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The Committee observe, thar if this report books. They had been assisted by the Go. should be found to contain very few inte- vernment Printing-press, in procuriog a supresting details, nor give account of any ply of Englisty and Dutch alphabets, spello great' pregress in the work, in which they ing-books, and reading lessons. we engaged, it oughi to be considered that The Committee regret, that they had not the operations of the Board have only jast had the means of satisfying all the demands comenced;-that the objects requiring at for Bibles, Testaments, and school-booka, teation were manifold ; -- that the funds, made by the respective ministers and schoolthough the contriburions in the end have masters in the country districts, but flatter proved liberal, were collected gradually ;- themselves that they should soon be enabled that the correspondeace with Europe is very to do so, a large supply having been writ. slow, and impeded at present and thai, ten for to their agent in England. From therefore, it has been impossible to effect the great and increasing prevalence of Mamuch in so short a time, and with these hometunism, especially among the lower ord difficulties before thein.
ders in Cape Town, the Committee think The receipts during the last year had themselves called upon to make every'efi itt amounted to near 35,000 rix dollars. towards the dispersion and comprehension
The endeavours of the Commissiou had of the Scriptures among this class of its been cbiefly directed towards the establish- population. ing of a Free School in Long-street, Cape The Report thus concludes: Town, upon the new plan of education. " When the Committee call to mind the The school was then educating 87 boys and great and almost incredible success attend. 65 girls, making together 152 children; ing the new mode of education, they see it besides 22 grown-up persons and appren. coupled with the most promising and ex. tices, who attend the school in the evening. lensive advantages. Surrounded by nations The Committee lanent that a considerable yet in darkness, they would offer to themi proportion of these children did not belong the blessed Gospel of salvation. The bew to those classes, for whose more immediate mode of education, manual, expeditious, and benefit the Free School' was founded: full of life, seems, of all other means, most measures had, however, been taken to as likely to fix the mind, and interest the feels certains the number, and ensure the atiende ings, of an active yet ancivilized people. ance of the real poor, who had neglected, of this the Comwittee are fully aware ; nor till now, to avail themselves of the oppor- will they leave the interesting subject much tunity given them. The establishment of a lunger a question. similar school, at Simon's T «n, was in con- “ By means of teachers educated on the templation. A teacher, well acquainted new system, and subject to the controut of with the Lancasterian mode of educativa, the Bible and School Commission, they are was lourly expected from England; appli- encouraged to think that they may thus be cution to this effect having been made by his able to extend the knowledge of Christianity, Excellency the Governor to the Colonial of civilized language, and of useful arrs, Agent ju London in August last. Besides to the differeut and utenlightened tribes of this, several schoolmasters from the country Southern Africa. The Committee cannot but districts, bad attended the Free School in feel persuaded, that the most promising and Cape Town, and had thus had an opportu- effectual method of convening a barbarous nity given thera of becoming acquainted people to true religion, is by imparting to with the new mode of teaching. Indeed, their minds a love and a susceptibility of many of the masters had already introduced knowledge, and by transforming their var the leadiug peculiarities of this system into grant, plundering habits into those of order, their schools, and the accounts which had honesty, and industry. been received fron the country, concurred * Extending thus their views, the Commit. in stating the most favourable and encou- tee do not, however, overlook the more im. raging results.
mediate, and the more imperative duty of af: As to the distribution of Bibles, the Com fording educatiou and dispersing the Scripmittee had been stich limited in their ex. tures to the Colony in particular. "What ersious, from want of books; though they - they have already done in this respect is had not failed to avail themselves of every now submitted to the judgment of the pub opportunity for the purchase of small quan," lic; what they will do lereafter is left te ities of English and Dutch Bibles and Tesa : its candour to determine," tamenis, and of Duich and English school, 1
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: را. و الرد کی تر 10 ذهنی و جوان با زان ره وه !
401 41 ، 144 2019 از 3
FRENCH SLAVE TRADE. '* : ment had pledged itself to prohibit The passing month has in some de their Slave 'Prade to all parts of the gree developed the plans and inten- African coast where we could shew tions of the French with respect to that that trade had been effectually the African Slave Trade," and the suppressed. Bar in this ordonnance Island of Hayti.
we cannot discover the most distant On the 29th of August, a circular hint of any such probibition, alletter, issued from the Administra- though boili Governments must be Lion of the Customs, informing the aware, that, 10 convply with the F.ench merchants that the Slave spirit of the pledge, given to Trade is now re-established in all its Lord Castlereagh, the French Slave ancient privileges, and may be car. Trade should nave been authoritaried on from such ports as have a lively restricted to the southward of public bonding warehouse. The mer. the Equator, and the whole coast 10 chants are allowed to export all the the northward of that line should foreign merchandize required for have been exempled from its rathis trade, as well as the articles of vages. Now, however, the French interiør growth or fabric, including Slave Trade has been allowed to arms and ammunition, free from commence, without any reference to duty. This exempliou is extead. that engagement on the subject of ed to the provisions required both its limitation, which, it was hoped, for the crew and the slaves. The would have turned aside the overmerchants must enter into a bond flow of misery and devastation from to employ the whole of their lading that part of the coast at least where in the purchase of Negroes: they some progress had been made irr must prove the extent of their im. rectifying the former disorders. To portations into the French colonies, that very part it is, as the most conby specified certificates; and the riguous and couvenient, that the number 'imported must be at least trace will doubtless, be now directequal in value to the goods exporied. ed. And not only has no restriction The trade in Blacks (la traile des been imposed on the French mera Noirs), and likewise the trade of the chạist in this respect, but an order, French colonies, is permitted to be we nave reason to believe, has alt carried on only in French ships. ready been delivered by our Govern And the Negroes may be imported meni to the Count de la Chartres, not only into Martinique and Gua- the French Ambassador, for the imdaloupe, but into all the other mediate transter to France of SeFrench colonies of which the Go- negal, Goree, and their dependenvernment shall have recovered have pos.
cies. What, then, have we lo* session.
expect, but that the next accounts The first thing which strikes which are received from Africa will with dismay in this ordonoance, is, ,
the re-appearance of that it contains no limitation wbata slave ships at Senegal, at Goree, in ever respecting the parts of the the Gambia, in the Sierra Leone, and African coast to which these expe- along the whole space of interme. ditions of blood and carnage are to
diate coast; and that all the melan. be directed. We are the more dis- choly predictions contained in our appointed and alarmed at this omnis- Number for June last, will be fully sion, because the public had been realised, if not surpassed? We know, assured by Lord Castlereagh, stand- from the very best authority, that as ing in his place in the House of early as the beginning of July the Commons, that the French Govern- Moors on the banks of the Senegut
were exulting in the prospect of of the necessary, adjuncts of the renewal of their ancient atroci. this accursed traffic ; what bas ties; and that not only there, but been, what will and must be, while along the whole line of the Windl. this, wide-wasting calamity is ward Coast, the chiefs and Black permitted to pursue its unrestricted traders, who had begun to reconcile course. themselves to the new and better But we must turn to St. Domingo, order of things which had been esta- the colony, avowedly, with a view to blished there, were eagerly listene which the Slave Trade has been ing for the first rumour of the re. revived by France.+A pelilibu bad vival of the French Slave Trade to been presented to the Chamber of abandon their peaceful employ. Deputies, by the former colonists of ments, and to commence in Afrin St. Domingo, calling its attention ca the preliminary work of pil- 10 the slate of that island. The Jage and death. We cannol' but petition was referred to a Committee, think that it would have been tbe chairman of which reported to well if our Goveroment, not only the House on the 16tb instant the had refused to surrender her result of their deliberations. The African settlements to France, but chairman wasGeneral Desfourneaux, had interfered to prevent the who had formerly served in St. Dosailing of a single slave ship mingn, and who, it is said, had been from her ports, until her engage named the new Governor and Comment respecting the linitation of mander-in-chief of the colony by the trade had been carried into M. Malouet, the late Minister of the effect. For, even supposing that Colonies,whose death was announced this point should hereafter be ef- about a fortnight ago. The repurter fected, still how are we to repair begins with a most unfair and the mischief and the misery even of exaggerated statement of the comthe next six mon:hs of unrestrained mercial advantages which had ac Slave Trade on the northern coast crued to France from the possession of Africa ? The agriculture, the of St. Domingo, and wbich are disfair and legitimate commerce which' played in such a manner as to had been created, completely para-excite the cupruity of all classes of lysed ;-every benevolent institu. the community. We, in this country, tion overthrown ;-the conductors know, by dear-bought experience, of those very institutions, perhaps, the real value of West-Indian proseduced into the ranks of the slave perty, the cost to the country at traders, and perhaps contriving how which it is defended, and its general to make the objects of their former upproductiveness, not only to the care its first victims ;--the general planter, but to the merchant who security destroyed ;-the fair, face may be so improvident as to become of the country deformed by confla- his creditor.-The reporter next gration ;-contention, and prosliga- proceeds to examine the means of cy, and pillage, every where pre- re-establishing the colony of St. Dovailing ; -and all our opening pros-mingo. There has as yet, he obpects of good quenched in the blood serves, been no authentie informaand desolation of Africa !-We tion obtained by Government resicken at the anticipation ! Would specting the dispositions of the to God it were but one of those day-chiefs who divide this colony be dreams of horror which a vivid tween them; but
nows Chris. imagination may create! No! No! rope and Petion well enough to These are, on the contrary, dreadful believe that they would be eager to realities. They are not the co- acknowledge the sovereignty of the Jouring of a heated fancy, but the King. In that case, the King should sober description of the matter of be entreated to grant to them, and fact ;' the unvarnished stalement to various other Negro chicfo wbom
he names, altithe marks of honour stated, that delay would produce and all the pecuniary advantages new dificulties; and that they rewhich befic their situation and that quired, for the re-establishment of of the colony. As this hope, how their estates, fresh funds,
which they evers may by possibility be disap. could not obtain without some regu. pointed, the Chamber ought, with a lations which should postpone the view to all events, loʻpray his Ma- existing claims on their priperties to jesty to send a sufficient amount those of the persons who might now both of land and sea forces 10 occupy make them the necessary advances. the colony, and to hoist there the The reporter observed, that both white flag as the signal of a general these statements had appeared to the amnesty Taught by the experience Committee to be founded in justice. of past failures, such an expedition with a view to obviate the evils of could not now fail to be crowned delay, and to take advantage of the with success. And if even the most most healtiy season, he recommendtranquillizing, assurances were re ed that the expedition should sai! ceived respecting the intentions of the beginning of November. While the chiefs, it would still be necessary the colony, iorn by intestine wars, to transport thither, along with the was rapidly verging to destruction, colonists, a sufficient force to put and, under the influence of a prothem in possession of their estates, found and secret policy, was ap: and to secure them in it. The re proaching the end marked out for porter confidently promised a happy it by the commercial interests of a result from the proposed expedition, rival nation, France could not remain whether it were necessary to use inactive. He therefore proposed to force, or the proprietors were rein- the Chamber, to pray bis Majesty to stated with the general consent of present to them laws for the intethe population. To ensure this suc- rior regulation of St. Domingo, as cess, however, several things were well with a view to the Blacks alnecessary
ready there, as to those who should i“, The Government must com- , hereafter be introduced ; for fixing mence its operations by entering the civil and political rights of men frankly, and in good faith, on the of all colours, possessed of property great question of the condition of the in the colony ; and for regulating Blacks (" Il faut aborder franche. the order in which the creditors of ment et loyalement la grande ques. the colonists should be entitled 'lo tion de l'etat des Noirs.') It must enforce repayment. He further make to the Blacks all the conces- proposed, that this Majesty should sions which the progress of civiliza. also be entreated to take the necestion in Europe, combined with the sary measures for sending back the well-being of the colony, will re-colonists to St. Domingo, and with quire. The Blacks must be made to theni such sea and land forces as feel, that France requires from them should be required to secure a sucregular and assiduous labour, con- cessful issue to the expedition. fined to the plantations to which "Afier this exposée, our readers will they belong, without wandering or naturally be anxious to obtain some disorder : a labour, however, which authentic information respecting the shall be paid for, and which shall be present state and future prospects Bhaccompanied by harsh treatinent. of Hayti, especially as it seeins The colonists must return to their to be the hinge on which the šlavėestates, with the desire to draw trading speculations of France chiefly thence an'income, by making them turn. The re-possession and re-culproduetive, and to superintend their tivation of this island appear to be Labourers with humanity and kind favourite
'objects' with the French 3 ness."
me and it the expectation of effecting The petition of the colonists' had 'them, they have been eager to
plunge anew into all the horrors of placer par des nouveaux malheureus the African Slave Trade. They have transportées des contrées Africaines. incorred the disgrace and the guilt, Nous connoissons toute la profonhowever, of recommencing this cri- deur de leur sceleratesse, et nous minal traffic for the sake of an object nous empressoas, a l'envi, de les which we do not scruple to pro servir eficacement, en nous entrenounce to be unattainable. Hayti, delruisant pous mêmes. O delire or the French part of St. Domingo, des passions ! O inconcévable fa. is occupied by the African slaves, talité ! Où a'emportez vous pas or their descendants, who formerly les hommes qui ecoutent les factices tilled its soil, under the impulse of illusions ds l'ambition ? Ne craithe lash, for French masters; but gnons nous pas que nos ennemis ne who, since the year 1791, bave been nous appliquent justement ces vers : emancipated from bondage, and are now the proprietors of that very
Et prodigues d'un sang qu'ils devroient
menager, soil formerly watered with their
Prennent, en s'immolant, le soiu de nous blood and tears. Their number is
venger," estimated at about 600,000, consiste ing entirely of Blacks and People In consequence, probably, of this of Colour. Since the death of conviction, strongly felt on both Dessalines, in 1806, they have been sides, hostilities have of late been unhappily divided into two rival suspended, as if by mutual consent; states, one under Christophe, occu. and although there bas been no for pying chiefly the northern, and the mal armistice, perfect tranquillity olher under Petion, occupying chief- has reigned throughout the island. ly the southern part of the island. The French newspapers, indeed, The capital of the former is Cape have industriously circulated reports Henry, formerly Cape François, and of recent batlles between the rival of the latter Port-au-Prince. For chiefs, but they are utterly without several years a sanguinary war was foundation. At the beginning of Aucarried between these rival gust last, the date of the latest ac, parties, in which Christophe had per. counts, no action, nor any hostile haps the advantage ; but still their movement, had taken place for near forces proved to be on the whole so three years. nearly balanced, that there was Under these circumstances, both liule prospect that in any short time Christophe and Petion appear 19 one should be able finally to prevail have applied themselves with great over the oiber. In this case, 100, it assiduity to the improvement of the must have been obvious to both population under their government, parties, that the continuance of the in the encouragement of industry war would in the end have enfeebled and good morals and the increase of theas so much, as 10 make them knowledge among them, and to the an easy prey to their former oppres. preparation of adequate means of sors. A Haytian author, the secre- defence against any attempts the tary of Christophe, who has pub- French may make on their liberty lished a History of receut events in and independence. We could produce what island, makes ibis observation many proofs of the rapid progress with much feeling : “ Ici nait," he which has been made in these obserres, so la reflexion la plus objects. One of the most striking triste pour bumanité. Nous sçavons we have met with, is contained in a que nos dissensions font la joie des small book, of 130 octavo pages, amis de Pesclavage ; que nos tyrans printed at Cape Henry a few communs en veulent a nos jours ; months ago; which has just reached qu'ils ne calculent pas moins qu'une up. The typography is highly reannihilation toiale de la population spectable. It is entitled " Almanach d'Hayti,qu'ils voudraient pouyoirrem: Royal d'Hayui pour l'Année 1814.".