Page images
[blocks in formation]
[ocr errors]


Christ the only Mediator between
God and man.

“ That their suc(Continued from p. 415.)

cess,” they observe, “does not anTHE Report of the Society for swer their wishes and endeavours

promoting Christian Knows will be no wonder to those wbo know ledge, published in 1774, contains a their circumstances.

their circumstances. Unsupported number of important details re- by any outward authority and assistspecting the progress of its Missions. ance, despised by the proud Hea

Messrs. Fabriciusand Breithaupt, at thens and Mohammedans, bated and Madras, state, that they had made se- opposed by European Infidels, and veral journeys to different places, con- perfect strangers in a distant pagan firming the scattered Christians, and country, it may easily be conceived occasionally discoursing to the Hea- what obstacles they must meet with thens in Choultries and other places. in the discharge of their ministerial “ Many heard with much attention functions ; obslacles under which what he (Mr.F.) delivered concerning they could not bear up, did they not the great folly and sin of idolatry, trust in the prop:ises given to the and the excellency of the Christian faithful servants of Jesus Christ, and Religion. In Coveripawk he met feel, in some measure, the internal with a Pandaram, who rejected all support of the Blessed Spirit.” idol-worship, and asked Mr. Fabri. The fruit of their labours, during cius to bear him say the prayer the year, had been iwelse converis which he every day made to God. from Paganism, and nine from It was long, but full of the choicest Popery. They were much aided by expressions of a creature who two of their native catechists. One honours and loves bis Creator above of them is stated to keep school in all things, and who acknowledges his the morning, and in the afternoon to own sin and vileness. Mr. Fabricius go from village to village preaching was very much pleased with it, and the Gospel, or reading select parts told him, that if he prayed in that of the New Testament and other manner with the sincerity of his religious books, printed at Madras heart, trusting to the Redeemer of and Tranquebar. The other “visits mankind who has made satisfaction the Christians daily from bouse to for our sins, he would not fail of house, repeats with them the serbeing accepted by God.

mons they hear on Sundays, inThey announce that the printing quires into their lives and conduct, of the Tamul New Testament was and every night brings his account finished, and that they had received to the Missionaries, who call on those some benefactions in India which who live disorderly, and admonish had fully supplied the wants of the them in the spirit of meekness; if Mission.

they continue refractory, exclude Messrs. Hutteman and Gerické them from the sacrament; and, if had been much employed in Jaying

that does not reclaim them, separale before the heathens the necessity of them from the communion of th: turning to the one true God, through church."


3 R

Mr. Swartz states his having an hymn, after which Mr. Swartz added Sattianaden, since so well preached a sermon on a suitable known for his long and faithful subject, concluding with a prayer labours as a minister of the Gospel, and another hymn. The whole was and another young native, to his ca- done in the Malabar language ; and techists, now eight in number.- the king, together with a great many “ These two young men, who are people, seemed pleased with what of the highest cast, improved so re- they had heard ; but the bramineys markably iu knowledge and piety, looked upon it as a dangerous innothat Mr. Swarız conceived great vation." hopes of their becoming useful in " In the monsoon time some instructing their brethren." Se- people beyond Colleroon, amounting venty persons, partly Ileathens and io about forty, with their children, partly Roman Catholics, had been desired to be instructed. These Mr. received into the congregariou. Swarız visited himself, and, finding

“ In the course of the year, he had the best part of the village inclined several times visited Tanjore, in to embrace Christianity, be had left order to strengthen the congregation, iwo catechists here, and ordered and to try whether, by frequently every thing for the building of a preaching the word in that populous small church, promising to retura city, some impression might be to them very soon.” made on the inhabitants. For this The Danish Missionaries at Tranpurpose he took with him three of quebar give an account of the ordihis catechists, who went among nation of Philip, one of their oldest them morning and evening, laying catechists, to be one of their priests. before them the glorious truths of “ This person (in whose history the Gospel, and inviting them to there is something very remarkable) the obedience of faith. Mr. Swarız had been kidnapped when he was had several conversations with the ten years old, and brought from his king about religion, who, on the native place to Tranquebar, wbie second day after his arrival, being ther his mother followed, seeking informed that he was explaining the him every where for several days, doctrines of Christianity to his offi. but in vain. At length being told cers, desired to hear him himself: that the Mission Church was dedibut Mr. Swartz had hardly spoken cated to the one true God, she made a few words when the great brami, a vow that if he would restore ber ney (as they call himn) came in, son to her within ten days, they before whom the king prostrated would both become bis servants, himself to the ground, and afterward Accordingly she found him within stood before him with his hands the time, but, unmindful of her profolded, while the other placed him- mise, offered a sacrifice to an idol, self on an elevated seat. He made and returned into her own country. signs to Mr. Swartz to talk to the But being reproved in a dream for proud braminey, who heard all with having neglected to fulfil her vow, seeming attention, but without any when she awoke she told the matter reply. After this the king asked to her son, and without conferring several questions concerning re- with her other relations, immediately pentance, and desired Mr. Swartz returned to Tranquebar, and, after to marry a couple of Christians in proper instruction, was baptized, 10his palace: the bridegroom was an gether with him and one of bis European, a captain at Tanjore; sisters; after which she ministered for the bride the daughter of another many years in the church, teaching captain, born of European parents. the catechism in private houses. He readily consented, and performed Philip, having been baptized, was the ceremony in as solemn a man. further instructed in the town school, zer as possible. They began with served one of the Missionaries for some time, and, being thought able Testament, from whence by deto be a schoolmaster, was intrusted grees she derived some knowledge, with that office. After this he was which, by the blessing of God, employed as a catechist ; and, hav- bad brought her to a resolution of ing shown himself faithful in that renouncing the errors of Popery, station, they trust he will make a and coming over to the Protestant good country priest. There were Church. Another was a Portuguese present at his ordination the gover. man, an inhabitant likewise of Cal. nor and other European gentlemen, cutta, who some time before had a and a great many Christians be- desire to disengage himself from the longing to their town and country Romish communion, but bad been congregations.”

continually bindered by his wife: Their churches bad received an but she being since dead, he had acincrease of 106 adult Heathens and complished his former design,and had 27 Papists. The number of their brought over with him two daughters communicants amounted to 1377, and a son; the latter of whom is and the children taught in their still one of the out-scholars. Others schools to 258.

were Portuguese women married to The congregation of Mr. Kier- Protestant husbands at Calcutta ; nander, at Calculia, had been in and on Nov. 29, being the first creased by 41; of whom 7 were Sunday in Advent, the Rev. Mr. adult Heathens, and 11 converts Marcellino Josepb Ramalhete, a from Popery. The communi. Romish priest, publicly renounced cants were 69 English and 104 Popery, on which occasion a sermon natives. The schools contained was preached by Mr. Kiernander. 49 scholars.

This person had been awakened “ Among the seven adult con- about four years before, when Mr. verts from heathenism mentioned Bento abjured, with whom he had above, one was a woman, a native had a long and intimate acquaintof Macassar, about thirty years of ance, and had since that time seage, who came from Chinsura, and creily corresponded with him, and had stayed at Calcutta upwards of two read the Bible and other good books months to be instructed. She had with which Mr. Kiernander had an earnest and serious desire after furnished him; till at last his search the knowledge of God and her Re- after the truth had been blest, having deemer Jesus Christ, and received wrought in him a full conviction of instruction with an open heart, testi- the errors of the Romish Church, and fying her gratitude for the Divine a firm resolution (which he had mercy and goodness towards her. accordingly executed) of forsaking She had been since married to a her.communion. There were like Dutch gentleman at Chinsura, and wise at Calcutta one or two more gave great satisfaction to all by her priests, who it was hoped would Christian-like behaviour. Another give place to the truih." was a young Mohammedan woman, Mr. Diemer, a native of Gerwho had been since married to a many, was this year sent out from soldier; the rest were of the Bengal England as an assistant for Mr. Cast.”

Kiernander. One of the converts from Popery In the Report for 1775, the letters " was a Portuguese woman, about of the Madras Missionaries anthirty-two years of age, from Chan- nounce an increase of 121 adults; dernagore, who had been for a con- so that their church began to be too siderable time an inhabitant of Cal- narrow for the congregation. “ This cutta, and was married to an Euro- great increase of their flock they pean carpenter. Her son was one attribute, in some measure, to the of the out-scholars, who used 10 read scarcity of provisions, and the readizat home in an evening in the New ness of the Missionaries to lend


assistance as far as possible, and to celebrated at the full moon in Noprocure employment for the indi- vember, when an enormous lamp is gent, which has induced many to lighted on the top of a steep hill, to come and to desire to be instructed; see which the poor deluded wretches nor did they choose to reject them, think very meritorious. The day as God frequently makes calamity before, they walk round the hill, in the means of softening the hearts of procession, washing in the tanks, the children of men, and bringing and worshipping in the pagodas, of them to repentance.”

which there is a great number at the Messrs. Huiteman and Gerické, foot of this hill. Here Mr. Gerické the Missionaries of Cuddalore, la- saw a multitude of pandarams, and ment the abominable ceremonies to other priests, in various atitudes. which they are forced, from time to Some were buried in the ground, time, to be witnesses. Their con- having only a space left to draw gregation had gained an accession of breath: others were standing on 54 adult Heathen, and 36 Papists, their heads: others dancing about “ Notbing,” they write, " can be with flaming torches under their more deplorable than the state of arms : were stretched out the Romish Church in India. naked on thorns: others lay on

They bad, in the course of the ropes, fastened to trees, with fire year, frequently sent their catechists under them. The intent of all this into the country to preach the Go- was only to move the people to spel among the Gentiles; in parti- charity, which they implored with cular, Jesardijan, who was formerly the utmost vehemence. Mr. Ge. a popish catechist, had been to Tan- rické found it no difficult matter to jore, in May, to see his relations, convince the pagans of the futility who are bigotted Roman Catholics, of their worship: they confessed it and had frequent conferences with in plain terms.' them and others, arguing against Mr. Kiernander writes, that the their errors from Scripture. When Protestant Church in Calcutta bad they asked him the reason why he received an accession of sixteen adult left their church, he answered them Heathens, natives of Bengal, and six that, during his stay among them, he Roman Catholics. He complains had never heard of the Bible; but, much of the non-observance of the accidentally meeting with that Di Sabbath by the Europeans at Cal. vine Revelation, and comparing it cutta. The Heathens cease from with the Romish faith, he was sur. labour on their own festivals, and prized at the disagreement: that, then we consent to stop our works; reading the Second Commandment, but on Sundays the natives are he was amazed to find that it pro- allowed to go on with their labours, hibited, in the strongest terms, all which are not suspended even during image worship, and that the Church the time of public worship. of Rome had shamefully curtailed it: Mr. Swartz gives a favourable that Mr. Swartz had urged upon him account of the Mission at Trichina. his baptismal vow, which bound poly, and of the schools attached to him to serve only the Father, Son, it. He had made two journeys ta and Holy Ghost, without mentioning Madras, in the course of which he the Virgin Mary, or any other saint. conversed freely with the natives,

Mr. Gerické has, likewise, been setting before them the vanity and five times into the country, visiting sinfulness of their idolatrous prace Christians and preaching to the tices, together with the excellency Hear hens. In the month of Novem- of Christianity. ber he was absent for a fortnight, on The churches belonging to the a journey to Tirunamaley, twelve Mission at Tranquebar had received leagues distant froni Cuddalore, a an increase of 275 adult Heathens place which is famous for a feast and 49 Papists. Their schools


contained upwards of 300 children. By gentle representations, however, They had printed of the Tamal the rage of the people had subsided, Bible nearly to the end of Levi. so that another family had been ticus.

brought over, and Mr. Swartz was The Report for 1776 states the in hope of shortly seeing the whole church at Madras to have had an place inhabited by Christians." increase of 77 members, and that At Tranquebar, the increase of at Cuddalore of 30 adult Heathens the different congregations amountand 19 Papists. Mr. Kiernander, at ed to 421 souls. Calcutta, reports an addition of 17 A Missionary, named the Rev. adult natives; one of whom, Gun- Mr. Schoelkopff, a native of Gernesavn Doss, bad been employed as many, was this year sent out to Persian interpreter and translator to India by the Society, with a view to the Supreme Court. The Mission assist Mr. Swartz Trichina. at Trichinapoly, under Mr. Swartz, poly. The Charge delivered on this had received 206 converts from occasion, in Latin, by the Rev. Mr. Heathenism.

Bourdillon, contains so much exAmong these converts Mr. cellent counsel applicable to all Swartz has mentioned a young man times and circumstances, t0 Miniof the higher tribe, who had deli- sters in England as well as to Mis. berated above three years whether sionaries in India, that we are inhe shonld embrace the Christian duced to make a few extracts from Religion. His numerous relations it

:. had been the greatest obstacle he had “ The ultimate end of your callto overcome: he had, however, fol- ing is the eternal salvation of souls. lowed his conviction. The Hea. What a sublime, I had almost said, thens shunned and reviled him, apostolical employment! the imwhilst be bore it with humility, yet portance of which you ought always without being dejected; and, soon to place before your eyes.” after, his countrymen, seeing that “ Behold, to your charitable and they could not depress his spirits, watchful care are committed these had acknowledged the wrong they souls, which, tempted and overhad done him, and had even en- come by the subtilty of the devil, treated him to read to them some soon fell from the state in which passages of the New Testament. they were created, were ensnared in In a village not far from Tirutchina- sin, and devoted to eternal misery. pally a whole family had been con- To restore and save them, the Son verted to Christianity; but, on their of God himself came down from return home, all the village was heaven, preached the Gospel, shed enraged against them, refusing them bis blood, suffered deatb upon the a share in the most common acts cross; and, being afterwards exalted of kindness, and even forbidding to the right hand of the Father, them to walk in the public road. appointed pastors, that to every As they suffered all this, however, creature under heaven the doctrine with humility and with some degree of salvation might be published, of cheerful boldness, the Heathens and the way laid open to the man• grew ashamed of their former con. sions of everlasting happiness. duct, and behaved at least with com. “ For this purpose, and this mon humanity towards them.

alone, we have made choice of you, In a village to the left, another and we exbort, nay, we entreat you, whole family had been converted. that, in the discharge of so excellent The son-in-law was the principal and important an office, your diliman in the village, who, incensed gence may never fall short of our at his father-in-law for having em. expectation.” braced the Christian Religion, de- “ Come, then, beloved brother, ajred him not to return any more. and laying aside all the cares of

« PreviousContinue »