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a man of the most licentious life Equally clear is it, that i by the and conversation, who lived in open deeds of the law shall no flesh living adultery to the last, was considered be justified.” But while these things as a remarkable subject of Divine are so, it is no less true that grace, and respecting whom, whert “ without holiness no man shall see I pointed out the particular jostance the Lord;" that the faith which is of allowed sin, and solemnly pro- saving shall be known by its fruits ; tested against such a perversion of that while the Saviour cannot be too all truth, I was answered, “ He highly exalted, the sinner cannot be must not be disturbed by expostu- too deeply abased; that He, with lations or reproofs. You do not whom we have to do, is “ of purer know him as well as I do: he is a eyes than to behold iniquity;" and saved character: there is no doubt of that; so long as the “

righi hand! his being a child of God. I need and the "right eye" of our lusts hardly say, sir, that great indeed are cherished, so long is the subwere my astonishment and sorrow at ject of those lusts producing “the witnessing such an abuse of the doc- fraits of the flesh," and betraying trines of grace ; nor would any consia the existence of that carnal inind deration induce me to relate ine cir. which is “ enmity against God," cumstance, did I not believe, from and of that unrenewed heart with the experience which I have had, which, if the Scriplures be true, that it is by no means a solitary inne he cannot enter into the kingdom stance, and did I not feel consider- of God," either in grace here or able anxiety for those unhappy men' in glory hereafter. who thus find “ flattering unction” Again must I un feignedly lament laid to a wound which lies deeper my inability to do justice to this than to yield to remedies of such an subject, or to convey so folly as I uphallowed description.

could wish my sense of the periI am well aware, that many visi. lous and fearful responsibility which, tors of the jail in question will con-' in my judgment, attaches to certain sider the views of the writer as car.. modes of teaching, as applied more nal and legal; will imagine that he particularly to the case of condemn-. is living below his privileges, and ed criminals, Having, however, wishes others to do the same; in been called to witness much of the fine, that he is himself “ont of the evil which I deplore; and having way,” and only “ a blind leader of in vain endeavoured elsewhere to che blind.” They will contend, in institute what I conceive to be some reply to all that has been said re- better feeling upon the subject, I specting the Law, that we are “not should consider myself wanting in a under the law, but under grace;' plain and obvious duty, if I neglectthat there is no lime for a condemn- ed to notice it in every way which ed criminal to work out his own sal. may appear likely to be useful, On vation if he were so disposed; and that the other hand, I desire 10 feel to expect he should be able to do so, most deeply the value of that blood. if he had the time, is to betray an “ wbich cleanseth from all sin;' ignorance of the nature of the Go. the sufficiency of that righteousness spel. Assuredly, sir, “the reward which justifies the sinner; the inis not to him that worketh, but to dispensable necessity of that faith him that believeth." Certain it is, which applies these benefits, and that it is not too late to be saved, the fulness and freeness of that grace even at the eleventh hour, and that without which I am most sensible the equality of pay which the la. that I, for one, must for ever rebourers in the parable received is a nounce all hope of mercy and of sufficient proof that not their merit, heaven. But, on the other hand, I but the Saviour's was the only pro- humbly conceive that it will avail curing cause of tbeis reward. me little, if with all this light in

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my head, I have yet no love in my meanly of the necessity of a vital heart; if, « naming the name of change of heart, and of that pera Christ," I do not at the same time sonal and practical obedience which "depart from iniquity :" nay, that follows it, I apprehend that I sbould although it could even be shewn of be failing in one, and that fnot the ine that I were myself, in the main, least essential, of the qualifications observing the commandments of of “ a guide to the blind," and an Christ opon evangelical principles, instructor of them that are ready yet, if it could be at the same time to perish.”. established, that I were virtually

I am, &c. leading others to slight and to thiuk



To the Editor of the Christion Observer. freedom, has led us to a diligent in

quiry into the present condition of The conductor of an Irish print, the English Catholic body and we devoted to the Catholic cause, has have been fortunate enough to obo given publicity to the enclosed do- tain, through the channel of a corcument, which you may, perhaps, respondent in Liverpool, of eminent think fit to republish. It appeared character and intelligence, the fola in Dublin several months since, and lowing statement, upon which we is understood to be authentic ; can perfectly rely. The subject is though there inay be some typograć somewhat new and original, the phical errors in the pames.

ground hitherto unbroken, and the Yours, &c. matter various and detailed. JUVERNA. “ The total number of Catholics

in England and Wales is computed SUMMARY ACCOUNT OF THE ENGLISH

to exceed 300,000. The principal CATHÓLICS.

Catholic counties are, Lancashire, The extraordinary progress which Yorkshire, Staffordshire, Warwick the cause of the Catholics of Ireland shire, and Northumberland. These, has made within the last few years, with Durham, Cheshire, Norfolk, through the talent and prudence of Suffolk, Kent, and Worcestershire, its leaders, has incidentally brought' (the next in number), contain about forth the Catholics of England to 200,000. London, and its suburbs, public notice. This body of men with Surrey and Middlesex, are rated has not yet thoroughly recovered at 50,000. The remaining 50,000, from the languor and depression in- are thinly scattered throughout the flicted by the penal laws; and their other counties and cities; but chiefly apparent inertia may be accounted in Bristol, Bath, Portsmouth, Plys for by the habits of despondency, mouth, Southampton, Exeter, Glouwhich frequent insults and aggres- cester, and a few watering places. sions had wrought upon them. Some compute the total nomber at Events, however, are now dissipat., 400,000, and this we cannot posiing this gloom; and the approach. tively contradict; bat we rely with ing session is likely to render their more confidence, upon the propor. movements a subject of general at- tionate population of the respective tention. Our anxiety to procure districts, as above given, than upea useful and authentic information for our computation of the aggregate our readers, upon every subject con. amount." Their classes are three;' nected with the cause of religious clergy, nobility, and commonens;

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and each forms a venerable, though cashire alone counts upwards of
decayed, monument of ancient worth one hundred Catholic chapels.
and respectability. - I. Clergy. Moreover, most of the Carbolic
They have ceased, during upwards country gentlemen of fortune main
of two ceoturies, tó possess any re- tain chapels in their houses. Sera
gular hierarchy. There are no bi. vice is performed daily, in the priar
shops, or priests, as in Ireland, offl. vate chapel; and the traveller is
ciating in appropriate dioceses or freely admitted to assist at the office.
parishes. They are governed in. In the summer of 1813, Dr. Smith
spirituals, by four superiors, called (the vicar-assistant to the venerable
vicars apostolic; these vicars are Dr. Gibson), in the northern district,
deputed by the pope; and exercise confirmed the following numbers of
vicarial powers revocable at pleasure. Catholic children, in three towns
They are, indeed, bishops in the alone :
Catholic Church, but do not enjoy In Manchester

800 episcopal authority in Britain; their In Liverpool...

1000 sees are little more than nominal, or In Preston

1200 " in partibus," as it is termed, as Centuria, Castabala, &c. Each vicared of the Catholic population of

Hence some estimate may be formo has a district therefore assigned to

England. him, not a see. Thus, Dr. Gibson in

11. Pears. The Catholic peers
the northern, Dr. Milner in the
midland, Dr. Poynter in the Lon-

are seven in number, viz.
don, and Dr. Collingridge in the 1. Earl of Shrewsbury, Premier; and
western district. In like manner,

Earl of Waterford and Wexford, Croated.
in Ireland

1442 each priest has a separate district; 2. Viscount Fauconberge

1643 not, however, any particular parish, 3. Baron Stourton

1448 but a « mission;" and he is termed. A. Baron Petre ..

160$ a "missionary.' He acts by vir. 5. Baron Arundell .......

1605 tue of a faculty, granted by the 6. Baron Dormer

1615 apostolic vicar of the district, and is 7. Baron Clifford

1672 removable at his pleasure. In Tre The presumptive heir to the dukeland, on the contrary, wbere the regular succession has been preserved, in Scotland there are two Catholic

dom of Norfolk is also a Catholic. no bishop is removable at the mere will of the pope ; nor is any parish The Catholic baronets of England,

earls, Traquair and Newburgh. priest removable at the mere will of the bishop. To effect such removal, are seventeen in number; namely," there must exist a canonical cause;

Sir William Gerard, Lancashire ...: 1611

Edward Haies, Kent..... 1611 an accuser, a regular trial, sentence,


Henry Englefield, Berks and satisfaction. It will be recol.

George Jerningham, Norfolk • 16211 lected, that Lord Redesdale (in his

Henry Tichborne, 1628 speech in the Lords, in May 1803),

John Throckryotton, Berks soon 1646 took upon him to stale roundly, that

Edward Blount, Shropshire

1642 the Catholic clergy in Ireland were Windsor Huuloke, Derbyshire .. 1643 wholly dependent upon the pope; Carnaby Haggerstone, Lincolnsh., 1643 and in England, quite independent; Thomas Jebbe, Wiltshire 1644 á proof, amongst many, of his lords Richard Smythe, Warwickshire : - 4600 ship's incaution and want of know, Richard Bedingtield, Norfolk

1661 ledge. In every county of Enge. Thonias Massey Stanley, Clesh. 1661*


Thomas Gage, Suffolk, 21.00
land, there are Catholic chapels and

John Lawson, Yorkshire 61.72
congregations. Altogether, there
are about nine hundred chapels,

Henry Macre Lawson, Yorksh. -"1665

- Piere Mertyn, Flintshire de....'16703 mostly erected within the last twen, ty-five years; and generally clean, The principal names which have commodious, and well-builto Lan- dropped off lately, either by deattis

or conformity, have been those of neighbours, (or churchmen, as they Howard, Duke of Norfolk; Browne, are called.) Here, the broad feaLord Montague; Roper, 'Lord tures of distinction almost disap-, Teynham; Vavasour, Curzon, Ac- pear. Industry, association, neceston, Mannock, Gascoigne, Fleet, sity, obliterate the characteristic wood, Swinburne; all peers or ba: traits. Generally speaking, they ronets. Amongst the English Ca. are little farmers, shopkeepers, arttholics are many ancient families of ists, and labourers; decent, humo name and renown in English hise ble, timid, shy, and careful. It is tory. Their present heads are supposed, that they are rather more mostly country gentlemen, retired, moral, regular, submissive, and inreserved, of sedentary and nearly offensive, than their neighbours; secluded habits of life. Such are and also, of a more sedate and the names of Constable, Clifford, stationary habit of life. Emigrations Weld, Howard, Plowden, Townley, from their parishes, pauperism, and

Jones, Stapleton, Carey, Stonor, crimes, are said to be rare amongst Eyre, Heneage, Stanley, Turberville, them.” Selby, Browne, Tunstall, Eyston, Errington, Chichester, Chomley, Giffard, Tasborough, Biddulph, Ec- To the Editor of the Christian Observer cleston, Huddleston, Berrington, Charlton, Dalton, Sheldon, Ferrers, In your last Nomber (for October). Canning, Berkley, Manby, Rid. I read the remarks of your corre. dall, Darrell, Fermor, Trafford, spondent T. with the attention they Weston, &c. &c. &c. There are deserved, from the motive be as. about five hundred of these Catho. signed for addressing you: and lic families, not inferior to many in though I am far from presuming on the British peerage, in ancient, pure, the hope of being able to furnish and poble lineage; some who can him with a satisfactory “ solution of bokst the legitimate, Plantagenet his doubts and difficulties," yet the blood; several, who enjoy landed following remarks may possibly be estates, lineally transmitied since not altogether uninteresting to him. the Norman_days, and even the Should they appear to you consist. Saxon era. These, though not now ent with the objects of your publititled, may be classed by the herald cation, you will oblige me by inamongst nobility. The heads of serting them. these families, mostly live retired, It is impossible to do otherwise upon patrimonial incomes, varying.than concur in T.'s opinion respectin annual value, from 1500l. io ing the several societies to which be 25,0001. It may appear curious to alludes, whose claims to support are those who know the name of Giffard now laid before the public; that, in Ireland only, that the parent “ every churchman, before he can stock in England is wholly Catho- conscientiously obey their call, is lic: the Giffards of Chillington, in bound to inquire how far they may Staffordshire, possess landed estates or may not be capable of an appliof 80001. a year and upu:rds; and cation injurious to the principles of of this family is Sir John Throck- the Established Church.” T., how. morton's lady, the elegant and ace ever, appears to have formed but an complished correspondent of the inadequate conception of the objecpathetic poet Cowper.

Lions to the Bible Society, when he “ III. COMMONERS. (We have considers its result to be " much spoken of the clergy, nobility, and the same, as if more booksellers' higher classes of the English Catho- shops were opened, and the duties lic body. The inferior orders are upon paper taken off.”.

In this little distinguishable from the corre. comparison, the principal arguments sponding classes of their Protestant against the Bible Society are mani

festly overlooked: which rest, whe- pre-eminent advantage over all ther justly or not is another ques. others of the same nature, it would tion, upon the construction and fun. be that of its judicious “ securities damental principles of the Society, and limitations." In the first place, and likewise upon the peculiar it requires to be assured of every mode of its distribution. Nor does new member before he is proposed, your correspondent, I conceive, as- as an indispensable step towards his sign to the Prayer-book and Homily election (the cases of persons of the Society any advantage which the Royal Family, and bishops, alone Society for Christian Knowledge excepted), that “he is well affected does not in effect possess : though 10 bis Majesty King George, and his objection to the latter Society, his government, and to the united as expressed in the concluding part Church of England and Ireland, as of his letter, would insinuate the by law established:” and in the 'contrary.

It is in reply to this ob- nest place, it provides the additional jection, therefore, that I venture to “security and limitation ” of a perrequest his attention, whilst I sub- sonal ballot. mit the following observations to his “ But the latter of these two rereflection.

gulations seems to be what T. prinYour correspondent observes, cipally objects 10: for I conceive that his laudable intention of becom- him to allude to this when he says, ing a supporter of the Society for “ The admission of members is conpromoting Christian Knowledge was ducted upon a principle of selection interrupted by reading an extract and exclusion, in order, doubtless, from that Society's Report, stating, lo prevent the introduction of any " that in the course of last year, it persons whose sentiments are suphad circulated no less than 488,710 posed to differ from those of the exsmall tracts, and upwards of 49,000 isting members of the Society." bound books of various descrip- But, I would ask, is not election by tions ;” upon which T. adds, “I ballot the general mode of admission own I was startled.” I confess, sir, (and that for very obvious reasons) with all possible deference to your into most societies? And what beta correspondent, the feeling which ter security can T. devise for the results in my mind from the state- preservation of the doctrine of the ment, is that of pure unmixed des church, than that of preventing light and gratulation. lu it, I conthe introduction of persons differing template, the laudable and pious in sentiment from the existing endeavours of a most important and members of the Society." Those beneficial Society, co-operating with members (be it recollected) having the Church of England to a very been already certified to be well considerable extent, in diffusing affected to the united Church of the principles of true religion and England and Ireland, as by law, essound morality. T., indeed, justly tablished.” Truly, if it is in the requires, that a Society so extensive power of "securities” to guard the in its circulation of religious books, doctrines of our church, as far, as should be guarded by ". securities they are affected by this Society; and limitations,” lest « it become the regulation of the ballot seems a medium for circulating principles calculated, above all others, 10 pro inconsistent with the Ariicles and duce this effect. Homilies of the Church." And such The case supposed, of a member's securities, it appears to me, pecu.' changing his opinions after his ad liarly to possess. Indeed, if I'were mission, is one against which no to name any one circumstancesecurities or limitations". can which, in my mind, gives to the guard. If a Trac Sociex is to es Society for Christian Knowledge a ist at all, connected with the doce

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