to re- use of sending them, but to put the turn to her duty, would more than nation to a heavy and unnecessary exbilance the temporary facrifices pro. pence to execute what might be as posed to be made, were there not fully and completely done on the spot, other matters of ftill superior confi. without any parade, trouble, or exderation to those just mentioned ? pence whatever ? If on the other Ought not those who are entrusted hand, this claure in the bill was in. with the direction of our public af- serted with a view of nominally com. fairs, to look a little farther and confi. plying with that part of the speech der, that by cutting off all communi. from the throne, which announced cation with this country, one or other the intended measure ; and was meant of these things would happen, or per to amuse such as had formed suitable haps a mixture of both. The colo. expectations of peace and conciliation; nies, thus reitrained and compelled, and that administration were really would learn either to manufacture determined not to treat with the colothemselves, or would open a com- nies, it was the most gross and daring merce with the great maritime nations imposition that was ever hazarded by of Europe; and whatever might be the most hardy and unprincipled adthe event of the present contest, they ministration this country ever bewould, to every subitantial and bene. held. ficial purpose, be for ever lost to this To this, little material was answer. country; or, at least, rendered of so ed, but that the interest of individuals little use as to be no longer worthy of must give way to the necessities of the national attention.

itate. That consequently, the ques. As to the clause in the bill, for ap- tion was not whether the merchants pointing commillioners and impowertrading to America, would be diring them to treat with such indivi- treiled; but whether it would be more duals, diitricts, and provinces as advisable to abandon and relinquith should return to their dury, it was that country for ever, or fuffer those treated with ridicule, contempt, or concerned in that commerce, to undetestation. If those who advited the dergo a temporary suspension of the measure were serious, no man could advantages derived from it? That no be angry with the authors of such a positive conditions could be held out folemn piece of mockery. Why fend to America, till the people of that out cominillioners to accept submis- country had acknowledged the legisfions, when the commander in chief, lative supremacy of the British parliaor any other officer, civil or military, ment, because till that was first either might do it as well as they? It could recognized or acknowledged, it would be no more than a mere ministerial be in possible to treat with the colo. act of receipt, and transmission of said nies on any specific conditions, with. proposals to his majesty's ministers. out surrendering the very matter we The commissioners might hear the were contending for. That as to the terms contained in such proposals. objection of the indiscriminate punitha They might advise those with whom ment of seizure and confiscation, prothey treated to return to their duty ; vided by the bill, the same necessity and hold out to them the consequences which dictated the measure at large, which an obftinate perlistance in their dictated that part of it likewise ; it prefent refolutions would probably being impossible to draw any line


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