Page images


[ocr errors]


only two have yet presented them- on his return, upon re-examination, to selves who belong in the Church of ecclesiastical functions at home, a refuge England. It seems. indeci, utterly would be provided for that part of the body impossible, that under the chilling home, and whose interent claims were the

whom various circumstances might bring influence of such

a system, the Church of England

should take

strongest to such privileges.

“ As to the disadvantages of this plan, any but a secondary part in the it must remain for those who discover then glorious work of evangelizing ihe to point them out. It is indeed not imposworld. Her members may give sibi that the measure should at once be their money for the support of Lu- con cmned as an innovation. But to this theran, or Moravian, or Baptist, or objection it might be sufficient to answer, Methodist Missionaries; but she that time is the greatest of all innovators;

and that new never can hope to see her own sons

circumstances demand entering on this field of service,

enlarged, or even a different, economy." marshalling for this a good fight of pp. 35--37.

" But the fact is, that a strictly anafaith" and love, while things con

logous measure to that now prope pretinue as they are. This, we repeat senis iiself in the luistory of our own Churclı. it, seems to us, in the nature of It is not generally known, that an Act of things, impossible. What then is

Parliament was passed in the year 1784, the the remedy? Mr. Cunningham's object of which was the very same with that project is simply this :-

projected in this essay-viz. the extension

of the Church of England in foreign counThat an Act be passed, empowering tries--and which has a considerable corthe Archbishops or Bishops to admit to the respondence with the projected measure, order of Deacon or Priest, persons offering The Act is thus worded : • An Act to emthemselves as Missjouaries ; provided always, power the Bishop of London for the time that persons thus ordained shall be subject being, or any other Bishop to be ' by him to the inspection of the chief ofhcer of the appointed, to admit to the order of Deacon Establishment in India, and shall not be or Priest, persons being subjects or citizens entitled, in virtue of this ordination, 10 of countries out of his Majesty's dominions, exercise the office of Deacon or Priest in without requiring them to take the oath of Great Britaiu or Ireland; nor be admited allegiance as appointed by law. to exercise such office, unless on re-examina- “Whereas, by the laws of this realm, tjou his competency for the same be deter- every person who shall be admitted 10 holy mined.

orders is to take the oath of allegiance in " Let the advantages and alleged dis- manner thereby appointed: and whereas advantages of this scheme be for a moment there are divers persons, subjects, or citizens considered

of countries out of his Majesty's dominions, “ The advantages are these. By con

inhabiting and residing witoin the said necting the Missionaries in a regular manner

countries, who proless the public worship of with the Establislament, this scheme would Almighty God according to the Liturgy of assist to remove any sectarian or enthusiastic the Church of England, and are desirous that imparation now adhering to them;

the Word of God, and the Sacraments should “ By providing a distinct way of approach continue to be administered unto them to ecclesiastical offices for a peculiar object, according to the said Liturgy, by subjects it would admit into the missionary body a

or citizens of the said countries ordained class of men qualified for that office, though according to the form of ordination in the not always for the instruction of a bighly Church of England : Be it enacted by the civilized society;

King's most excellent Majesty, by and with “ By subjecting them to the general the advice and consent of the Lords spiritual inspection of the resident ecclesiastical au- and temporal and Commons in this present thorities in India, all dangers from irregular Parliament assembled, and by the authority zeal would be checked;

of the same, that, from and after the passing “ By denying then ang title to eccle- of this Act, it shall and may be lawful to and siastical functions in this country, all the for the Bishop of London for the time being, apprehended evil of a deteriorated order of or any other Bishop by him to be appointed, Clergy would be removed ;

to admit to the order of Deacon or Priest, By vesting in the Bishops a discretion for the purposes aforesaid, persons being áry power of admitting the ex-missionary, subjects or citizens of countries out of Iris

Majesty's dominions, without requiring them any clergy man in his diocese, whose to take the vath of allegiance.

“ zeal” might to him appear to be " • II. Provided always, and be it hereby “ irregular” or excessive*. If by declared, that no person ordained in the manner herein-before provided only, shall the establishment of that species of

" inspection" be meant no more than be thereby enabled to exercise the office of

subordination, already existing in Deacon or Priest within his Majesty's dominions.

every department of our Anglo“ • III. Provided always, and be it futher Indian administration, by which the enacted, that in the letters testimonial of heads of each department åre em: such orders, there shall be inserted ibe powered to inquire and report to the naine of the person so ordained, with ibe Government, respecting the conduct addition of the country whereof lie is a of all subordinate officers, who neversubject or a citizen, and the further descrip- theless are finally responsible not to tion of his not having taken the said oath of their immediate superiors but to the allegiance, being exempted from the obligg- supreme governing power in ladia, iion of so doing by virtue of this Act.'

we should think such an inspection " Now, in this instance, it is obvious that not merely university degrees and local bigbly salutary. When the whole designation are dispensed with, but the oatie proceedings, both of the inspector of allegiance; and that the sole check pro. and inspected, must appear in writing, vided for any contingent evil, is the refusing and be submitted to the view of an to persons thus urdained, all title 10 exercise enlightened government, acting on ecclesiastical offices in this realm. With its responsibility and by fixed rules, this Act, then, the proposed measure como accustomed to look to facts and lo pletely harmonises; and Parliament is sup- weigh evidence with minute attenplied at once with a precedent and a model. tion, and elevated above the perAll objection, therefore, grounded on the sonal jealousies and prejudices which novelty of the scheme, is semoved; and cloud the judgment, and lead to no other objection of any moment appears to dissension among persons placed have been adduced.” pp. 37-40,

more nearly on the same level, and Perfectly concurring with Mr. coming more frequently into contact Cunningham in the expediency and with each other; we should rest even necessity of such a parliamento satisfied that the ends of substantial ary enactment as be bas proposed, justice would, in general, be well there is nevertheless one part of his secured. But we should not have plan which seems to us to require the same confidence that this would a guard. It is very properly intended be the case if the inspector were that all the Missionaries of the com- also the judge;—if the man who munion of the Church of England discovered, or though he had disshould be subjected to“ the inspection covered, a delinquency, instead of of the chief oflicer of the Establish- having to prove his charge before ment in India," with the express an impartial tribunal, which would view of checking the “ dangers require from him satisfactory evifrom irregular zeal." Now in con- dence of its truth, and also patiently veying to the chief ecclesiastical weigh all the exculpatory evidence officer in India this right of iospec- the accused might produce; had lion, we conceive that it would be merely to consult his own discretion highly important to direct and limit in passing a sentence of suspension it by precise and definite rules. We

or removal on the supposed delin. know how widely different is the quent. We have no reason to apestimate which, even in this country, prehend that Mr. Cunningham well-meaning and intelligent men would not fully agree with us in will form of “ irregular zeal;” and these views of the subject ; but not we should think we were entrusting knowing how soon the proposed a most hazardous discretion in the

* See much which in principle applies to hands of a bisbon, if we gave him this subject in our Voluipe for 1803, pp the power of silencing or suspending 212, 236, 289..

measure may be carried into effect, in every view entitled in this hoWe feel anxious to point out to the nourable warfare; and that, wakpromoters of it the importance of ing from her long slumber--from framing, with the most provident care, her state of opprobrious indifference so material a clause as that which to the commands of her Great Head, goes to vest in an individual the and to all the affecting motives by superintendance and controul of all which those commands are enforced our missionaries in India.

-she will buckle on her armour, and Much as the Church of England mingle in that better crusade which is indebted to Mr. Cunningham for is to give to Christ “ the heathen for having brought this subject before his inheritance, and the uttermost the public, and anxious as we are parts of the earth for bis possession.” to see the above plan carried into We confess, it does grieve and full and immediate effect, we should astonish us to think that there feel that we were only deceiving should be those who profess to bethem and ourselves, if we regarded lieve in Cbrist, and to be actuated it in any other light than as the re- by a regard to his authority, and moval of an obstacle in limine especially within the pale of our as a preliminary step to farther own apostolical church, who, nemeasures. It will avail but little, vertheless, are cold, and hesitating, comparatively, that a way is thus and doubtful, with respect to the opened for sending Missionaries of obligations they are under to make the Church of England into heathen known the glad tidings of salvation lands, if pains are not also taken to to all the kindreds of the earth. excite a missionary spirit in the What was the end of His coming Church. This can be effectually into the world whom they call their accomplished only by the instru- Lord and Master? What was the mentality of the Bishops and Clergy. end of his life of toil and sufferIf they, and particularly the digni- ing, of ignominy and degradation ? laries of the Church, should mani- What " of his agony and bloody fest the zeal which becomes them for sweat, his cross and passion, bis the great object of evangelizing the glorious resurrection and ascension, world; if episcopal charges and pas. and the coming of the Holy Ghost" toral addresses should so far partake Was it not expressly that he might of 'the spirit of primitive Chris- redeem a world of perishing sinners tianity, as to be employed in excit- from all iniquity; that he might ing amongst us that love to perishing rescue them froni the power of Sasouls which, for their sakes and for tan; that he might iniroduce them mis sake who bought them with his into the liberty of the children of blood, shall impel many to become God here, and exalt them to everthe heralds of the everlasting Gospel lasting life? And how is this great to remote regions; if those who object--that object for which apothus devote themselves to their stles, and saints, and martyrs have Master's cause,

laboured, and agonized, and died

to be effected? Is it not by the For him cross cheerfully tempestuous seas, preaching of the everlasting GoForsaking country, kindred, friends, and spel? For “ how shal they call ease,

on bim in whom they have not beare no longer regarded by their su- lieved? And how shall they believe periors with suspicion and distrust, on him of whom they have not but are held in the esteem they heard? And how shall they hear merit, as the “ messengers of the without a preacher? And how shall churches and the glory of Christ;"- they preach except they be sent ?" then may we hope that the United If, then, we partiake in any degree Church of England and Ireland of the Spirit of our Blessed Master, will take the place to which she is and " if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his;” if we deed indispensible; little or no good feel a single spark of the charity can be done without it; and we which glowed in the hearts of the earnestly call on all who have at Apostles and Evangelists; if we heart the true interests of the feel any gratitude for the blessings Church of England, to aid in its acconferred on our favoured land by complishment. Still let us keep in the communication of the Gospel ; mind, that the value of this or any if we experience a becoming sense other subsidiary measure of a simiof the worth of our own souls, or lar description will be in exact any love for those of others; we proportion to the piety which preshall no longer be lukewarm and vails in the church--to the strength indifferent to this great object, but of faith, the warmth of Divine shall unite our hearts and hands, our love, and the expansion of Chrispurses and our prayers, our time tian charity which characterize her and our thoughts, in carrying it into bishops, her clergy, and her memfull effect.

bers at large. May the Almighty In reviewing a pamphlet, the main increase these a thousand told! scope and tendency of which we so And may the glorious period at

entirely approve, and which we are length arrive, when, through our disposed so cordially to applaud, as instrumentality, and that of other this of Mr. C., it is painful to us to churches engaged in the same holy meet even with an incidental obser- warfare, “the kingdoms of this world vation in which we cannot concur. shall become the kingdoms of our In considering the causes he has God and of his Christ ?" assigned, and very fairly assigned, Although Mr. C. is mistaken in for the low state of Church-of- supposing that the Church of the England Missions, we cannot help United Brerhren is connected with thinking, that the whole is sim- the Lutheran Church for ply resolvable into a want of Chris- purpose that bears the remotest iian zeal and charity; and that relation to missions, yet he aphe has specified no impediments pears to us to have formed a just to missionary efforts by the Church and accurate estimate of the vaof England, wbich would not have lue of their Christian exertions. vanished like the morning dew The following eloquent passage before the rising sun, had these es- contains his tribute of applause sential qualities been prevalent to the missionary labours of these and operative. It

under this excellent men. impression that we

disposed a Jiule, to qualify the opinion

" In the prosecution of the great end of expressed by Mr. Cunningham,

converting the Heathen, the Moravian Brethat the low state of Church-of thren are now dispersed to the four winds

of heaven. In this sacred cause, they have England Missions cannot “ be im

fearlessly and triumphantly encountered a'i puted to a general want of piety in the perils and privations most formidable to the Clergy of the Establishment;" our nature. Uniting the most practical arts because we verily believe that, dis- with the most spiritual religion, they liave, guise it as we may, this is, after under the Divine Blessing, at once converted all, the real efficient cause of our and civilized the most barbarous people. inactivity. And we think it im- They have, as it were, lighted up new suns portant that we should understand at the poles ; and tauglit the West Indiau it to be so, not only that we may slave to exult in the glorious liberty of the humble ourselves in the very dust children of God.' Their praise is not before God for our past neglect, but in many a desert spot, where a little

only · in all the churches' of Christendom, but that we may pursue the means

circle of happy worshippers, casting their which are adapted 19 apply a radio idols to the moles and bats,' are now cal remedy to the evil. The pro- worshipping God in spirit and in truth." pos ed legislative enaciment is in- p. 33.



We shall extract only one more don: J. and A. Arch. 1814. passage from this spirited and well- pp. 55. price 2s.6d. timed production : it is that with which it concludes.

The author of the Tour to Alet, so

lately ihe advocate of exalted sanc" Those who believe in the superiority of tiry, stands forth to public view, our Church to every other religious society," in this new production of his pen.

" cannot but devoutly wish that the rather in a different character; and Church of England should be foremost in could we be so forgetful of what the missionary race; that her formalaries belongs to the office of a Christian should be displayed wherever the banner of observer, as to emulate the spirit our country is erected, and her name is known. We cannot be satisfied to have which in many parts it displays, an had the fire from Heaven fall on our al impartial witness might justly apply tars, without endeavouring to carry &

to both parties, the keen 'remark torch, lighted there, into the caves and dens of Johnson upon the controversy of idolatry. We cannot be satisfied that between Warburton and Louth'; this our manna should enrich only a single that they appeared to be contendplain. But we desire-and would, by all ing which could call names best. peaceful and pious means, give efficacy to To the hard names, however, and that desire to see our God the God of the harsh surmises, which the author has whole earth; to see the temples of other thought proper to deal out against hemispheres reared with stoves dog from our native cliffs; to hear · one song em- of the words addressed by the im

us, we shall only reply in the spirit ploy all nations, and from pole to pole one

mortal Hooker to his opponent geleral chorus arise to · Him that sitteth on the throne, and to the Lamb, for ever and Travers,—" To your railing I say ever."" pp. 42, 43.

nothing: to your arguments I reply

as follows." We cannot but hope that this The pamphlet before us seasonable effort of Mr. Canning in the pages of the Christian ob

destined by its author to appear bam, to direct the thoughts of our Bishops and Clergy to an object so

server, as an answer to our Review momentous as that which forms the of the Tour to Alet, which appeared subject his pamphletwill pro

in our Number for January. Jasi. duce its due, and that a powerful, Its object is, to convict that article of impression; and, we trust, he will

a mistatement of the facts upon one day enjoy the satisfaction of which its criticisms were founded. witnessing the fruits of this energetic The author, in a Postscript, exand evangelical appeal to his bre- presses great displeasure that this thren, in the growing prosperity of vindication of his work was not inthe Church which he labours to serled; and he even complains of it edify, and in the rapid extension, as an unjust and dishonourable proby her means, throughout the uniceeding*. But he ought, on every verse, of that Gospel which can alone bring spiritual life and light that he wrote a letter to the Editur, whichi

* In this Postscript, the author states, to the nations.

must have been received by him on the 201h of February, announcing his intention

to reply to us, on the ground of bis underProofs of the Mistatements of Facis standing the remarks of the Reviewer to contained in an Attack upon

“ We naturally ex. the

imply a moral charge. Fidelity and Veracity of the Author pected,” he adds, that had no such charge

been intended, a few lines at the end of of the Tour to Alet, which is in their next Number would have amicably esserted in the Christian Observer for plained their meaning, and have precluded January, 1814, illustrated by the necessity of an answer. No such exvarious Extracts from the Porte planation, however, appeared." --Now the Royalisis ;, with an Appendir. Lonfact is this: "The acibor of the Tou te Carist. OBSsry. No. 149.

2 T


« PreviousContinue »