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lowing clause relating to the liberty to be peace. Now here we find a reference to the granted to the Roman-Catholics of Canada jaws of England in the concluding words of of professing the worship of their religion. it, namely, as far as tbe laws of Great Brio

& His Britannic Majesty, on bis fide, agrees tain permit. to grant tbe liberty of ibe Carbolic religion to To know how far this permiffion extends, tbe inbabitants of Canada. He will confe. we must enquire whether any of the laws quently give e bemf effe&tual orders that bis of England which relate to the Romannew Roman.Carbolic subjects may profess the Catholic religion extend to the cut.lying worship of their religion according to the rites dominions of the Crown that lie without the of ibe'Romißh Churcb, as far as tbe laws of realm. Now, upon making this enquiry, Great Britain permit."

we shall find that, though moft of the penal This clause, we see, makes no mention of and disqualifying statutes palled against the tithes ; nor does it afford the least ground for professors of the Romish religion relate only an inference that the legal obligation to pay to England and Wales, yet the act of the sit tbem was intended to be revived. It only of Queen Elizabeth, chap. 1. which is inti. gives the Canadians an assurance that they tled, An a&t to restore torbe Crown ibe ancient may profess the worship of the Roman-Ca- jurisdi&tion over ibe ftate ecclefiaftical and spitholic religion so far as the laws of Greate ritual, and abolishing all foreign powers reBritain permit. This expreffion, professebe pugnant to tbe jame," and which is comworship of their religion, is rather an odd one. monly called the Act of Supremacy, does exBut I think it ought to be interpreted liberal. pressly rclate to all the Qucen’s dominions as ly, so as to mean, to professebe doctrines, and well as to the realm of England, and is even praliice, or perform, ebe worship, of their re- extended by positive words to such countries ligion. Now this may be done without a and places as should at any future time becoinpulsive obligation to pay the priests their come subject to the Crown of England. tithes. This obligition therefore remained This Atatute seems, from the whole comin the same condition after the ratification plexion of it, as well as from the - pofiof this article of the treaty of peace as it iive words, your Majesty's dominions that was before, that is, it continued to be fuf- bereafter shall be, to have been considered, pended uill his Majesty's pleasure thould be by the legislature that passed it, as an indira known upon the subject, which never pensable part of the general policy of the was declared till the passing of the late Que- English government, and to have been intendbec act. It ought not therefore to brave been ed to take place in every country that either allerted by the defenders of that act that the then made, or should thereafter make, a Parliament was bound, either by the capitu- part of the dominions of the Crown of EngJation or the treaty of peace, to revive this land. obligation of paying the priests their tithes. The reftriations therefore of this fatute

li has also been affirmed by the writers are those to which we must suppose the fore. who have undertaken to defend the late Que going article in the treaty of peace to refer, bec act, that, in granting to the Canadians by the words, as far as ibe laws of Greata capacity to hold places of trust and profit Britain permit. And consequently the Briwithout iaking the usual Proiefant tests, the tith nation is bound by that article to grant Parliament has done no more than it was to the Canadians the liberty of profefling the bound to do by the aforesaid capitulation and worship of the Roman Catholic religion only treaty of peace. But this affertion may be so far as is consistent with that fatuie : and easily shewn to be as erroneous as the for- this statute must be deemed to have been in

force in Canada from the time of ratifying For, in the first place, the capitulation the said treaty of peace in February, 1763, says nothing at all upon the subject, but (as by its own virtue and operation, without the we have seen) provides only for the free belp of the King's proclamation in Octobers exercise of the Romish religion in Canada, 1763, which introduced the rest of the laws without a compulsory obligation to pay tithes, of England, or of the King's commisions that is, in other words, for a toleration of of governor of the province of Quebec given that religion. But this free exercise, or to- to General Murray and General Carleton, leration, of that religion, may, it is evident, by which they were directed to require from be enjoyed without a capacity of holding every member both of the council and the places of trust and profit, as a like toleration assembly (as soon as there should be one) is enjoyed here in England by Quakers and that they should take the oath of abjuration such others of the Protestant Ditienters as of the Pope's authority and subscribe the de. comply with the conditions of the toleration. claration against transubftantiation before he act. Therefore the capitulation did not re- was permitted to take his feat. And it must quire that this capacity of holding places of be deemed to have continued in force in the trust and profit should be granted to the Ro- province till the late act of parliament, man-Catholics of Canada.

which, at the same time that it recognizes it In the next place, therefore, let us exa. as being in force by virtue of the afore. mine the foregoing clause of the treaty of said words of sefervation in the treaty of

mer.

peace

1776.

was

Review of New Publications.

IOI peace, makes a confiderable alteration in as a fundamental article, and, as it were, it.

a principal land-mark, in the conftitution of I have one thing more to observe, before the Englih government, ever fince the ReI quit this subject, concerning the legal ob- formation, has been taken away throughout ligation of paying tithes to the Romilh cler. this extenfive part of the dominions of the gy in the province of Quebec, which some crown by the late act of Parliament; withpersons have asserted to have all along sublift- out any obligation of honour or public faith, ed in the province ever fince the conquest of arising from the capitulation or treaty of peace it, or at least till the general introduction of above-mentioned (as has been fully shewn) the laws of England into it by the procla- to make such a measure necefl'ary. mation of October, 1763, and the King's Many more observations might be made commiffions to his governors. The observa. both on the foregoing French petition and tion I mean to make here upon this matter the act of Parliament to which it has is, that the said affertion is so far from being given rise. The vast enlargement of the protrue, that, before the said proclamation was vince by adding to it a new territory that con. published; the Roman-Catholic priests of Ca- tains, according to Lord Hillsborough's efti. Dada were doubly excluded from their legal mation of it, 511 millions of acres, that is, right to tithes by the capitulation and treaty more land than Spain, Italy, France and Gerof peace, to wit, first, by the capitulation, many put together, and most of it very good and, secondly, by the treaty of peace. For land, is a measure that would require an by the capitulation the obligation of the ample discussion. The total rescinding the people to pay the tithes to them was express. King's proclamation of October, 1763, by ly suspended till the King's pleasure hould which the royal and national faith be declared : and the King's pleasure had bound to those British subjects that should renever been declared upon that subject till the fort to, and reside in, the province of QueLate act. And by the reference to the laws bec, that they should enjoy the benefit of the of Great-Britain, and consequently to the laws of England ; instead of explaining and ad of supremacy, or ftat. 1. Eliz, chap.z. correcting it so far as might have been done in the aforesaid 4th article of the treaty of with the consent and approbation of the peace all ecclefiaftical persons were to be said British subjects, and as would have been excluded from their benefices till they had sufficient to satisfy the great body of the Cataken the oath of supremacy; which none of nadian inhabitanis of the province, to wit, by the Romish clergy of that province have ta- a revival of only lo inuch of she former ken : insomuch that, if the King's Ma. French laws in civil maiters as related to jesty bad, in the interval between the said the tenure, alienation and settlement, in hecapitulation in September, 1760, and the ritance and dower of landed property ; is faid treaty of peace in February, 1763, as another matter of great importance which for infance, in the year 1761, declared it requires a very full consideration. The 10 be his royal pleasure that the people of Ca. great imperfection of the late act in not nada should be obliged by the English govern. saying any thing about the Dishop of ment to pay the priests their tithes, yet they Quebec, who has hitherto reigned in the would have been a second time deprived of province with great power and authority, extheir legal right to them by the said article ercising the spiritual thunders of excommuof the treaty of peace, unleis they would nication, suspension of priests from their of. have taken the oath of supremacy, by reason fices and benefices, and interdiding divine of the aforesaid 191h section of the act of worship in churches and chapels, in a mansupremacy, which was referred to in the said ner that has spread great terior among the treaty, and thereby, as it were, established Roman-Catholics of the province :-its im. and promulged by his Majesty's authority, perfection also in not ascertaining, or rather with the consent of the French King, in not velting in the Crown, the right of throughout all the country of Canada which presentation to those benefices which were was ceded to the Crown by that article, formerly in the patronage of the Bishop of

It appears therefore that the Parliament Quebec, and which are almost ail the bence was not buund in justice and honour, by fices in the province, there being not above the terms either of the capitulation or treaty a dozen out of the whole number (which is of peace above-mentioned, to revive the 128) that are in the patronage of private compullive obligation on the lajty of Canada perions :--and a number of other striking to pay the Romish priests their tithes, nor to defects and omiffions in the late act, which admit any of the said priests to hold be. leave the condition of the province which it nefices in the said country, nor the Canadian was meant to regulate, in a strange degree of laymen to hold places of trust and profit uncertainty upon many important points ; without taking the oath of supremacy. are matters that it would take up many pa.

Thus the necessity of abjuring the foreign ges to enquire into with the attention they jurisdiction of the Bishop of Rome, in or- deserve. der to an admiffion to offices of trust and XIV. Journal of the Resolution's Voyage power, which has hitherto been considered in 1772, 1773, 1774, arid 1775, on Disa

awe,

covery ibe Southern Hemisphere, by His fiery eye-balls, like two blazing stars, which the Nor-Existence of an urdiscovered Portentous rells, on some unthinking wretch, Comuinent between tbe Equator and be go!b To Mhed their baleful influence; whilft his Degree of Southern Lariture is demonftratively

voice proved. Alfo a Journal of the Adventure's Like thunder, or the cannon's sudden burst, Voyage in the Years 1772, 1773, and 1774,

Three times is heard, and thrice the roofs rea &c. 55. Newbery.

found! This Journal appears to be genuine, ohol A sudden paleness gathers in my face ;[{preads wzobserve many inaccuracies, and a little of the Through all my limbs a ftiff’ning horror marvellous. The Resolution and Adventure Cold as the dews of death, nor heed my eyes Jailed in company

from Plymouth, the i 3th of Their wonted function, but in stupid gaze July, 1772, and on the 30th of August follow- Ken the tell monster ; from my trembling ing anchored in Table Bay at ine Cape of hands

[fage Good Hope. On the 22d of November,

The time-worn volume drops ; oh dire pre1773, both thips took thcir departure from Of inttant woe! for now the mighty sound the Cape, in order to prosecute the intended Pregnant with dismal tidings, once again discoveries. After various adventures in Sirikes my astonish'd ears; transfix'd with those unfrequented seas, the ships parted company, and on the 15th of March, 1774,

And senseless for a time I ftand; but loon, the Adventure cast anchor at the Cape of By friendly jog, or neighb'ringwhisper rous'd, Good Hope, and on the 15th of July follow- Obey the dire injunction ; Straight I loose irg anchored safe at Spithead.

Depending brogues, and mount the losty The Refolution continued her discoveries Throne in the South Seas till the 21st of March, Indignant, or the back oblique ascend 1775, when the moored in Table Bay at the Of sorrowful compeer ; nor long delays Cape of Good Hope, and on the gift of July The monarch, from his palace Italking down, following arrived at Spithead.

With visage all intiam'd ; his table robe XV. The School Boy, a Poem. In Imira. Sweeping in lengih’ning folds along the son of Philips's Splendid Sbilling.

ground:

[ícourge The following description of a School. He shakes his sceptre, and th' impending mafier will enable our readers to form a judg. Brandishes high ; nor tears nor shrieks avail; ment of the execution of this piece : Bur with impetuous fury it descends, When lo! with haughty stride (in lize like him Imprinting horrid wound:, with fatal flow Who erst extended on the burning lake, Or blood aitended, and convulfive pangs. Lay floating many a rood) his sullen brow, XVI. A Letter from an Officer retired, to. With low'ring frowns and fearful giooms

bis Son in Parliament. Is. Cadell, o'ercalt,

This pretended officer thinks it a sufficient
Enters the pædagogue; terrific right! warrant for an English soldier to fight, that
An ample ninefold peruke, spread immense, he fights for what his officers call England's
Luxuriant waving down his shoulders plays; cause. Our author seems to be in a sad plight,
His right hand fiercely grasps an oaken staff, “Oh Charles, I am afflicted with the daily
His left a bunch of limber twigs sustains, accounts of our losses and defeats ; the vic-
Call'd by the vulgar, birch, tartarean root, tories and triumphs of the Americans tor-
Whose rankling points, in blackest poison dipt, ment me more than my disease. Have we
Infict a mortal pain; and, where they light, no provident statesmen, or skilful Generals !"
A ghastly furrow leave. -Scarid' at the right, He then proceeds to censure administration
The bustling multitudes with anxious hearts, and General Gage, and assures his readers,
Their stations seek - A lulemn pause ensues ; that the glory of Britain is dearer than Ame-
As when, of old, the monarch of the floods, rica, or than the commerce of the nation.
Midit raging hurricanes, and baliling waves, XVII. Tie Morality of a Citizen, in a
Shaking the dreadful trident, rear'd aloft Visitation Sermor ; with a view to obe present
His awful brow.- Sudden the furious winds alarming Situation of Public Affairs ; ibe
Wcre hush'd in peace, the billows cealed real Grounds of our unhappy Divisiins, and
their rage :

ibe State of civil and religious Liberty. 15.
Or when (if mighty themes, like these, allow Kearny.
An humble metaphor) the sportive race This sermon is better calculated for a citi.
or nibbling heroes, bent on wanton play, zen's debating club, than a church pulpit,
Beneath the shelter of some well-ford barn, To prevent the kingdom being brought to de-
In many an airy circle wheel around; folation, our political preacher would have
Some eye, perchance, in private nook conceal'd his countrymen obey the laws of the state, be
Beholds Grimalkin; instant they disperse, they what they may, and whether he under-
In headlong flight, each to his fecret cell ; stands the reasons of them or not. The dif.
If haply he may scape impending fate : ference between the English government and
Thus ceas’d the general clamour; all remain others, he says, is that it rules by influence
In blent terror wrapt, and thought profound. not by feer, Other powers effect their
Mean while, the Pædagogue throughout the purposes by an army of soldiers, the English
dome

4

Supreme

1

103

1776. Review of New Publications.
supreme power by one of placemen, pension exhortation, “ Let another man praise thee,
ers, dependants, and expectants, and he and not thine own mouth, a stranger, and
presumes there are near 40000 persons, who not thine own lips."
have places and penfions, and in whom it XXII. Religious Correspor.dence, or the
would not be prudent to disobey the mini- Dispensation of Divine Grace vindicated from
fter.

the Extremes of libertine and fanatical Prin-
XVIII. The Character and Conduet of the ciples, 2 vols. 68. Hay.
Female Sex, and the Advantage to be derived A well written and judicious defence of
by young Men, from the Society of virtuous the religious principles itiled Calvinism, but
Women. A Discourse by James Fordyce, D.D. the writer's censures on those who oppose
Is. 60. Cadeli.

that system are severe and illiberal. Neither
This Discourse was as improper for the orthodox, nor rational divines are any thing
pulpit as the preceding one, but we have the

without charity
reverend author's own authority to say he XXIII. God's Controversy with the Na-

founded it from thence with but a few alte- tions ; addressed to tbe Rulers and People of
rations. Much more interesting subjects Christendom. 15. Conant.
for a new year's day meditation might A serious performance, intended to awa-
have been selected to have engaged the atten- ken rulers and people from their lethargy, and
tion of an auditory, so affiduously collected incite them to break off their fins by righ-
by puffs, and advertisements; however, the teousness, left God's rod, which is now litted
youth of both sexes will find in the discourse up, should fall severely upon them.
several good rules for the regulation of their XXIV. A Letter to a young Nobleman
passions and conduct.

setting out on bis Travels. 15. Owen.
XIX. Resignation no Proof. A Letter 10 Our author would have Noblemen to travel
Mr. Jebb, wirb occasional Remarks on bis to the heavenly regions, and gives them some
Spirit of Protestantism. 15. 6d. White. good infiructions to further them in the jour-

This writer allows Mr. Jebb the merit of ney. A letter to them on the graces, or
not having facrificed to hypocriiy and disiimu- on gaming, might have been more suitable,
Jation, but at the same time is indignant as well as more profitable for himself and
at the boldness of his attempt to fubvert his bookseller.
what he thinks to be the first principles of XXV. An Address to the Gentlemen and
our religion. He wiil not allow Mr. Jebb, or Inbabitants of Litchfield, by James Wickens.
any man, to be a Chriftian, unless he believes 60. Baldwin,
the union of the divine and human nature This church warden's scheme is to have
in the person of Jesus Chrift, and it seems three parishes in that city united into uredila
as if they must believe it just in his own trict, for the better maintenance and employ-
manner, or be reprobated. Whether Mr. ment of the poor, agd if the same plan were
Jebb understands the Scriptures better than followed in London and elsewhere, it would
this writer, we will not determine; but he be attended with many advantages : the pa-
beater understands the rights, and displays rishes in the suburbs pay five shillings in the
more of the spirit of Protestantiin.

pound poor rate, and wealthy parisnes in the
XX. Pbilojopbical Empiricism, containing city pay scarcely three pence.
Remarks on a Charge of Plagiarism refpecting XXVI. Materia Medica Antigua et Nous
Dr. Hs. Interspersed with various ob- Repurga!a et Illustrata : five, De Medicamen-
fervations relating to different kinds of Air, torum Simplicium Officinaliumi Facultatitus
by Joseph Priestly, I L. D. &c. is. 6. Tračiatus, Opus XL. Annorum, by jion
Junnion.

Rutty, M. D. il. 55. Dilly.
The learned and laborious auihor bath XXVII. Observations on the Lordon ard
fully proved himself no way indebied iv Di. Edinburgh Dijpensaiories ; with an Account
Higgins for any of his late discoveries and of sbe Virtues of various Subjects in ebe
experiments concerning air. Many useful Nareria Medica, not contained in eitbor of
remarks on the doctrine of air are intersper- tkose Works, by yobr Rutiy, M. D. 35.
sed, and rather too much relf exaluation. Dinly.

XXI. An Account of what Concern Dr. Dr. Rutty's abilities and extensive practice
Gibbons bad in tbe late Transactions anung in his profession are already well known; bis
tbe Protestan: Diflenters at Nortbampion, in former writings were well received, and
wbich bis Conduct is cleared, &i 60. Buck- there are worthy the notice of all the ta-
land.

culty.
We reviewed a publication on this subject XXVIII. A port Account of the present
lan August, and it now appears that the illonb- epidemic Cougb and Fever, in a Lesterio Dr.
ly Rivicevers in their remarks on that pam- De la Cour, by Dr. Grant. 6. Cade!!.
phlet palled some ill-founded centures on the

It appears from this letter, that the late
iev, author of the account now before us, and influenza, or epidemic cough and fever, was
other ministers. The Doctor hews them to be exactly fimilar with that which prevailed
unjuf, but his defence displays great feit im- just a century before, 1675. Sydenham's de-
portance, or a forgetiulneis ut the wise man's icription of that perfectiy corrciponds with

the

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the symptoms lately observed, and his me- author) paffed or executed the acts relating thod of creating the patient was found the to the stamps, the tea, the port of Buston, most fuccessful, as blceding in the arm, a the charter and the government of Massablister to the neck, and a glyfter every day, chusetts Bay, the filheries and the comabftaining from Aesh meats, drinking small merce of America : they sent an army to beer, or milk and water, and sometimes a that country last year and they doubled it cooling and lenicnt prisaa.

this, together with fleets, artillery and all fit xxix. Observations upon the Sboeing of means of mischief to attend it : they rejectHorses, rogerber with a new Enquiry into the ed, refused or neglected all applications and Causes of Diseases in the Feet of Horses, by petitions for peace from New-York, from the 7. Clark.

38.
Cadell.

continental congress, from the city of London, Mr. Clark corrects many of his brother from various parts of America and of Britain; Sarriers in their treatment of horses, and as likewise the propositions of Lord Ch. with respect to greasy or oily applications to of Mr. B. and of the other persons for preserve found and tough the hoofs of horses, the same purpose. One part of these mea. he differs from all who have yet written on sures have been the certain causes of our cithe subject of farriery. He maintains that vil war, and the other part the opposition to these greasy applications are rather pernicious reconciliation. Is it the same republicans, than lalutary; that as they prevent perspi- who have garrisoned Gibraltar and' Minorca ration when applied to the skin of the hu- with Hanoverians and who have published a man body, fo they close or shut up the pores crusado calling all men and all nations to of the hoof, prevent the natural moisture the destruction and the plunder of our colowhich hould nourish the hoof, and thus nies, and who are to transport them thither render it dry, brittle and hard. Experience evin. for that pious and that beneficial purpose? ces that those horseswho go at cart and plough, I am tired with reckoning ; but how horri. and whose hoofs are never greased, but ex- ble a lift it is, and what wicked men must posed to coolness and moisture, are free from these republicans be! These few covert remany complaints which the finest horses en. publicans must surely have been very crafty dure that are kept in hot, dry litter in the lo to have bafied and to have over-reached ftable, with their hoofs greased. The last our many oftenfible ministers; who being able become cripples, and subject to maladies, to act openly and avowedly have no doubt, which sooner or later render them useless. good men, iaken ten times the pains to keep

XXX. A furiber Examination of our pre- things right that these abominable repubsent American Measures, and of the Reasons licans have to put them wrong. How and tbe Principles on wbicb tbey are founded, unlucky is it, that either our ministers were by ibe Author of Confiderations on,ibe Mea- not as cunning as these republicans, or these fures carrying on with respeet to the British republicans not as bonest as our ministers: Colonies in North America. 35. Baldwin. in either of which cases we and our colonies

This examination turns out greatly to the might have continued towards one another in disadvantage and dishonour of the promoters the same fate, as we were three or four years of the present American measures. Our ago ; peaccable, contented and quiet! I author writes with great freedom and equal cannot however but congratulate mankind, judgment, and it is apparent he hath written that there were not more of these republicans : from the heart. When the trumpets sound, these very few have, it secms, Aung into and the drums best to battle, he had need to confusion one of the firft ftates in the world, speak aloud who desires to be heard, especie and it is to be hoped, as wisely governed, as ally if he preaches peace.

it is high in other regards.- Si duo præterea We wish thc worthy examiner had paid a tales.- If there had been a dozen more such, jittie more aliention to his file his senti. and especially if they durst have proceeded ments are manly - he answers the several ac. by day light, what part of Europe might cusations brought against the Americans, and have escaped ? Republics do not rise or Spring with great severity lafbes the two clerical up like mushroonis; but who knows, whetrumpeters for administration, Dean Tucker, ther they might not have been as thick as and jobn Welley. He observes for the edi. islands in the Archipelago ? An Europcan fication of thele gentlemco, that at present could then have hardly gone to Court for rethey con'radiat each other : the methodist publics. There would have been no King's tells us, that a few deep English republicans chaplains.-Dii meliora piis.--I wonder have raised up this civil war, and are what the King of Cochin China would have endeavouring to divide our colonies from us, thought concerning such a condition of our to bring about their favourite scheme of a quarter of the earth; who, a Dutch traveller commonwealth in England. The Dean tells us, had like to have choaked himself charges these republicans with endeavouring with laughing, only on hearing, that there to keep us and the colonies together for the was a people in Holland who lived without a very time evil end.

King. • These republicans therefore (lays our

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