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R. S.—This is really a most unimportant question. You are, however, quite correct.

E J. W. (Oxford); Y. Z. (Redruth), and A. B. (Swansea).— There is no limit as to the length of time that may elapse between passing the Preliminary Examination and entering into articles of clerkship.

S. W. (Northleach.)- As we understand your question, we do not see the advisability of your being articled for five years if you have been a bona fide clerk to a solicitor for ten years. In any event, we think you would, perhaps, be allowed to sit for your Intermediate and Final Examinations as if you were articled for three years, but you would not be admitted until after the expiration of your articles.

AGESILAUS.—You will find the information that you require in the third number of this magazine.

ÆMILIUS.-(1) Æmilius Palus, surnamed Macedonicus, a distinguished Roman noble and general, son of Æmilius Palus the consnl who fell at the battle of Cannæ, was born about B.C. 230; but Palus Æmilius, an historian of great celebrity, was born at Verona. Thirty years of his life were employed in writing the history of France from Pharamond down to Charles VIII. (2) It is doubtful whether the name of the Irish abbot to whom you refer was Æneas or Ængus.

C. N. A.-It has occurred to us that such a work wonld meet with general approval; but we cannot at present devote the time and labour necessary for such an undertaking, Thanks for your suggestion.

F. M. (Manchester).— Ischitella is a village of south Italy, in the province of Foggia, twenty-eight miles north-east of Huero, near the Adriatic, at the north foot of Mount Gargano. There is not any remarkable event connected with this place.

MARLBOROUGH.-Having regard to what you say, we recommend you to use Dr. Smith's Principia Latina. Set him to learn portions of the syntax simultaneously with the exercises.

PHILOMATH.-Saluzzo and Suso were taken by the French 1690 A.D.

F. E. T. (Bath).- The treaty was concluded at Estaples 3rd November, 1492, by which it was stipulated, that if Henry VII. would withdraw his forces, Charles would pay down £149,000 and compel Perkin Warbeck (who was then at the French court and acknowledged as the Duke of York) to leave his kingdom.

CANDIDATE (Scarborough).—We do not admire the system you propose. We have, however, not sufficient space to explain our views on the subject.

INQUIRER (Harrogate). — The Intermediate and Final Examinations are held every Term. You will find some information in this Number.

F. W. W. (Scarborough). – Write to the Secretary of the Law Society.
LATINUS.–Ưti (adv.), means as, that; but ūti means to use.

PRELIMINARY EXAMINATIONS FOR SOLICITORS, FOR THE BAR, AND THE COLLEGE OF SURGEONS. The Author of " The Student's Guide,” and Editor of “The Preliminary Examination Journal and Student's Literary Magazine ” (formerly of King's College, London), whose pupils have always met with greater success than those instructed by any other tutor, PREPARES CANDIDATES of defective knowledge very speedily:

References to Members of the Incorporated Law Society, Barristers, Clergymen, Doctors, and others, whose sons have passed after short periods of tuition, having previously failed three and four times with other tutors. For Syllabus (30 pages) of Testimonials and Opinions of the Law Journal, Law Times, Standard, Law Eramination Reporter, Law Magazine and Rerien, The London Reriew, &c., &c., address Mr. J. ERLE BENHAM, at his Chambers, 20, Devereux Court, Temple, or to the care of Messrs. Butterworth, 7, Fleet Street, London, Her Majesty's Law Publishers.

London: Printed by C. Roworth & Sons, Newton Street, High Holborn, W.C.

PLELIMINARY, INTERMEDIATE

AND

FINAL EXAMINATIONS

FOR SOLICITORS.

Mr. J. ERLE BENHAM

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20, DEVEREUX COURT, TEMPLE,

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The Preliminary Examination Journal

AND

STUDENT'S LITERARY MAGAZINE,

CHAPTER I.

SPECIAL EXAMINATION NOTICES.

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Preliminary Examination for Solicitors. PURSUANT to the Judges' orders, the next Preliminary Examination in General Knowledge will take place on Wednesday the 17th, and Thursday the 18th of July, 1872. In addition to the ordinary subjects (including an elementary knowledge of Latin), the Special Examiners have selected the following books in which candidates will be examined :

In LATIN. Cicero pro Milone; or, Virgil, Æneid, Book VI.
In GREEK

Euripides, Medea.
In MoDERN GREEK Βεντοτής Ιστορία της Αμερικής βιβλίον ζ.
In FRENCH

Lesage, Gil Blas de Santillane, liv. 3 and 4; or,

Voltaire, Zaïre.
In GERMAN Schiller, Wilhelm Tell; or, Lessing's Fabeln.
In SPANISH

Cervantes, Don Quixote, cap. xv. to xxx, both in

clusive; or, Moratin, El Sí de las Niñas. In ITALIAN . Manzoni's I Promessi Sposi, cap. 1. to viii, both in

clusive; or, Tasso's Gerusalemme, 4, 5 and 6

cantos; and Volpe's Eton Italian Grammar. Each candidate will be examined in one language only, according to his selection. Candidates will have the choice of either of the abovementioned works.

The Examination will be held at the Incorporated Law Society's Hall,
Chancery Lane, London, and at some of the following towns:-
Birmingham.
Durham.

Newcastle-on-Type.
Brighton.
Exeter.

Oxford.
Bristol.
Lancaster.

Plymouth.
Cambridge.
Leeds.

Salisbury.
Cardiff.
Lincoln.

Shrewsbury.
Carlisle.
Liverpool.

Swansea.
Carmarthen.
Maidstone.

Worcester.
Chester.
Manchester.

York. Candidates are required by the Judges' orders to give one calendar month's notice to the Society, before the day appointed for Examination,

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of the language in which they propose to be examined, the place at which they wish to be examined, and their age and place of education.

FORM OF NOTICE.

PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION.
Christian and Notice is hereby giren, that of aged who was educated
Surpare, and

at
intends on the and days of

next to present the Address at which letters himself for Examination at

previous to entering into Articles of will reach the Clerkship, and that he proposes to be Examined in the Language. Applicant must be inserted in Dated the

187

day of the notice.

[Signature of Candidate.]

Intermediate Examination, under 23 & 24 Vict. c. 127, s. 9. The elementary works, in addition to book-keeping (mercantile), selected for the Intermediate Examination of persons under Articles of Clerkship executed after the 1st of January, 1861, for the year 1872, are

Chitty on Contracts, chapters 1 and 3, with the exception, in chapter 3,

of section 1, relating to Contracts respecting Real Property. 8th

or 9th edition. Williams on the Principles of the Law of Real Property. 8th or 9th

edition. J. W. Smith's Manual of Equity Jurisprudence. 9th or 10th edition. MERCANTILE BOOK-KEEPING.-- The Examiners deal with this subject generally, and do not in their questions confine themselves to any particular system.

Candidates are required by the Judges' orders to give to the Incorporated Law Society one calendar month's notice before the commencement of the Term in which they desire to be examined. Candidates are also required to leave their Articles of Clerkship and Assignments (if any), duly stamped and registered, seven clear days before the commencement of such Term, together with answers to the questions as to due service and conduct up to that time.

Candidates may be examined either in the term in which one half of their term of service will expire, or in one of the two terms next before, or one of the two terms next after one half of the term of service under their articles.

The Examinations are held in the IIall of the Incorporated Law Society, Chancery Lane, London, in Hilary, Easter, Trinity and Michaelmas Terms.

Final Examination.
Candidates are usually examined in

Common and Statute Law, and Practice of the Courts.
Conveyancing.
Equity, and Practice of the Courts.
Bankruptcy, and Practice of the Courts.

Criminal Law, and Proceedings before Magistrates. Candidates are required to give notice of their intention to present themselves for examination in the term previous to that in which they wish to be examined.

Preliminary Examination of the Royal College of Surgeons. The next Preliminary Examination for the diplomas of MEMBER and Fellow of this College will be held on Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday, the 18th, 19th and 20th of June, 1872. Candidates desirous of presenting themselves for this Examination must signify their intention of so doing to the secretary (at the College of Surgeons, Lincoln's Inn Fields) on or before the 28th of May inst.

The Compulsory subjects are the same as in the legal “Preliminary," except that no candidate will be passed who does not show a competent knowledge of the first four rules, simple and compound, of vulgar fractions and of decimals; and the mathematics include Euclid, Books I. and II. or the subjects thereof, and algebra to simple equations inclusive. Candidates will also be required to translate a passage from the second book of Cæsar's Commentaries, “ De Bello Gallico."

Papers will also be set on the following six subjects; and each candidate will be required to offer himself for Examination on one subject at least, at his option; but no candidate will be allowed to offer himself for Examination on more than four subjects: – 1. Translation of a passage from the first Book of the Anabasis of

Xenophon.
2. Translation of a passage from X. B. Saintine’s “Picciola."

3. Translation of a passage from Schiller's “ Wilhelm Tell.” Besides these translations into English, the candidate will be required to answer questions on the grammar of each subject, whether compulsory or optional. 4. Mechanics. The questions will be chiefly of an elementary

character. 5. Chemistry. The questions will be on the elementary facts of

chemistry. 6. Botany and Zoology. The questions will be on the classification

of plants and animals. The quality of the handwriting and the spelling will be taken into account.

A candidate in order to qualify himself for the Fellowship is required, in addition to the ordinary subjects, to pass in Greek, French or German, and in one, at his option, of the remaining subjects in Part II.

Preliminary Examination for the Bar. The Preliminary Examinations for the Bar are usually held every Saturday during each legal term, and once in the week next preceding each legal term. By the Consolidated Regulations of the Four Inns of Court, it is provided that no Examiner shall attend unless two clear days' notice prior to the day appointed for his attendance shall have been given to the secretary of the Board of Examiners, by at least one candidate, of an intention to present himself on that day for Examination. The subjects of Examination are-(a) The English language; (b) The Latin language ; and (c) English history. No Latin works are named by the Examiners in

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