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A valedictory Address delivered at a Forms for the ready Calculation of the General Meeting of the Society for pro- Longitude; with the Tables published by moting Christian Knowledge, on Tuesday. Joseph de Mendoza Rius, Esq. F. R. S. May 17, 1814; by George Henry, Lord Polio, 4s. Bishop of Chester, 10 Thomas Fanshaw, Letters to the Duke of Kent, on the ElliLord Bishop of Calcutta, previous to his cacy of equable and artificial Temperature Departure for India; logether with his in the Treatment of Consumption ; by Reply. 1s.
Thomas Sutton, M.D. 2s.
Two Discourses, delivered in George's ducting them: to which is sub joined, an
A Survey of the Road from Calais to
Paris; by L. Hebert, Geographer, and G. An Account of the Grubber ; an Instru- Dupont, Engineer. 8vo. 9s. ment recently introduced into East Lothian, À Picture of Paris; being a complete for pulverising the Ground, and diminishing Guide to all the public Buildings, Places of the Expense of Cultivation; by John Shiro Amusement, and Curiosities, in that Nereff. 1 s. 6d.
tropolis ; acrompanied with six different History of Ireland, from the earliest Pe. Rootes from the Coast to Paris; by Louis riod to the present Time; by Stephen Bar- Tronchet. 6%. low, A. M. 2 vols. 8vo. 11. 15.
Leiters on India; by Maria Graham. Literary History of the Middle Ages; With nine Etchings, and a Map of the comprchending an Account of the State of North of India. 8vo. 14s. Learning, from the Close of the Reign of
A Voyage to the Isle of Elba; translated Augustus 1o its Revival in the 15th Ceniury; from the French of M. Arsenne Thiebault de by the Rev. Joseph Berington. 410. 21. 2s. Berneaud. 8vo.
THE SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING Christ, and to declare the glad tidings of
CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE. salvation to all mankind. A Saviour had Tus Annual Report of this Suciety * for the brought life and immortality to light. The year 1813 is now before us, and it strikingly grand aim, therefore, of every rational being, manifests the beneficial effects of the in. was no longer a perishable, but au crerlastcreased exertions which it has lately made. ing reward---not time, but elernirs. Her:ce, The Report is preceded by a
education, as the great means to this end, preached by the Right Rev. the Lord Bi. became pf a more exalted and spiritual nashop of Chester, on the 3d of June, 1813; Lure; ils object was to make known unto being the time of the Yearly Meeting of man the purposes of his creation, to commu. the Childreu educated in the Charitypicate a knowledge of the will of the Diost Schools in and about the cities of London High; that knowledge night lead to prac. and Westminster. The learned prelate, atier tice, and at length procure for him a glorious pointing out the advantages attendant on
inheritance, eternal in the lieavens. the acquisition of general knowledge, even “ We are loo apt to overlook or undera as this life is concerned, proceeds to enlarge value the importance of this instructiou, beon the higher benefits of a Christian educa- cruse the full effects of it are not instantly tion. The following passage deserves a and wholly perceived. But the awful more lasting record than our ephemeral page truths of religion have seldom, if ever, been can give it:
duly inculcated on the mind of south, with “ When in the fulness of time it pleased out producing the most beneficial result, if the Almighty to reveal his Son, the Christian not immediately, yet at some future period Tcacher was called upon to discharge a su
of life. The precept may for a time be forperior duty, to preach the Gospel of Jesus gotten ; the passions may break through all
restraints, whilst reason and conscience slum• Both the General Account and the ber or sleep. The soice of religion, however, Anoval Reports of this Society may now though overpowered, is not often entirely siWe purchased by any persons who are not lenced, but is heard at some favourable seamembers.
son, in the hour of stillness and repose, and
before the day of repentance is finally the Lord ? On the contrary, who, but for passed. The seed, to all appearance dead, the hopes and consolations of religion, wonld may yet produce a most abundant harvest. contentedly submit to hardships, privation,
“ One of the main advantages whicli and toil? Banish the idea of God out of the arises from the education of the poor, is the world, and the whole system is disorganized; ability which it confers upon them to employ acknowledge his superintending Providence, their leisure hours in a profitable and im- and all things work together for good unto proving manner. Intermissions of labour all men. find them for the most part listless and un- • If we wish to produce the full effects of occupied. To avoid this oppressive tedium a religious education, the materials must be and languor, they are tempted to the re- prepared and the foundation laid, at a much ceptacles of sloth or sin, where property is earlier period than they connonly are. wasted, where health is undermined, and Much evil is occasioned, and much goud where bad habits are acquired and con- neglected to be done, before the generality firmed. Now had the same persons been
are at all aware of it. None but those who able to employ their vacant hours in usea have watched the dawn of the human unful reading, had early instruction opened derstanding are sensible, how early and how to them the Bible, the temptations of idleness deep inpressions may be made. Children might not have been felt at all, or, if felt, reason not only better, but sovner, than is might hare been resisted and overcome. generally supposed. The work, therefore,
“ of the blessed effects which even a , if it is to be done to the best advantage, casual perasal of the Word of God may pro
must be begun betimes. From an ignorance duce, we have a memorable instance upon
or neglect of this truth, all future endeavours record, in the life and conversion of the are frequently unavailing. Parents, therecelebrated St. Augustine. He who was af- fore, and preceptors, cannot too strongly be terwards one of the most illustrious fathers reminded, that the education of children of the Church, liad been in his earlier years should commence almost from their birth. Rotoriously dissolute and abandoned. His The years of infancy are the must important, attention, however, and feelings, were sud- but the most neglected period of their lives. denly arrested by an awakening passage, These form the heart, and stamp the chawhich met his eye upon opening a page of racter of the future man. And should the the Sacred Volume. The impression thus engagements and the cares of life devolve excited, was durable, daily grew stronger, the parental charge upon another, yet surely and at length wrought in him a deliverance the greatest caution and consideration are from the captivity of sin. The same means required, more than I fear ate generally may, in other cases, produce the same bestowed, in ascertaining the habits and effect. THE CONSEQUENCES TO BE EX- opinions of those persons to whom chil. PECTED FROM EVERY POOR MAN'S POS. dren are entrusted, and from whose sentiSESSING HIS BIELE ARE INFINITE,- OP A ments and principles they naturally imbibe
And here we cannot but express " There is scarcely any plan, however ex- a wish, that an increased attention to the cellent, against which objections may not be morals of youth may be shewn, in our pubraised, and it has been urged against this lic schouls, and seminaries of learning. A general instruction of the poor, that it dis knowledge of the ancient languages and the qualities then from executing, as they ought, acquisition of human science, both are and the inferior but necessary offices of life. ought to be among the prominent objects of What! can we conceive a situation, however these excellent institutions. But let thene bumble, the duties of which will be less not stund first in view. An elucidation of willingly performer, in consequence of that the Scriptures, and the inculcation of moral small and limited degree of knowledge, principles are entitled to a far higher con. which these instiiutions impart? Is there sideration, to the principal share of our any agricultural or mechanical employment, time and thought. Let not this opinion, is there any domestic or servile occupation, however, either give offence, or be misunwhich the poorest will discharge with less derstood. I mean not to affirm, that no fidelity and skill, because the charitable anxiety at all is shewn to the concerns of have laught him to read and write? Will religion; neither do I think that they are. they be less faithful, because they know the less regarded at the present, than at any pregrounds of their obligation? Will they beceding period; but what I believe and, less satisfied, because they have learnt that assert, is, that a greater degree of attention zheir lot and the whole disposing of it are of is still called for in some cases, and that too
VALUE BEYOND ALL CALCULATION.
much can hardly be bestowed in any. For Prayer Buoks, School Books, and fracts, at the end is worthy of the means, an ob- the discretion of the Committee. ject which will always repay the utmost On the subject of education, the Society care and zeal. Too long has our youth been congratulates the public on the progress educated for the world, let us now strive to which has been made, and is making, in the educate them for God."
establishment of schools in all parts of the We now proceed to the Report. From kingdom for the education of children of the this we find, that the constitution of the lower order of the community, especially Society has undergone some material ime through the agency of the National Society, provements since the date of the preceding most of whose schools are supplied with Report. The necessary benefaction of sub- books by the Society for promoting Chrisseribing members al admission had then tian Knowledge. In future, it is intended heen reduced from not less than two to specify the schools which derive aid from pounds to not less than one guinea. Now, this Society. In the mean time, mention is however, all parochial clergymen with small made of a report from the Deanery of incomes are admi-sible, without the payment Hedingham, of 30 parishes, in which schools of any benefaction at admission, on claiming containing 2300 scholars are regularly sup. the benefit of the rule to that effect; and plied with books through the Society; and this benefit is extended retrospectively to all of another report of the state of the Sunday such clerical members admitted since Christ- Schools at Manchester and Salford, belong. mas, 1812, as choose to avail themselves of ing in the Established Church, by which it it. Besides this, under the name of Corre. appears, that 7000 children are there in spouding Members, clergy men, lo whom a constant habits of religious instruction. subscription might be inconvenient, may be The Memorial of the late Dr. John on admitted to the privileges of the Society Indian Civilization has turned the attention without either benefaction or subscription. of the Society to the promotion of schools in In consequence of these new regulations, the East Indies, and a gratuity of 50l. bas and the exertions of Diocesan and District been voted in aid of that desigu; (we Committees, thirty of which had been added should have been better pleased, had the to the Society's list in the year 1813; the vote been 10001. a year;) and an offer is number of subscribing members, which at made of duly appropriating to the same the end of the year 1810 was 3560, at the object, the special benesactions of benevolent end of the year 1813 was 7689. To secure individuals. The Society also recommends a supply, at once effectual and permanent, this matter to the attention of its Missionaries of the holy Scriptures, the Book of Common and friends in India, and professes its Prayer, and the Society's Tracts, the farther readiness to co-operate in any judicious expedient of a periodical parochial collec- measure for furthering so desirable an end. tion is strongly recommended, and the uni. The books issued by the Society, from versal adoption by the several Committees April 9, 1812 to April 9, 1813, were as of a day of Anniversary Meeting, 10 be follows:-sold to members, for 13,8241. 2s. 8d,, holden at some principal place within the the cost to the society being 22,6161. 1s. 4d.; limits of their respective operations; when 19,880 Bibles, 43,671 New Testaments and schools receiving books through the Society, Psaliers, 45,730 Common Prayers, 41,913 may be brought together in the cathedral, other bound books, and 426,713 small or other principal church in the district, Tracts. Given gratuitously; 2118 Bibles, after the manner of the yearly meet- 7082 New Testaments and Psalters, 2931 ings at St. Paul's of the London Charity Common Prayers, 616 other bound books, Schools.
and 4083 small tracts. Issued for the set. of the parochial and general collections, vice of the Navy, and paid for by the Lords one third is required to be paid to the So. of the Admiralty ; 1916 Bibles, 6975 New ciety iu aid of its general designs : for the Testaments and Psalters, 2800 Common remaining two thirds, books are allowed at Prayers, 742 other bound books, 4033 small the reduced prices of the Society, which are Tracts. A farther inipression of 2500 copies so low, that the parishes will still be gainers of the Welsh Bible has been printed from by the arrangement, to the extent of up- the Society's stereotype plates, and an wards of 25 per cent.
edition of the Welsh Common Prayer Book For facilitating the supply of all parts has also been completed, to be bad bound of the kingdom, depôts of books have been by members at 2s. 4d. each.
A large formed by many of the committees, con- number of copies of the Arabic Bible stil sisting of Bibles, New Testaments, Common remain in the Society's Store-room to be disposed of, when proper opportunities great alarm as to what would become of his occur. And in addition to several English Missiou." Mr. Pohle writes from Trichin. Tracts placed on the Society's list, 30?. were apoly in the same strain. “ The support of granted to promote an impression of the the Mission," he states, “ was attended with German Lutheran Catechism for the use of great difficulties, especially as their customary poor Germans in this country.
receipts from Germany liad failed.” “ I Measures have been taken to secure a look up to the Lord,” lie observes, “ for help.' more extensive circulation of the Society's The bad examples of Christians, lie describes Tracts, with a view to counteract the per- as doing unspeakable mischief.
He was nicious influence of methodistica', impure, or faithfully aided in his labours by four inflammatory pamphlets; and to render the native catechists and two alive school. distribution more efficacions, a Comiuittee masters. The members of the Tamul Con has been appointed to revise the Society's gregation were abuut 320; of the PortuTracts before they are reprinted ; lo report guese, 137. to the Board the expedicucy of reprinting The Danish Missionaries at Tranquebar them at all; and to " recommend such state, that 5000 copies of the Tamalian New corrections, additions, or other alterations, Testament were about to be printed at the as may appear to them to be requisite*.” Calcutta Press*; and “ they bless God that
We now come to the East-India Missions various nations, in their different languages, of this Society. Of the appointment of the are now likely to be blessed with the holy Rev. Mr. Jacobi as one of ils Missionaries; Scriptures.” Srine account is then given of of Dr. Middleton's able Charge, and Mr. Dr. John's schools (which we largely noticed Jacobi's Reply, we have already given an in our last volume), containing 150 children, ample account in the volume of last year, which had been assisted by the Kev. Mr. p. 673. He took his departure for India in Thompson at Madras, and Colonel Mulesthe month of April, 1813. The accounts
worth of Jaffna. Dr. John had baptized from abroad are neither so copious, nor so eighteen heathens and five Roman Catholics. interesting as they have usually been. Mr. The East-India fund received an important Pæzold, the Missionary at Vepers, had aid, by a generous donation of 600L. from an visited a variety of places, and had bap- anonymous benefactress. tized 34 individuals, of whom eleven were The receipts of the Society, in 1813, adults. Mr. Holsberg, from Cuddalore, amounted to nearly 32,0001; and its paystates, that some of the families were living ments to abuut 30,7501. as becane Christians; while others had been
BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE overcome by their weakness, but, he trusted,
SOCIETY. had seen and repented of their sins. He
The following is the substance of the speaks very favourably of a native catechist, Tenth Annual Report of this Society. who was attached to his Mission; and
1. EUROPE. complains of the generally declining state of In GERMANY, the different Bible Socie. the Mission from waut of funds t. “ Ite ties exhibit, notwithstanding the miseries external circumstances being very narrow, occasioned by war, solid proofs of a decp and he had endeavoured to uphokl it with what growing interest in the object of the Society, little of his own he could spare; but him. That at Berlin has coinpleted a second self being in narrow circumstauces also, and edition of the Bohemian Bible, of 5,000 teaving no office from Government, nor any copies, and it finds at this time a more free assistance from Germany, he was under quent inquiry than formerly among the poor
after the German Scrip'ares. The Comioit. We confess vurselves to be a little
tee hag aided this Sciety with 1500 dollars. alarmed at the extensive range of the labours
A Wirtemberg Bible Institution has been of this Committee. Is it intended that all
established, under the patronage of the King corrections, additions, or other alterativas
of Wirteinberg, and with a direct appointe proposed by the Committee, and sancioned
ment to provide for the Protestant population by the Board, of whatever hind they are, inay of the kingdom. The Committee, anxious be introduced into traets originally written
to encourage this Institution, added 1 their by Beveridge, Woodward, Kenn, Tillotson,
former donation of 9001, a further donation Stonehouse, &c. ? How very slight to the of 3001. The Institution has already an eye may be the alteration which shall
edition of 10,000 Bibles, and 2,000 exira make these tracts, no longer speak the sen. Testaments in the course of printing. timents of their anthors on vital subjects!
+ Why should this complaint be repeated This edition has been printed at the year after year in vain? Why, indeed, Missionary Press at Serampore by the Calshould it exist at all?
culla Auxiliary Bible Suciety.
Various other sums have been voted, in ply of the Scriptures for the use of the Greenthe course of the year, to promote the circu- landers. Mr. Henderson had procured 300 lation of the Scriptures in Germany. copies of the Greenlandish New Testament;
“Though the Committee does not stand and had encouraged the circulation of the officially connected with the Catholic Bible Scriptures in Boruholm and Norway. Society at Rutisbon, they consider it both a Sweden has made considerable progress duty and a pleasure to state, that this zealous in providing for the dissemination of the aud benevolent Society proceeds with great holy Scriptures, chiefly through the zealous spirit in printing the German Testament, and prudent exertions of the Rev. Dr. which meets with so rapid a sale, that the Brunnmark, who, when proceeding on Society can scarcely keep pace with the visit to his native country, charged himself ; cager and constantly-increasing demands." with powers from the Committee to encou.
In SWITZERLAND, the German Bible rage the formation of Bible Societies, by Society at Basle has not furnished ali accoont grants and promises of further aid. Three of its operations; but there is reason for be. new Bible Societies have been established lieving, that its exertions have not relaxed. in Sweden, viz. the Gothenburg, Westeras,
The Bible Institution at Zurich, has pro- and Gothland Societies, patronized by the ceeded with diligence and success. The Bishops of those dioceses: the second comConimitee learning that this Society, by prehends the provinces of West mania and the purchase of Bibles, and printing an
Dalecarlia. To each of these new Societies edition of the New Testainent, bad exhausted the Committee has granted a donation. its resources, and that it earnestly desired to The Evangelical Society in Sinekholm bas, proceed to print an impression of the whole in the last year, printed 5,000 copies of the Bible, granted the additional sun of 2501., New Testament, and 2,000 Bibles; of these, to promote this important work.
843 Bibles, and 2,047 Testanenis, bare In addition to the Zurich Bible Institu. been distributed gratis; tl.e joy of the poor tion, and the Bible Conmittees at Schauff- on receiving them was very great. The hausen, and at Chur, a sinilar Committee Committee has given 2001. in further aid of bas been formed at St. Gall, by the exertions tliis Society. Copies of the Society's Reof a merchant, venerable boih by age and ports, and of certain of the Society's editious piety.
of the boly Scriptures, have been presented " I wisli," says this venerable correspon.
to the Public Libraries at Gothenburg, dent“, “ to work while it is called to-day, Wisby, and Westeras. --The Committee take being now in my 74th year, and feeling leave of Sweden, in the words of the Bishop desirous to render myself useful in my day
and other Patrons of the Goibenburg Bible and generation. Our Lord well deserves Society: “We are at a distance from each that all the powers of our body and soul be other, as to the earthly spot we inhabit; but entirely consecrated to him.”
our joys, our views, our biopes, in this In DENMARK, the Fuehneu Society con
blessed work are the same." tinues ils exertions, and has even sent copies
In the RUSSIAN EMPIRE, the Bible Som of the Scriptures into Norway, Hulstein, and ciety at Abo in Finland, is pursuing its Jutlaud.
useful labours with zeal and activity.The Rev. Mr. Henderson, who obtained The Finnish New Testament, on standing perniission from his Danish Majesty 10.
types, is in a course of printing. The joy reside at Copenhagen, to superintend the of the Finlanders, in the prospect of being printing of the Icelandic Bible, has come
furnished with the Holy Scriptures, is very pleted that work; and is now preparing to great; and so liberal have they been, in the depart før Iceland, to superintend its distrie midst of their poverty, that their subscripbution, and form connexions for carrying on
tions have more than tripled what was es the plans of the Society.
peeted by the most sanguine. In the mean The Committee authorised DIr. Henderson time, the 2001. voted by the Coinnittee, to to expend the sum of 501. in the purchase of supply the poor Swedes in Finland with coBibles and Testaments, for distribution among pies of the Scriptures, have been employed the poor in Denmark, and to purchase a sup
for that purpose : the distribution has coinmenced, and lias rejoiced the bearts of
many. * In the course of three years this venera- Early in last Jone, the Rev. Mr. Paterble man, whose name is Steininan, has distri- son undertook a journey through the probuted 9,600 Testaments, and 800 Bibles, vinces of Courland, Livonia, and Esthonia, chiefly to the poor, and has sent 3,000 florins Mr. Paterson, among many other things, to the Bible Society at Barle,
discovered, that in the district of Dorpat, in