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obvious, that to attempt to add to ple question is, Did these convertheir force by any remarks of our sations actually take place between own, would be quite superfluous. the Bishop and Lancelot, or did they
It is rather a curious contradiction, not? If not, and this, speaking of that our author, after having de- them generally, is our unrefuted clared in the Preface of the Tour to position, ought not the readers of Alet, that his work does not pro- the Tour to have been distinctly fess' to be a history of Jansenism, apprized that they were fictitious; formed upon a collation of authorities since, after the promise in question, on both sides,” but “ merely a faitla- they would naturally regard them ful abstract of the Port-Royal as genuine and authentic? Seldom account of their own persecutions," have we had occasion to censure a should endeavour to refute the charge more dangerous and unwarrantable of error which we preferred, relative liberty than this mode of giving to his account of M. de St. Cyran's speech to the dead. sentiments upon absolution, by the Far from wishing, however, testimony of his enemies. He might, though truth compels this protest, with equal ease, by a similar de- to fasten a moral charge on the parture from his own professions, character of our author by any have proved that the great Arnauld thing we have said, we can readily himself was born a Huguenot* ; that frame an excuse for him by suphe went to nocturnal witch-meetings; posing that he conceived his Preface that he was sent to command ihe to claim a greater licence than it troops of the Vandois, and a thou- actually does claim. sand such absurdities.
That the conversations are The defence he has set up proves, characteristic, as well as fictitious, at least, that his Port-Royal friends is still our decided opinion. But are marshalled on our side, while he as our general remarks upon
the fights himself in the ranks of the charge of protestantizing have alJesuits.
ready explained the grounds of this 1. Having now stated the grounds sentiment, we shall forbear to enon which we preferred against the large upon it. author the charge of protestantizing The greater part of the passages Popery, we shall advert to our the author bas adduced to support second general censure, which re- the credit of his description of spected the substitution, in the place Lancelot's approach to La Cbar. of Lancelot's narrative of the con- treuse, which be now versations which passed with the “ manufactured” in his own closet, Bishop during his visit at Alet, a (p. 15), do not appear to us to conseries of conversations framed in the firm the more incredible parts of his author's own study. He has thought statement. That which is quoted from proper to say very little upon this Lancelot, (p. 21), and on which he charge; and we do not conceive it places so much reliance, bas scarcely difficult to dive into the motives of any reference to the road in queshis reserve. Yet, as he appears tion, but relates to the situation of unwilling to allow that the liberty the monastery. But the best reply in question was inconsistent with to his long list of authorities, even the professions of his Preface, we had they been more satisfactory, would inquire on what principle it would have been a reference to can be reconciled with his promise Lancelot's own short and simple (Preface, p. 11.) of “ the most strict narrative, as quoted in our former fidelity in point of fact?” The sim- critique (p. 34); by which it is very
* Vide the collection of Tracts pub- evident, that he had no just ground lished in reply to the Jesuit Bouliours, for the numerous embellishments be 12mo. 1700. p. 87; also Bayle's Dictionary, has thought proper to introduce. article Arnauld.
What shall we say about our
figurative allusion to Pelion and professes to represent; that, instead Ossa ? Surely our author cannot be of the Popery of the Port-Royal so little read in those annals of School, we have the Protestantism extravagance, the wars of the giants, of the Church of England. as to need a reference, with wbich We are much obliged to the auany classical friend could have fure thor for bis correction of a verbal nished him, to Homer, Odyssey, a. inaccuracy into which we inad314.
vertently fell, of putting La before
the name of our old friend Fontaine ; Qaran sa Ouluptw Meyes orar Ormas aut apo though, had he been possessed of
weightier cause for triumph, we Πηλιον εικοσιφυλλον. . Heav'd on Olympus, touring Ossa stood ; ed so much of his paper to labour at
doubt whether he could bave affordOm Ossa, Pelion sods with all liis wood.
Porz. giving importance to this trivial
mistake. In return, we will present We, therefore, really regret that bim with one or two historical inso much labour and assiduity as are accuracies in his work, which he exhibited in his catalogue of moun- will do well to correct should it ever tains, and their relative heights, reach a second edition. should be so unprofitably applied. The author has stated in the
As to the few lines of animadver- Tour to Alet), that the Letters and sion with which we noticed the Thoughts of Pascal were written ia author's narrative of the situation of the seclusion of Port-Royal. Now, Port-Royal while the civil wars by bis sister's narrative, and by that raged at Paris, our justification must of Bossu, whose biographical sketch again involve him in a charge of is much superior to any other, it contradiction. His narrative is in- will be evident that Pacal, thougla troduced in these words : "On this he occasionally paid visits to Porta occasion one of the recluses writes as Royal, never fixed bis abode there follows" (Tour 10 Alet, p. 213). (Vie de Pascal, p. 46). But Pascal What can this mean, but that his shall be his own bistorian :-* You readers are to prepare themselves for will not fail," he observes to his the perusal of an original letter opponent, “ to say that I am of written by one of the recluses ? Port-Royal'; as if at Port-Royal We really took him at his word, and only were to be found those who simply gave credence to his own bave zeal enough to defend, against assertion. He would now conrict Us you, the purity of Christian morals. of injustice and inaccuracy, by de. I know, my father, the merit of parting from bis first statement, and those pious recluses: I know their avowing the letter to be his own con- piety; for, although I never have had pilation, and to contain the spirit of any settlement among them, I neverforty-seven of Mere Angelique's let. theless am acquainted with some of ters, fifteen leaves of Fontaine, and them, and honour the virtue of all." five of Du Fossè! We forbear any (Lett. Prov. Euvres de Pascal, tem. i. comment.
p. 326). Another mode which he has At p. 228, Tour to Alet, the made use of to repel censure is to author asserts, that the alleged state, as a general answer to the miracle of the holy thora was the charge of having departed from the cause of Pascal's conversion. This spirit of the original, that be refers will be found to be quite a mistake. not to one, but to 314 originals. It will not, of course, be denied that How is such an argument as this to his conversion was prior to the pub. be meld We can only meet it by lication of the Provincial Letters: shewing, as we bave already done, now the first of these was published that the portrait the author has in January, 1656 ; but the date of drawn is altogether unlike what it the alleged miracle is March, 1656. Vide the Life, by Bossu, prefixed to lent which marked the Port-Royal Euvres de Pascal, pp. 61 and 105. Sehool, we would not be understood According to his sister, the event in as at all detracting from that praise, question suggested to him the first by any of the extracts which have idea of writing the Thoughts on been introduced in this article. Had Religion ; but it is very obvious, the Author of the Tour to Alet ex. from the evidence of the above hibited a faithful picture of that dates, as well as from the tenor of establishment, we should have been her parrative, that our author is here spared the painful task, now imentirely in an error.
posed upon us by a sense of duty, Perhaps the public will now be of of entering into a detail of those eropinion, that the sympathy which rors * and infirmities; which, though . the Author of “ Proofs of Mistate- neither few nor unimportant, were ments” expresses, towards the close greatly overbalanced by its eminent of his pamphlet, for the errors which services, and by the exalted virtue he would fasten on his Reviewer, which adorned it. might, with great reason, be re- The question between us and the author versed. We are disposed, however, of the Tour to Alet, upou Justification, may to adopt a different tone; and rather be further illustrated by a reference to to express a strong hope, that the Lancelot's Memoirs of St. Cyran, vol. i. influence on his future literary pp. 452, 456, 460, 457, 476. --- Should labours, of the present discussion, further evidence, relative to our critique upon will be so salulary as to obtain for the Tour to Alet be required, it will be easy him, should it ever fall to our lot to to give, in a few papers, a literal translation criticise his promised works, the of the real Tour, which would enable the praises due to sound discrimination, public to form its own opinion.
In order that we may not be considered to strict accuracy, and a chastised have acted an unfriendly part to the Portimagination
Royal School in this article, it is probable Having, in our former critique, that a few of the future pages of the Chrispaid the tribute most justly due to tian Observer will be devoted to extracts the eminent piety and superior ta- from some of their finest authors.
LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,
çois en Angleterre, avec des Remarques sur PREPARING for publication :--A Work on l'Aspect, les Aris, la Litterature, et la PoliEgypt, Syria, Asia Minor, and Greece ; by tique de ce Pays;-A critical Analysis of Mr.Walpole: taken from unpublished Docu- Lord Bacon's Philosophy, with a Sketch of ments, Journals, and Papers of English Tra- the Progress of Science from the Fall of the vellers;--and, The Elements of Hebrew Gram- Roman Empire to the Time of Bacon, &c. mar, by Mr. J. F. Gyles, of Bath.
&c.: by Mr. Alexander Walker;-- An AcIn the press:-Under the direction and count of a Mission to Abyssinia by Order of patronage of the African Institution, by Mr. Government in 1809 and 1810, by Henry Murray, The original Journal of the second Salle, Esq. F.R.S.: in 4to. with maps, engravJourney of Mr. Mungo Park into the Interior ings, &c.;--History of the University and Colof Africa, in 1805; with the Particulars sub- leges of Cambridge, in 2 vols. 8vo.;--Essays, sequently received of his melancholy Death, a biographical Menoir of Mr. Park, and the work in 4o. are requested to send their maps and plates: in 8vo. uviform with Mr. names to Mr. Murray, who prints no more in Park's former travels*;-Voyage d'un Fran
this form than may be subscribed for. The
price in 410. is not expected to exceed Gentlemen desirous of having copies of 28s. Christ. Obsery. No. 149.
Bank Post:Bank Notes
Bills. under 51.
moral and entertaining; by Edward, Earl of Bristol, and other places -- for detecting the Clarendon ;-An Inquiry into the Origin and impositions of vagrants and begyars, and for Influence of Gothic Architecture, by the relieving the truly deserving, by furnishing Rev. W. Gunn ;-Discourses on the Evi- the public with Tickets, at a low price, to be dences of Christianity connected with some given insteud of money 10 applicants of of its practical Resulis, by the Rev. Sir every description, which tickets will entitle H. M. Wellwood, Bart. ;-Essays, illustrative the holders of them to slich rehief as their of the Principles, Dispositions, and Manners cases, after minute investigation, shall seem of Mankind, by the Rev. W. Potter ;-A to require and admit of. Narrative of bis Incarceration, and of the On Feb. 24, and March 3, a long but inteMassacre of his family, in France, during resting paper by Dr. Herschell was read before the Revolution; and of his second Con. the Royal Society, detailing the result of many finement, as a Prisoner of War; by Count years'observations on the sidereal and nebus O'Neil ;- A Poem, descriptive of Greece, lous appearance of the heavens. The Doctor by Mr. W. Haygarth ;-An Account of the began by relating his observations on the Capliviiy and Death of Pope Pius VI. : by relative magnitudes of the stars, considering the Widow of General de Merck, the those of the first magnitude to be equal to Governor of Valence, at the Period of the our sun; determined the magnitudes and Pontif's Captivity.
changes in the appearance of a great number
of fixed stars; gave a history of the alteraAccount of the Weekly Amount of Bank tions which he has noticed in the aspect of
Notes in circulation in the year 1814, dis- the sidereal heavens, during the last thirty ringuishing the Bank Pust Bills, as well
years; and described those stars which have as the Notes under the value of fire
increased in magnitude, or brilliancy, have pounds.
bost or acquired surrounding nebulæ, or have Bank Notes
bad wings, tails, or other peculiarities. He
seems inclined to believe, from his observaand upwards
tions, that new sidereal bodies are in a con
stant and progressive state of formation ; that f Jan. 71 14,490,730 917,4708,233,920
nebulous appearances gradually assume a 14 15,882,410 1,027,8708,361,070 globular character; that the heavens are 91 15,625,830 1,084,5808,377,910 not intinite, and that stars have a “ com
.8 16,130,780 1,090,560/8,346,410, pressing power." He considers the origin Feb. 4 15,729,040|1,075,4209,370,400) and progress of sidereal bodies to be nearly
11 15,482,200 1,125,9108,319,420 in the following order : first, vague and 18 15,590,380 1,122.9408,308,760
indistinct nebulæ, like the milky way; 251 15,678,310:1,087,82018,341,310
or clustered nebulæ, Mar. 4 16,178,200 1,07 1,5108,316,880 11/ 15,352,730 1,07 1,5408,308,110
which consolidate into clusters of stars ; 18 15,557,810;1,003,51018,314,150 thirdly, these stars becoming more deti
nite, appear with nebulous appendages According 10 account laid before in the different forms of wings, tails, &c.; Parliament, the number of three shilling and, lasuy, that all are finally concentrated tokens issued by the Bank of England, into one clear, bright, and large star. Dr. from the 10th of December, 1812,, to H. concludes that the progressive discovery March, 1814, was 9,008,933, and their of nebulæ will be equal to the improvement annount in value 451,5471. 95.; each token of our telescopes, and that in proportion as weighing 9dwis. 11grs., the silver of dollar we are possessed of more powerful spacestardard. The number of eighteenpenny penetrating instruments, will our knowledge pieces issued in the same period was of the sidereal heavens be extended. 1,510,440, the value 113,2831. 18. 6d.; each Many of his latter observations directed to weighing 4dwis. 17grs. of dollar standard. ascertain the absorption or condensation of No dollars were issued in the same period. nebulæ were made on stars which he had
At a late meeting of the inhabitants of before described in his numeroas papers in Shetfield, it was resolved : ---That this Meet the l'hil. Transact.; others were made on ing do Thankfully accept of the offer made those whose places have been determined by the Society for bettering the condition by foreign astrononiers. of the poor in this town, of undertaking the
EAST INDIES. rstablishment and conducting of a plan, sumewhat similar to one which has been On the 20th of September, 1813, a pube adopted with great good effect at Bath, lic dispuiation of the Students of the College
of Fort William in Bengal, took place be- extensive labours, tbis pious minister and fore the Governor-general, Lord Minto, in judetatigable scholar will complete, in two Persian, Hindoestanee, Bengalec, Arabic, years more, liis Bengalet Dictionary, which and Sanskrit; when nineteen students were I took occasion to announce in a former declared qualified to enter on civil service, discourse. in the following relative order of proficiency, “ A Grammar of the Burmah Language viz. Glynn, Hoblouse, Lindsay, Boulderson, by his son, Felix Carey, who already treads Cayley, Ker, Stuart, Hyde, Pigou, Haring in the devout and learned footsteps of his ton, Valpy, Oakes, Wilkinson, Harding, father, is also in the missionary press of Metcalfe, Marjoribanks, Chastenay, D'Oyly, Serampore. Mainwaring. Honorary rewards were dis- “ Mr. Marshman and his young pupil, now tributed to these gentlemen and some become his associate, do not slucken jo others.
their pursuit of Chinese grammar and We have much pleasure in extracting the learning; by which, indeed, the public is. following passage from Lord Miplo's address about to profit. on that occasion:
" Mr. Marshman has composed a work " I feel particular gratisication in report- under the title of Clavis Sineca, or Key of ing, at the end of the sixth year of my the Chinese Language. It was at first acquaintance with the college of Fort Wil- intended only as an augmented edition of liam, that its professors and all its officers, his Disseriation on the Chinese Language, have continued to maintain the high reputa- fornuerly published with the first volume of tion, which from its first foundation has the works of Confucius ; but the matter enabled them at once to support and adorn extending as he proceeded, the book has the institution.
assumed a new form and tille. Of this “ A catalogue of the learned works work, the first part is already printed, and executed since the last disputations, or consists of iwo Dissertations; the first ou the now in progress, will be annexed as an Chinese Character, the second on the ColAppendix to this Discourse; but I shall bricfly loquial Medium of the Chinese. The second notice here some of the inore distinguished part of the Clavis will be a Grammar of the of those performances.
Chinese Language. These two parts of the “ Dç. Lumsden, the Persian and Arabic work will contain from four to five hundred Professor, made a proposal in the course of quarto pages; and Mr. Markman has it the year, to publish in succession a series in contemplation to add, as in Eppendir, of the best writers on Mohummudan Law, a Vocabulary, containing the characters in and, in parsuance of that design, has made the whole of the Confucius, which he conconsiderable progress in preparing a corrected ceives will render it a complete key to the edition of the Ashbalio Nuzair; but the language. proposal has been withdrawn, in consequence " The passages in Chinese Characters of the considerable expense attending the contained in these works, are printed from undertaking. I understand, however, that moveable metal types, which Mr. Marslithe College Council has it in contemplation to man and his coadjutors have had the merit recommend the usual subscription for a hun. of bringing, by the most laudable ingenuity dred copies of a few of the most valuable and perseverance, to a state of perfection works on Mohummudan Law, 1o be printed perhaps not known before. and published under the superintendance of “ I profess a very sincere pleasure in Dr. Lumsden and the learned nalives now bringing the literary merits of Mr. Marsh. attached to the college.
man and tbe other reverend members of the Capt. Roebuck, the assistant secretary Serampore Mission, 10 the notice of the and examiner, is preparing to publish a new public, and in bearing my testimony to the and augmented edition of Dr. Hunter's great and extraordinary labours which Hindoostanee and English Dictionary. constancy and energy in their numerous and
“ The Bengalee and Sanscrit Professor, various occupations have enabled this moDr. Carey, has just finished the printing of dest and respectable community to accoma Grammar of tne Punjabee Language, and plish. has now in the press Grammars of the “I am not less gratified by the opporTelinga and Carnatic Languages. He is tunity which their literary achievements also writing Grammars of the Kushmeere, atfurd, of expressing my regard for the ex the Pushna, Ballochce, and Orissa Lan. emplary worth of their lives, and the de: guages. In addition to these various and
ficent principle which distil.guishes &